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.. currentmodule:: machine

class SPI -- a Serial Peripheral Interface bus protocol (master side)

SPI is a synchronous serial protocol that is driven by a master. At the physical level, a bus consists of 3 lines: SCK, MOSI, MISO. Multiple devices can share the same bus. Each device should have a separate, 4th signal, SS (Slave Select), to select a particular device on a bus with which communication takes place. Management of an SS signal should happen in user code (via machine.Pin class).

Constructors

Methods

.. method:: SPI.init(baudrate=1000000, \*, polarity=0, phase=0, bits=8, firstbit=SPI.MSB, sck=None, mosi=None, miso=None, pins=(SCK, MOSI, MISO))

   Initialise the SPI bus with the given parameters:

     - ``baudrate`` is the SCK clock rate.
     - ``polarity`` can be 0 or 1, and is the level the idle clock line sits at.
     - ``phase`` can be 0 or 1 to sample data on the first or second clock edge
       respectively.
     - ``bits`` is the width in bits of each transfer. Only 8 is guaranteed to be supported by all hardware.
     - ``firstbit`` can be ``SPI.MSB`` or ``SPI.LSB``.
     - ``sck``, ``mosi``, ``miso`` are pins (machine.Pin) objects to use for bus signals. For most
       hardware SPI blocks (as selected by ``id`` parameter to the constructor), pins are fixed
       and cannot be changed. In some cases, hardware blocks allow 2-3 alternative pin sets for
       a hardware SPI block. Arbitrary pin assignments are possible only for a bitbanging SPI driver
       (``id`` = -1).
     - ``pins`` - WiPy port doesn't ``sck``, ``mosi``, ``miso`` arguments, and instead allows to
       specify them as a tuple of ``pins`` parameter.

   In the case of hardware SPI the actual clock frequency may be lower than the
   requested baudrate. This is dependant on the platform hardware. The actual
   rate may be determined by printing the SPI object.

.. method:: SPI.deinit()

   Turn off the SPI bus.

.. method:: SPI.read(nbytes, write=0x00)

    Read a number of bytes specified by ``nbytes`` while continuously writing
    the single byte given by ``write``.
    Returns a ``bytes`` object with the data that was read.

.. method:: SPI.readinto(buf, write=0x00)

    Read into the buffer specified by ``buf`` while continuously writing the
    single byte given by ``write``.
    Returns ``None``.

    Note: on WiPy this function returns the number of bytes read.

.. method:: SPI.write(buf)

    Write the bytes contained in ``buf``.
    Returns ``None``.

    Note: on WiPy this function returns the number of bytes written.

.. method:: SPI.write_readinto(write_buf, read_buf)

    Write the bytes from ``write_buf`` while reading into ``read_buf``.  The
    buffers can be the same or different, but both buffers must have the
    same length.
    Returns ``None``.

    Note: on WiPy this function returns the number of bytes written.

Constants

.. data:: SPI.MASTER

   for initialising the SPI bus to master; this is only used for the WiPy

.. data:: SPI.MSB

   set the first bit to be the most significant bit

.. data:: SPI.LSB

   set the first bit to be the least significant bit