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LuaCC - Lua Code Combiner

LuaCC is a command line tool that allows you combine multiple Lua files into single one without any changes of your source code. It's available on luarocks.

How it works?

LuaCC principle is based on Lua package.loaders (or package.searchers) approach. LuaCC obtain the main file of the application and any number of additional Lua modules. The main file is used as a base of result script (it's content is copied as is) and content of each additional Lua module is saved to result script as a function to special table with a key equals to the name of module.

After that the content of the modules embedded into the the table is loading using a special internal loader function. Internal loader replaces the default package.loaders[2] which actually searches for *.lua modules using pathes from package.path. By default internal loader does not completely delete package.loaders[2], firstly internal loader tries to find out the required module among the embedded modules and if it was not found internal loader will call the standard package.loaders[2] to load the module from filesystem.


luacc -o <output> [-i <include>] [-p <position>] <main> [modules] ...
  • output - output filename
    Example: luacc ... -o /path/to/result.lua
  • position
    • By default LuaCC insert generated code at the very beginning of result file but if first line of main file is starting with #! LuaCC leave it first
    • 0..N - number of main file's line after which LuaCC should place the generated code
      Example: luacc ... -p 10
    • "..." - string value determines the position of generated code
      Example: luacc ... -p "LuaCC code block"
      Note: LuaCC will looking for "--LuaCC code block" comment in main file and will replace it with generated code
      Note: LuaCC searches till first match, LuaCC matches only the whole string
  • <main> - the main file of application which will copied to result file 'as is'
    Example: luacc ...
    Note: main file should always be first positional argument
    Note: use a Lua module path notation to specify this parameter
  • <modules> - additional modules which should be available with require("...") function call
    Example: luacc ... ...
    Note: use a Lua module path notation to specify this parameter
    Note: the specified name should be the same as you use in your require("") functions
  • include - additional search paths for main file and modules
    Example: luacc ... -i /one/path/to/folder/with/modules -i /another/path/to/folder/with/modules Note: LuaCC uses includes in the same way as package.path. Firstly it tries to find out the module using the current path, then if it's not found LuaCC searches the module using each include path in specified order, as if package.path contained /the/include/path/?.lua;/the/include/path/?/init.lua.


Let's show you example of project consists of main file main.lua and 2 modules: module1.lua and module2.lua


Below you can see the source code of these files:

print "Main module"

local module1 = require "subfolder.module1"
local module2 = require "module2"

print("Module says:",
print("Module says:",


print "Module1 was loaded"
return { name = "My name is Module1" }


print "Module2 was loaded"
return { name = "My name is Module2" }

To combine the files use the command below:

$ lua luacc.lua -o myapp.lua -i /path/to/project -i /path/to/external/modules main subfolder.module1 module2 

And now just execute the result script:

$ lua myapp.lua
Main module
Module1 was loaded
Module2 was loaded
Module says: My name is Module1
Module says: My name is Module2


Generally, LuaCC does not use global variables and does not affect the logic of your application, but considering the fact that LuaCC override stadard package.loaders you should be careful to override it in your application.

LuaCC works with Lua 5.1 and Lua 5.2 and I think it can work with a older versions, but it can be a problem if you'r using obsolete Lua module (old version) function.