Course on Mapping at Columbia University Fall 2017
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README.md

Mapping for Architecture, Urbanism, and the Humanities

  • Columbia University | GSAPP and A&S | Fall 2017
  • ARCHA4122_01_2017_3
  • Fridays 9:00-11:00am | Studio@Butler
  • Office hours: Tuesdays 2-4pm
  • Professor: Michelle McSweeney (mam2518)
  • Teaching Assistant: Buck Wanner (brw2103)

Description

We are in the midst of a technological revolution, resulting in seemingly endless amounts of data and the computing technologies to analyze and contextualize that data. In response, our relationship to the spaces we inhabit and those that we don't has shifted. We are challenged to make sense of spaces we have never visited, analyze data we did not collect and bring together people and ideas that have never met. As these forces propel us towards increased global awareness, we must remain critical of the tools and technologies that we use to represent, visualize, and analyze the world.

This course provides an introduction to critical mapping theory and geographic information systems tools. Of particular interest to Humanities students, this course seeks to address both historical and contemporary questions with reference to space and mapping. Through the use of open-source GIS software (qGIS) and open data (OpenStreetMap) students will learn how to critically use mapping tools and geographic data for spatial analysis and representation. In addition to using existing data, students will also be able to create or bring their own sets of data and questions from other courses and will be able to work with these in our class.

Using a hybrid flipped-classroom/seminar approach, students will work through web tutorials and hands-on in-class exercises to gain a better understanding of how these tools and data can be leveraged to analyze, represent and study past or present urban phenomena.

Objectives

By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • Employ best practices for visual communication of spatial information
  • Critically read a map
  • Critically apply mapping theory to spatial projects
  • Make intentional design decisions when composing maps for publication
  • Decide when to use a static map and when to use a webmap
  • Use QGIS to analyze geographic information
  • Strategically use maps and layers to tell a story
  • Find and clean datasets for use in GIS
  • Turn a static map into a webmap

Grading

30% Individual assignments and tutorials
15% Midterm
15% Map critique
30% Final project
10% White paper

Course Design

This course is a project-based, hybrid seminar/laboratory. Each meeting will be divided into two sections. In the first half, we will discuss one element of critical cartography based on the readings. In the second half, we will discuss the tutorial and its implications. To get the most out of the sessions, you will need to do the readings and attempt the tutorial in advance.

Assignments

There are weekly assignments that result from the tutorials. These are graded by submission only. You may work alone, in pairs or groups of three. Please submit whatever you have completed via email by Thursday night. You do NOT need to complete it to receive full credit. You do need to have attempted it. If you do not have anything to send, please write a 1 paragraph essay explaining how far you got and what problems you encountered. These will form the basis for the tutorial.

Graded Assignments

  • November 3: Midterm
  • November 17: Map Critique
  • December 8: Final Presentations
  • December 15: Final Project & Whitepaper

Midterm & Final

The Midterm leads to the final. By the midterm, you should have a question or thesis that you want to explore, analyze, or explain using some type of map, broadly defined. This will form the basis of your final project. Projects can be web, digital, or analogue, but must take the viewer through your hypothesis, argument, or story. The final project will be the execution of your research and design. The white paper will discuss the methods you used and decisions you made. Detailed descriptions will be distributed at least three weeks in advance.

Readings

Are available on the course Zotero Library and via Canvas. You will receive an invitation, or you can request an invitation if you do not use your uni.

Week 1 | September 8 | Introduction

Maps from class

Reading

  • Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. "Railroad Space, Railroad Time." The railway journey: The industrialization of time and space in the nineteenth century. Univ of California Press, 2014.

Tutorial

Week 2 | September 15 | Maps as Spatial Visualizations

Maps from class

Reading

  • Meirelles, Isabel. "Spatial Structures: Maps", Design for information: an introduction to the histories, theories, and best practices behind effective information visualizations. Rockport publishers, 2013.
  • Gregory, Ian N. "A map is just a bad graph”: Why spatial statistics are important in historical GIS. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, USA, 2008.

Tutorial 01

Week 3 | September 22 | Critical cartography

Maps from class

Reading

  • Harley, John Brian. "Deconstructing the map." Cartographica: The international journal for geographic information and geovisualization 26.2 (1989): 1-20.
  • Crampton, J. W. and Krygier, J. (2006). “An introduction to critical cartography.” ACME 4 (1): 11-53

Further reading:

  • Crampton, Jeremy W. "Maps as social constructions: power, communication and visualization." Progress in Human Geography 25.2 (2001): 235-252.

Tutorial 02

Week 4 | September 29 | Data

Map

Reading

  • Benedict Anderson, Census Map Museum
  • Lisa Gitelman “Introduction” in “Raw Data” Is an Oxymoron, ed. Lisa Gitelman (Cambridge, Massachusetts ; London, England: The MIT Press, 2013), 1-15.
  • Knigge, LaDona, and Meghan Cope. "Grounded visualization: integrating the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data through grounded theory and visualization." Environment and Planning A 38.11 (2006): 2021-2037.

Tutorial 03

Week 5 | October 6 | Literary (& imaginary) Geography

Maps

  • Selections from Solnit

Reading

  • Solnit, Rebecca, and Joshua Jelly-Schapiro. "Centers and Edges." Nonstop Metropolis: A New York City Atlas. Univ of California Press, 2016.
  • kanarinka. "The City Formerly Known as Cambridge: A Institute for Infinitely Small Things." Truth and Accountability in Geographic and Historical Visualizations. Routledge, 2011.
  • Piatti, Barbara, and Lorenz Hurni. "Cartographies of fictional worlds." Cartographic Journal 48.4 (2011): 218-223.

Tutorial 04

Week 6 | October 13 | Projections

Map

Reading

  • Furman, Mark. "Mapping the Digital Empire: Google Earth and the process of postmodern cartography." New Media and Society, 2010.
  • Monmonier, Mark. "Elements of the Map" How to lie with maps. University of Chicago Press, 2014.
  • Monmonier, Mark. "The Peters Projection Controversy" Drawing the line: tales of maps and cartocontroversy

Tutorial 05

Week 7 | October 20 | Humanistic mapping

Maps

Reading

  • Drucker, Johanna. "Humanities approaches to graphical display." Digital Humanities Quarterly 5.1 (2011): 1-21.
  • Dear, Michael. "Geocreativity". In GeoHumanities: Art, History, Text at the Edge of Place, ed. Michael Dear (2011)
  • Mitchell, Peta. "‘The stratified record upon which we set our feet’: The spatial turn and the multilayering of history, geography, and geology," in (2011): 71-83.

Tutorial 06

Week 8 | October 27 | Historical Maps

Tutorial 07

Week 9 | November 3 - PROPOSAL DUE

Midterm - presentations

Week 10 | November 10 | Webmapping

In-class Tutorial on Webmapping, Leaflet & a basic introduction to Javascript

Revisit Annotation & Storytelling Add Distance Maps or Sliders (To Be Posted)

Recommended

  • Wallace, Timothy R., and Charles van den Heuvel. "Truth and accountability in geographic and historical visualizations." The Cartographic Journal 42.2 (2005): 173-181.

Week 11 | November 17 | Map critique

Maps

Reading

  • Monmonier, Mark. "Map Generalization" How to lie with maps. University of Chicago Press, 2014.
  • Monmonier, Mark. "Blunders that Mislead" How to lie with maps. University of Chicago Press, 2014

THANKSGIVING BREAK - November 24

Week 12 - December 1 - MAP CRITIQUE DUE

Final project and technical assistance

  • MAP CRITIQUE DUE

Week 13 - December 8

Final Project Presentations

Week 14 - December 15

Final Project and White Paper DUE