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//*********************************************************
//
// Copyright (c) Microsoft. All rights reserved.
// This code is licensed under the MIT License (MIT).
// THIS CODE IS PROVIDED *AS IS* WITHOUT WARRANTY OF
// ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY
// IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
// PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
//
//*********************************************************
#include "stdafx.h"
#include "D3D12HelloTexture.h"
D3D12HelloTexture::D3D12HelloTexture(UINT width, UINT height, std::wstring name) :
DXSample(width, height, name),
m_frameIndex(0),
m_viewport(0.0f, 0.0f, static_cast<float>(width), static_cast<float>(height)),
m_scissorRect(0, 0, static_cast<LONG>(width), static_cast<LONG>(height)),
m_rtvDescriptorSize(0)
{
}
void D3D12HelloTexture::OnInit()
{
LoadPipeline();
LoadAssets();
}
// Load the rendering pipeline dependencies.
void D3D12HelloTexture::LoadPipeline()
{
UINT dxgiFactoryFlags = 0;
#if defined(_DEBUG)
// Enable the debug layer (requires the Graphics Tools "optional feature").
// NOTE: Enabling the debug layer after device creation will invalidate the active device.
{
ComPtr<ID3D12Debug> debugController;
if (SUCCEEDED(D3D12GetDebugInterface(IID_PPV_ARGS(&debugController))))
{
debugController->EnableDebugLayer();
// Enable additional debug layers.
dxgiFactoryFlags |= DXGI_CREATE_FACTORY_DEBUG;
}
}
#endif
ComPtr<IDXGIFactory4> factory;
ThrowIfFailed(CreateDXGIFactory2(dxgiFactoryFlags, IID_PPV_ARGS(&factory)));
if (m_useWarpDevice)
{
ComPtr<IDXGIAdapter> warpAdapter;
ThrowIfFailed(factory->EnumWarpAdapter(IID_PPV_ARGS(&warpAdapter)));
ThrowIfFailed(D3D12CreateDevice(
warpAdapter.Get(),
D3D_FEATURE_LEVEL_11_0,
IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_device)
));
}
else
{
ComPtr<IDXGIAdapter1> hardwareAdapter;
GetHardwareAdapter(factory.Get(), &hardwareAdapter);
ThrowIfFailed(D3D12CreateDevice(
hardwareAdapter.Get(),
D3D_FEATURE_LEVEL_11_0,
IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_device)
));
}
// Describe and create the command queue.
D3D12_COMMAND_QUEUE_DESC queueDesc = {};
queueDesc.Flags = D3D12_COMMAND_QUEUE_FLAG_NONE;
queueDesc.Type = D3D12_COMMAND_LIST_TYPE_DIRECT;
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommandQueue(&queueDesc, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_commandQueue)));
// Describe and create the swap chain.
DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC1 swapChainDesc = {};
swapChainDesc.BufferCount = FrameCount;
swapChainDesc.Width = m_width;
swapChainDesc.Height = m_height;
swapChainDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM;
swapChainDesc.BufferUsage = DXGI_USAGE_RENDER_TARGET_OUTPUT;
swapChainDesc.SwapEffect = DXGI_SWAP_EFFECT_FLIP_DISCARD;
swapChainDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1;
ComPtr<IDXGISwapChain1> swapChain;
ThrowIfFailed(factory->CreateSwapChainForHwnd(
m_commandQueue.Get(), // Swap chain needs the queue so that it can force a flush on it.
Win32Application::GetHwnd(),
&swapChainDesc,
nullptr,
nullptr,
&swapChain
));
// This sample does not support fullscreen transitions.
ThrowIfFailed(factory->MakeWindowAssociation(Win32Application::GetHwnd(), DXGI_MWA_NO_ALT_ENTER));
ThrowIfFailed(swapChain.As(&m_swapChain));
m_frameIndex = m_swapChain->GetCurrentBackBufferIndex();
// Create descriptor heaps.
{
// Describe and create a render target view (RTV) descriptor heap.
D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_DESC rtvHeapDesc = {};
rtvHeapDesc.NumDescriptors = FrameCount;
rtvHeapDesc.Type = D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_TYPE_RTV;
rtvHeapDesc.Flags = D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_FLAG_NONE;
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateDescriptorHeap(&rtvHeapDesc, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_rtvHeap)));
// Describe and create a shader resource view (SRV) heap for the texture.
D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_DESC srvHeapDesc = {};
srvHeapDesc.NumDescriptors = 1;
srvHeapDesc.Type = D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_TYPE_CBV_SRV_UAV;
srvHeapDesc.Flags = D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_FLAG_SHADER_VISIBLE;
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateDescriptorHeap(&srvHeapDesc, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_srvHeap)));
m_rtvDescriptorSize = m_device->GetDescriptorHandleIncrementSize(D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_HEAP_TYPE_RTV);
}
// Create frame resources.
{
CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE rtvHandle(m_rtvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart());
// Create a RTV for each frame.
for (UINT n = 0; n < FrameCount; n++)
{
ThrowIfFailed(m_swapChain->GetBuffer(n, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_renderTargets[n])));
m_device->CreateRenderTargetView(m_renderTargets[n].Get(), nullptr, rtvHandle);
rtvHandle.Offset(1, m_rtvDescriptorSize);
}
}
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommandAllocator(D3D12_COMMAND_LIST_TYPE_DIRECT, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_commandAllocator)));
}
// Load the sample assets.
void D3D12HelloTexture::LoadAssets()
{
// Create the root signature.
{
D3D12_FEATURE_DATA_ROOT_SIGNATURE featureData = {};
// This is the highest version the sample supports. If CheckFeatureSupport succeeds, the HighestVersion returned will not be greater than this.
featureData.HighestVersion = D3D_ROOT_SIGNATURE_VERSION_1_1;
if (FAILED(m_device->CheckFeatureSupport(D3D12_FEATURE_ROOT_SIGNATURE, &featureData, sizeof(featureData))))
{
featureData.HighestVersion = D3D_ROOT_SIGNATURE_VERSION_1_0;
}
CD3DX12_DESCRIPTOR_RANGE1 ranges[1];
ranges[0].Init(D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_RANGE_TYPE_SRV, 1, 0, 0, D3D12_DESCRIPTOR_RANGE_FLAG_DATA_STATIC);
CD3DX12_ROOT_PARAMETER1 rootParameters[1];
rootParameters[0].InitAsDescriptorTable(1, &ranges[0], D3D12_SHADER_VISIBILITY_PIXEL);
D3D12_STATIC_SAMPLER_DESC sampler = {};
sampler.Filter = D3D12_FILTER_MIN_MAG_MIP_POINT;
sampler.AddressU = D3D12_TEXTURE_ADDRESS_MODE_BORDER;
sampler.AddressV = D3D12_TEXTURE_ADDRESS_MODE_BORDER;
sampler.AddressW = D3D12_TEXTURE_ADDRESS_MODE_BORDER;
sampler.MipLODBias = 0;
sampler.MaxAnisotropy = 0;
sampler.ComparisonFunc = D3D12_COMPARISON_FUNC_NEVER;
sampler.BorderColor = D3D12_STATIC_BORDER_COLOR_TRANSPARENT_BLACK;
sampler.MinLOD = 0.0f;
sampler.MaxLOD = D3D12_FLOAT32_MAX;
sampler.ShaderRegister = 0;
sampler.RegisterSpace = 0;
sampler.ShaderVisibility = D3D12_SHADER_VISIBILITY_PIXEL;
CD3DX12_VERSIONED_ROOT_SIGNATURE_DESC rootSignatureDesc;
rootSignatureDesc.Init_1_1(_countof(rootParameters), rootParameters, 1, &sampler, D3D12_ROOT_SIGNATURE_FLAG_ALLOW_INPUT_ASSEMBLER_INPUT_LAYOUT);
ComPtr<ID3DBlob> signature;
ComPtr<ID3DBlob> error;
ThrowIfFailed(D3DX12SerializeVersionedRootSignature(&rootSignatureDesc, featureData.HighestVersion, &signature, &error));
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateRootSignature(0, signature->GetBufferPointer(), signature->GetBufferSize(), IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_rootSignature)));
}
// Create the pipeline state, which includes compiling and loading shaders.
{
ComPtr<ID3DBlob> vertexShader;
ComPtr<ID3DBlob> pixelShader;
#if defined(_DEBUG)
// Enable better shader debugging with the graphics debugging tools.
UINT compileFlags = D3DCOMPILE_DEBUG | D3DCOMPILE_SKIP_OPTIMIZATION;
#else
UINT compileFlags = 0;
#endif
ThrowIfFailed(D3DCompileFromFile(GetAssetFullPath(L"shaders.hlsl").c_str(), nullptr, nullptr, "VSMain", "vs_5_0", compileFlags, 0, &vertexShader, nullptr));
ThrowIfFailed(D3DCompileFromFile(GetAssetFullPath(L"shaders.hlsl").c_str(), nullptr, nullptr, "PSMain", "ps_5_0", compileFlags, 0, &pixelShader, nullptr));
// Define the vertex input layout.
D3D12_INPUT_ELEMENT_DESC inputElementDescs[] =
{
{ "POSITION", 0, DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32_FLOAT, 0, 0, D3D12_INPUT_CLASSIFICATION_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0 },
{ "TEXCOORD", 0, DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32_FLOAT, 0, 12, D3D12_INPUT_CLASSIFICATION_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0 }
};
// Describe and create the graphics pipeline state object (PSO).
D3D12_GRAPHICS_PIPELINE_STATE_DESC psoDesc = {};
psoDesc.InputLayout = { inputElementDescs, _countof(inputElementDescs) };
psoDesc.pRootSignature = m_rootSignature.Get();
psoDesc.VS = CD3DX12_SHADER_BYTECODE(vertexShader.Get());
psoDesc.PS = CD3DX12_SHADER_BYTECODE(pixelShader.Get());
psoDesc.RasterizerState = CD3DX12_RASTERIZER_DESC(D3D12_DEFAULT);
psoDesc.BlendState = CD3DX12_BLEND_DESC(D3D12_DEFAULT);
psoDesc.DepthStencilState.DepthEnable = FALSE;
psoDesc.DepthStencilState.StencilEnable = FALSE;
psoDesc.SampleMask = UINT_MAX;
psoDesc.PrimitiveTopologyType = D3D12_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TYPE_TRIANGLE;
psoDesc.NumRenderTargets = 1;
psoDesc.RTVFormats[0] = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM;
psoDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1;
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateGraphicsPipelineState(&psoDesc, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_pipelineState)));
}
// Create the command list.
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommandList(0, D3D12_COMMAND_LIST_TYPE_DIRECT, m_commandAllocator.Get(), m_pipelineState.Get(), IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_commandList)));
// Create the vertex buffer.
{
// Define the geometry for a triangle.
Vertex triangleVertices[] =
{
{ { 0.0f, 0.25f * m_aspectRatio, 0.0f }, { 0.5f, 0.0f } },
{ { 0.25f, -0.25f * m_aspectRatio, 0.0f }, { 1.0f, 1.0f } },
{ { -0.25f, -0.25f * m_aspectRatio, 0.0f }, { 0.0f, 1.0f } }
};
const UINT vertexBufferSize = sizeof(triangleVertices);
// Note: using upload heaps to transfer static data like vert buffers is not
// recommended. Every time the GPU needs it, the upload heap will be marshalled
// over. Please read up on Default Heap usage. An upload heap is used here for
// code simplicity and because there are very few verts to actually transfer.
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommittedResource(
&CD3DX12_HEAP_PROPERTIES(D3D12_HEAP_TYPE_UPLOAD),
D3D12_HEAP_FLAG_NONE,
&CD3DX12_RESOURCE_DESC::Buffer(vertexBufferSize),
D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_GENERIC_READ,
nullptr,
IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_vertexBuffer)));
// Copy the triangle data to the vertex buffer.
UINT8* pVertexDataBegin;
CD3DX12_RANGE readRange(0, 0); // We do not intend to read from this resource on the CPU.
ThrowIfFailed(m_vertexBuffer->Map(0, &readRange, reinterpret_cast<void**>(&pVertexDataBegin)));
memcpy(pVertexDataBegin, triangleVertices, sizeof(triangleVertices));
m_vertexBuffer->Unmap(0, nullptr);
// Initialize the vertex buffer view.
m_vertexBufferView.BufferLocation = m_vertexBuffer->GetGPUVirtualAddress();
m_vertexBufferView.StrideInBytes = sizeof(Vertex);
m_vertexBufferView.SizeInBytes = vertexBufferSize;
}
// Note: ComPtr's are CPU objects but this resource needs to stay in scope until
// the command list that references it has finished executing on the GPU.
// We will flush the GPU at the end of this method to ensure the resource is not
// prematurely destroyed.
ComPtr<ID3D12Resource> textureUploadHeap;
// Create the texture.
{
// Describe and create a Texture2D.
D3D12_RESOURCE_DESC textureDesc = {};
textureDesc.MipLevels = 1;
textureDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM;
textureDesc.Width = TextureWidth;
textureDesc.Height = TextureHeight;
textureDesc.Flags = D3D12_RESOURCE_FLAG_NONE;
textureDesc.DepthOrArraySize = 1;
textureDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1;
textureDesc.SampleDesc.Quality = 0;
textureDesc.Dimension = D3D12_RESOURCE_DIMENSION_TEXTURE2D;
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommittedResource(
&CD3DX12_HEAP_PROPERTIES(D3D12_HEAP_TYPE_DEFAULT),
D3D12_HEAP_FLAG_NONE,
&textureDesc,
D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_COPY_DEST,
nullptr,
IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_texture)));
const UINT64 uploadBufferSize = GetRequiredIntermediateSize(m_texture.Get(), 0, 1);
// Create the GPU upload buffer.
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateCommittedResource(
&CD3DX12_HEAP_PROPERTIES(D3D12_HEAP_TYPE_UPLOAD),
D3D12_HEAP_FLAG_NONE,
&CD3DX12_RESOURCE_DESC::Buffer(uploadBufferSize),
D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_GENERIC_READ,
nullptr,
IID_PPV_ARGS(&textureUploadHeap)));
// Copy data to the intermediate upload heap and then schedule a copy
// from the upload heap to the Texture2D.
std::vector<UINT8> texture = GenerateTextureData();
D3D12_SUBRESOURCE_DATA textureData = {};
textureData.pData = &texture[0];
textureData.RowPitch = TextureWidth * TexturePixelSize;
textureData.SlicePitch = textureData.RowPitch * TextureHeight;
UpdateSubresources(m_commandList.Get(), m_texture.Get(), textureUploadHeap.Get(), 0, 0, 1, &textureData);
m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_texture.Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_COPY_DEST, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PIXEL_SHADER_RESOURCE));
// Describe and create a SRV for the texture.
D3D12_SHADER_RESOURCE_VIEW_DESC srvDesc = {};
srvDesc.Shader4ComponentMapping = D3D12_DEFAULT_SHADER_4_COMPONENT_MAPPING;
srvDesc.Format = textureDesc.Format;
srvDesc.ViewDimension = D3D12_SRV_DIMENSION_TEXTURE2D;
srvDesc.Texture2D.MipLevels = 1;
m_device->CreateShaderResourceView(m_texture.Get(), &srvDesc, m_srvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart());
}
// Close the command list and execute it to begin the initial GPU setup.
ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Close());
ID3D12CommandList* ppCommandLists[] = { m_commandList.Get() };
m_commandQueue->ExecuteCommandLists(_countof(ppCommandLists), ppCommandLists);
// Create synchronization objects and wait until assets have been uploaded to the GPU.
{
ThrowIfFailed(m_device->CreateFence(0, D3D12_FENCE_FLAG_NONE, IID_PPV_ARGS(&m_fence)));
m_fenceValue = 1;
// Create an event handle to use for frame synchronization.
m_fenceEvent = CreateEvent(nullptr, FALSE, FALSE, nullptr);
if (m_fenceEvent == nullptr)
{
ThrowIfFailed(HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(GetLastError()));
}
// Wait for the command list to execute; we are reusing the same command
// list in our main loop but for now, we just want to wait for setup to
// complete before continuing.
WaitForPreviousFrame();
}
}
// Generate a simple black and white checkerboard texture.
std::vector<UINT8> D3D12HelloTexture::GenerateTextureData()
{
const UINT rowPitch = TextureWidth * TexturePixelSize;
const UINT cellPitch = rowPitch >> 3; // The width of a cell in the checkboard texture.
const UINT cellHeight = TextureWidth >> 3; // The height of a cell in the checkerboard texture.
const UINT textureSize = rowPitch * TextureHeight;
std::vector<UINT8> data(textureSize);
UINT8* pData = &data[0];
for (UINT n = 0; n < textureSize; n += TexturePixelSize)
{
UINT x = n % rowPitch;
UINT y = n / rowPitch;
UINT i = x / cellPitch;
UINT j = y / cellHeight;
if (i % 2 == j % 2)
{
pData[n] = 0x00; // R
pData[n + 1] = 0x00; // G
pData[n + 2] = 0x00; // B
pData[n + 3] = 0xff; // A
}
else
{
pData[n] = 0xff; // R
pData[n + 1] = 0xff; // G
pData[n + 2] = 0xff; // B
pData[n + 3] = 0xff; // A
}
}
return data;
}
// Update frame-based values.
void D3D12HelloTexture::OnUpdate()
{
}
// Render the scene.
void D3D12HelloTexture::OnRender()
{
// Record all the commands we need to render the scene into the command list.
PopulateCommandList();
// Execute the command list.
ID3D12CommandList* ppCommandLists[] = { m_commandList.Get() };
m_commandQueue->ExecuteCommandLists(_countof(ppCommandLists), ppCommandLists);
// Present the frame.
ThrowIfFailed(m_swapChain->Present(1, 0));
WaitForPreviousFrame();
}
void D3D12HelloTexture::OnDestroy()
{
// Ensure that the GPU is no longer referencing resources that are about to be
// cleaned up by the destructor.
WaitForPreviousFrame();
CloseHandle(m_fenceEvent);
}
void D3D12HelloTexture::PopulateCommandList()
{
// Command list allocators can only be reset when the associated
// command lists have finished execution on the GPU; apps should use
// fences to determine GPU execution progress.
ThrowIfFailed(m_commandAllocator->Reset());
// However, when ExecuteCommandList() is called on a particular command
// list, that command list can then be reset at any time and must be before
// re-recording.
ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Reset(m_commandAllocator.Get(), m_pipelineState.Get()));
// Set necessary state.
m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootSignature(m_rootSignature.Get());
ID3D12DescriptorHeap* ppHeaps[] = { m_srvHeap.Get() };
m_commandList->SetDescriptorHeaps(_countof(ppHeaps), ppHeaps);
m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootDescriptorTable(0, m_srvHeap->GetGPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart());
m_commandList->RSSetViewports(1, &m_viewport);
m_commandList->RSSetScissorRects(1, &m_scissorRect);
// Indicate that the back buffer will be used as a render target.
m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET));
CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE rtvHandle(m_rtvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart(), m_frameIndex, m_rtvDescriptorSize);
m_commandList->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &rtvHandle, FALSE, nullptr);
// Record commands.
const float clearColor[] = { 0.0f, 0.2f, 0.4f, 1.0f };
m_commandList->ClearRenderTargetView(rtvHandle, clearColor, 0, nullptr);
m_commandList->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLELIST);
m_commandList->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &m_vertexBufferView);
m_commandList->DrawInstanced(3, 1, 0, 0);
// Indicate that the back buffer will now be used to present.
m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT));
ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Close());
}
void D3D12HelloTexture::WaitForPreviousFrame()
{
// WAITING FOR THE FRAME TO COMPLETE BEFORE CONTINUING IS NOT BEST PRACTICE.
// This is code implemented as such for simplicity. The D3D12HelloFrameBuffering
// sample illustrates how to use fences for efficient resource usage and to
// maximize GPU utilization.
// Signal and increment the fence value.
const UINT64 fence = m_fenceValue;
ThrowIfFailed(m_commandQueue->Signal(m_fence.Get(), fence));
m_fenceValue++;
// Wait until the previous frame is finished.
if (m_fence->GetCompletedValue() < fence)
{
ThrowIfFailed(m_fence->SetEventOnCompletion(fence, m_fenceEvent));
WaitForSingleObject(m_fenceEvent, INFINITE);
}
m_frameIndex = m_swapChain->GetCurrentBackBufferIndex();
}