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A wrapper for the Mosquitto MQTT client library for PHP.
C PHP Shell ApacheConf

README.md

Mosquitto-PHP

This is an extension to allow using the Mosquitto MQTT library with PHP. See the examples/ directory for usage.

Build Status

Requirements

  • PHP 5.3+
  • libmosquitto 1.2.x
  • Linux or Mac OS X. I do not have a Windows machine handy, though patches or pull requests are of course very welcome!

Installation

You may obtain this package using PECL:

pecl install Mosquitto-alpha

Alternatively, you can use the normal extension build process:

phpize
./configure --with-mosquitto=/path/to/libmosquitto
make
make install

Then add extension=mosquitto.so to your php.ini.

The --with-mosquitto argument is optional, and only required if your libmosquitto install cannot be found.

Documentation

The classes in this extension are namespaced.

Class Mosquitto\Client

This is the actual Mosquitto client.

  1. __construct - create a new client
  2. setCredentials - set the credentials to use on connection
  3. setTlsCertificates - set the TLS certificate sources
  4. setTlsInsecure - Set verification of the server hostname in TLS certificates
  5. setTlsOptions - Set advanced TLS options
  6. setTlsPSK - Configure the client for pre-shared-key based TLS support.
  7. setWill - set the client will, to be delivered if disconnected uncleanly
  8. clearWill - clear a previously-set will
  9. setReconnectDelay - set the behaviour if disconnected uncleanly
  10. connect - connect to an MQTT broker
  11. disconnect - disconnect from an MQTT broker
  12. onConnect - set the connect callback
  13. onDisconnect - set the disconnect callback
  14. onLog - set the logging callback
  15. onSubscribe - set the subscribe callback
  16. onMessage - set the callback fired when a message is received
  17. setMaxInFlightMessages - set the number of QoS 1 and 2 messages that can be "in flight" at once
  18. setMessageRetry - set the number of seconds to wait before retrying messages
  19. publish - publish a message to a broker
  20. subscribe - subscribe to a topic
  21. unsubscribe - unsubscribe from a topic
  22. loop - The main network loop
  23. loopForever - run loop() in an infinite blocking loop

__construct

Creates a new Client instance.

Parameter Type Description
id string Client ID. Optional. If not supplied or NULL, one will be generated at random.
clean_session boolean Set to true to instruct the broker to clean all messages and subscriptions on disconnect.

setCredentials

Set the username and password to use on connecting to the broker. Must be called before connect().

Parameter Type Description
Username string Username to supply to the broker
Password string Password to supply to the broker

setTlsCertificates

Configure the client for certificate based SSL/TLS support. Must be called before connect(). Cannot be used in conjunction with setTlsPSK().

Define the Certificate Authority certificates to be trusted (ie. the server certificate must be signed with one of these certificates) using cafile. If the server you are connecting to requires clients to provide a certificate, define certfile and keyfile with your client certificate and private key. If your private key is encrypted, provide the password as the fourth parameter, or you will have to enter the password at the command line.

Parameter Type Description
capath string Path to the PEM encoded trusted CA certificate files, or to a directory containing them
certfile string Path to the PEM encoded certificate file for this client. Optional.
keyfile string Path to a file containing the PEM encoded private key for this client. Required if certfile is set.
password string The password for the keyfile, if it is encrypted. If null, the password will be asked for on the command line.

setTlsInsecure

Configure verification of the server hostname in the server certificate. If value is set to true, it is impossible to guarantee that the host you are connecting to is not impersonating your server. Do not use this function in a real system. Must be called before connect().

Parameter Type Description
value boolean If set to false, the default, certificate hostname checking is performed. If set to true, no hostname checking is performed and the connection is insecure.

setTlsOptions

Set advanced SSL/TLS options. Must be called before connect().

Parameter Type Description
certReqs int Whether or not to verify the server. Can be Mosquitto\Client::SSL_VERIFY_NONE, to disable certificate verification, or Mosquitto\Client::SSL_VERIFY_PEER (the default), to verify the server certificate.
tlsVersion string The TLS version to use. If NULL, a default is used. The default value depends on the version of OpenSSL the library was compiled against. Available options on OpenSSL >= 1.0.1 are 'tlsv1.2', 'tlsv1.1' and 'tlsv1'.
cipers string A string describing the ciphers available for use. See the openssl ciphers tool for more information. If NULL, the default set will be used.

setTlsPSK

Configure the client for pre-shared-key based TLS support. Must be called before connect(). Cannot be used in conjunction with setTlsCertificates.

Parameter Type Description
psk string The pre-shared key in hex format with no leading "0x".
identity string The identity of this client. May be used as the username depending on server settings.
cipers string Optional. A string describing the ciphers available for use. See the openssl ciphers tool for more information. If NULL, the default set will be used.

setWill

Set the client "last will and testament", which will be sent on an unclean disconnection from the broker. Must be called before connect().

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic on which to publish the will.
payload string The data to send.
qos int Optional. Default 0. Integer 0, 1, or 2 indicating the Quality of Service to be used.
retain boolean Optional. Default false. If true, the message will be retained.

clearWill

Remove a previously-set will. No parameters.

setReconnectDelay

Control the behaviour of the client when it has unexpectedly disconnected in loopForever. The default behaviour if this method is not used is to repeatedly attempt to reconnect with a delay of 1 second until the connection succeeds.

Parameter Type Description
reconnect_delay int Set delay between successive reconnection attempts.
reconnect_delay int Set max delay between successive reconnection attempts when exponential backoff is enabled
exponential_backoff bool Enable exponential backoff

connect

Connect to an MQTT broker.

Parameter Type Description
host string Hostname to connect to
port int Optional. Port number to connect to. Defaults to 1883.
keepalive int Optional. Number of sections after which the broker should PING the client if no messages have been recieved.
interface string Optional. The address or hostname of a local interface to bind to for this connection.

disconnect

Disconnect from the broker. No parameters.

onConnect

Set the connect callback. This is called when the broker sends a CONNACK message in response to a connection.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
rc int Response code from the broker.
message string String description of the response code.

Response codes are as follows:

Code Meaning
0 Success
1 Connection refused (unacceptable protocol version)
2 Connection refused (identifier rejected)
3 Connection refused (broker unavailable )
4-255 Reserved for future use

onDisconnect

Set the disconnect callback. This is called when the broker has received the DISCONNECT command and has disconnected the client.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
rc int Reason for the disconnection. 0 means the client requested it. Any other value indicates an unexpected disconnection.

onLog

Set the logging callback.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
level int The log message level from the values below
str string The message string.

The level can be one of:

  • Mosquitto\Client::LOG_DEBUG
  • Mosquitto\Client::LOG_INFO
  • Mosquitto\Client::LOG_NOTICE
  • Mosquitto\Client::LOG_WARNING
  • Mosquitto\Client::LOG_ERR

onSubscribe

Set the subscribe callback. This is called when the broker responds to a subscription request.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
mid int Message ID of the subscribe message
qos_count int Number of granted subscriptions

This function needs to return the granted QoS for each subscription, but currently cannot.

onUnsubscribe

Set the unsubscribe callback. This is called when the broker responds to a unsubscribe request.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
mid int Message ID of the unsubscribe message

onMessage

Set the message callback. This is called when a message is received from the broker.

Parameter Type Description
callback callback The callback

The callback should take parameters of the form:

Parameter Type Description
message Mosquitto\Message A Message object containing the message data

setMaxInFlightMessages

Set the number of QoS 1 and 2 messages that can be “in flight” at one time. An in flight message is part way through its delivery flow. Attempts to send further messages with publish() will result in the messages being queued until the number of in flight messages reduces.

Set to 0 for no maximum.

Parameter Type Description
max_inflight_messages int The maximum

setMessageRetry

Set the number of seconds to wait before retrying messages. This applies to publish messages with QoS>0. May be called at any time.

Parameter Type Description
message_retry int The retry period

publish

Publish a message on a given topic.

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic to publish on
payload string The message payload
qos int Integer value 0, 1 or 2 indicating the QoS for this message
retain boolean If true, make this message retained

subscribe

Subscribe to a topic.

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic.
qos The QoS to request for this subscription

Returns the message ID of the subscription message, so this can be matched up in the onSubscribe callback.

unsubscribe

Unsubscribe from a topic.

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic.
qos The QoS to request for this subscription

Returns the message ID of the subscription message, so this can be matched up in the onUnsubscribe callback.

loop

The main network loop for the client. You must call this frequently in order to keep communications between the client and broker working. If incoming data is present it will then be processed. Outgoing commands, from e.g. publish(), are normally sent immediately that their function is called, but this is not always possible. loop() will also attempt to send any remaining outgoing messages, which also includes commands that are part of the flow for messages with QoS>0.

Parameter Type Description
timeout int Optional. Number of milliseconds to wait for network activity. Pass 0 for instant timeout. Defaults to 1000.
max_packets int Currently unused.

loopForever

Call loop() in an infinite blocking loop. Callbacks will be called as required. This will handle reconnecting if the connection is lost. Call disconnect() in a callback to return from the loop.

Note: exceptions thrown in callbacks do not currently cause the loop to exit. To work around this, use loop() and wrap your own loop structure around it such as a while().

Parameter Type Description
timeout int Optional. Number of milliseconds to wait for network activity. Pass 0 for instant timeout. Defaults to 1000.
max_packets int Currently unused.

Class Mosquitto\Message

Represents a message received from a broker. All data is represented as properties.

Property Type Description
topic string The topic this message was delivered to.
payload string The payload of this message.
mid int The ID of this message.
qos int The QoS value applied to this message.
retain bool Whether this is a retained message or not.

This class has two static methods.

topicMatchesSub

Returns true if the supplied topic matches the supplied description, and otherwise false.

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic to match
subscription string The subscription to match

tokeniseTopic

Tokenise a topic or subscription string into an array of strings representing the topic hierarchy.

Parameter Type Description
topic string The topic to tokenise

Class Mosquitto\Exception

This is an exception that may be thrown by many of the operations in the Client object.

To do

  • Arginfo
  • Logging callbacks
  • TLS support
  • Tests
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