By Mike Swanson
As the number of iOS screen sizes continues to increase, it becomes more and more difficult to design a regular grid of items that appears balanced at any size. JBSpacer calculates optimal spacing for a grid of items while maintaining a specified ratio between inner gutter and outer margin sizes.
Here's an example from the included project that first shows standard UICollectionViewFlowLayout behavior when the width increases, and JBSpacer behavior after the Calculations switch is enabled and the width decreases:
JBSpacer can be configured with specific settings, or it can choose the best/tightest spacing from multiple options.
Two convenience methods make it easy to apply the calculated spacing:
- frameForItemAtIndex: provides a frame for an item at the specified index.
- applySpacingToCollectionViewFlowLayout: configures a UICollectionViewFlowLayout instance to produce a regularly-spaced grid.
Of course, the raw spacing results can also be used for custom layout.
JBSpacer has been built and tested for iOS 8, though it should work with iOS 6 and later. Also, while JBSpacer may work for Mac development with slight modification (for example, to accomodate NSCollectionView), I have not tried this myself.
Add JBSpacer.h/.m and JBSpacerOption.h/.m to your project. Then:
To configure an option:
JBSpacerOption *option = [JBSpacerOption optionWithItemSize:50.0f minimumGutter:2.0f gutterToMarginRatio:1.0f availableSize:320.0f distributeExtraToMargins:YES]];
The spacer performs its calculations in a single dimension, assuming that the second dimension (for example, in a UICollectionView) will scroll. In this example, both the itemSize and availableSize parameters represent widths, though they could just as easily be used as heights in other layout scenarios.
The gutterToMarginRatio parameter is a factor that represents the acceptable margin size as it relates to the gutter size. In this example, the minimumGutter parameter is set to 2.0, so the minimum margin size would be 2.0 x 1.0 = 2.0. If the final gutter size was 3.5, the margin size would also be 3.5, and so on.
The distributeExtraToMargins parameter controls whether any extra space should be distributed into the margins. Not all calculations result in perfect solutions, and this is a way to hide the extra space while maintaining a pleasant balance. Because calculations are performed at the pixel (not point) level, there is typically very little extra space to account for, and it can easily hide in the margins without significantly impacting the gutterToMarginRatio.
To calculate spacing, create a JBSpacer with the specified option:
JBSpacer *spacer = [JBSpacer spacerWithOption:option];
The spacing property of the spacer contains the results of the calculation.
To consider multiple options, call findBestSpacingWithOptions:. This provides the spacer with more than one acceptable solution, and it will find the solution with the tightest presentation:
BOOL success = [spacer findBestSpacingWithOptions: @[[JBSpacerOption optionWithItemSize:78.5f minimumGutter:2.0f gutterToMarginRatio:0.0f availableSize:320.0f distributeExtraToMargins:YES], [JBSpacerOption optionWithItemSize:78.5f minimumGutter:2.0f gutterToMarginRatio:1.0f availableSize:320.0f distributeExtraToMargins:YES]]];
To use the optimal spacing with a UICollectionView, apply the results to an instance of UICollectionViewFlowLayout:
And that's it. Enjoy!