CodeTour is a Visual Studio Code extension, which allows you to record and playback guided walkthroughs of your codebases. It's like a table of contents, that can make it easier to onboard (or re-board!) to a new project/feature area, visualize bug reports, or understand the context of a code review/PR change. A "code tour" is simply a series of interactive steps, each of which are associated with a specific directory, or file/line, and include a description of the respective code. This allows developers to clone a repo, and then immediately start learning it, without needing to refer to a
CONTRIBUTING.md file and/or rely on help from others. Tours can either be checked into a repo, to enable sharing with other contributors, or exported to a "tour file", which allows anyone to replay the same tour, without having to clone any code to do it!
In order to get started, install the CodeTour extension, and then following one of the following guides, depending on whether you want to record or playback a tour:
If you'd like to record a code tour for your codebase, you can simply click the
+ button in the
CodeTour tree view (if it's visible) and/or run the
CodeTour: Record Tour command. This will start the tour recorder, which allows you to begin opening files, clicking the "comment bar" for the line you want to annotate, and then adding the respective description (including markdown!). Add as many steps as you want, and then when done, simply click the stop tour action (the red square button). You can also create directory steps, selection steps, or content steps in order to add an introductory or intermediate explanations to a tour.
While you're recording, the
CodeTour tree view will display the currently recorded tour, and it's current set of steps. You can tell which tour is being recorded because it will have a microphone icon to the left of its name.
If you need to edit or delete a step while recording, click the
... menu next to the step's description, and select the appropriate action. Alternatively, you can edit/delete steps from the CodeTour tree view.
If you record a tour within a "multi-root workspace", you'll be asked to select the folder that you'd like to save the tour to. This is necessary because tours are written as files to your workspace, and so we need to disamgiuate which folder the tour should be persisted to. That said, when you're recording a tour, you can add steps that span any of the folders within the workspace, which allows you to create tours for a specific folder and/or that demonstrate concepts across multiple folders within the workspace.
By default, the
CodeTour tree displays each tour step using the following display name format:
#<stepNumber> - <filePath>. However, if you'd like to give the step a more friendly/recognizeable name, you can do so using one of the following methods:
- Right-click the step in the
CodeTourtree and select
- Edit the step's description and add a markdown heading to the top of it, using whichever heading level you prefer (e.g.
##, etc.). For example, if you add a step whose description starts with
### Activation, the step and tree view would look like the following:
By default, each step is associated with the line of code you created the comment on (i.e. the line you clicked the
+ on the comment bar for). However, if you want to call out a specific span of code as part of the step, simply highlight the code before you add the step (clicking the
Add Tour to Step button), and the selection will be captured as part of the step.
If you need to tweak the selection that's associated with a step, simply edit the step, reset the selection and then save it. Furthermore, if you want to create a step from a selection, simply highlight a span a code, right-click the editor and select
Add CodeTour Step.
While you're recording a tour, each new step that you add will be appended to the end of the tour. However, you can move existing steps up and down in the order by performing one of the following actions:
- Hover over the step in the
CodeTourtree and click the up/down arrow icon
- Right-click the step in the
CodeTourtree and select the
Move Downmenu items
- Click the
...menu in the step comment UI and select
Additionally, if you want to add a new step in the middle of a tour, simply navigate to the step that you want to insert a new step after, and then create the new step.
If you no longer need a specific step in a tour, you can delete it by means of one of the following actions:
- Right-clicking the step in the
CodeTourtree and selecting
- Navigating to the step in the replay/comment UI, selecting the
...menu next to the comment description and selecting
If you need to delete multiple steps, the
CodeTour tree supports multi-select, so you can
Cmd+click (macOS) /
Ctrl+click (Windows/Linux) multiple step nodes, and then right-click them and select
Editing a tour
If you want to edit an existing tour, simply right-click the tour in the
CodeTour tree and select
Edit Tour. Alternatively, you can edit a tour you're actively viewing by clicking the pencil icon in the current step's comment bar, or running the
CodeTour: Edit Tour command.
At any time, you can right-click a tour in the
CodeTour tree and change it's title, description or git ref, by selecting the
Change Description or
Change Git Ref menu items. Additionally, you can delete a tour by right-clicking it in the
CodeTour tree and selecting
If you want to create a series of tours, that a user can navigate through in sequence, then simply prefix your tour title's with the number they represent in the tour order (e.g.
2 - Bar). When your tours are titled like this, the tour player will automatically provide the following benefis to your readers:
If the current tour has a subsequent tour, then it's final step will display a
Next Tourlink instead of the
Finish Tourlink. This allows users to easily jump to the next tour.
If the current tour has a previous tour, then it's first step will display a
Previous Tourlink. This allows users to navigate back to the tour they might have just navigated from.
If you don't want to number your tours like this, but you'd still link to link one tour to another, you can open it's
*.tourfile and set the
nextTourproperty to the title of the tour you'd like it to link to.
A codebase can include one or more tours, but it might have a primary tour, that is intended for new developers to start with. This way, when they open the codebase for the first time, they can be immediately presented with this tour, as opposed to a list of all tours.
In order to mark a specific tour as the primary tour, simply right-click it in the
CodeTour tree, and select
Make Primary. When you mark a tour as primary, any other tours that were marked as primary, will be updated to remove that annotation. Additionally, if you want to manually unmark a tour as being the primary tour, you can right-click it and select
If you'd prefer to number your tours (e.g.
1 - Status Bar), then a tour whose title starts with either
#1 - or
1 - will be automatically considered the primary tour, and you don't need to do anything further.
If you author a tour that isn't relevant to every developer on the team, then you can decide when to conditionally show it in the
CodeTour tree by adding a
when property to the respective
false. By default, all tours are displayed, and therefore, only tours with a
when property that evaluate to
false will be hidden.
In order to simplify the process of defining conditional tours, the following variables are made available to your
isLinux- The current user is running on Linux
isMac- The current user is running on macoS
isWindows- The current user is running on Windows
For example, if you want to define a tour that is only displayed for Linux users, you can simply set the
when property to
When you describe a step, you're able to use the full-breadth of markdown capabilities in order to write rich/compelling content (e.g. images, links, headings, code fences). However, CodeTour also provides some additional syntactic features that allow you to include additional interactivity to your tours:
If you want to add a reference to another step within the current tour, you can use markdown's "link reference" syntax, specifying the 1-based number of the step to navigate to, prefixed by a
# character (e.g.
[#23]). This reference will be automatically rendered as a hyperlink, that when clicked, will navigate the end-user to that step. The text of the link will default to
#<stepNumber>, but you can customize that by appending a title to the link reference (e.g. `[title][#2]).
This syntax is a simplified version of using the
Navigate to tour stepcommand link manually.
If you want to reference an entirely seperate tour, then you can create a link reference, that specifies the title of the tour (e.g.
[Tree View]). This will be rendered as a hyperlink, that when clicked, will navigate the end-user to that tour, starting on step #1. If you'd like to navigate the user to a specific step in the tour, you can append the step number after the tour title, seperated by a
[Tree View#3]). The text of the link will be rendered as
<tourTitle>, but you can customize that by appending a title to the link reference (e.g.
This syntax is a simplified version of using the
Start tourcommand link instead.
To make it simpler to embed shell commands into a step (e.g. to perform a build, run tests, start an app), CodeTour supports a special
>> synax, followed by the shell command you want to run (e.g.
>> npm run compile). This will be converted into a hyperlink, that when clicked, will launch a new integrated terminal (called
CodeTour) and will run the specified command.
In order to add more interactivity to a tour, you can include "command links" to a step's description. Command links are simply markdown links, that use the
command: scheme (instead of
https:), and specify the name of a VS Code command, along with an optional query string that includes the needed command arguments. Using this syntax, you can call any command in VS Code, including both built-in commands (e.g.
vscode.open), as well as commands that are contributed by extensions (e.g.
codetour.startTour). For example, the following shows how to include commands with and without arguments.
<!-- Call a command that doesn't require arguments--> [Open URL](command:codetour.startTour) <!-- Call a command that requires arguments--> [Open URL](command:vscode.open?["https://aka.ms/codetour"])
In order to make it simpler to call common commands, CodeTour will prompt you with a list of well-known commands as soon as you type
command: in a step comment. If you select an option, it will generates the respective markdown code, and include placeholders for any necessary arguments. The following list explains the set of currently supported well-known commands:
Navigate to tour step- Allows you to specify a tour step, that when clicked, will navigate the end-user to that step in the current tour. This can be useful for giving the end-user the option to skip ahead in the tour, or quickly reference previous steps.
Open URL- Allows you to specify a URL, that when clicked, will launch the end-users default browser, and navigate to it.
Run build task- Allows you to run the build task, as defined by the current workspace's
Run task- Allows you to specify a workspace task name, that when clicked, will run the specified task as defined by the current workspace's
Run test task- Allows you to run the butestild task, as defined by the current workspace's
Run terminal command...- Allows you to specify a shell command (e.g.
npm run package), that when clicked, will run the specified command in the integrated terminal.
Start tour...- Allows you to specify the title or another tour in the workspace, that when clicked, will automatically start that tour.
If you add a markdown code block to a step's body content, then the CodeTour player will render an
Insert Code link below it, which allows the viewer to automatically insert the code snippet into the current file, at the line that the step is associated with. This can make it easy to use CodeTour for creating interactive tutorials or samples.
Note: The code snippet will be formatted after inserting it into the document, and therefore, you don't need to worry about adding whitespace/etc. to the snippet itself.
When you record a tour, you'll be asked which git "ref" to associate it with. This allows you to define how resilient you want the tour to be, as changes are made to the respective codebase.
You can choose to associate with the tour with the following ref types:
None- The tour isn't associated with any ref. When you select this option, tour steps will be associated with code via a regex pattern, as opposed to a line number. This ensures that they can retain resilient if the attached line is moved around the file. The benefit of this option is that it enables the code to be edited as part of the tour, since the tour will walk the user through whichever branch/commit they have checked out (e.g. interactive tutorials).
Current Branch- The tour is restricted to the current branch. This can have the same resiliency challenges as
None, but, it allows you to maintain a special branch for your tours that can be versioned seperately. If the end-user has the associated branch checked out, then the tour will enable them to make edits to files as its taken. Otherwise, the tour will replay with read-only files.
Current Commit- The tour is restricted to the current commit, and therefore, will never get out of sync. If the end-user's
HEADpoints at the specified commit, then the tour will enable them to make edits to files as its taken. Otherwise, the tour will replay with read-only files.
- Tags - The tour is restricted to the selected tag, and therefore, will never get out of sync. The repo's entire list of tags will be displayed, which allows you to easily select one.
At any time, you can edit the tour's ref by right-clicking it in the
CodeTour tree and selecting
Change Git Ref. This let's you "rebase" a tour to a tag/commit as you change/update your code and/or codebase.
Code tours are primarily meant to describe code, however, when you're recording a tour, it may help to provide some intro explaination about the tour itself. To do this, you can create a "content step", which is a tour step that includes a title and markdown content, but isn't associated with a directory or file. To create a content step, perform one of the following actions:
- Click the
Add tour step...node in the
CodeTourtree, underneath the node that represents your currently recording tour. Note: This option is only available when the tour doesn't have any steps.
- Right-click a tour node in the
CodeTourtree and select
Add Tour Step. Note: This option is only available while recording the tour.
- Run the
CodeTour: Add Tour Stepcommand.
When you create a content step, you'll be asked for a title of the step (e.g.
Introduction), and then a "virtual" file will be created with an associated comment that you can edit. This allows the viewer to navigate between steps in a consistent fashion, regardless if the step is associated with a file or not.
If you want to call out a directory as part of a tour, then while recording, you can right-click a directory in the
Explorer tree and select
Add CodeTour Step. This will create a new step that allows you to add a description for the selected directory. When the tour is played back, the directory will be focused in the
Explorer tree, and the viewer will be presented with the description in a "virtual" CodeTour document.
Behind the scenes, the tour will be written as a JSON file to the
.tours directory of the current workspace. This file is pretty simple and can be hand-edited if you'd like. Additionally, you can manually create tour files, by following the tour schema. You can then store these files to the
.vscode/tours) directory, or you can also create a tour at any of the following well-known locations:
.vscode/tours) directory, you can organize your tour files into arbitrarily deep sub-directories, and the CodeTour player will properly discover them.
title(Required) - The display name of the tour, which will be shown in the
CodeTourtree view, quick pick, etc.
description- An optional description for the tour, which will be shown as the tooltip for the tour in the
ref- An optional "git ref" (branch/tag/commit) that this tour applies to. See versioning tours for more details.
isPrimary- Indicates that this tour is the primary tour within the workspace that an end-user should be guided through.
nextTour- The title of the tour that this tour is meant to precede.
steps(Required) - An array of tour steps
description(Required) - The text which explains the current file/line number, and can include plain text and markdown syntax
file- The file path (relative to the workspace root) that this step is associated with
directory- The path of a directory (relative to the workspace root) that this step is associated with. Note: This property takes precedence over the
fileproperty, and so will "win" if both are present.
uri- An absolute URI that this step is associated with. Note that
fileare mutually exclusive, so only set one per step
line- The 1-based line number that this step is associated with
pattern- A regular expression to associate the step with. This is only considered when the
lineproperty isn't set, and allows you to associate steps with line content as opposed to ordinal.
title- An optional title, which will be displayed as the step name in the
commands- An array of VS Code command strings, that indicate the name of a command (e.g.
codetour.endTour) and any optional parameters to pass to it, specified as a query string array (eg.
view- The ID of a VS Code view that will be automatically focused when this step is navigated to.
For an example, refer to the
.tours/tree.tour file of this repository.
By default, when you record a tour, it is written to the currently open workspace. This makes it easy to check-in the tour and share it with the rest of the team. However, there may be times where you want to record a tour for yourself, or a tour to help explain a one-off to someone, and in those situations, you might not want to check the tour into the repo.
To support this scenario, when you start recording a new tour, you can click the
Save tour as... button in the upper-right side of the dialog that asks for the title of the tour. This wll allow you to select the file that the new tour will be written to, so that it isn't persisted to the workspace. Furthermore, you can record a tour as usual, and then when done, you can right-click it in the
CodeTour tree and select
Export Tour.... This will allow you to save the tour to a new location, and then you can delete the tour file from your repo. When you export a tour, the tour file itself will embed the contents of all files needed by the tour, which ensures that someone can play it back, regardless if the have the respective code available locally. This enables a powerful form of collaboration.
If you install the GistPad extension, then you'll see an additional
Export Tour to Gist... option added to the
CodeTour tree. This lets you export the tour file to a new/existing gist, which allows you to easily create your own private tours and/or create tours that can be shared with others on your team.
Once a tour is exported as a gist, you can right-click the
main.tour file in the
GistPad tree, and select
Copy GitHub URL. If you send that to someone, and they run the
CodeTour: Open Tour URL... command, then they'll be able to take the exact same tour, regardless if they have the code locally available or not.
In order to start a tour, simply open up a codebase that has one or more tours. If this is the first time you've ever opened this codebase, you'll be presented with a toast notification asking if you'd like to take a tour of it.
Otherwise, you can manually start a tour via any of the following methods:
Selecting a tour (or specific step) in the
CodeTourview in the
CodeTour: Start Tourcommand, and selecting the tour you'd like to take
If the current workspace only has a single code tour, then this command will automatically start that tour. Otherwise, you'll be presented with a list of tours to select from.
In addition to taking tours that are part of the currently open workspace, you can also open a tour file that someone else sent you and/or you created yourself. Simply run the
CodeTour: Open Tour File... command and/or click the folder icon in the title bar of the
CodeTour tree view.
CodeTourtree view only appears if the currently opened workspace has any tours and/or you're currently taking a tour.
Additionally, if someone has exported a tour, and uploaded it to a publically accessible location, they can send you the URL, and you can open it by running the
CodeTour: Open Tour URL... command.
As you explore a codebase, you might encounter a "tour marker", which displays the CodeTour icon in the file gutter. This indicates that a line of code participates in a tour for the open workspace, which makes it easier to discover tours that might be relevant to what you're currently working on. When you see a marker, simply hover over the line and click the
Start Tour link in the hover tooltip. This will start the tour that's associated with this line of code, at the specific step.
If you want to disable tour markers, you can perform one of the following actions:
- Run the
CodeTour: Hide Tour Markerscommand
- Click the "eye icon" in the title bar of the
- Set the
codetour.showMarkersconfiguration setting to
false. Note that the above two actions do this for you automatically.
Once you've started a tour, the comment UI will guide you, and includes navigation actions that allow you to perform the following:
Move Previous- Navigate to the previous step in the current tour. This command is visible for step #2 and later.
Move Next- Navigate to the next step in the current tour. This command is visible for all steps but the last one in a tour.
Edit Tour- Begin editing the current tour (see authoring for details). Note that not all tours are editable, so depending on how you started the tour, you may or may not see this action.
End Tour- End the current tour and remove the comment UI.
Additionally, you can use the
ctrl+left (Windows/Linux) and
cmd+left (macOS) keyboard shortcuts to move forwards and backwards in the tour. The
CodeTour tree view and status bar is also kept in sync with your current tour/step, to help the developer easily understand where they're at in the context of the broader tour.
If you navigate away from the current step and need to resume, you can do that via any of the following actions:
- Right-clicking the active tour in the
CodeTourtree and selecting
- Clicking the
CodeTourstatus bar item
- Running the
CodeTour: Resume Tourcommand in the command palette
At any time, you can end the current code tour by means of one of the following actions:
- Click the stop button (the red square) in the current step comment
- Click the stop button next to the active tour in the
- Running the
CodeTour: End Tourcommand in the command palette
In order to ensure that your tours stay up-to-date as your codebase evolves, you can install one of the following tasks as part of your CI pipeline, in order to detect "tour drift" in response to PRs/commits/etc.
The following sections describe the VS Code integrations that the CodeTour extension contributes (e.g. tree, status bar, settings):
If the currently opened workspace has any code tours, or you're actively taking/recording a tour, you'll see a new tree view called
CodeTour, that's added to the
Explorer tab. This view simply lists the set of available code tours, along with their title and number of steps. If you select a tour it will start it, and therefore, this is simply a more convenient alternative to running the
CodeTour: Start Tour command. However, you can also expand a tour and start it at a specific step, edit/delete steps, re-order steps, and change the tour's description/title/git ref.
Additionally, the tree view will display the tour currently being recorded, which makes it easy to track your status while in the process of creating a new tour.
The tree view is automatically kept up-to-date, as you add/edit/delete tours within the current workspace. So feel free to record and/or edit tours, and then navigate them when done.
In addition to the
CodeTour tree view, the CodeTour extension also contributes a status bar item that indicates the title and step of the current tour you're actively taking or recording. When clicked, it will open the file/line of the current tour step, which allows you to open other files while taking a tour, and then resume the tour when ready. Once you end the current tour, the status bar will automatically hide itself.
In addition to the
CodeTour tree view and the status bar item, the CodeTour extension also contributes the following commands to the command palette:
CodeTour: Open Tour File...- Allows you to select a tour file that was previously exported.
CodeTour: Record Tour- Starts the tour recorder, which allows you to create a new tour by creating a sequence of steps.
CodeTour: Start Tour- Starts a tour for the currently opened workspace. This command is only visible if the current workspace has one or more code tours.
CodeTour: Refresh Tours- Refreshes the
CodeTourview, which can be handy if you'd created/modified/deleted tour files on disk. This command is only visible if the current workspace has one or more code tours.
CodeTour: Hide Tour Markers- Hides tour markers. This command is only visible if the current workspace has one or more code tours, and tour markers are currently visible.
CodeTour: Show Tour Markers- Shows tour markers. This command is only visible if the current workspace has one or more code tours, and tour markers are currently hidden.
CodeTour: Edit Tour- Puts the currently active tour into edit more. This command is only visible while you're actively playing a tour, that you're not already editing.
CodeTour: End Tour- Ends the currently active tour. This command is only visible while you're actively recording/playing a tour.
CodeTour: Resume Current Tour- Resume the current tour by navigating to the file/line number that's associated with the current step. This command is only visible while you're actively recording/playing a tour.
CodeTour: Add Tour Step- Add a new content-only step after the current step in the active tour. This command is only visible while you're actively recording a tour.
CodeTour extension contributes the following settings:
Codetour > Prompt For Workspace Tours- Specifies whether or not to display a notification when opening a workspace with tours for the first time.
Codetour > Record Mode- Specifies how you want to associate tour steps to code when you're recording a new tour. Can either be
pattern. Defaults to
Codetour > Show Markers- Specifies whether or not to show tour markers. Defaults to
In addition to the available commands, the Code Tour extension also contributes the following commands, which are active while you're currently taking a tour:
||Move to the next step in the tour|
||Move to the previous step in the tour|
||End the current tour|
||Start new tour|
In order to enable other extensions to contribute/manage their own code tours, the CodeTour extension exposes an API with the following methods:
endCurrentTour(): void- Ends the currently running tour (if there is one). Note that this is simply a programatic way to end the tour, and the end-user can also choose to end the tour using either the command palette (running the
CodeTour: End Tourcommand) or comment UI (clicking the red square, stop icon) as usual.
exportTour(tour: CodeTour): Promise<string>- Exports a
CodeTourinstance into a fully-embedded tour file, that can then be written to some persistent storage (e.g. a GitHub Gist).
startTour(tour: CodeTour, stepNumber: number, workspaceRoot: Uri, startInEditMode: boolean = false, canEditTour: boolean): void- Starts the specified tour, at a specific step, and using a specific workspace root to resolve relative file paths. Additionally, you can specify whether the tour should be started in edit/record mode or not, as well as whether the tour should be editable. Once the tour has been started, the end-user can use the status bar, command palette, key bindings and comment UI to navigate and edit the tour, just like a "normal" tour.