Provides fluent interface of LINQ-style query to Objective-C.
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README.md

LINQ for Objective-C

Twitter License CocoaPods Build Status

Provides fluent interface of LINQ-style query to Objective-C.

Intro

This project ports LINQ standard query operators to Objective-C. This is achieved by collection of categories for NSArray and NSDictionary classes.

This library is available through CocoaPods.

License

Source code of this project is available under the standard MIT license. Please see the license file.

Example

id people = @[
              [Person createWithName:@"Adam" withAge:23],
              [Person createWithName:@"Alex" withAge:22],
              [Person createWithName:@"Andrew" withAge:28],
              [Person createWithName:@"Anthony" withAge:19],
              [Person createWithName:@"Mark" withAge:30],
              [Person createWithName:@"Matt" withAge:47],
              [Person createWithName:@"Simon" withAge:33],
              [Person createWithName:@"Steve" withAge:55],
              ];

id result = [[[people linq_where:^BOOL(id item) {
    return ([item age] > 21);
}] linq_select:^id(id item) {
    return [item name];
}] linq_groupBy:^id(id item) {
    return [item substringToIndex:1];
}];

for (id key in [result allKeys]) {
    id names = [[result valueForKey:key]
                linq_aggregate:^id(id item, id aggregate) {
                    return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@, %@",
                            aggregate, item];
                }];

    NSLog(@"%@ : %@", key, names);
}

/*
 Output:

 A : Adam, Alex, Andrew
 M : Mark, Matt
 S : Simon, Steve
 */

API

Aggregation Operations

Aggregate

Performs a custom aggregation operation on the values of a collection.

- (id)linq_aggregate:(id (^)(id item, id aggregate))block;

The following example creates a coma-separated string from an array of strings.

NSArray *input = @[@"M", @"A", @"R", @"K"];
NSString *result = [input linq_aggregate:^id(id item, id aggregate) {
    return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@, %@", aggregate, item];
}]; 
// Result is: @"M, A, R, K"

Average

Calculates the average value of a collection of values.

- (id)linq_avg;

Calculates the average value of the attribute specified by the key parameter for all objects in the collection.

- (id)linq_avgForKey:(NSString *)key; 

Example: Return the average length of strings in the collection.

NSArray *words = @[@"A", @"AB", @"ABC", @"ABCD", @"ABCDE"];
NSNumber *avg_word_length = [words linq_avgForKey:@"length"];
// Result is 3.

Count

Counts the elements in a collection, optionally only those elements that satisfy a predicate function.

- (NSUInteger)linq_count:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Example: Return the number of elements in the collection that are not smaller than 8.

NSArray *numbers = [NSArray linq_from:1 to:10];
NSInteger *count = [numbers linq_count:^BOOL(id item) {
        return ([item compare:@8] != NSOrderedAscending);
    }];
// Count is 3.

Max

Determines the maximum value in a collection.

- (id)linq_max;

Calculates the max value of the attribute specified by the key parameter for all objects in a collection.

- (id)linq_maxForKey:(NSString *)key;

Min

Determines the minimum value in a collection.

- (id)linq_min;

Calculates the min value of the attribute specified by the key parameter for all objects in the collection.

- (id)linq_minForKey:(NSString *)key;

Sum

Calculates the sum of the values in a collection.

- (id)linq_sum;

Calculates the sum of values of the attribute specified by the key parameter for all objects in a collection.

- (id)linq_sumForKey:(NSString *)key;

Converting Operations

ToArray

Puts value elements into an NSArray.

- (NSArray *)linq_toArray;

Puts value elements into a NSArray which satisfy key condtion.

- (NSArray *)linq_toArrayWhereKey:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Puts value elements into a NSArray which satisfy value condtion.

- (NSArray *)linq_toArrayWhereValue:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Puts value elements into a NSArray which satisfy both key and value condtion.

- (NSArray *)linq_toArrayWhereKeyValue:(BOOL (^)(id key, id value))block;

ToDictionary

Puts elements into an index-key-based NSDictionary.

- (NSDictionary *)linq_toDictionary;

Puts elements into a NSDictionary based on a key selector function.

- (NSDictionary *)linq_toDictionaryWithKeyBlock:(id (^)(id item))block;

Puts elements into a NSDictionary based on a key and value selector functions.

- (NSDictionary *)linq_toDictionaryWithKeyBlock:(id (^)(id item))keyBlock
                                     valueBlock:(id (^)(id item))valueBlock;

Filtering Operations

OfType

Selects values, depending on their ability to be cast to a specified type.

- (instancetype)linq_ofType:(Class)klass;

Selects elements which keys can be cast to a specified type.

- (instancetype)linq_ofTypeKey:(Class)klass;

Selects elements which values can be cast to a specified type.

- (instancetype)linq_ofTypeValue:(Class)klass;

Where

Selects values that are based on a predicate function.

- (instancetype)linq_where:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Selects values which satisify key-value condition.

- (instancetype)linq_where:(BOOL (^)(id key, id value))block;

Selects values which keys satisify condition.

- (instancetype)linq_whereKey:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Selects values which satisify condition.

- (instancetype)linq_whereValue:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;

Generation Operations

Empty

Returns empty array.

+ (instancetype)linq_empty;

From:To:

Creates array with integers from to.

+ (instancetype)linq_from:(NSInteger)from to:(NSInteger)to;

Repeat

Generates a collection that contains one repeated value.

+ (instancetype)linq_repeat:(id)element count:(NSInteger)count;

Grouping Operations

GroupBy

Returns NSDictionary of groups that share a common attribute defined by selector. Each group is defined as a dictionary entry whose key is a result of a selector and its value is an array of all elements that return the same key, i.e. selector(element) -> key.

{ key <- selector(element), value <- [element : key = selector(element)] }

- (NSDictionary *)linq_groupBy:(id (^)(id item))block;

Example:

NSArray *words = @[@"Adam", @"Anthony",
                    @"Ben", @"Bob",
                    @"Michael", @"Max", @"Matt",
                    @"Simon"];
NSDictionary *results = [self.input_words linq_groupBy:^id(id item) {
    return [item substringToIndex:1];
}];
// Result is:
// {
//      {"A" : @[@"Adam", @"Anthony"]},
//      {"B" : @[@"Ben", @"Bob"]},
//      {"M" : @[@"Michael", @"Max", @"Matt"]}
//      {"S" : @[@"Simon"]}
// }

ToLookup

Returns array of NSDictionaries by entering each element into a NSDictionary whose key is a result of a selector and its value is an element: { key <- selector(element), value <- element}

- (instancetype)linq_toLookup:(id (^)(id item))block;

Lookup

Helps to filter results of toLookup: method. Returns array of NSDictionaries with the same key.

- (instancetype)linq_lookup:(id)key;

Partitioning Operations

Skip

Skips elements up to a specified position in a collection.

- (NSArray *)linq_skip:(NSInteger)count;
- (NSDictionary *)linq_skip:(NSInteger)count;

Take

Takes elements up to a specified position in a collection.

- (NSArray *)linq_take:(NSInteger)count;
- (NSDictionary *)linq_take:(NSInteger)count;

Projection Operations

Select

Projects values that are based on a transform function.

- (instancetype)linq_select:(id (^)(id item))block;

The example below adds 10 to each element in the collection.

NSArray *result = [[NSArray linq_from:1 to:5] linq_select:^id(id item) {
    return [NSNumber numberWithInteger:([item integerValue] + 10)];
}];
// result is @[@11, @12, @13, @14, @15];

Select Many

Projects sequences of values that are based on a transform function and then flattens them into one sequence.

- (instancetype)linq_selectMany:(id (^)(id item))block;

This example returns words of each string of the collection.

NSArray *input = @[@"an apple a day", @"the quick brown fox"];
NSArray *result = [input linq_selectMany:^id(id item) { 
    return [item componentsSeparatedByString:@" "]; 
}]; 
// result is @[@"an", @"apple", @"a", @"day", 
//          @"the", @"quick", @"brown", @"fox"]
//

Quantifier Operations

All

Determines whether all the elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

- (BOOL)linq_all:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;
- (BOOL)linq_all:(BOOL (^)(id key, id value))block;

Any

Determines whether any elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

- (BOOL)linq_any:(BOOL (^)(id item))block;
- (BOOL)linq_any:(BOOL (^)(id key, id value))block;

Set Operations

Distinct

Removes duplicate values from a collection.

- (instancetype)linq_distinct;

Except

Returns the collection without the elements that appear in a second collection.

- (instancetype)linq_except:(NSArray *)other;
- (instancetype)linq_except:(NSDictionary *)other;

Intersect

Returns the set intersection, which means elements that appear in each of two collections.

- (instancetype)linq_intersect:(NSArray *)other;
- (instancetype)linq_intersect:(NSDictionary *)other;

Union

Returns the set union, which means unique elements that appear in either of two collections.

- (NSArray *)linq_union:(NSArray *)other;

Merges to dictionaries by returning the set union of unique elements which keys appear in either of two dictionaries.

- (NSDictionary *)linq_merge:(NSDictionary *)other;

Sorting Operations

OrderBy

Sorts values in ascending order.

- (instancetype)linq_orderByAscending;

Sorts values in descending order.

- (instancetype)linq_orderByDescending;

Sorts elements of a collection depending on an element's key.

- (instancetype)linq_orderByKey:(NSString *)key ascending:(BOOL)ascending;

Reverse

Reverses the order of the elements in a collection.

- (instancetype)linq_reverse;

Contributing

  1. Fork it.
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b new-feature).
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Added new-feature').
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin new-feature).
  5. Create new Pull Request.