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<!-- Mac shortcuts -->
<table id="myTable">
<tr><th colspan="2">Popular shortcuts</th></tr>
<tr><td>Undo</td><td>⌘ + Z</td></tr>
<tr><td>Redo</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + Z</td></tr>
<tr><td>Cut</td><td>⌘ + X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copy</td><td>⌘ + C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste</td><td>⌘ + V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste in front</td><td>⌘ + F</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste at back</td><td>⌘ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste in place</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste on all artboards</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Check spelling</td><td>⌘ + I</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Color Settings dialog box</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Keyboard Shortcuts dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Preferences dialog box</td><td>⌘ + K</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Work with documents</th></tr>
<tr><td>Create a document</td><td>⌘ + N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create a document from a template</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create a document without opening the New Document dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open a document</td><td>⌘ + O</td></tr>
<tr><td>Place a file in the document</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the File Information dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + I</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Document Setup dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Browse in Adobe Bridge</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + O</td></tr>
<tr><td>Close the document window</td><td>⌘ + W</td></tr>
<tr><td>Save changes made to the document</td><td>⌘  + S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Save As dialog box</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Save a copy of the document</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Save the document as script files</td><td>⌘ + F12</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Export for screens dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + E</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Save For Web dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Package the document</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Print</td><td>⌘ + P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Exit the application</td><td>⌘ + Q</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Select tools</th></tr>
<tr><td>Artboard tool</td><td>⇧ + O</td></tr>
<tr><td>Selection tool</td><td>V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Direct Selection tool</td><td>A</td></tr>
<tr><td>Magic Wand tool</td><td>Y</td></tr>
<tr><td>Lasso tool</td><td>Q</td></tr>
<tr><td>Pen tool</td><td>P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Curvature tool</td><td>⇧ + ~</td></tr>
<tr><td>Blob Brush tool</td><td>⇧ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add Anchor Point tool</td><td>+ (plus)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Delete Anchor Point tool</td><td>- (minus)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Anchor Point tool</td><td>⇧ + C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Type tool</td><td>T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Touch Type tool</td><td>⇧ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Line Segment tool</td><td>\ (backslash)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Rectangle tool</td><td>M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Ellipse tool</td><td>L</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paintbrush tool</td><td>B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Pencil tool</td><td>N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Shaper tool</td><td>⇧ + N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Rotate tool</td><td>R</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reflect tool</td><td>O</td></tr>
<tr><td>Scale tool</td><td>S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Warp tool</td><td>⇧ + R</td></tr>
<tr><td>Width Tool</td><td>⇧+W</td></tr>
<tr><td>Free Transform tool</td><td>E</td></tr>
<tr><td>Shape Builder Tool</td><td>⇧+M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Perspective Grid Tool</td><td>⇧+P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Perspective Selection Tool</td><td>⇧+V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Symbol Sprayer tool</td><td>⇧ + S</td></tr>
<tr><td>Column Graph tool</td><td>J</td></tr>
<tr><td>Mesh tool</td><td>U</td></tr>
<tr><td>Gradient tool</td><td>G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Eyedropper tool</td><td>I</td></tr>
<tr><td>Blend tool</td><td>W</td></tr>
<tr><td>Live Paint Bucket tool</td><td>K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Live Paint Selection tool</td><td>⇧ + L</td></tr>
<tr><td>Slice tool</td><td>⇧ + K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Eraser tool</td><td>⇧ + E</td></tr>
<tr><td>Scissors tool</td><td>C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Hand tool</td><td>H</td></tr>
<tr><td>Zoom tool</td><td>Z</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Smooth tool while using Blob Brush tool</td><td>Press ⌥</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">View artwork</th></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle between screen modes: Normal Screen Mode, Full Screen Mode with Menu Bar, Full Screen Mode</td><td>F</td></tr>
<tr><td>Fit imageable area in window</td><td>Double-click Hand tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Magnify 100%</td><td>Double-click Zoom tool or press ⌘ + 1</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Hand tool (when not in text-edit mode)</td><td>Spacebar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Zoom tool in magnify mode</td><td>Spacebar + ⌘</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Zoom tool in reduce mode</td><td>Spacebar + ⌘ + ⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move Zoom marquee while dragging with the Zoom tool</td><td>Spacebar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Hide bounding box</td><td>⇧ + ⌃ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Hide unselected artwork</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + ⇧ + 3</td></tr>
<tr><td>Convert between horizontal and vertical guide</td><td>⌥-drag guide</td></tr>
<tr><td>Release guide</td><td>⌘ + ⇧-double-click guide</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show document template</td><td>⌘ + H</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/Hide artboards</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + H</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/Hide artboard rulers</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + R</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show transparency grid</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + D</td></tr>
<tr><td>View all artboards in window</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + 0 (zero)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Paste in place on the active artboard</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Exit Artboard tool mode</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create artboard inside another artboard</td><td>⇧-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select multiple artboards in the Artboards panel</td><td>⌘ + click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Navigate to next document</td><td>⌘ + F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Navigate to previous document</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Navigate to next document group</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Navigate to previous document group</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + ⇧ + F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle between Outline and GPU Preview of the document</td><td>⌘ + Y</td></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle between GPU and CPU Preview of the document</td><td>⌘ + E</td></tr>
<tr><td>View the document in Overprint Preview mode</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + Y</td></tr>
<tr><td>View the document in Pixel Preview mode</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + Y</td></tr>
<tr><td>Exit Full Screen mode</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
<tr><td>Zoom in</td><td>⌘ + =</td></tr>
<tr><td>Zoom out</td><td>⌘ + -</td></tr>
<tr><td>Hide guides</td><td>⌘ + ;</td></tr>
<tr><td>Lock guides</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + ;</td></tr>
<tr><td>Make guides</td><td>⌘ + 5</td></tr>
<tr><td>Release guides</td><td>⌥ + Ctrl + 5</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/ hide smart guides</td><td>⌘ + U</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/ hide perspective grid</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + I</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show grid</td><td>⌘ + '</td></tr>
<tr><td>Snap to grid </td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + '</td></tr>
<tr><td>Snap to point</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + '</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Work with selections</th></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to last-used selection tool (Selection tool, Direct Selection tool, or Group Selection tool)</td><td>⌘ + `</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between Direct Selection tool and Group Selection tool</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add to a selection with Selection tool, Direct Selection tool, Group Selection tool, Live Paint Selection tool, or Magic Wand tool</td><td>⇧-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Subtract a selection with Selection tool, Direct Selection tool, Group Selection tool, or LIve Paint Selection tool</td><td>⇧-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Subtract from selection with Magic Wand tool</td><td>⌥-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add to selection with Lasso tool</td><td>⇧-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Subtract from selection with Lasso tool</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change pointer to cross hair for Lasso tool</td><td>Caps Lock</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select artwork in active artboard</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + A</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create crop marks around selected object</td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>Select all</td><td>⌘ + A</td></tr>
<tr><td>Deselect</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + A</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reselect</td><td>⌘ + 6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the object above the current selection </td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + ]</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the object below the current selection</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ +</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select behind an object</td><td>Press ⌘+click twice</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select behind in isolation mode</td><td>⌘+click twice</td></tr>
<tr><td>Group the selected artwork</td><td>⌘ + G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Ungroup the selected artwork</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Lock a selection</td><td>⌘ + 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Unlock a selection</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Hide a selection</td><td>⌘ + 3</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show all selections</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + 3</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move selection in user-defined increments</td><td>→, ←, ↑, or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move selection in 10x user-defined increments</td><td>⇧ + →, ←, ↑, or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Lock all deselected artwork</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + ⇧ + 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Constrain movement to 45° angle (except when using Reflect tool)</td><td>Hold down ⇧</td></tr>
<tr><td>Bring a selection forward</td><td>⌘ + ]</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move a selection to the front</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + ]</td></tr>
<tr><td>Send a selection backward</td><td>⌘ + [</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move a selection to the back </td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + [</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Draw</th></tr>
<tr><td>Constrain a shape’s proportions or orientation to: equal height and width for rectangles, rounded rectangles, ellipses, and grids / Increments of 45° for line and arc segments</td><td>⇧-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move a shape while drawing it</td><td>spacebar-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Draw from the center of a shape (except for polygons, stars, and flares)</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease polygon sides, star points, arc angle, spiral winds, or flare rays</td><td>Start dragging, then press the ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Keep the inner radius of a star constant</td><td>Start dragging, then hold down ⌘</td></tr>
<tr><td>Keep the sides of a star straight</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between an open and closed arc</td><td>Start dragging, then hold down C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Flip an arc, keeping the reference point constant</td><td>Start dragging, then hold down SF</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add or subtract winds from a spiral while increasing the length of the spiral</td><td>Start dragging then ⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change the decay rate of a spiral</td><td>Start dragging then ⌘-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add or remove horizontal lines from a rectangular grid or concentric lines from a polar grid</td><td>Start dragging, then press the ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add or remove vertical lines from a rectangular grid or radial lines from a polar grid</td><td>Start dragging, then press the → or ←</td></tr>
<tr><td>Decrease the skew value for horizontal dividers in a rectangular grid or radial dividers in a polar grid by 10%</td><td>Start dragging, then press F</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase the skew value for horizontal dividers in a rectangular grid or radial dividers in a polar grid by 10%</td><td>Start dragging, then press V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Decrease the skew value for vertical dividers in a rectangular grid or concentric dividers in a polar grid by 10%</td><td>Start dragging, then press X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase the skew value for vertical dividers in a rectangular grid or concentric dividers in a polar grid by 10%</td><td>Start dragging, then press C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase size of Blob Brush</td><td>] (right square bracket)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Decrease size of Blob Brush</td><td>[ (left square bracket)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Constrain Blob Brush path horizontally or vertically</td><td>⇧</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch through drawing modes</td><td>⇧ + D</td></tr>
<tr><td>Join two or more paths</td><td>Select the paths, then press ⌘ + J</td></tr>
<tr><td>Average two or more paths</td><td>Select the paths, then press ⌥ + ⌘ + J</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create corner or smooth join</td><td>Select the anchor point, then press ⇧ + ⌘ + ⌥ + J</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create a compound path</td><td>⌘ + 8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Release a compound path</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + 8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Edit a pattern</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ +F8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Perspective Grid Tool</td><td>⇧ + P</td></tr>
<tr><td>Perspective Selection Tool</td><td>⇧ + V</td></tr>
<tr><td>Perspective Grid</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + I</td></tr>
<tr><td>Moving objects perpendicularly</td><td>Press the number 5 key, then click and drag the object</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switching perspective planes</td><td>Use the Perspective Selection tool and then press 1 for left grid, 2 for horizontal grid, 3 for right grid, or 4 for no active grid</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copying objects in perspective</td><td>⌘ + Alt + drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Repeat transforming objects in perspective</td><td>⌘ + D</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switching between drawing modes</td><td>⇧ + D</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Edit shapes</th></tr>
<tr><td>Switch Pen tool to Convert Anchor Point tool</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between Add Anchor Point tool and Delete Anchor Point tool</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch Scissors tool to Add Anchor Point tool</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch Pencil tool to Smooth tool</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move current anchor point while drawing with Pen tool</td><td>Spacebar-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Cut a straight line with Knife tool</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Cut at 45° or 90° with Knife tool</td><td>⇧ + ⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Use shape mode buttons in Pathfinder panel to create compound paths</td><td>⌥ + Shape mode</td></tr>
<tr><td>Erase unwanted closed regions created using Shape Builder tool</td><td>⌥ + click the closed region</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the Shape Builder tool</td><td>⇧ + M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Display rectangular marquee to easily merge multiple paths (when using Shape Builder tool)</td><td>⇧ + click + drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase the intensity of symbols (when using Symbolism tool)</td><td>⇧ + }</td></tr>
<tr><td>Decrease the intensity of symbols (when using Symbolism tool)</td><td>⇧ + {</td></tr>
<tr><td>Blend objects</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Finish adding objects to the blend</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + B</td></tr>
<tr><td>Distort objects using a warp-shaped envelope</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + ⇧ + W</td></tr>
<tr><td>Distort objects using a mesh as the shape of the envelope</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Distort objects using another object as the shape of the envelope</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + C</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Work with Live Paint groups</th></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Eyedropper tool and sample fill and/or stroke</td><td>⌥-click + Live Paint Bucket tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Eyedropper tool and sample color from an image or intermediate color from a gradient</td><td>⌥ + ⇧-click + Live Paint Bucket tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select opposite Live Paint Bucket tool options (if Paint Fills and Paint Strokes are currently selected, switch to Paint Fills only)</td><td>⇧ + Live Paint Bucket tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Fill across unstroked edges into adjacent faces</td><td>Double-click + Live Paint Bucket tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Fill all faces that have same fill and stroke all edges that have same stroke</td><td>Triple-click + Live Paint Bucket tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Eyedropper tool and sample fill and/or stroke</td><td>⌥-click + Live Paint Selection tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch to Eyedropper tool and sample color from an image or intermediate color from a gradient</td><td>⌥ + ⇧-click + Live Paint Selection tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add to/subtract from a selection</td><td>⇧-click + Live Paint Selection tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select all connected faces /edges with same fill/stroke</td><td>Double-click + Live Paint Selection tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select all faces/edges with same fill/stroke</td><td>Triple-click + Live Paint Selection tool</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Work with objects</th></tr>
<tr><td>Set origin point and open dialog box when using Rotate tool, Scale tool, Reflect tool, or Shear tool</td><td>⌥-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Duplicate and transform selection when using Selection tool, Scale tool, Reflect tool, or Shear tool</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Transform pattern (independent of object) when using Selection tool, Scale tool, Reflect tool, or Shear tool</td><td>Tilde (~)-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reapply a transformation to an object</td><td>⌘ + D</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply last pathfinder effect to the selected object</td><td>⌘ + 4</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move an object</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Transform Each dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + D</td></tr>
<tr><td>Make a clipping mask</td><td>⌘ + 7</td></tr>
<tr><td>Release a clipping mask</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + 7</td></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle between fill and stroke</td><td>X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Set fill and stroke to default</td><td>D</td></tr>
<tr><td>Swap fill and stroke</td><td>⇧ + X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select gradient fill mode</td><td>></td></tr>
<tr><td>Hide gradient annotator (when using the Gradient tool)</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select color fill mode</td><td><</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select no stroke/fill mode</td><td>/ (forward slash)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Sample color from an image or intermediate color from gradient</td><td>⇧ + Eyedropper tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Sample style and append appearance of currently selected item</td><td>⌥ + ⇧-click + Eyedropper tool</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add new fill</td><td>⌘ + / (forward slash)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add new stroke</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + / (forward slash)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reset gradient to black and white</td><td>⌘-click gradient button in Tools panel or Gradient panel</td></tr>
<tr><td>Make Live Paint (when using the Paint Bucket tool)</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Decrease Bristle brush size</td><td>[</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase Bristle brush size</td><td>]</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Create variable width points</th></tr>
<tr><td>Select multiple width points</td><td>⇧+click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create non-uniform widths</td><td>⌥+drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create a copy of the width point</td><td>⌥s+drag the width point</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change the position of multiple width points</td><td>⇧+drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Delete selected width point</td><td>Delete</td></tr>
<tr><td>Deselect a width point</td><td>Esc</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Work with type</th></tr>
<tr><td>Move one character right or left</td><td>→ or ←</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move up or down one line</td><td>↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move one word right or left</td><td>⌘ + → or ←</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move up or down one paragraph</td><td>⌘ + ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select one word right or left</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + → or ←</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select one paragraph before or after</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Extend existing selection</td><td>⇧-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Align paragraph left, right, or center</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + L, R, or C</td></tr>
<tr><td>Justify text left</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + J</td></tr>
<tr><td>Justify all lines</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + F</td></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle line composer</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ +</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert soft return</td><td>⇧ + Return</td></tr>
<tr><td>Highlight kerning</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reset horizontal scale to 100%</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + X</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease font size</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + . or ,</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease font size by steps</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ +⇧ + . or ,</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease leading</td><td>⌥ + Up or ↓ (horizontal text) or Right or ← (vertical text)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select tracking value</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + K</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reset tracking/kerning to 0</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + Q</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease kerning and tracking</td><td>⌥ + Right or ← (horizontal text) or Up or ↓ (vertical text)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease kerning and tracking by five times</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + Right or ← (horizontal text) or Up or ↓ (vertical text)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase or decrease baseline ⇧</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + Up or ↓ (horizontal text) or Right or ← (vertical text)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between Type and Vertical Type, Area Type and Vertical Area Type, and Path Type and Vertical Path Type tools</td><td>⇧</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between Area Type and Path Type, Vertical Area Type and Vertical Path Type tools</td><td>⌥</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create outlines</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + O</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Character panel</td><td>⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Paragraph panel</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Tabs panel</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the OpenType panel</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert bullets</td><td>⌥ + 8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert copyright symbol</td><td>⌥ + G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert ellipsis</td><td>⌥ + ;</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert paragraph symbol</td><td>⌥ + 7</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert section symbol</td><td>⌥ + 6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert trademark symbol</td><td>⌥ + 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert registered trademark symbol</td><td>⌥ + R</td></tr>
<tr><td>Superscript</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + =</td></tr>
<tr><td>Subscript</td><td>Alt + ⇧ + Ctrl + =</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert em dash</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + -</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert en dash</td><td>⌥ + -</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert discretionary hyphen</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + -</td></tr>
<tr><td>Toggle auto-hyphenation</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + H</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert double left quotation marks</td><td>⌥ + [</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert double right quotation marks</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + [</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert single left quotation marks</td><td>⌥ + ]</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert single right quotation marks</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ]</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert em space</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert en space</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + N</td></tr>
<tr><td>Insert thin space</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + M</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show hidden characters</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + I</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Use panels</th></tr>
<tr><td>Set options (except for Actions, Brushes, Swatches, and Symbols panels)</td><td>⌥-click New button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch units of measurement</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + U</td></tr>
<tr><td>Delete without confirmation (except for Layers panel)</td><td>⌥-click Delete button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply value and keep text box active</td><td>⇧ + Return</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select range of actions, brushes, layers, links, styles, or swatches</td><td>⇧-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select noncontiguous actions, brushes, layers (same level only), links, styles, or swatches</td><td>⌘-click</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/Hide all panels</td><td>Tab</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/Hide all panels except the Tools panel and ⌃ panel</td><td>⇧ + Tab</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/ decrease values in logical fractions of the measurement unit</td><td>⌘ + Up or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/ decrease measurement unit by 10x</td><td>⇧ + Up or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Actions panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Expand/Collapse entire hierarchy for action set</td><td>⌥-click expansion triangle</td></tr>
<tr><td>Set options for action set</td><td>Double-click folder icon</td></tr>
<tr><td>Play a single command</td><td>⌘-click Play Current Selection button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Begin recording actions without confirmation</td><td>⌥-click New Action button</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Brushes panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Open Brush Options dialog box</td><td>Double-click brush</td></tr>
<tr><td>Duplicate brush</td><td>Drag brush to New Brush button</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Character and Paragraph panels</th></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Character panel</td><td>⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open the Paragraph panel</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + T</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/decrease the selected value by a small increment</td><td>↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/decreases the selected value by a large increment</td><td>⇧ + ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/decrease the selected value by a fraction</td><td>⌘ + Up or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Highlight the font name field in the Character panel</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + ⇧ + F</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Color panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Select the complement for the current color fill/stroke</td><td>⌘-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change the nonactive fill/stroke</td><td>⌥-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the complement for the nonactive fill/stroke</td><td>⌘ + ⌥-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the inverse for the current fill/stroke</td><td>⌘ + ⇧-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select the inverse for the nonactive fill/stroke</td><td>⌘ + ⇧ + ⌥-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Open Color Guide</td><td>⇧ + F3</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change the color mode</td><td>⇧-click color bar</td></tr>
<tr><td>Move color sliders in tandem</td><td>⇧-drag color slider</td></tr>
<tr><td>Switch between percentage and 0-255 values for RGB</td><td>Double-click to right of a numerical field</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Gradient panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Duplicate color stops</td><td>⌥-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>Swap color stops</td><td>⌥-drag color stop onto another color stop</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply swatch color to active (or selected) color stop</td><td>⌥-click swatch in the Swatches panel</td></tr>
<tr><td>Reset the gradient fill to default black and white linear gradient</td><td>⌘-click Gradient Fill box in the Gradient panel</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/Hide gradient arrow</td><td>⌘ + ⌥ + G</td></tr>
<tr><td>Modify angle and end-point together</td><td>⌥-drag end point of gradient annotator</td></tr>
<tr><td>Constrain Gradient tool or Gradient annotator while dragging</td><td>⇧-drag</td></tr>
<tr><td>View Gradient annotator in selected gradient filled object</td><td>G</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Layers panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Add a layer</td><td>⌘ + L</td></tr>
<tr><td>Add a layer while opening the New Layer dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⌘ + L</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select all objects on the layer</td><td>⌥-click layer name</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide all layers but the selected one</td><td>⌥-click eye icon</td></tr>
<tr><td>Select Outline/Preview view for the selected layer</td><td>⌘-click eye icon</td></tr>
<tr><td>Selects Outline/Preview view for all other layers</td><td>⌘ + ⌥-click eye icon</td></tr>
<tr><td>Lock/unlock all other layers</td><td>⌥-click lock icon</td></tr>
<tr><td>Expand all sublayers to display entire hierarchy</td><td>⌥-click expansion triangle</td></tr>
<tr><td>Set options as you create new layer</td><td>⌥-click New Layer button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Set options as you create new sublayer</td><td>⌥-click New Sublayer button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Place new sublayer at bottom of layer list</td><td>⌘ + ⌥-click New Sublayer button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Place layer at top of layer list</td><td>⌘-click New Layer button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Place layer below selected layer</td><td>⌘ + ⌥-click New Layer button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copy the selection to a layer, sublayer, or group</td><td>⌥-drag selection</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Swatches panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Create new spot color</td><td>⌘-click New Swatch button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create new global process color</td><td>⌘ + ⇧-click New Swatch button</td></tr>
<tr><td>Replace swatch with another</td><td>⌥-drag a swatch over another</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Transform panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Apply a value and keep focus in edit field</td><td>⇧ + Return</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply a value and copy object</td><td>⌥ + Return</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply a value and scale option proportionately for width or height</td><td>⌘ + Return</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Transparency panel</th></tr>
<tr><td>Apply last effect to the selected object</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + E</td></tr>
<tr><td>Apply last effect to the selected object by adjusting the values in the effects dialog box</td><td>⌥ + ⇧ + ⌘ + E</td></tr>
<tr><td>Change mask to grayscale image for editing</td><td>⌥-click on mask thumbnail</td></tr>
<tr><td>Disable opacity mask</td><td>⇧-click on mask thumbnail</td></tr>
<tr><td>Re-enable opacity mask</td><td>⇧-click on disabled mask thumbnail</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/decrease opacity in 1% increments</td><td>Click opacity field + ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><td>Increase/decrease opacity in 10% increments</td><td>⇧-click opacity field + ↑ or ↓</td></tr>
<tr><th colspan="2">Function keys</th></tr>
<tr><td>Invoke Help</td><td>F1</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Brushes panel</td><td>F5</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Color panel</td><td>F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Layers panel</td><td>F7</td></tr>
<tr><td>Create new symbol</td><td>F8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Info panel</td><td>⌘ + F8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Gradient panel</td><td>⌘ + F9</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Stroke panel</td><td>⌘ + F10</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Attributes panel</td><td>⌘ + F11</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Graphic Styles panel</td><td>⇧ + F5</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Appearance panel</td><td>⇧ + F6</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Align panel</td><td>⇧ + F7</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Transform panel</td><td>⇧ + F8</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Pathfinder panel</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + F9</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Transparency panel</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + F10</td></tr>
<tr><td>Show/hide Symbols panel</td><td>⇧ + ⌘ + F11</td></tr>