Signs and prepares node.js (and browser) requests using AWS Signature Version 4
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Latest commit 74bf0b6 Feb 7, 2017 @mhart 1.6.0

README.md

aws4

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A small utility to sign vanilla node.js http(s) request options using Amazon's AWS Signature Version 4.

Can also be used in the browser.

This signature is supported by nearly all Amazon services, including S3, EC2, DynamoDB, Kinesis, Lambda, SQS, SNS, IAM, STS, RDS, CloudWatch, CloudWatch Logs, CodeDeploy, CloudFront, CloudTrail, ElastiCache, EMR, Glacier, CloudSearch, Elastic Load Balancing, Elastic Transcoder, CloudFormation, Elastic Beanstalk, Storage Gateway, Data Pipeline, Direct Connect, Redshift, OpsWorks, SES, SWF, AutoScaling, Mobile Analytics, Cognito Identity, Cognito Sync, Container Service, AppStream, Key Management Service, Config, CloudHSM, Route53 and Route53 Domains.

Indeed, the only AWS services that don't support v4 as of 2014-12-30 are Import/Export and SimpleDB (they only support AWS Signature Version 2).

It also provides defaults for a number of core AWS headers and request parameters, making it very easy to query AWS services, or build out a fully-featured AWS library.

Example

var http  = require('http'),
    https = require('https'),
    aws4  = require('aws4')

// given an options object you could pass to http.request
var opts = {host: 'sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com', path: '/?Action=ListQueues'}

// alternatively (as aws4 can infer the host):
opts = {service: 'sqs', region: 'us-east-1', path: '/?Action=ListQueues'}

// alternatively (as us-east-1 is default):
opts = {service: 'sqs', path: '/?Action=ListQueues'}

aws4.sign(opts) // assumes AWS credentials are available in process.env

console.log(opts)
/*
{
  host: 'sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com',
  path: '/?Action=ListQueues',
  headers: {
    Host: 'sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com',
    'X-Amz-Date': '20121226T061030Z',
    Authorization: 'AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=ABCDEF/20121226/us-east-1/sqs/aws4_request, ...'
  }
}
*/

// we can now use this to query AWS using the standard node.js http API
http.request(opts, function(res) { res.pipe(process.stdout) }).end()
/*
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<ListQueuesResponse xmlns="http://queue.amazonaws.com/doc/2012-11-05/">
...
*/

More options

// you can also pass AWS credentials in explicitly (otherwise taken from process.env)
aws4.sign(opts, {accessKeyId: '', secretAccessKey: ''})

// can also add the signature to query strings
aws4.sign({service: 's3', path: '/my-bucket?X-Amz-Expires=12345', signQuery: true})

// create a utility function to pipe to stdout (with https this time)
function request(o) { https.request(o, function(res) { res.pipe(process.stdout) }).end(o.body || '') }

// aws4 can infer the HTTP method if a body is passed in
// method will be POST and Content-Type: 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8'
request(aws4.sign({service: 'iam', body: 'Action=ListGroups&Version=2010-05-08'}))
/*
<ListGroupsResponse xmlns="https://iam.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-05-08/">
...
*/

// can specify any custom option or header as per usual
request(aws4.sign({
  service: 'dynamodb',
  region: 'ap-southeast-2',
  method: 'POST',
  path: '/',
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.0',
    'X-Amz-Target': 'DynamoDB_20120810.ListTables'
  },
  body: '{}'
}))
/*
{"TableNames":[]}
...
*/

// works with all other services that support Signature Version 4

request(aws4.sign({service: 's3', path: '/', signQuery: true}))
/*
<ListAllMyBucketsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'ec2', path: '/?Action=DescribeRegions&Version=2014-06-15'}))
/*
<DescribeRegionsResponse xmlns="http://ec2.amazonaws.com/doc/2014-06-15/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'sns', path: '/?Action=ListTopics&Version=2010-03-31'}))
/*
<ListTopicsResponse xmlns="http://sns.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-03-31/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'sts', path: '/?Action=GetSessionToken&Version=2011-06-15'}))
/*
<GetSessionTokenResponse xmlns="https://sts.amazonaws.com/doc/2011-06-15/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cloudsearch', path: '/?Action=ListDomainNames&Version=2013-01-01'}))
/*
<ListDomainNamesResponse xmlns="http://cloudsearch.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-01-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'ses', path: '/?Action=ListIdentities&Version=2010-12-01'}))
/*
<ListIdentitiesResponse xmlns="http://ses.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-12-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'autoscaling', path: '/?Action=DescribeAutoScalingInstances&Version=2011-01-01'}))
/*
<DescribeAutoScalingInstancesResponse xmlns="http://autoscaling.amazonaws.com/doc/2011-01-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'elasticloadbalancing', path: '/?Action=DescribeLoadBalancers&Version=2012-06-01'}))
/*
<DescribeLoadBalancersResponse xmlns="http://elasticloadbalancing.amazonaws.com/doc/2012-06-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cloudformation', path: '/?Action=ListStacks&Version=2010-05-15'}))
/*
<ListStacksResponse xmlns="http://cloudformation.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-05-15/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'elasticbeanstalk', path: '/?Action=ListAvailableSolutionStacks&Version=2010-12-01'}))
/*
<ListAvailableSolutionStacksResponse xmlns="http://elasticbeanstalk.amazonaws.com/docs/2010-12-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'rds', path: '/?Action=DescribeDBInstances&Version=2012-09-17'}))
/*
<DescribeDBInstancesResponse xmlns="http://rds.amazonaws.com/doc/2012-09-17/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'monitoring', path: '/?Action=ListMetrics&Version=2010-08-01'}))
/*
<ListMetricsResponse xmlns="http://monitoring.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-08-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'redshift', path: '/?Action=DescribeClusters&Version=2012-12-01'}))
/*
<DescribeClustersResponse xmlns="http://redshift.amazonaws.com/doc/2012-12-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cloudfront', path: '/2014-05-31/distribution'}))
/*
<DistributionList xmlns="http://cloudfront.amazonaws.com/doc/2014-05-31/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'elasticache', path: '/?Action=DescribeCacheClusters&Version=2014-07-15'}))
/*
<DescribeCacheClustersResponse xmlns="http://elasticache.amazonaws.com/doc/2014-07-15/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'elasticmapreduce', path: '/?Action=DescribeJobFlows&Version=2009-03-31'}))
/*
<DescribeJobFlowsResponse xmlns="http://elasticmapreduce.amazonaws.com/doc/2009-03-31">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'route53', path: '/2013-04-01/hostedzone'}))
/*
<ListHostedZonesResponse xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'appstream', path: '/applications'}))
/*
{"_links":{"curie":[{"href":"http://docs.aws.amazon.com/appstream/latest/...
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cognito-sync', path: '/identitypools'}))
/*
{"Count":0,"IdentityPoolUsages":[],"MaxResults":16,"NextToken":null}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'elastictranscoder', path: '/2012-09-25/pipelines'}))
/*
{"NextPageToken":null,"Pipelines":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'lambda', path: '/2014-11-13/functions/'}))
/*
{"Functions":[],"NextMarker":null}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'ecs', path: '/?Action=ListClusters&Version=2014-11-13'}))
/*
<ListClustersResponse xmlns="http://ecs.amazonaws.com/doc/2014-11-13/">
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'glacier', path: '/-/vaults', headers: {'X-Amz-Glacier-Version': '2012-06-01'}}))
/*
{"Marker":null,"VaultList":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'storagegateway', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'StorageGateway_20120630.ListGateways'
}}))
/*
{"Gateways":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'datapipeline', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'DataPipeline.ListPipelines'
}}))
/*
{"hasMoreResults":false,"pipelineIdList":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'opsworks', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'OpsWorks_20130218.DescribeStacks'
}}))
/*
{"Stacks":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'route53domains', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'Route53Domains_v20140515.ListDomains'
}}))
/*
{"Domains":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'kinesis', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'Kinesis_20131202.ListStreams'
}}))
/*
{"HasMoreStreams":false,"StreamNames":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cloudtrail', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'CloudTrail_20131101.DescribeTrails'
}}))
/*
{"trailList":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'logs', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'Logs_20140328.DescribeLogGroups'
}}))
/*
{"logGroups":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'codedeploy', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'CodeDeploy_20141006.ListApplications'
}}))
/*
{"applications":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'directconnect', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'OvertureService.DescribeConnections'
}}))
/*
{"connections":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'kms', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'TrentService.ListKeys'
}}))
/*
{"Keys":[],"Truncated":false}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'config', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'StarlingDoveService.DescribeDeliveryChannels'
}}))
/*
{"DeliveryChannels":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({service: 'cloudhsm', body: '{}', headers: {
  'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
  'X-Amz-Target': 'CloudHsmFrontendService.ListAvailableZones'
}}))
/*
{"AZList":["us-east-1a","us-east-1b","us-east-1c"]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({
  service: 'swf',
  body: '{"registrationStatus":"REGISTERED"}',
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.0',
    'X-Amz-Target': 'SimpleWorkflowService.ListDomains'
  }
}))
/*
{"domainInfos":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({
  service: 'cognito-identity',
  body: '{"MaxResults": 1}',
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/x-amz-json-1.1',
    'X-Amz-Target': 'AWSCognitoIdentityService.ListIdentityPools'
  }
}))
/*
{"IdentityPools":[]}
...
*/

request(aws4.sign({
  service: 'mobileanalytics',
  path: '/2014-06-05/events',
  body: JSON.stringify({events:[{
    eventType: 'a',
    timestamp: new Date().toISOString(),
    session: {},
  }]}),
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/json',
    'X-Amz-Client-Context': JSON.stringify({
      client: {client_id: 'a', app_title: 'a'},
      custom: {},
      env: {platform: 'a'},
      services: {},
    }),
  }
}))
/*
(HTTP 202, empty response)
*/

// Generate CodeCommit Git access password
var signer = new aws4.RequestSigner({
  service: 'codecommit',
  host: 'git-codecommit.us-east-1.amazonaws.com',
  method: 'GIT',
  path: '/v1/repos/MyAwesomeRepo',
})
var password = signer.getDateTime() + 'Z' + signer.signature()

API

aws4.sign(requestOptions, [credentials])

This calculates and populates the Authorization header of requestOptions, and any other necessary AWS headers and/or request options. Returns requestOptions as a convenience for chaining.

requestOptions is an object holding the same options that the node.js http.request function takes.

The following properties of requestOptions are used in the signing or populated if they don't already exist:

  • hostname or host (will be determined from service and region if not given)
  • method (will use 'GET' if not given or 'POST' if there is a body)
  • path (will use '/' if not given)
  • body (will use '' if not given)
  • service (will be calculated from hostname or host if not given)
  • region (will be calculated from hostname or host or use 'us-east-1' if not given)
  • headers['Host'] (will use hostname or host or be calculated if not given)
  • headers['Content-Type'] (will use 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8' if not given and there is a body)
  • headers['Date'] (used to calculate the signature date if given, otherwise new Date is used)

Your AWS credentials (which can be found in your AWS console) can be specified in one of two ways:

  • As the second argument, like this:
aws4.sign(requestOptions, {
  secretAccessKey: "<your-secret-access-key>",
  accessKeyId: "<your-access-key-id>",
  sessionToken: "<your-session-token>"
})
  • From process.env, such as this:
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY="<your-secret-access-key>"
export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID="<your-access-key-id>"
export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN="<your-session-token>"

(will also use AWS_ACCESS_KEY and AWS_SECRET_KEY if available)

The sessionToken property and AWS_SESSION_TOKEN environment variable are optional for signing with IAM STS temporary credentials.

Installation

With npm do:

npm install aws4

Can also be used in the browser.

Thanks

Thanks to @jed for his dynamo-client lib where I first committed and subsequently extracted this code.

Also thanks to the official node.js AWS SDK for giving me a start on implementing the v4 signature.