ZF3 Module to use the League of Extraordinary Packages' Tactician library
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mikemix Merge pull request #10 from rstgroup/improve-testing
Fixed and improved testing, added php 7.1 and 7.2
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README.md

Tactician ZF3 Module

Wrapper module for easy use of the Tactician Command Bus in your ZF3 applications.

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Installation

Best install with Composer:

composer require mikemix/tactician-module

Register as Zend Framework module inside your config/application.config.php file:

    'modules' => [
        'YourApplicationModule',
        'TacticianModule',
    ],

Using

The module presents a Controller Plugin called tacticianCommandBus() for easy use of dispatching commands. If no command object is passed to it, the CommandBus object will be returned. If you pass the command however, it will be passed over to the CommandBus and handled, and the output from the handler will be returned.

You can type hint this plugin in your controller, for example: @method \League\Tactician\CommandBus|mixed tacticianCommandBus(object $command).


// Real life example.
// Namespaces, imports, class properties skipped for brevity

class LoginController extends AbstractActionController
{
    public function indexAction()
    {
        if ($this->request->isPost()) {
            $this->form->setData($this->request->getPost());

            if ($this->form->isValid()) {
                $command = new UserLoginCommand(
                    $this->form->getLogin(),
                    $this->form->getPassword()
                ));

                try {
                    $this->tacticianCommandBus($command);
                    return $this->redirect()->toRoute('home');
                } catch (\Some\Kind\Of\Login\Failure $exception) {
                    $this->flashMessenger()->addErrorMessage($exception->getMessage());
                    return $this->redirect()->refresh();
                }
            }
        }

        $view = new ViewModel();
        $view->setVariable('form', $this->form);
        $view->setTemplate('app/login/index');

        return $view;
    }
}

final class UserLoginCommand
{
    public function __construct($login, $password)
    {
        $this->login = $login;
        $this->password = $password;
    }
}

final class UserLoginHandler
{
    // constructor skipped for brevity

    public function handle(UserLoginCommand $command)
    {
        $this->authenticationService->login($command->username, $command->password);
    }
}

You can inject the CommandBus into yout service layer through a factory by simply requesting the League\Tactician\CommandBus::class from the Container.

Configuring

The module ships with a ZendLocator and a CommandHandlerMiddleware and a HandlerInflector configured as default. If you wish to override the default locator or default command bus implementations, then simply use the tactician key in the merged config.

'tactician' => [
    'default-extractor'  => League\Tactician\Handler\CommandNameExtractor\ClassNameExtractor::class,
    'default-locator'    => TacticianModule\Locator\ZendLocator::class,
    'default-inflector'  => League\Tactician\Handler\HandleInflector::class,
    'handler-map'        => [],
    'middleware'         => [
        CommandHandlerMiddleware::class => 0,
    ],
],

default-extractor, default-locator and default-inflector are service manager keys to registered services.

ZendLocator expects handlers in the handler-map to be commandName => serviceManagerKey or commandName => Handler_FQCN, altough to prevent additional costly checks, use serviceManagerKey and make sure it is available as a Zend Service.

To add custom middleware to the middleware stack, add it to the middleware array as ServiceName => priority in which the middleware are supposed to be executed (higher the number, earlier it will execute). For example

// ... your module config
'tactician' => [
    'middleware'         => [
        YourCustomMiddleware::class  => -100, // execute last
        YourAnotherMiddleware::class => 100, // execute early
    ],
],

Basic usage

Basicly, all you probably will want to do, is to define the handler-map array in your module's configuration. For example:

// module.config.php file

    return [
        // other keys
        'tactician' => [
            'handler-map' => [
                App\Command\SomeCommand::class => App\Handler\SomeCommandHandler::class,
            ],
        ],
    ];

Plugins

LockingMiddleware

The LockingMiddleware can now be used out of the box. Simply add the League\Tactician\Plugins\LockingMiddleware FQCN to the TacticianModule's middleware configuration with appropriate priority. You probably want to execute it before the CommandHandlerMiddleware:

// module.config.php file

    return [
        // other keys
        'tactician' => [
            'middleware' => [
                \League\Tactician\Plugins\LockingMiddleware::class => 500,
            ],
        ],
    ];

TransactionMiddleware

The TransactionMiddleware can now be used out of the box. Simply add the League\Tactician\Doctrine\ORM\TransactionMiddleware FQCN to the TacticianModule's middleware configuration with appropriate priority. You probably want to execute it before the CommandHandlerMiddleware and after the LockingMiddleware:

// module.config.php file

    return [
        // other keys
        'tactician' => [
            'middleware' => [
                \League\Tactician\Doctrine\ORM\TransactionMiddleware::class => 250,
            ],
        ],
    ];

Changing the Handler Locator

ClassnameZendLocator

This locator simply appends the word Handler to the command's FQCN so you don't have to define any handler map. For example, if you request command App\Commands\LoginCommand, locator will try to get App\Command\LoginCommandHandler from the Service Manager.

Locator will work with FQCN's not registered in the Service Manager, altough to prevent additional costly checks, make sure the locator is registered as a invokable or factory.

To change the locator from ZendLocator to ClassnameZendLocator simply set it in the config:

// ... your module config
'tactician' => [
    'default-locator' => TacticianModule\Locator\ClassnameZendLocator::class,
],