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// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
// Licensed under the MIT License.
#pragma once
#include <string>
#include <unordered_map>
#include "core/common/common.h"
#include "core/common/logging/logging.h"
#include "core/common/profiler.h"
#include "core/common/status.h"
#include "core/framework/execution_providers.h"
#include "core/framework/framework_common.h"
#include "core/framework/iexecutor.h"
#include "core/framework/kernel_registry_manager.h"
#include "core/framework/session_state.h"
#include "core/graph/basic_types.h"
#include "core/optimizer/graph_transformer_level.h"
#include "core/optimizer/graph_transformer_mgr.h"
#include "core/optimizer/insert_cast_transformer.h"
#include "core/language_interop_ops/language_interop_ops.h"
namespace onnxruntime { // forward declarations
class GraphTransformer;
} // namespace onnxruntime
namespace ONNX_NAMESPACE {
class ModelProto;
} // namespace ONNX_NAMESPACE
struct OrtCustomOpDomain {
std::string domain_;
std::vector<OrtCustomOp*> custom_ops_;
namespace onnxruntime {
class IExecutionProvider; // forward decl
class IOBinding;
class CustomRegistry;
class Notification;
namespace logging {
class LoggingManager;
* Configuration information for a session.
struct SessionOptions {
//int num_threads; // not used now until we re-introduce threadpools for async execution
bool enable_sequential_execution = true; // TODO: should we default to sequential execution?
// enable profiling for this session.
bool enable_profiling = false;
// non empty filepath enables serialization of the transformed optimized model to the specified filepath.
std::basic_string<ORTCHAR_T> optimized_model_filepath;
// enable the memory pattern optimization.
// The idea is if the input shapes are the same, we could trace the internal memory allocation
// and generate a memory pattern for future request. So next time we could just do one allocation
// with a big chunk for all the internal memory allocation.
// See class 'OrtValuePatternPlanner'.
bool enable_mem_pattern = true;
// enable the memory arena on CPU
// Arena may pre-allocate memory for future usage.
// set this option to false if you don't want it.
bool enable_cpu_mem_arena = true;
// the prefix of the profile file. The current time will be appended to the file name.
std::basic_string<ORTCHAR_T> profile_file_prefix = ORT_TSTR("onnxruntime_profile_");
std::string session_logid; ///< logger id to use for session output
/// Log severity for the inference session. Applies to session load, initialization, etc.
/// See
/// Default = -1 (use default logger severity)
int session_log_severity_level = -1;
int session_log_verbosity_level = 0; ///< VLOG level if debug build and session_log_severity_level is 0 (VERBOSE).
unsigned max_num_graph_transformation_steps = 5; // TODO choose a good default here?
// set graph optimization level
TransformerLevel graph_optimization_level = TransformerLevel::Level1;
// How many threads in the session thread pool.
int session_thread_pool_size = -1;
* Pre-defined and custom metadata about the model.
struct ModelMetadata {
std::string producer_name;
std::string graph_name;
std::string domain;
std::string description;
int64_t version;
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::string> custom_metadata_map;
* @brief This is the main class used to Run a model.
* Sample simple usage:
* CPUExecutionProviderInfo epi;
* ProviderOption po{"CPUExecutionProvider", epi};
* SessionOptions so(vector<ProviderOption>{po});
* InferenceSession session_object{so};
* common::Status status = session_object.Load(MODEL_URI);
* common::Status status = session_object.Initialize();
* NameMLValMap feeds;
* feeds.insert({});
* ...
* std::vector<std::string> output_names;
* output_names.insert(...);
* ...
* std::vector<OrtValue> fetches;
* common::Status status = session_object.Run(run_options, feeds, output_names, &fetches);
* process the output here...
class InferenceSession {
Create a new InferenceSession
@param session_options Session options.
@param logging_manager
Optional logging manager instance that will enable per session logger output using
session_options.session_logid as the logger id in messages.
If nullptr, the default LoggingManager MUST have been created previously as it will be used
for logging. This will use the default logger id in messages.
See core/common/logging/logging.h for details, and how LoggingManager::DefaultLogger works.
explicit InferenceSession(const SessionOptions& session_options,
logging::LoggingManager* logging_manager = nullptr);
virtual ~InferenceSession();
* Register an execution provider. If you've one to register, call this before invoking Initialize().
* The order of invocation indicates the preference order as well. In other words call this method
* on your most preferred execution provider first followed by the less preferred ones.
* Calling this API is optional in which case onnxruntime will use its internal CPU execution provider.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status RegisterExecutionProvider(std::unique_ptr<IExecutionProvider> p_exec_provider);
* Register a graph transformer. If you've one to register, call this before invoking Initialize().
* Calling this API is optional.
* @param[in] - providers Optional. If providers is non-empty this transformer will only to
applied to nodes which are assigned to given providers.
* @param[in] - level Optional. Level to which this transformer should be registered. Default is set to 2.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status RegisterGraphTransformer(std::unique_ptr<onnxruntime::GraphTransformer> p_graph_transformer,
TransformerLevel level = TransformerLevel::Level2);
* Enable a custom set of transformers. Call this before invoking Initialize().
* Calling this API is optional.
* When this list is provided ORT ignores the levels set in session options.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status AddCustomTransformerList(const std::vector<std::string>& transformers_to_enable);
* Add custom ops. This API is not thread safe.
common::Status AddCustomOpDomains(const std::vector<OrtCustomOpDomain*>& ops);
* Register a custom registry for operator schema and kernels. If you've one to register,
* call this before invoking Initialize().
* The order of invocation indicates the reversed preference order: Register your most
* preferred registry at the end.
* Calling this API is optional.
* This API is not thread safe.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status RegisterCustomRegistry(std::shared_ptr<CustomRegistry> custom_registry);
* Load an ONNX model.
* @param model_uri absolute path of the model file.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Load(const std::string& model_uri);
#ifdef _WIN32
common::Status Load(const std::wstring& model_uri);
* Load an ONNX model.
* @param istream object of the model.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Load(std::istream& model_istream);
* Load an ONNX model.
* @param model_data Model data buffer
* @param model_data_len Model data buffer size
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Load(const void* model_data, int model_data_len);
* Initializes a previously loaded model. Initialization includes but is not
* limited to graph transformations, construction of kernels, etc.
* This method assumes that a method has been loaded previously.
* This API is thread-safe.
* @return OK if success
common::Status Initialize();
common::Status Run(const RunOptions& run_options, const std::vector<std::string>& feed_names,
const std::vector<OrtValue>& feeds, const std::vector<std::string>& output_names,
std::vector<OrtValue>* p_fetches);
* Run a pre-loaded and pre-intialized model.
* Multiple threads are allowed to run this function; hence its thread-safe.
* @param feeds named inputs owned by client code and should not be changed during
* execution of this function.
* @param output_names output names
* @param p_fetches output values in the order specified by output_names.
* This should not be changed during execution of this function.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Run(const NameMLValMap& feeds, const std::vector<std::string>& output_names,
std::vector<OrtValue>* p_fetches);
* See Run(const NameMLValMap& feeds, const std::vector<std::string>& output_names, std::vector<OrtValue>* p_fetches)
* for details.
* @param run_options use this to tune the Run call to your needs.
common::Status Run(const RunOptions& run_options, const NameMLValMap& feeds,
const std::vector<std::string>& output_names, std::vector<OrtValue>* p_fetches);
* Creates a new binding object for binding inputs and outputs.
* @param provider_type specifies the location where the inputs need to be potentially copied.
* See IOBinding class for more info.
common::Status NewIOBinding(std::unique_ptr<IOBinding>* io_binding);
common::Status Run(const RunOptions& run_options, IOBinding& io_binding);
common::Status Run(IOBinding& io_binding);
* @return pair.first = OK; FAIL otherwise. pair.second is non-NULL when pair.first = OK.
* @note lifetime of the returned pointer is valid as long as the Session object is live.
std::pair<common::Status, const ModelMetadata*> GetModelMetadata() const;
* Get all input definitions of the model. This does not include weights. Use this
* to get the name/type/shapes of the inputs.
* @return pair.first = OK; FAIL otherwise. pair.second is non-NULL when pair.first = OK.
* @note lifetime of the returned pointer is valid as long as the Session object is live.
std::pair<common::Status, const InputDefList*> GetModelInputs() const;
* Get all output definitions of the model. Use this to get the name/type/shapes of the outputs.
* @return pair.first = OK; FAIL otherwise. pair.second is non-NULL when pair.first = OK.
* @note lifetime of the returned pointer is valid as long as the Session object is live.
std::pair<common::Status, const OutputDefList*> GetModelOutputs() const;
* Get the current number of in-progress concurrent Run calls.
int GetCurrentNumRuns() const;
* Start profiling on this inference session. This simply turns on profiling events to be
* recorded. A corresponding EndProfiling has to follow to write profiling data to a file.
*@param file_prefix is the prefix of the profile file. It can include a directory path.
void StartProfiling(const std::string& file_prefix);
#ifdef _WIN32
void StartProfiling(const std::wstring& file_prefix);
* Start profiling on this inference session. This simply turns on profiling events to be
* recorded. A corresponding EndProfiling has to follow to send profiling events through the logger's ISink.
*@param logger_ptr is pointer to the logger where profiling events will be sent to.
void StartProfiling(const logging::Logger* logger_ptr);
* Write captured profile events in chromium format.
@return the name of the profile file.
std::string EndProfiling();
* Load an ONNX model.
* @param protobuf object corresponding to the model file. model_proto will be copied by the API.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Load(const ONNX_NAMESPACE::ModelProto& model_proto);
* Load an ONNX model.
* @param protobuf object corresponding to the model file. This is primarily to support large models.
* @return OK if success.
common::Status Load(std::unique_ptr<ONNX_NAMESPACE::ModelProto> p_model_proto);
common::Status DoPostLoadProcessing(onnxruntime::Model& model);
/// convenience pointer to logger. should always be the same as session_state_.Logger();
const logging::Logger* session_logger_;
// The model served by this inference session instance.
// Currently this has to be a shared ptr because the Model::Load method
// returns a shared_ptr only. Ideally factory functions should always return
// unique_ptr for maximum flexibility. Client can always upgrade it to shared_ptr
// if they need.
std::shared_ptr<onnxruntime::Model> model_;
// names of model outputs used for quick validation.
std::unordered_set<std::string> model_output_names_;
// The file path of where the model was loaded. e.g. /tmp/test_squeezenet/model.onnx
std::basic_string<ORTCHAR_T> model_location_;
bool HasLocalSchema() const {
return !custom_schema_registries_.empty();
common::Status SaveModelMetadata(const onnxruntime::Model& model);
// Create a Logger for a single execution if possible. Otherwise use the default logger.
// If a new logger is created, it will also be stored in new_run_logger,
// which must remain valid for the duration of the execution.
// If the default logger is used, new_run_logger will remain empty.
// The returned value should be used in the execution.
const logging::Logger& CreateLoggerForRun(const RunOptions& run_options,
std::unique_ptr<logging::Logger>& new_run_logger);
common::Status Load(std::function<common::Status(std::shared_ptr<Model>&)> loader, const std::string& event_name);
common::Status TransformGraph(onnxruntime::Graph& graph,
const onnxruntime::GraphTransformerManager& graph_transformer_mgr,
const ExecutionProviders& providers,
KernelRegistryManager& kernel_registry_manager,
const InsertCastTransformer& insert_cast_transformer,
SessionState& session_state);
common::Status CreateSubgraphSessionState(Graph& graph, SessionState& session_state);
common::Status InitializeSubgraphSessions(Graph& graph, SessionState& session_state);
void AddPredefinedTransformers(GraphTransformerManager& transformer_manager,
TransformerLevel graph_optimization_level,
const std::vector<std::string>& custom_list);
void InitLogger(logging::LoggingManager* logging_manager);
common::Status CheckShapes(const std::string& input_name,
const TensorShape& input_shape,
const TensorShape& expected_shape) const;
common::Status ValidateInputs(const std::vector<std::string>& feed_names, const std::vector<OrtValue>& feeds) const;
common::Status ValidateOutputs(const std::vector<std::string>& output_names, const std::vector<OrtValue>* p_fetches) const;
common::Status WaitForNotification(Notification* p_executor_done, int64_t timeout_in_ms);
template <typename T>
common::Status Load(const std::basic_string<T>& model_uri);
template <typename T>
void StartProfiling(const std::basic_string<T>& file_prefix);
const SessionOptions session_options_;
onnxruntime::GraphTransformerManager graph_transformation_mgr_;
// List of transformers to run. When this list is not empty only the transformers in this list
// will be run regardless of the level set.
// .i.e This list overrides both SessionOptions.graph_optimization_level and predefined transformers.
std::vector<std::string> transformers_to_enable_;
/// Logging manager if provided.
logging::LoggingManager* logging_manager_ = nullptr;
/// Logger for this session. WARNING: Will contain nullptr if logging_manager_ is nullptr.
std::unique_ptr<logging::Logger> owned_session_logger_ = nullptr;
// Profiler for this session.
profiling::Profiler session_profiler_;
// The list of execution providers.
ExecutionProviders execution_providers_;
// Threadpool for this session
std::unique_ptr<onnxruntime::concurrency::ThreadPool> thread_pool_;
// Immutable state for each op in the model. Shared by all executors.
// It has a dependency on execution_providers_.
SessionState session_state_;
KernelRegistryManager kernel_registry_manager_;
std::list<std::shared_ptr<onnxruntime::IOnnxRuntimeOpSchemaCollection>> custom_schema_registries_;
// A set of executors that can run in parallel.
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<IExecutor>> executors_; // TODO do we need this vector?
ModelMetadata model_metadata_;
std::unordered_set<std::string> required_inputs_;
struct InputDefMetaData {
InputDefMetaData(const NodeArg* node_arg0, MLDataType ml_data_type0, TensorShape&& tensor_shape0)
: node_arg(node_arg0), ml_data_type(ml_data_type0), tensor_shape(std::move(tensor_shape0)) {
const NodeArg* node_arg;
MLDataType ml_data_type;
TensorShape tensor_shape; // not applicable if the input is non-tensor type
std::unordered_map<std::string, InputDefMetaData> input_def_map_;
OutputDefList output_def_list_;
// Data transfer manager.
DataTransferManager data_transfer_mgr_;
// Number of concurrently running executors
std::atomic<int> current_num_runs_;
mutable onnxruntime::OrtMutex session_mutex_; // to ensure only one thread can invoke Load/Initialize
bool is_model_loaded_ = false; // GUARDED_BY(session_mutex_)
bool is_inited_ = false; // GUARDED_BY(session_mutex_)
InsertCastTransformer insert_cast_transformer_;
//CustomRegistry objects own the corresponding KernelRegistry and OnnxRuntimeOpSchemaRegistry objects.
//So its lifetime should be same as its constituents. This vector is to extend the lifetime of the owner.
std::vector<std::shared_ptr<CustomRegistry>> custom_registries_;
InterOpDomains interop_domains_;
} // namespace onnxruntime
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