SonarQube plug-in to create pull request comments for found issues in Bitbucket Cloud
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README.md

Bitbucket Cloud plug-in for SonarQube

Travis build status

Download it from Github releases page

This SonarQube plug-in creates pull request comments for issues found in your Bitbucket Cloud pull requests. It is very similar and inspired by the SonarQube Github plug-in, but targets Bitbucket Cloud. It creates a summary of the found issues as a global pull request comment which looks like this:

Screenshot global pull request comment

For every found issue on changed or new lines of the pull request, it will also create a pull request comment with the severity, the explanation what this issue is about and a link to get more details about it:

Screenshot exampl pull request comment

And it can also approve/unapprove the pull request and update the build status according to the SonarQube analysis results (if there are any blocker or critical issues found, the build is considered failed and the pull request unapproved):

Screenshot build status

Usage

Prerequisites

  • SonarQube >= 4.5.x (note that the plug-in does not work with SonarQube 5.1.0, as this contains a bug which prevents the plug-in from working correctly; see https://jira.sonarsource.com/browse/SONAR-6398; please use 5.1.2 instead)
  • A Bitbucket account
  • Maven 3.x + JDK 1.7 (to manually build it)

Important facts

  • This plug-in only supports Git repositories.
  • It can only be run in SonarQube's "preview/issues" mode. You cannot use it with "publish" (persistent) mode!

Installation

The plug-in will probably once be available in the SonarQube update center. Until then, you can download it from our Github releases page.

If you want, you can also build the plug-in manually like follows:

mvn clean install

After you copied the plugin's JAR to {SONARQUBE_INSTALL_DIRECTORY}/extensions/plugins, you need to restart your SonarQube instance.

Troubleshooting

If you experience any issues with the plug-in, check the build log for any suspicious messages first. The plug-in writes messages to the log with the prefix [sonar4bitbucket]. Possible issues are often related to authentication. Please make sure that you have configured a callback URL in Bitbucket when using OAuth. If authentication worked but you don't see any pull request comments being made for code issues, run the build in debug mode, create a bug report and attach important debug log lines to it. To generate a log with debug level, use the following parameters to trigger SonarQube:

mvn sonar:sonar -X -Dsonar.verbose=true ...

Configuration for Jenkins with Maven

You need to run this plug-in as part of your build. Add a build step of type Execute shell to your Jenkins job with the following content:

mvn clean verify sonar:sonar --batch-mode --errors \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.repoSlug=YOUR_BITBUCKET_REPO_SLUG \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.accountName=YOUR_BITBUCKET_ACCOUNT_NAME \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.teamName=YOUR_BITBUCKET_TEAM_NAME \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.apiKey=YOUR_BITBUCKET_API_KEY \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.branchName=$GIT_BRANCH \
     -Dsonar.host.url=http://YOUR_SONAR_SERVER \
     -Dsonar.login=YOUR_SONAR_LOGIN \
     -Dsonar.password=YOUR_SONAR_PASSWORD \
     -Dsonar.analysis.mode=issues

See this table about the possible configuration options:

Parameter name Description Default value Example
sonar.bitbucket.repoSlug The slug of your Bitbucket repository (https://bitbucket.org/[account_name]/[repo_slug]). sonar-bitbucket-plugin
sonar.bitbucket.accountName The Bitbucket account your repository belongs to (https://bitbucket.org/[account_name]/[repo_slug]). mibexsoftware
sonar.bitbucket.teamName If you want to create pull request comments for Sonar issues under your team account (deprecated) or with an app password, provide the Bitbucket team ID (not the name) or your Bitbucket user name here. a_team
sonar.bitbucket.apiKey If you want to create pull request comments for Sonar issues under your team account (deprecated) or with an app password, provide the API key or your app password here.
sonar.bitbucket.oauthClientKey If you want to create pull request comments for Sonar issues under your personal account, provide the client key of the new OAuth consumer here (needs repository and pull request WRITE permissions).
sonar.bitbucket.oauthClientSecret If you want to create pull request comments for Sonar issues under your personal account, provide the OAuth client secret for the new OAuth consumer here.
sonar.bitbucket.branchName The branch name you want to get analyzed with SonarQube. When building with Jenkins, use $GIT_BRANCH. For Bamboo, you can use ${bamboo.repository.git.branch}. $GIT_BRANCH
sonar.bitbucket.pullRequestId The ID of the pull request to analyze with SonarQube. 1
sonar.bitbucket.branchIllegalCharReplacement If you are using SonarQube version <= 4.5, then you have to escape '/' in your branch names with another character. Please provide this replacement character here. _
sonar.bitbucket.minSeverity Either INFO, MINOR, MAJOR, CRITICAL or BLOCKER to only have pull request comments created for issues with severities greater or equal to the chosen severity. MAJOR CRITICAL
sonar.bitbucket.approvalFeatureEnabled If enabled, the plug-in will approve the pull request if there are no issues with severity >= sonar.bitbucket.maxSeverityApprovalLevel, otherwise it will unapprove the pull request. true false
sonar.bitbucket.buildStatusEnabled If enabled, the plug-in will update the build status of the pull request depending on the Sonar analysis result. The analysis and also the build is failed if there are any critical or blocker issues. true false
sonar.bitbucket.maxSeverityApprovalLevel If any issues of this level or higher are found, it will unapprove the pull request. CRITICAL MAJOR

For authentication, you have to decide between if you want to create pull requests under your own user by using OAuth or as your team account with an API key. If you have a team account, we suggest to use this one as it is less confusing if the Sonar issues are created by this account opposed to when a personal account is taken. Unfortunately, Bitbucket does not (yet) support technical users as GitHub does, so we have to use either a user or team account here.

If you go with OAuth, you have to configure a callback URL and use the Bitbucket permissions "Repository write" and "Pull requests write" (for commenting on the pull request) as well as "Account read" for the new OAuth consumer. The permissions should look like follows:

Permissions necessary for OAuth consumer

If everything is configured as explained, you should see pull request comments for all found Sonar issues in your pull request after the next push to your Bitbucket repository.

Configuration for Bamboo with Maven

You need to run this SonarQube plug-in as part of your build. To achieve this, add a build task of type Maven 3.x to your Bamboo job with the following task goal:

clean verify sonar:sonar --batch-mode --errors \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.repoSlug=YOUR_BITBUCKET_REPO_SLUG \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.accountName=YOUR_BITBUCKET_ACCOUNT_NAME \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.teamName=YOUR_BITBUCKET_TEAM_ID \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.apiKey=YOUR_BITBUCKET_API_KEY \
     -Dsonar.bitbucket.branchName=${bamboo.repository.git.branch} \
     -Dsonar.host.url=http://YOUR_SONAR_SERVER \
     -Dsonar.login=YOUR_SONAR_LOGIN \
     -Dsonar.password=YOUR_SONAR_PASSWORD \
     -Dsonar.analysis.mode=issues

Configuration with Bitbucket Pipelines

To configure for use with Bitbucket Pipelines You will need to add the following environment variables:

  • OAUTH_CLIENT_KEY
  • OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET
  • SONAR_HOST_URL
  • SONAR_LOGIN
  • SONAR_PASSWORD

The minimal configuration for Pipelines is as follows:

# The Sonar Bitbucket plug-in will run on the default Pipeline.
# -----
image: maven:3.5.0

pipelines:
  default:
    - step:
        script:
          - mvn clean test
          - mvn sonar:sonar --batch-mode --errors -Dsonar.bitbucket.repoSlug=$BITBUCKET_REPO_SLUG -Dsonar.bitbucket.accountName=$BITBUCKET_REPO_OWNER -Dsonar.bitbucket.oauthClientKey=$OAUTH_CLIENT_KEY -Dsonar.bitbucket.oauthClientSecret=$OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET -Dsonar.bitbucket.branchName=$BITBUCKET_BRANCH -Dsonar.host.url=$SONAR_HOST_URL -Dsonar.login=$SONAR_LOGIN -Dsonar.password=$SONAR_PASSWORD -Dsonar.analysis.mode=issues

Note: The Pipeline must run at least once after the pull request is created.

Configuration with SonarRunner

The configuration of the SonarRunner parameters is actually the same as with Maven. Just run SonarRunner like follows:

sonar-runner -Dsonar.analysis.mode=issues <other-options>

Using a proxy

If you use a proxy, you can configure the host and port like follows:

-Dhttp.proxyHost=http://localhost -Dhttp.proxyPort=9000