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How to Contribute

We strongly recommend that you open an issue before beginning any code modifications. This is particularly important if the changes involve complex logic or if the existing code isn't immediately clear. By doing so, we can discuss and agree upon the best approach to address a bug or implement a feature, ensuring that our efforts are aligned.

Getting Code

Make sure you're running Node.js 20 to verify and upgrade NPM do:

node --version
npm --version
npm i -g npm@latest
  1. Clone this repository
git clone
cd playwright
  1. Install dependencies
npm ci
  1. Build Playwright
npm run build
  1. Run all Playwright tests locally. For more information about tests, read Running & Writing Tests.
npm test

Code reviews

All submissions, including submissions by project members, require review. We use GitHub pull requests for this purpose. Consult GitHub Help for more information on using pull requests.

Code Style

  • Coding style is fully defined in .eslintrc
  • Comments should be generally avoided. If the code would not be understood without comments, consider re-writing the code to make it self-explanatory.

To run code linter, use:

npm run eslint

API guidelines

When authoring new API methods, consider the following:

  • Expose as little information as needed. When in doubt, don’t expose new information.
  • Methods are used in favor of getters/setters.
    • The only exception is namespaces, e.g. page.keyboard and page.coverage
  • All string literals must be lowercase. This includes event names and option values.
  • Avoid adding "sugar" API (API that is trivially implementable in user-space) unless they're very common.

Commit Messages

Commit messages should follow the Semantic Commit Messages format:

label(namespace): title


  1. label is one of the following:
    • fix - playwright bug fixes.
    • feat - playwright features.
    • docs - changes to docs, e.g. docs( .. to change documentation.
    • test - changes to playwright tests infrastructure.
    • devops - build-related work, e.g. CI related patches and general changes to the browser build infrastructure
    • chore - everything that doesn't fall under previous categories
  2. namespace is put in parenthesis after label and is optional. Must be lowercase.
  3. title is a brief summary of changes.
  4. description is optional, new-line separated from title and is in present tense.
  5. footer is optional, new-line separated from description and contains "fixes" / "references" attribution to github issues.


fix(firefox): make sure session cookies work

This patch fixes session cookies in the firefox browser.

Fixes #123, fixes #234

Writing Documentation

All API classes, methods, and events should have a description in docs/src. There's a documentation linter which makes sure documentation is aligned with the codebase.

To run the documentation linter, use:

npm run doc

To build the documentation site locally and test how your changes will look in practice:

  1. Clone the microsoft/ repo
  2. Follow the README instructions to "roll docs" against your local playwright repo with your changes in progress
  3. Follow the README instructions to "run dev server" to view your changes

Adding New Dependencies

For all dependencies (both installation and development):

  • Do not add a dependency if the desired functionality is easily implementable.
  • If adding a dependency, it should be well-maintained and trustworthy.

A barrier for introducing new installation dependencies is especially high:

  • Do not add installation dependency unless it's critical to project success.

Running & Writing Tests

  • Every feature should be accompanied by a test.
  • Every public api event/method should be accompanied by a test.
  • Tests should be hermetic. Tests should not depend on external services.
  • Tests should work on all three platforms: Mac, Linux and Win. This is especially important for screenshot tests.

Playwright tests are located in tests and use @playwright/test test runner. These are integration tests, making sure public API methods and events work as expected.

  • To run all tests:
npx playwright install
npm run test

Be sure to run npm run build or let npm run watch run before you re-run the tests after making your changes to check them.

  • To run all tests in Chromium
npm run ctest # also `ftest` for firefox and `wtest` for WebKit
  • To run the Playwright test runner tests
npm run ttest
npm run ttest -- --grep "specific test"
  • To run a specific test, substitute it with it.only, or use the --grep 'My test' CLI parameter:
// Using "it.only" to run a specific test
it.only('should work', async ({server, page}) => {
  const response = await page.goto(server.EMPTY_PAGE);
// or
playwright test --config=xxx --grep 'should work'
  • To disable a specific test, substitute it with it.skip:
// Using "it.skip" to skip a specific test
it.skip('should work', async ({server, page}) => {
  const response = await page.goto(server.EMPTY_PAGE);
  • To run tests in non-headless (headed) mode:
npm run ctest -- --headed
  • To run tests with custom browser executable, specify CRPATH, WKPATH or FFPATH env variable that points to browser executable:
CRPATH=<path-to-executable> npm run ctest
  • To run tests in slow-mode:
SLOW_MO=500 npm run wtest -- --headed
  • When should a test be marked with skip or fail?

    • skip(condition): This test should never work for condition where condition is usually a certain browser like FFOX (for Firefox), WEBKIT (for WebKit), and CHROMIUM (for Chromium).

      For example, the alt-click downloads test is marked with skip(FFOX) since an alt-click in Firefox will not produce a download even if a person was driving the browser.

    • fail(condition): This test should eventually work for condition where condition is usually a certain browser like FFOX (for Firefox), WEBKIT (for WebKit), and CHROMIUM (for Chromium).

      For example, the alt-click downloads test is marked with fail(CHROMIUM || WEBKIT) since Playwright performing these actions currently diverges from what a user would experience driving a Chromium or WebKit.

Contributor License Agreement

This project welcomes contributions and suggestions. Most contributions require you to agree to a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) declaring that you have the right to, and actually do, grant us the rights to use your contribution. For details, visit

When you submit a pull request, a CLA bot will automatically determine whether you need to provide a CLA and decorate the PR appropriately (e.g., status check, comment). Simply follow the instructions provided by the bot. You will only need to do this once across all repos using our CLA.

Code of Conduct

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact with any additional questions or comments.