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Big Data Preprocessing Architecture

bdpar is a a tool to easily build customized data flows to pre-process large volumes of information from different sources. To this end, bdpar allows to (i) easily use and create new functionalities and (ii) develop new data source extractors according to the user needs. Additionally, the package provides by default a predefined data flow to extract and preprocess the most relevant information (tokens, dates, … ) from some textual sources (SMS, emails, tweets, YouTube comments).

Description 📄

In order to get the most out of the customization capabilities, the application has two modes of execution of the Pipes:

  • Simple mode.
  • Advanced mode.

Simple mode

The simple mode allows the tools to be executed through a single function in which the files and/or the folders that contains the files to be preprocessed, the flow of selected Pipes and the mode in which that the types of Instances are created. In addition, it is possible control the cache functionality, the output verbose and the summary of the execution.

output <- runPipeline(path,
                      extractors = ExtractorFactory$new(),
                      pipeline = DefaultPipeline$new(),
                      cache = TRUE,
                      verbose = FALSE,
                      summary = FALSE)

Advanced mode

The advanced mode allows (i) improve the customization of the tool and (ii) have a better control over the different stages of the preprocess. Specifically, it provides greater versatility in cases that want to modify the created object, for example, adding a function or an atribute that the user needs to realize their own preprocessing.

bdpar_object <- Bdpar$new() 
bdpar_object$execute(path,
                     extractors = ExtractorFactory$new(),
                     pipeline = DefaultPipeline$new(),
                     cache = TRUE,
                     verbose = FALSE,
                     summary = FALSE)

Configuration

The bdpar.Options object is used to store the different configuration parameters of the pipes used in the preprocessing. For example, to indicate the keys used to work with the APIs that require it (such as YouTube or Twitter) as well as various configuration parameters that allow to customize the behavior of the application such as the choice of text format to use in case there are multipart emails (plain text or text in html format). It is important to keep in mind that if the parameters are not needed, the value can be omitted.

The different options that exist initially and how their value is indicated to you are shown below.

# [eml]
bdpar.Options$set("extractorEML.mpaPartSelected", <<PartSelectedOnMPAlternative>>)

# [resources]
bdpar.Options$set("resources.abbreviations.path", <<abbreviation.path>>)
bdpar.Options$set("resources.contractions.path", <<contractions.path>>)
bdpar.Options$set("resources.interjections.path", <<interjections.path>>)
bdpar.Options$set("resources.slangs.path", <<slangs.path>>)
bdpar.Options$set("resources.stopwords.path", <<stopwords.path>>)

# [twitter]
bdpar.Options$set("twitter.consumer.key", <<consumer_key>>)
bdpar.Options$set("twitter.consumer.secret", <<consumer_secret>>)
bdpar.Options$set("twitter.access.token", <<access_token>>)
bdpar.Options$set("twitter.access.token.secret", <<access_token_secret>>)
bdpar.Options$set("cache.twitter.path", <<cache.path>>)

# [teeCSVPipe]
bdpar.Options$set("teeCSVPipe.output.path", <<outputh.path>>)

# [youtube]
bdpar.Options$set("youtube.app.id", <<app_id>>)
bdpar.Options$set("youtube.app.password", <<app_password>>)
bdpar.Options$set("cache.youtube.path", <<cache.path>>)

# [cache]
bdpar.Options$set("cache", <<status_cache>>)
bdpar.Options$set("cache.folder", <<cache.path>>)

# [parallel]
bdpar.Options$set("numCores", <<num_cores>>)

# [verbose]
bdpar.Options$set("verbose", <<status_verbose>>)

Regarding the flow of pipes used, the application provides a default flow implemented in the DefaultPipeline class. This method has been implemented in such a way that it picks up the exceptions thrown by the flow defined in the superclass, that is, the execute method of the GenericPipeline class. However, in order to adapt to the needs of each user, the application allows the design of new preprocessing flows. For this, it is necessary to create a class that inherits from GenericPipeline and implements the execute method. Another alternative is to directly use the DynamicPipeline class which allows you to manage the workflow through the functions it offers.

Once a new preprocessing flow has been created, the user can both use and customize the 18 Pipes included by default in the application, as well as define Pipes that implement new functionalities. For this, it is necessary to create a class that inherits from GenericPipe and implements the new functionality within the pipe method. In the case of using Pipes by default, you can consult more information in the package documentation through the command help(package = “bdpar”).

In case you want to introduce different types of extensions, you will first need to create a class that inherits from the Instance class which implements the abstract methods: obtainSource and obtainDate. In addition, you must execute registerExtractor function of ExtractorFactory class where it is necessary indicate the specific extension (or set of extensions) and the correspondent extractor.

On the other hand, the types of the files which are implemented by default are:

File type Extension
SMS .tsms
Email .eml
ID Tweet .twtid
ID comment of YouTube .ytbid

Operation mode

Figure 1. Pipelining Operation process

Figure 1. Pipelining Operation process

Figure 2. Pipelining Operation process

Figure 2. Pipelining Operation example

Pre-requisites 📋

Required software

  • R (>= 3.5.0)
  • Python 2.7+,3.6+

Required libraries

  • Imports:
R Libraries
digest parallel R6
rlist tools utils
  • Suggests:
R Libraries
cld2 knitr rex rjson rmarkdown
rtweet stringi stringr testthat tuber
Suggested configuration for not USA people

In order to successfully handle files following UTF-8 encoding, it is recommended to configure R environment with the parameters locale parameters “en_US.UTF-8” (see Sys.getlocale() to check the default locale). Additionally, use Sys.setlocale() function to modify your R locale value.

Installation 🔧

Install the package from the CRAN:

install.packages('bdpar')

It should be taken into account that the case of needing all the dependencies, the parameter dependencies = TRUE should be included in the command install.packages.

Install the development version from GitHub:

devtools::install_github('miferreiro/bdpar')

It should be taken into account that the case of needing all the dependencies, the parameter dependencies = TRUE should be included in the command install_github.

Build with 🛠️

  • RStudio
    • The programming environment was used.
  • roxygen2
    • Uses to generate the documentation.

Contributing 🖇️

Please, read the CONTRIBUTING.md for details of our code of conduct, and the process to send us pull requests.

Wiki 📖

You can find much more about how to use this project in our Wiki.

Version 📌

We use SemVer for versioning. For all available versions, look at the tags in this repository.

Authors ✒️

  • Miguel Ferreiro Díaz - Developer - miferreiro
  • David Ruano Ordás - Project Manager - drordas
  • Tomás R. Cotos Yañez - Project Manager - tomas-cotos
  • José Ramón Méndez Reboredo - Project Manager - moncho-mendez

You can see the list of all contributors on https://github.com/miferreiro/bdpar/contributors.

Licence

This project is under the License GPL-3.

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Big Data Preprocessing Architecture

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