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Micro

Go Report Card Go.Dev reference Apache License DigitalOcean Droplet Twitter @MicroDotDev

API first cloud platform

Overview

Micro addresses the key requirements for building services in the cloud. It leverages the microservices architecture pattern and provides a set of services which act as the building blocks of a platform. Micro deals with the complexity of distributed systems and provides simpler programmable abstractions to build on.

Features

Below are the core components that make up Micro.

Server

Micro is built as a microservices architecture and abstracts away the complexity of the underlying infrastructure. We compose this as a single logical server to the user but decompose that into the various building block primitives that can be plugged into any underlying system.

The server is composed of the following services.

  • API - A Gateway which dynamically maps HTTP requests to RPC using path based resolution
  • Auth - Authentication and authorization out of the box using JWT tokens and rule based access control.
  • Broker - Ephemeral pubsub messaging for asynchronous communication and distributing notifications
  • Config - Dynamic configuration and secrets management for service level config without reload
  • Events - Event streaming with ordered messaging, replay from offsets and persistent storage
  • Network - Inter-service networking, isolation and routing plane for all internal request traffic
  • Proxy - An identity aware proxy used for remote access and any external grpc request traffic
  • Runtime - Service lifecycle and process management with support for source to running auto build
  • Registry - Centralised service discovery and API endpoint explorer with feature rich metadata
  • Store - Key-Value storage with TTL expiry and persistent crud to keep microservices stateless

Framework

Micro comes with a built in Go framework for service development. The Go framework makes it drop dead simple to write your services without having to piece together endless lines of boilerplate code. Auto configured and initialised by default, just import and get started quickly.

Command Line

Micro brings not only a rich architectural model but a command line experience tailored for that need. The command line interface includes dynamic command mapping for all services running on the platform. Turns any service instantly into a CLI command along with flag parsing for inputs. Includes support for multiple environments and namespaces, automatic refreshing of auth credentials, creating and running services, status info and log streaming, plus much, much more.

Dashboard

Explore, discover and consume services via a browser using Micro Web. The dashboard makes use of your env configuration to locate the server and provides dynamic form fill for services.

Environments

Micro bakes in the concept of Environments and multi-tenancy through Namespaces. Run your server locally for development and in the cloud for staging and production, seamlessly switch between them using the CLI commands micro env set [environment] and micro user set [namespace].

Docs

  • Introduction - A high level introduction to Micro
  • Getting Started - The helloworld quickstart guide
  • Upgrade Guide - Update your go-micro project to use micro v3.
  • Architecture - Describes the architecture, design and tradeoffs
  • Reference - In-depth reference for Micro CLI and services
  • Resources - External resources and contributions
  • Roadmap - Stuff on our agenda over the long haul
  • FAQ - Frequently asked questions

Installation

From Source

go install github.com/micro/micro/v3@latest

Docker Image

docker pull ghcr.io/micro/micro:latest

Install Binaries

Windows

powershell -Command "iwr -useb https://raw.githubusercontent.com/micro/micro/master/scripts/install.ps1 | iex"

Linux

wget -q  https://raw.githubusercontent.com/micro/micro/master/scripts/install.sh -O - | /bin/bash

MacOS

curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/micro/micro/master/scripts/install.sh | /bin/bash

Run the server

The server starts with a single command ready to use

Local

micro server

Docker

sudo docker run -p 8080:8080 -p 8081:8081 ghcr.io/micro/micro:latest server

Now go to localhost:8080 and make sure the output is something like {"version": "v3.10.1"} which is the latest version of micro installed.

Usage

Set the environment e.g local

micro env set local

Login to Micro

Default username/password: admin/micro

$ micro login
Enter username: admin
Enter password:
Successfully logged in.

See what's running:

$ micro services
api
auth
broker
config
events
network
proxy
registry
runtime
server
store

Create a Service

Generate a service using the template

micro new helloworld

Output

Creating service helloworld

.
├── main.go
├── handler
│   └── helloworld.go
├── proto
│   └── helloworld.proto
├── Makefile
├── README.md
├── .gitignore
└── go.mod


download protoc zip packages (protoc-$VERSION-$PLATFORM.zip) and install:

visit https://github.com/protocolbuffers/protobuf/releases

compile the proto file helloworld.proto:

cd helloworld
make init
go mod vendor
make proto

Making changes

Edit the protobuf definition in proto/helloworld.proto and run make proto to recompile

Go to handler/helloworld.go to make changes to the response handler

type Helloworld struct{}

func New() *Helloworld {
        return &Helloworld{}
}

func (h *Helloworld) Call(ctx context.Context, req *pb.Request, rsp *pb.Response) error {
        rsp.Msg = "Hello " + req.Name
        return nil
}

Run the service

Run from local dir

micro run .

Or from a git url

micro run github.com/micro/services/helloworld

Check status of running service

$ micro status
NAME		VERSION	SOURCE					STATUS	BUILD	UPDATED	METADATA
helloworld	latest	github.com/micro/services/helloworld	running	n/a	4s ago	owner=admin, group=micro

View logs of the service to verify it's running.

$ micro logs helloworld
2020-10-06 17:52:21  file=service/service.go:195 level=info Starting [service] helloworld
2020-10-06 17:52:21  file=grpc/grpc.go:902 level=info Server [grpc] Listening on [::]:33975
2020-10-06 17:52:21  file=grpc/grpc.go:732 level=info Registry [service] Registering node: helloworld-67627b23-3336-4b92-a032-09d8d13ecf95

Call the service

$ micro helloworld call --name=Jane
{
	"msg": "Hello Jane"
}

Curl it

curl "http://localhost:8080/helloworld?name=John"

Write a service client

A service client is used within another service and must be run by micro

package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"time"

	"github.com/micro/micro/v3/service"
	pb "github.com/micro/services/helloworld/proto"
)

func callService(hw pb.HelloworldService) {
	for {
		// call an endpoint on the service
		rsp, err := hw.Call(context.Background(), &pb.CallRequest{
			Name: "John",
		})
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Println("Error calling helloworld: ", err)
			return
		}

		// print the response
		fmt.Println("Response: ", rsp.Message)

		time.Sleep(time.Second)
	}
}

func main() {
	// create and initialise a new service
	srv := service.New(
		service.Name("caller"),
	)

	// new helloworld client
	hw := pb.NewHelloworldService("helloworld", srv.Client())
	
	// run the client caller
	go callService(hw)
	
	// run the service
	service.Run()
}

Run it

micro run .

Write an api client

An api client is an external app or client which makes requests through the micro api

Get a token

export TOKEN=`micro user token`

Call helloworld

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "os"

    "github.com/micro/micro-go"
)

type Request struct {
	Name string `json:"name"`
}

type Response struct {
	Msg string `json:"msg"`
}

func main() {
	token := os.Getenv("TOKEN")
	c := micro.NewClient(nil)

	// set your api token
	c.SetToken(token)

   	req := &Request{
		Name: "John",
	}
	
	var rsp Response

	if err := c.Call("helloworld", "Call", req, &rsp); err != nil {
		fmt.Println(err)
		return
	}
	
	fmt.Println(rsp)
}

Run it

go run main.go

For more see the getting started guide.

Web Dashboard

Use services via the web with the Micro Web dashboard

micro web

Browse to localhost:8082

License

See LICENSE which makes use of Apache 2.0.

Updates

Follow on Twitter for updates

Development

1 click deploy a Micro Dev environment on a DigitalOcean Droplet

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