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Initial copy of Self Handbook (incorporates existing manuals in RST f…

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  1. +4 −0 handbook/.buildinfo
  2. BIN handbook/.doctrees/environment.pickle
  3. BIN handbook/.doctrees/index.doctree
  4. BIN handbook/.doctrees/intro.doctree
  5. BIN handbook/.doctrees/langref.doctree
  6. BIN handbook/.doctrees/progguid.doctree
  7. BIN handbook/.doctrees/ref.doctree
  8. BIN handbook/.doctrees/selfwrld.doctree
  9. BIN handbook/.doctrees/vmref.doctree
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  13. +232 −0 handbook/_static/doctools.js
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  20. +1,252 −0 handbook/appendices.rst
  21. +115 −0 handbook/blocks.rst
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  23. +195 −0 handbook/collections.rst
  24. +196 −0 handbook/conf.py
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  26. +829 −0 handbook/howtoprg.rst
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  93. +28 −0 handbook/index.rst
  94. +71 −0 handbook/intro.rst
  95. +1,279 −0 handbook/langref.rst
  96. +64 −0 handbook/lowlevel.rst
  97. +30 −0 handbook/messages.rst
  98. +48 −0 handbook/mirrors.rst
  99. +694 −0 handbook/morphic.rst
  100. +76 −0 handbook/numbers.rst
  101. +3 −0 handbook/objects.inv
  102. +40 −0 handbook/oddball.rst
  103. +14 −0 handbook/pairs.rst
  104. +28 −0 handbook/processes.rst
  105. +344 −0 handbook/progguid.rst
  106. +69 −0 handbook/ref.rst
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  108. +38 −0 handbook/selfwrld.rst
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4 handbook/.buildinfo
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+# Sphinx build info version 1
+# This file hashes the configuration used when building these files. When it is not found, a full rebuild will be done.
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+# Makefile for Sphinx documentation
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+ @echo " qthelp to make HTML files and a qthelp project"
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+ @echo " changes to make an overview of all changed/added/deprecated items"
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+tt {
+ background-color: #ecf0f3;
+ padding: 0 1px 0 1px;
+ font-size: 0.95em;
+}
View
232 handbook/_static/doctools.js
@@ -0,0 +1,232 @@
+/// XXX: make it cross browser
+
+/**
+ * make the code below compatible with browsers without
+ * an installed firebug like debugger
+ */
+if (!window.console || !console.firebug) {
+ var names = ["log", "debug", "info", "warn", "error", "assert", "dir", "dirxml",
+ "group", "groupEnd", "time", "timeEnd", "count", "trace", "profile", "profileEnd"];
+ window.console = {};
+ for (var i = 0; i < names.length; ++i)
+ window.console[names[i]] = function() {}
+}
+
+/**
+ * small helper function to urldecode strings
+ */
+jQuery.urldecode = function(x) {
+ return decodeURIComponent(x).replace(/\+/g, ' ');
+}
+
+/**
+ * small helper function to urlencode strings
+ */
+jQuery.urlencode = encodeURIComponent;
+
+/**
+ * This function returns the parsed url parameters of the
+ * current request. Multiple values per key are supported,
+ * it will always return arrays of strings for the value parts.
+ */
+jQuery.getQueryParameters = function(s) {
+ if (typeof s == 'undefined')
+ s = document.location.search;
+ var parts = s.substr(s.indexOf('?') + 1).split('&');
+ var result = {};
+ for (var i = 0; i < parts.length; i++) {
+ var tmp = parts[i].split('=', 2);
+ var key = jQuery.urldecode(tmp[0]);
+ var value = jQuery.urldecode(tmp[1]);
+ if (key in result)
+ result[key].push(value);
+ else
+ result[key] = [value];
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+/**
+ * small function to check if an array contains
+ * a given item.
+ */
+jQuery.contains = function(arr, item) {
+ for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
+ if (arr[i] == item)
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * highlight a given string on a jquery object by wrapping it in
+ * span elements with the given class name.
+ */
+jQuery.fn.highlightText = function(text, className) {
+ function highlight(node) {
+ if (node.nodeType == 3) {
+ var val = node.nodeValue;
+ var pos = val.toLowerCase().indexOf(text);
+ if (pos >= 0 && !jQuery.className.has(node.parentNode, className)) {
+ var span = document.createElement("span");
+ span.className = className;
+ span.appendChild(document.createTextNode(val.substr(pos, text.length)));
+ node.parentNode.insertBefore(span, node.parentNode.insertBefore(
+ document.createTextNode(val.substr(pos + text.length)),
+ node.nextSibling));
+ node.nodeValue = val.substr(0, pos);
+ }
+ }
+ else if (!jQuery(node).is("button, select, textarea")) {
+ jQuery.each(node.childNodes, function() {
+ highlight(this)
+ });
+ }
+ }
+ return this.each(function() {
+ highlight(this);
+ });
+}
+
+/**
+ * Small JavaScript module for the documentation.
+ */
+var Documentation = {
+
+ init : function() {
+ this.fixFirefoxAnchorBug();
+ this.highlightSearchWords();
+ this.initModIndex();
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * i18n support
+ */
+ TRANSLATIONS : {},
+ PLURAL_EXPR : function(n) { return n == 1 ? 0 : 1; },
+ LOCALE : 'unknown',
+
+ // gettext and ngettext don't access this so that the functions
+ // can savely bound to a different name (_ = Documentation.gettext)
+ gettext : function(string) {
+ var translated = Documentation.TRANSLATIONS[string];
+ if (typeof translated == 'undefined')
+ return string;
+ return (typeof translated == 'string') ? translated : translated[0];
+ },
+
+ ngettext : function(singular, plural, n) {
+ var translated = Documentation.TRANSLATIONS[singular];
+ if (typeof translated == 'undefined')
+ return (n == 1) ? singular : plural;
+ return translated[Documentation.PLURALEXPR(n)];
+ },
+
+ addTranslations : function(catalog) {
+ for (var key in catalog.messages)
+ this.TRANSLATIONS[key] = catalog.messages[key];
+ this.PLURAL_EXPR = new Function('n', 'return +(' + catalog.plural_expr + ')');
+ this.LOCALE = catalog.locale;
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * add context elements like header anchor links
+ */
+ addContextElements : function() {
+ $('div[id] > :header:first').each(function() {
+ $('<a class="headerlink">\u00B6</a>').
+ attr('href', '#' + this.id).
+ attr('title', _('Permalink to this headline')).
+ appendTo(this);
+ });
+ $('dt[id]').each(function() {
+ $('<a class="headerlink">\u00B6</a>').
+ attr('href', '#' + this.id).
+ attr('title', _('Permalink to this definition')).
+ appendTo(this);
+ });
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * workaround a firefox stupidity
+ */
+ fixFirefoxAnchorBug : function() {
+ if (document.location.hash && $.browser.mozilla)
+ window.setTimeout(function() {
+ document.location.href += '';
+ }, 10);
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * highlight the search words provided in the url in the text
+ */
+ highlightSearchWords : function() {
+ var params = $.getQueryParameters();
+ var terms = (params.highlight) ? params.highlight[0].split(/\s+/) : [];
+ if (terms.length) {
+ var body = $('div.body');
+ window.setTimeout(function() {
+ $.each(terms, function() {
+ body.highlightText(this.toLowerCase(), 'highlight');
+ });
+ }, 10);
+ $('<li class="highlight-link"><a href="javascript:Documentation.' +
+ 'hideSearchWords()">' + _('Hide Search Matches') + '</a></li>')
+ .appendTo($('.sidebar .this-page-menu'));
+ }
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * init the modindex toggle buttons
+ */
+ initModIndex : function() {
+ var togglers = $('img.toggler').click(function() {
+ var src = $(this).attr('src');
+ var idnum = $(this).attr('id').substr(7);
+ console.log($('tr.cg-' + idnum).toggle());
+ if (src.substr(-9) == 'minus.png')
+ $(this).attr('src', src.substr(0, src.length-9) + 'plus.png');
+ else
+ $(this).attr('src', src.substr(0, src.length-8) + 'minus.png');
+ }).css('display', '');
+ if (DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS.COLLAPSE_MODINDEX) {
+ togglers.click();
+ }
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * helper function to hide the search marks again
+ */
+ hideSearchWords : function() {
+ $('.sidebar .this-page-menu li.highlight-link').fadeOut(300);
+ $('span.highlight').removeClass('highlight');
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * make the url absolute
+ */
+ makeURL : function(relativeURL) {
+ return DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS.URL_ROOT + '/' + relativeURL;
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * get the current relative url
+ */
+ getCurrentURL : function() {
+ var path = document.location.pathname;
+ var parts = path.split(/\//);
+ $.each(DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS.URL_ROOT.split(/\//), function() {
+ if (this == '..')
+ parts.pop();
+ });
+ var url = parts.join('/');
+ return path.substring(url.lastIndexOf('/') + 1, path.length - 1);
+ }
+};
+
+// quick alias for translations
+_ = Documentation.gettext;
+
+$(document).ready(function() {
+ Documentation.init();
+});
View
BIN handbook/_static/file.png
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32 handbook/_static/jquery.js
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+/*
+ * jQuery 1.2.6 - New Wave Javascript
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2008 John Resig (jquery.com)
+ * Dual licensed under the MIT (MIT-LICENSE.txt)
+ * and GPL (GPL-LICENSE.txt) licenses.
+ *
+ * $Date: 2008-05-24 14:22:17 -0400 (Sat, 24 May 2008) $
+ * $Rev: 5685 $
+ */
+(function(){var _jQuery=window.jQuery,_$=window.$;var jQuery=window.jQuery=window.$=function(selector,context){return new jQuery.fn.init(selector,context);};var quickExpr=/^[^<]*(<(.|\s)+>)[^>]*$|^#(\w+)$/,isSimple=/^.[^:#\[\.]*$/,undefined;jQuery.fn=jQuery.prototype={init:function(selector,context){selector=selector||document;if(selector.nodeType){this[0]=selector;this.length=1;return this;}if(typeof selector=="string"){var match=quickExpr.exec(selector);if(match&&(match[1]||!context)){if(match[1])selector=jQuery.clean([match[1]],context);else{var elem=document.getElementById(match[3]);if(elem){if(elem.id!=match[3])return jQuery().find(selector);return jQuery(elem);}selector=[];}}else
+return jQuery(context).find(selector);}else if(jQuery.isFunction(selector))return jQuery(document)[jQuery.fn.ready?"ready":"load"](selector);return this.setArray(jQuery.makeArray(selector));},jquery:"1.2.6",size:function(){return this.length;},length:0,get:function(num){return num==undefined?jQuery.makeArray(this):this[num];},pushStack:function(elems){var ret=jQuery(elems);ret.prevObject=this;return ret;},setArray:function(elems){this.length=0;Array.prototype.push.apply(this,elems);return this;},each:function(callback,args){return jQuery.each(this,callback,args);},index:function(elem){var ret=-1;return jQuery.inArray(elem&&elem.jquery?elem[0]:elem,this);},attr:function(name,value,type){var options=name;if(name.constructor==String)if(value===undefined)return this[0]&&jQuery[type||"attr"](this[0],name);else{options={};options[name]=value;}return this.each(function(i){for(name in options)jQuery.attr(type?this.style:this,name,jQuery.prop(this,options[name],type,i,name));});},css:function(key,value){if((key=='width'||key=='height')&&parseFloat(value)<0)value=undefined;return this.attr(key,value,"curCSS");},text:function(text){if(typeof text!="object"&&text!=null)return this.empty().append((this[0]&&this[0].ownerDocument||document).createTextNode(text));var ret="";jQuery.each(text||this,function(){jQuery.each(this.childNodes,function(){if(this.nodeType!=8)ret+=this.nodeType!=1?this.nodeValue:jQuery.fn.text([this]);});});return ret;},wrapAll:function(html){if(this[0])jQuery(html,this[0].ownerDocument).clone().insertBefore(this[0]).map(function(){var elem=this;while(elem.firstChild)elem=elem.firstChild;return elem;}).append(this);return this;},wrapInner:function(html){return this.each(function(){jQuery(this).contents().wrapAll(html);});},wrap:function(html){return this.each(function(){jQuery(this).wrapAll(html);});},append:function(){return this.domManip(arguments,true,false,function(elem){if(this.nodeType==1)this.appendChild(elem);});},prepend:function(){return this.domManip(arguments,true,true,function(elem){if(this.nodeType==1)this.insertBefore(elem,this.firstChild);});},before:function(){return this.domManip(arguments,false,false,function(elem){this.parentNode.insertBefore(elem,this);});},after:function(){return this.domManip(arguments,false,true,function(elem){this.parentNode.insertBefore(elem,this.nextSibling);});},end:function(){return this.prevObject||jQuery([]);},find:function(selector){var elems=jQuery.map(this,function(elem){return jQuery.find(selector,elem);});return this.pushStack(/[^+>] [^+>]/.test(selector)||selector.indexOf("..")>-1?jQuery.unique(elems):elems);},clone:function(events){var ret=this.map(function(){if(jQuery.browser.msie&&!jQuery.isXMLDoc(this)){var clone=this.cloneNode(true),container=document.createElement("div");container.appendChild(clone);return jQuery.clean([container.innerHTML])[0];}else
+return this.cloneNode(true);});var clone=ret.find("*").andSelf().each(function(){if(this[expando]!=undefined)this[expando]=null;});if(events===true)this.find("*").andSelf().each(function(i){if(this.nodeType==3)return;var events=jQuery.data(this,"events");for(var type in events)for(var handler in events[type])jQuery.event.add(clone[i],type,events[type][handler],events[type][handler].data);});return ret;},filter:function(selector){return this.pushStack(jQuery.isFunction(selector)&&jQuery.grep(this,function(elem,i){return selector.call(elem,i);})||jQuery.multiFilter(selector,this));},not:function(selector){if(selector.constructor==String)if(isSimple.test(selector))return this.pushStack(jQuery.multiFilter(selector,this,true));else
+selector=jQuery.multiFilter(selector,this);var isArrayLike=selector.length&&selector[selector.length-1]!==undefined&&!selector.nodeType;return this.filter(function(){return isArrayLike?jQuery.inArray(this,selector)<0:this!=selector;});},add:function(selector){return this.pushStack(jQuery.unique(jQuery.merge(this.get(),typeof selector=='string'?jQuery(selector):jQuery.makeArray(selector))));},is:function(selector){return!!selector&&jQuery.multiFilter(selector,this).length>0;},hasClass:function(selector){return this.is("."+selector);},val:function(value){if(value==undefined){if(this.length){var elem=this[0];if(jQuery.nodeName(elem,"select")){var index=elem.selectedIndex,values=[],options=elem.options,one=elem.type=="select-one";if(index<0)return null;for(var i=one?index:0,max=one?index+1:options.length;i<max;i++){var option=options[i];if(option.selected){value=jQuery.browser.msie&&!option.attributes.value.specified?option.text:option.value;if(one)return value;values.push(value);}}return values;}else
+return(this[0].value||"").replace(/\r/g,"");}return undefined;}if(value.constructor==Number)value+='';return this.each(function(){if(this.nodeType!=1)return;if(value.constructor==Array&&/radio|checkbox/.test(this.type))this.checked=(jQuery.inArray(this.value,value)>=0||jQuery.inArray(this.name,value)>=0);else if(jQuery.nodeName(this,"select")){var values=jQuery.makeArray(value);jQuery("option",this).each(function(){this.selected=(jQuery.inArray(this.value,values)>=0||jQuery.inArray(this.text,values)>=0);});if(!values.length)this.selectedIndex=-1;}else
+this.value=value;});},html:function(value){return value==undefined?(this[0]?this[0].innerHTML:null):this.empty().append(value);},replaceWith:function(value){return this.after(value).remove();},eq:function(i){return this.slice(i,i+1);},slice:function(){return this.pushStack(Array.prototype.slice.apply(this,arguments));},map:function(callback){return this.pushStack(jQuery.map(this,function(elem,i){return callback.call(elem,i,elem);}));},andSelf:function(){return this.add(this.prevObject);},data:function(key,value){var parts=key.split(".");parts[1]=parts[1]?"."+parts[1]:"";if(value===undefined){var data=this.triggerHandler("getData"+parts[1]+"!",[parts[0]]);if(data===undefined&&this.length)data=jQuery.data(this[0],key);return data===undefined&&parts[1]?this.data(parts[0]):data;}else
+return this.trigger("setData"+parts[1]+"!",[parts[0],value]).each(function(){jQuery.data(this,key,value);});},removeData:function(key){return this.each(function(){jQuery.removeData(this,key);});},domManip:function(args,table,reverse,callback){var clone=this.length>1,elems;return this.each(function(){if(!elems){elems=jQuery.clean(args,this.ownerDocument);if(reverse)elems.reverse();}var obj=this;if(table&&jQuery.nodeName(this,"table")&&jQuery.nodeName(elems[0],"tr"))obj=this.getElementsByTagName("tbody")[0]||this.appendChild(this.ownerDocument.createElement("tbody"));var scripts=jQuery([]);jQuery.each(elems,function(){var elem=clone?jQuery(this).clone(true)[0]:this;if(jQuery.nodeName(elem,"script"))scripts=scripts.add(elem);else{if(elem.nodeType==1)scripts=scripts.add(jQuery("script",elem).remove());callback.call(obj,elem);}});scripts.each(evalScript);});}};jQuery.fn.init.prototype=jQuery.fn;function evalScript(i,elem){if(elem.src)jQuery.ajax({url:elem.src,async:false,dataType:"script"});else
+jQuery.globalEval(elem.text||elem.textContent||elem.innerHTML||"");if(elem.parentNode)elem.parentNode.removeChild(elem);}function now(){return+new Date;}jQuery.extend=jQuery.fn.extend=function(){var target=arguments[0]||{},i=1,length=arguments.length,deep=false,options;if(target.constructor==Boolean){deep=target;target=arguments[1]||{};i=2;}if(typeof target!="object"&&typeof target!="function")target={};if(length==i){target=this;--i;}for(;i<length;i++)if((options=arguments[i])!=null)for(var name in options){var src=target[name],copy=options[name];if(target===copy)continue;if(deep&&copy&&typeof copy=="object"&&!copy.nodeType)target[name]=jQuery.extend(deep,src||(copy.length!=null?[]:{}),copy);else if(copy!==undefined)target[name]=copy;}return target;};var expando="jQuery"+now(),uuid=0,windowData={},exclude=/z-?index|font-?weight|opacity|zoom|line-?height/i,defaultView=document.defaultView||{};jQuery.extend({noConflict:function(deep){window.$=_$;if(deep)window.jQuery=_jQuery;return jQuery;},isFunction:function(fn){return!!fn&&typeof fn!="string"&&!fn.nodeName&&fn.constructor!=Array&&/^[\s[]?function/.test(fn+"");},isXMLDoc:function(elem){return elem.documentElement&&!elem.body||elem.tagName&&elem.ownerDocument&&!elem.ownerDocument.body;},globalEval:function(data){data=jQuery.trim(data);if(data){var head=document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0]||document.documentElement,script=document.createElement("script");script.type="text/javascript";if(jQuery.browser.msie)script.text=data;else
+script.appendChild(document.createTextNode(data));head.insertBefore(script,head.firstChild);head.removeChild(script);}},nodeName:function(elem,name){return elem.nodeName&&elem.nodeName.toUpperCase()==name.toUpperCase();},cache:{},data:function(elem,name,data){elem=elem==window?windowData:elem;var id=elem[expando];if(!id)id=elem[expando]=++uuid;if(name&&!jQuery.cache[id])jQuery.cache[id]={};if(data!==undefined)jQuery.cache[id][name]=data;return name?jQuery.cache[id][name]:id;},removeData:function(elem,name){elem=elem==window?windowData:elem;var id=elem[expando];if(name){if(jQuery.cache[id]){delete jQuery.cache[id][name];name="";for(name in jQuery.cache[id])break;if(!name)jQuery.removeData(elem);}}else{try{delete elem[expando];}catch(e){if(elem.removeAttribute)elem.removeAttribute(expando);}delete jQuery.cache[id];}},each:function(object,callback,args){var name,i=0,length=object.length;if(args){if(length==undefined){for(name in object)if(callback.apply(object[name],args)===false)break;}else
+for(;i<length;)if(callback.apply(object[i++],args)===false)break;}else{if(length==undefined){for(name in object)if(callback.call(object[name],name,object[name])===false)break;}else
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firstNum+diff*p;},swing:function(p,n,firstNum,diff){return((-Math.cos(p*Math.PI)/2)+0.5)*diff+firstNum;}},timers:[],timerId:null,fx:function(elem,options,prop){this.options=options;this.elem=elem;this.prop=prop;if(!options.orig)options.orig={};}});jQuery.fx.prototype={update:function(){if(this.options.step)this.options.step.call(this.elem,this.now,this);(jQuery.fx.step[this.prop]||jQuery.fx.step._default)(this);if(this.prop=="height"||this.prop=="width")this.elem.style.display="block";},cur:function(force){if(this.elem[this.prop]!=null&&this.elem.style[this.prop]==null)return this.elem[this.prop];var r=parseFloat(jQuery.css(this.elem,this.prop,force));return r&&r>-10000?r:parseFloat(jQuery.curCSS(this.elem,this.prop))||0;},custom:function(from,to,unit){this.startTime=now();this.start=from;this.end=to;this.unit=unit||this.unit||"px";this.now=this.start;this.pos=this.state=0;this.update();var self=this;function t(gotoEnd){return self.step(gotoEnd);}t.elem=this.elem;jQuery.timers.push(t);if(jQuery.timerId==null){jQuery.timerId=setInterval(function(){var timers=jQuery.timers;for(var i=0;i<timers.length;i++)if(!timers[i]())timers.splice(i--,1);if(!timers.length){clearInterval(jQuery.timerId);jQuery.timerId=null;}},13);}},show:function(){this.options.orig[this.prop]=jQuery.attr(this.elem.style,this.prop);this.options.show=true;this.custom(0,this.cur());if(this.prop=="width"||this.prop=="height")this.elem.style[this.prop]="1px";jQuery(this.elem).show();},hide:function(){this.options.orig[this.prop]=jQuery.attr(this.elem.style,this.prop);this.options.hide=true;this.custom(this.cur(),0);},step:function(gotoEnd){var t=now();if(gotoEnd||t>this.options.duration+this.startTime){this.now=this.end;this.pos=this.state=1;this.update();this.options.curAnim[this.prop]=true;var done=true;for(var i in this.options.curAnim)if(this.options.curAnim[i]!==true)done=false;if(done){if(this.options.display!=null){this.elem.style.overflow=this.options.overflow;this.elem.style.display=this.options.display;if(jQuery.css(this.elem,"display")=="none")this.elem.style.display="block";}if(this.options.hide)this.elem.style.display="none";if(this.options.hide||this.options.show)for(var p in this.options.curAnim)jQuery.attr(this.elem.style,p,this.options.orig[p]);}if(done)this.options.complete.call(this.elem);return false;}else{var n=t-this.startTime;this.state=n/this.options.duration;this.pos=jQuery.easing[this.options.easing||(jQuery.easing.swing?"swing":"linear")](this.state,n,0,1,this.options.duration);this.now=this.start+((this.end-this.start)*this.pos);this.update();}return true;}};jQuery.extend(jQuery.fx,{speeds:{slow:600,fast:200,def:400},step:{scrollLeft:function(fx){fx.elem.scrollLeft=fx.now;},scrollTop:function(fx){fx.elem.scrollTop=fx.now;},opacity:function(fx){jQuery.attr(fx.elem.style,"opacity",fx.now);},_default:function(fx){fx.elem.style[fx.prop]=fx.now+fx.unit;}}});jQuery.fn.offset=function(){var left=0,top=0,elem=this[0],results;if(elem)with(jQuery.browser){var parent=elem.parentNode,offsetChild=elem,offsetParent=elem.offsetParent,doc=elem.ownerDocument,safari2=safari&&parseInt(version)<522&&!/adobeair/i.test(userAgent),css=jQuery.curCSS,fixed=css(elem,"position")=="fixed";if(elem.getBoundingClientRect){var box=elem.getBoundingClientRect();add(box.left+Math.max(doc.documentElement.scrollLeft,doc.body.scrollLeft),box.top+Math.max(doc.documentElement.scrollTop,doc.body.scrollTop));add(-doc.documentElement.clientLeft,-doc.documentElement.clientTop);}else{add(elem.offsetLeft,elem.offsetTop);while(offsetParent){add(offsetParent.offsetLeft,offsetParent.offsetTop);if(mozilla&&!/^t(able|d|h)$/i.test(offsetParent.tagName)||safari&&!safari2)border(offsetParent);if(!fixed&&css(offsetParent,"position")=="fixed")fixed=true;offsetChild=/^body$/i.test(offsetParent.tagName)?offsetChild:offsetParent;offsetParent=offsetParent.offsetParent;}while(parent&&parent.tagName&&!/^body|html$/i.test(parent.tagName)){if(!/^inline|table.*$/i.test(css(parent,"display")))add(-parent.scrollLeft,-parent.scrollTop);if(mozilla&&css(parent,"overflow")!="visible")border(parent);parent=parent.parentNode;}if((safari2&&(fixed||css(offsetChild,"position")=="absolute"))||(mozilla&&css(offsetChild,"position")!="absolute"))add(-doc.body.offsetLeft,-doc.body.offsetTop);if(fixed)add(Math.max(doc.documentElement.scrollLeft,doc.body.scrollLeft),Math.max(doc.documentElement.scrollTop,doc.body.scrollTop));}results={top:top,left:left};}function border(elem){add(jQuery.curCSS(elem,"borderLeftWidth",true),jQuery.curCSS(elem,"borderTopWidth",true));}function add(l,t){left+=parseInt(l,10)||0;top+=parseInt(t,10)||0;}return results;};jQuery.fn.extend({position:function(){var left=0,top=0,results;if(this[0]){var offsetParent=this.offsetParent(),offset=this.offset(),parentOffset=/^body|html$/i.test(offsetParent[0].tagName)?{top:0,left:0}:offsetParent.offset();offset.top-=num(this,'marginTop');offset.left-=num(this,'marginLeft');parentOffset.top+=num(offsetParent,'borderTopWidth');parentOffset.left+=num(offsetParent,'borderLeftWidth');results={top:offset.top-parentOffset.top,left:offset.left-parentOffset.left};}return results;},offsetParent:function(){var offsetParent=this[0].offsetParent;while(offsetParent&&(!/^body|html$/i.test(offsetParent.tagName)&&jQuery.css(offsetParent,'position')=='static'))offsetParent=offsetParent.offsetParent;return jQuery(offsetParent);}});jQuery.each(['Left','Top'],function(i,name){var method='scroll'+name;jQuery.fn[method]=function(val){if(!this[0])return;return val!=undefined?this.each(function(){this==window||this==document?window.scrollTo(!i?val:jQuery(window).scrollLeft(),i?val:jQuery(window).scrollTop()):this[method]=val;}):this[0]==window||this[0]==document?self[i?'pageYOffset':'pageXOffset']||jQuery.boxModel&&document.documentElement[method]||document.body[method]:this[0][method];};});jQuery.each(["Height","Width"],function(i,name){var tl=i?"Left":"Top",br=i?"Right":"Bottom";jQuery.fn["inner"+name]=function(){return this[name.toLowerCase()]()+num(this,"padding"+tl)+num(this,"padding"+br);};jQuery.fn["outer"+name]=function(margin){return this["inner"+name]()+num(this,"border"+tl+"Width")+num(this,"border"+br+"Width")+(margin?num(this,"margin"+tl)+num(this,"margin"+br):0);};});})();
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BIN handbook/_static/minus.png
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BIN handbook/_static/plus.png
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61 handbook/_static/pygments.css
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+.hll { background-color: #ffffcc }
+.c { color: #408090; font-style: italic } /* Comment */
+.err { border: 1px solid #FF0000 } /* Error */
+.k { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Keyword */
+.o { color: #666666 } /* Operator */
+.cm { color: #408090; font-style: italic } /* Comment.Multiline */
+.cp { color: #007020 } /* Comment.Preproc */
+.c1 { color: #408090; font-style: italic } /* Comment.Single */
+.cs { color: #408090; background-color: #fff0f0 } /* Comment.Special */
+.gd { color: #A00000 } /* Generic.Deleted */
+.ge { font-style: italic } /* Generic.Emph */
+.gr { color: #FF0000 } /* Generic.Error */
+.gh { color: #000080; font-weight: bold } /* Generic.Heading */
+.gi { color: #00A000 } /* Generic.Inserted */
+.go { color: #303030 } /* Generic.Output */
+.gp { color: #c65d09; font-weight: bold } /* Generic.Prompt */
+.gs { font-weight: bold } /* Generic.Strong */
+.gu { color: #800080; font-weight: bold } /* Generic.Subheading */
+.gt { color: #0040D0 } /* Generic.Traceback */
+.kc { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Keyword.Constant */
+.kd { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Keyword.Declaration */
+.kn { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Keyword.Namespace */
+.kp { color: #007020 } /* Keyword.Pseudo */
+.kr { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Keyword.Reserved */
+.kt { color: #902000 } /* Keyword.Type */
+.m { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number */
+.s { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String */
+.na { color: #4070a0 } /* Name.Attribute */
+.nb { color: #007020 } /* Name.Builtin */
+.nc { color: #0e84b5; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Class */
+.no { color: #60add5 } /* Name.Constant */
+.nd { color: #555555; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Decorator */
+.ni { color: #d55537; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Entity */
+.ne { color: #007020 } /* Name.Exception */
+.nf { color: #06287e } /* Name.Function */
+.nl { color: #002070; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Label */
+.nn { color: #0e84b5; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Namespace */
+.nt { color: #062873; font-weight: bold } /* Name.Tag */
+.nv { color: #bb60d5 } /* Name.Variable */
+.ow { color: #007020; font-weight: bold } /* Operator.Word */
+.w { color: #bbbbbb } /* Text.Whitespace */
+.mf { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number.Float */
+.mh { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number.Hex */
+.mi { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number.Integer */
+.mo { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number.Oct */
+.sb { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String.Backtick */
+.sc { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String.Char */
+.sd { color: #4070a0; font-style: italic } /* Literal.String.Doc */
+.s2 { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String.Double */
+.se { color: #4070a0; font-weight: bold } /* Literal.String.Escape */
+.sh { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String.Heredoc */
+.si { color: #70a0d0; font-style: italic } /* Literal.String.Interpol */
+.sx { color: #c65d09 } /* Literal.String.Other */
+.sr { color: #235388 } /* Literal.String.Regex */
+.s1 { color: #4070a0 } /* Literal.String.Single */
+.ss { color: #517918 } /* Literal.String.Symbol */
+.bp { color: #007020 } /* Name.Builtin.Pseudo */
+.vc { color: #bb60d5 } /* Name.Variable.Class */
+.vg { color: #bb60d5 } /* Name.Variable.Global */
+.vi { color: #bb60d5 } /* Name.Variable.Instance */
+.il { color: #208050 } /* Literal.Number.Integer.Long */
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467 handbook/_static/searchtools.js
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+/**
+ * helper function to return a node containing the
+ * search summary for a given text. keywords is a list
+ * of stemmed words, hlwords is the list of normal, unstemmed
+ * words. the first one is used to find the occurance, the
+ * latter for highlighting it.
+ */
+
+jQuery.makeSearchSummary = function(text, keywords, hlwords) {
+ var textLower = text.toLowerCase();
+ var start = 0;
+ $.each(keywords, function() {
+ var i = textLower.indexOf(this.toLowerCase());
+ if (i > -1)
+ start = i;
+ });
+ start = Math.max(start - 120, 0);
+ var excerpt = ((start > 0) ? '...' : '') +
+ $.trim(text.substr(start, 240)) +
+ ((start + 240 - text.length) ? '...' : '');
+ var rv = $('<div class="context"></div>').text(excerpt);
+ $.each(hlwords, function() {
+ rv = rv.highlightText(this, 'highlight');
+ });
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Porter Stemmer
+ */
+var PorterStemmer = function() {
+
+ var step2list = {
+ ational: 'ate',
+ tional: 'tion',
+ enci: 'ence',
+ anci: 'ance',
+ izer: 'ize',
+ bli: 'ble',
+ alli: 'al',
+ entli: 'ent',
+ eli: 'e',
+ ousli: 'ous',
+ ization: 'ize',
+ ation: 'ate',
+ ator: 'ate',
+ alism: 'al',
+ iveness: 'ive',
+ fulness: 'ful',
+ ousness: 'ous',
+ aliti: 'al',
+ iviti: 'ive',
+ biliti: 'ble',
+ logi: 'log'
+ };
+
+ var step3list = {
+ icate: 'ic',
+ ative: '',
+ alize: 'al',
+ iciti: 'ic',
+ ical: 'ic',
+ ful: '',
+ ness: ''
+ };
+
+ var c = "[^aeiou]"; // consonant
+ var v = "[aeiouy]"; // vowel
+ var C = c + "[^aeiouy]*"; // consonant sequence
+ var V = v + "[aeiou]*"; // vowel sequence
+
+ var mgr0 = "^(" + C + ")?" + V + C; // [C]VC... is m>0
+ var meq1 = "^(" + C + ")?" + V + C + "(" + V + ")?$"; // [C]VC[V] is m=1
+ var mgr1 = "^(" + C + ")?" + V + C + V + C; // [C]VCVC... is m>1
+ var s_v = "^(" + C + ")?" + v; // vowel in stem
+
+ this.stemWord = function (w) {
+ var stem;
+ var suffix;
+ var firstch;
+ var origword = w;
+
+ if (w.length < 3)
+ return w;
+
+ var re;
+ var re2;
+ var re3;
+ var re4;
+
+ firstch = w.substr(0,1);
+ if (firstch == "y")
+ w = firstch.toUpperCase() + w.substr(1);
+
+ // Step 1a
+ re = /^(.+?)(ss|i)es$/;
+ re2 = /^(.+?)([^s])s$/;
+
+ if (re.test(w))
+ w = w.replace(re,"$1$2");
+ else if (re2.test(w))
+ w = w.replace(re2,"$1$2");
+
+ // Step 1b
+ re = /^(.+?)eed$/;
+ re2 = /^(.+?)(ed|ing)$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ re = new RegExp(mgr0);
+ if (re.test(fp[1])) {
+ re = /.$/;
+ w = w.replace(re,"");
+ }
+ }
+ else if (re2.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re2.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ re2 = new RegExp(s_v);
+ if (re2.test(stem)) {
+ w = stem;
+ re2 = /(at|bl|iz)$/;
+ re3 = new RegExp("([^aeiouylsz])\\1$");
+ re4 = new RegExp("^" + C + v + "[^aeiouwxy]$");
+ if (re2.test(w))
+ w = w + "e";
+ else if (re3.test(w)) {
+ re = /.$/;
+ w = w.replace(re,"");
+ }
+ else if (re4.test(w))
+ w = w + "e";
+ }
+ }
+
+ // Step 1c
+ re = /^(.+?)y$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ re = new RegExp(s_v);
+ if (re.test(stem))
+ w = stem + "i";
+ }
+
+ // Step 2
+ re = /^(.+?)(ational|tional|enci|anci|izer|bli|alli|entli|eli|ousli|ization|ation|ator|alism|iveness|fulness|ousness|aliti|iviti|biliti|logi)$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ suffix = fp[2];
+ re = new RegExp(mgr0);
+ if (re.test(stem))
+ w = stem + step2list[suffix];
+ }
+
+ // Step 3
+ re = /^(.+?)(icate|ative|alize|iciti|ical|ful|ness)$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ suffix = fp[2];
+ re = new RegExp(mgr0);
+ if (re.test(stem))
+ w = stem + step3list[suffix];
+ }
+
+ // Step 4
+ re = /^(.+?)(al|ance|ence|er|ic|able|ible|ant|ement|ment|ent|ou|ism|ate|iti|ous|ive|ize)$/;
+ re2 = /^(.+?)(s|t)(ion)$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ re = new RegExp(mgr1);
+ if (re.test(stem))
+ w = stem;
+ }
+ else if (re2.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re2.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1] + fp[2];
+ re2 = new RegExp(mgr1);
+ if (re2.test(stem))
+ w = stem;
+ }
+
+ // Step 5
+ re = /^(.+?)e$/;
+ if (re.test(w)) {
+ var fp = re.exec(w);
+ stem = fp[1];
+ re = new RegExp(mgr1);
+ re2 = new RegExp(meq1);
+ re3 = new RegExp("^" + C + v + "[^aeiouwxy]$");
+ if (re.test(stem) || (re2.test(stem) && !(re3.test(stem))))
+ w = stem;
+ }
+ re = /ll$/;
+ re2 = new RegExp(mgr1);
+ if (re.test(w) && re2.test(w)) {
+ re = /.$/;
+ w = w.replace(re,"");
+ }
+
+ // and turn initial Y back to y
+ if (firstch == "y")
+ w = firstch.toLowerCase() + w.substr(1);
+ return w;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Search Module
+ */
+var Search = {
+
+ _index : null,
+ _queued_query : null,
+ _pulse_status : -1,
+
+ init : function() {
+ var params = $.getQueryParameters();
+ if (params.q) {
+ var query = params.q[0];
+ $('input[name="q"]')[0].value = query;
+ this.performSearch(query);
+ }
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * Sets the index
+ */
+ setIndex : function(index) {
+ var q;
+ this._index = index;
+ if ((q = this._queued_query) !== null) {
+ this._queued_query = null;
+ Search.query(q);
+ }
+ },
+
+ hasIndex : function() {
+ return this._index !== null;
+ },
+
+ deferQuery : function(query) {
+ this._queued_query = query;
+ },
+
+ stopPulse : function() {
+ this._pulse_status = 0;
+ },
+
+ startPulse : function() {
+ if (this._pulse_status >= 0)
+ return;
+ function pulse() {
+ Search._pulse_status = (Search._pulse_status + 1) % 4;
+ var dotString = '';
+ for (var i = 0; i < Search._pulse_status; i++)
+ dotString += '.';
+ Search.dots.text(dotString);
+ if (Search._pulse_status > -1)
+ window.setTimeout(pulse, 500);
+ };
+ pulse();
+ },
+
+ /**
+ * perform a search for something
+ */
+ performSearch : function(query) {
+ // create the required interface elements
+ this.out = $('#search-results');
+ this.title = $('<h2>' + _('Searching') + '</h2>').appendTo(this.out);
+ this.dots = $('<span></span>').appendTo(this.title);
+ this.status = $('<p style="display: none"></p>').appendTo(this.out);
+ this.output = $('<ul class="search"/>').appendTo(this.out);
+
+ $('#search-progress').text(_('Preparing search...'));
+ this.startPulse();
+
+ // index already loaded, the browser was quick!
+ if (this.hasIndex())
+ this.query(query);
+ else
+ this.deferQuery(query);
+ },
+
+ query : function(query) {
+ // stem the searchterms and add them to the
+ // correct list
+ var stemmer = new PorterStemmer();
+ var searchterms = [];
+ var excluded = [];
+ var hlterms = [];
+ var tmp = query.split(/\s+/);
+ var object = (tmp.length == 1) ? tmp[0].toLowerCase() : null;
+ for (var i = 0; i < tmp.length; i++) {
+ // stem the word
+ var word = stemmer.stemWord(tmp[i]).toLowerCase();
+ // select the correct list
+ if (word[0] == '-') {
+ var toAppend = excluded;
+ word = word.substr(1);
+ }
+ else {
+ var toAppend = searchterms;
+ hlterms.push(tmp[i].toLowerCase());
+ }
+ // only add if not already in the list
+ if (!$.contains(toAppend, word))
+ toAppend.push(word);
+ };
+ var highlightstring = '?highlight=' + $.urlencode(hlterms.join(" "));
+
+ console.debug('SEARCH: searching for:');
+ console.info('required: ', searchterms);
+ console.info('excluded: ', excluded);
+
+ // prepare search
+ var filenames = this._index.filenames;
+ var titles = this._index.titles;
+ var terms = this._index.terms;
+ var descrefs = this._index.descrefs;
+ var modules = this._index.modules;
+ var desctypes = this._index.desctypes;
+ var fileMap = {};
+ var files = null;
+ var objectResults = [];
+ var regularResults = [];
+ $('#search-progress').empty();
+
+ // lookup as object
+ if (object != null) {
+ for (var module in modules) {
+ if (module.indexOf(object) > -1) {
+ fn = modules[module];
+ descr = _('module, in ') + titles[fn];
+ objectResults.push([filenames[fn], module, '#module-'+module, descr]);
+ }
+ }
+ for (var prefix in descrefs) {
+ for (var name in descrefs[prefix]) {
+ var fullname = (prefix ? prefix + '.' : '') + name;
+ if (fullname.toLowerCase().indexOf(object) > -1) {
+ match = descrefs[prefix][name];
+ descr = desctypes[match[1]] + _(', in ') + titles[match[0]];
+ objectResults.push([filenames[match[0]], fullname, '#'+fullname, descr]);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ // sort results descending
+ objectResults.sort(function(a, b) {
+ return (a[1] > b[1]) ? -1 : ((a[1] < b[1]) ? 1 : 0);
+ });
+
+
+ // perform the search on the required terms
+ for (var i = 0; i < searchterms.length; i++) {
+ var word = searchterms[i];
+ // no match but word was a required one
+ if ((files = terms[word]) == null)
+ break;
+ if (files.length == undefined) {
+ files = [files];
+ }
+ // create the mapping
+ for (var j = 0; j < files.length; j++) {
+ var file = files[j];
+ if (file in fileMap)
+ fileMap[file].push(word);
+ else
+ fileMap[file] = [word];
+ }
+ }
+
+ // now check if the files don't contain excluded terms
+ for (var file in fileMap) {
+ var valid = true;
+
+ // check if all requirements are matched
+ if (fileMap[file].length != searchterms.length)
+ continue;
+
+ // ensure that none of the excluded terms is in the
+ // search result.
+ for (var i = 0; i < excluded.length; i++) {
+ if (terms[excluded[i]] == file ||
+ $.contains(terms[excluded[i]] || [], file)) {
+ valid = false;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ // if we have still a valid result we can add it
+ // to the result list
+ if (valid)
+ regularResults.push([filenames[file], titles[file], '', null]);
+ }
+
+ // delete unused variables in order to not waste
+ // memory until list is retrieved completely
+ delete filenames, titles, terms;
+
+ // now sort the regular results descending by title
+ regularResults.sort(function(a, b) {
+ var left = a[1].toLowerCase();
+ var right = b[1].toLowerCase();
+ return (left > right) ? -1 : ((left < right) ? 1 : 0);
+ });
+
+ // combine both
+ var results = regularResults.concat(objectResults);
+
+ // print the results
+ var resultCount = results.length;
+ function displayNextItem() {
+ // results left, load the summary and display it
+ if (results.length) {
+ var item = results.pop();
+ var listItem = $('<li style="display:none"></li>');
+ listItem.append($('<a/>').attr(
+ 'href',
+ item[0] + DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS.FILE_SUFFIX +
+ highlightstring + item[2]).html(item[1]));
+ if (item[3]) {
+ listItem.append($('<span> (' + item[3] + ')</span>'));
+ Search.output.append(listItem);
+ listItem.slideDown(5, function() {
+ displayNextItem();
+ });
+ } else if (DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS.HAS_SOURCE) {
+ $.get('_sources/' + item[0] + '.txt', function(data) {
+ listItem.append($.makeSearchSummary(data, searchterms, hlterms));
+ Search.output.append(listItem);
+ listItem.slideDown(5, function() {
+ displayNextItem();
+ });
+ });
+ } else {
+ // no source available, just display title
+ Search.output.append(listItem);
+ listItem.slideDown(5, function() {
+ displayNextItem();
+ });
+ }
+ }
+ // search finished, update title and status message
+ else {
+ Search.stopPulse();
+ Search.title.text(_('Search Results'));
+ if (!resultCount)
+ Search.status.text(_('Your search did not match any documents. Please make sure that all words are spelled correctly and that you\'ve selected enough categories.'));
+ else
+ Search.status.text(_('Search finished, found %s page(s) matching the search query.').replace('%s', resultCount));
+ Search.status.fadeIn(500);
+ }
+ }
+ displayNextItem();
+ }
+}
+
+$(document).ready(function() {
+ Search.init();
+});
View
1,252 handbook/appendices.rst
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115 handbook/blocks.rst
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+Blocks, Booleans, and Control Structures
+========================================
+
+A *block* is a special kind of object containing a sequence of statements. When a block is evaluated
+by being sent an acceptable ``value`` message, its statements are executed in the context of the current
+activation of the method in which the block is declared. This allows the statements in the block
+to access variables local to the block’s enclosing method and any enclosing blocks in that method.
+(This set of variables comprises the lexical scope of the block.) It also means that within the block,
+``self`` refers to the receiver of the message that activated the method, not to the block object itself.
+A return statement in a block causes a return from the block’s enclosing method. (See the Self
+Language Reference for a more thorough discussion of block semantics.)
+A block can take an arbitrary number of arguments and can have its own local variables, as well as
+having access to the local variables of its enclosing method. The statements in the block are executed
+when the block is sent a message of the form ``“value[:{With:}]”``, where the number of colons
+in the message is at least the same as the number of arguments the block takes (extra
+arguments are ignored, but it is an error to provide too few). For example, the following block takes
+two arguments::
+
+ [| :arg1. :arg2 | arg1 + arg2 ]
+
+and can be evaluated by sending it the message ``value:With:`` to produce the sum of its arguments.
+Blocks are used to implement all control structures in Self and allow the programmer to
+easily extend the system with customized control structures. In fact, all control stuctures in Self
+except message sends, returns, and VM error handling are implemented using blocks.
+
+Booleans and Conditionals
+-------------------------
+
+The fundamental control structure is the conditional. In Self, the behavior of conditionals is defined
+by two unique boolean objects, ``true`` and ``false``. Boolean objects respond to the messages
+``ifTrue:``, ``ifFalse:``, ``ifTrue:False:``, and ``ifFalse:True:`` by evaluating the appropriate argument
+block. For example, ``true`` implements ``ifTrue:False:`` as::
+
+ ifTrue: b1 False: b2 = ( b1 value )
+
+That is, when ``true`` is sent ``ifTrue:False:``, it evaluates the first block and ignores the second.
+For example, the following expression evaluates to the absolute value of x::
+
+ x < 0 ifTrue: [ x negate ] False: [ x ]
+
+The booleans also define behavior for the logical operations ``AND (&&), OR (||), EXCLUSIVE-OR
+(^^)``, and ``NOT (not)``. Because the binary boolean operators all send value to their argument when
+necessary, they can also be used for “short-circuit” evaluation by supplying a block, e.g.::
+
+(0 <= i) && [i < maxByte pred] ifTrue: [...
+
+Module: boolean
+
+Loops
+-----
+
+The various idioms for constructing loops in Self are best illustrated by example.
+Here is an endless loop::
+
+ [ ... ] loop
+
+Here are two loops that test for their termination condition at the beginning of the loop::
+
+ [ proceed ] whileTrue: [ ... ]
+ [ quit ] whileFalse: [ ... ]
+
+In each case, the block that receives the message repeatedly evaluates itself and, if the termination
+condition is not yet met, evaluates the argument block. The value returned by both loop expressions
+is ``nil``.
+
+It is also possible to put the termination test at the end of the loop, ensuring that the loop body is
+executed at least once::
+
+ [ ... ] untilTrue: [ quit ]
+ [ ... ] untilFalse: [ proceed ]
+
+Here is a loop that exits from the middle when quit becomes true::
+
+ [| :exit | ... quit ifTrue: exit ... ] loopExit
+
+For the incurably curious: the parameter to the user’s block, supplied by the ``loopExit`` method, is simply a block that
+does a return from the ``loopExit`` method. Thus, the loop terminates when ``exit value`` is evaluated. The constructs
+``loopExitValue``, ``exit``, and ``exitValue`` are implemented in a similar manner.
+
+The value returned by the overall “[...] loopExit” expression is nil. Here is a loop expression
+that exits and evaluates to a value determined by the programmer when quit becomes true::
+
+ [| :exit | ... quit ifTrue: [ exit value: expr ] ] loopExitValue
+
+Module: block
+
+Block Exits
+-----------
+
+It is sometimes convenient to exit a block early, without executing its remaining statements. The
+following constructs support this behavior::
+
+ [| :exit | ... quit ifTrue: exit ... ] exit
+ [| :exit | ... quit ifTrue: [ exit value: expr ] ... ] exitValue
+
+The first expression evaluates to nil if the block exits early; the second allows the programmer to
+define the expression’s value when the block exits early. Note: These constructs should not be confused
+with their looping counterparts ``loopExit`` and ``loopExitValue``.
+
+Module: block
+
+Other Block Behavior
+--------------------
+
+Blocks have some other useful behavior:
+
+ * One can determine the time in milliseconds required to execute a block using various ways of measuring time using the messages ``userTime``, ``systemTime``, ``cpuTime``, and ``real-Time``.
+
+ * One can profile the execution of a block using the messages ``profile`` and ``flatProfile``. ``profile`` prints out the source level call graph annotated with call site and timing information whereas ``flatProfile`` prints out a flat profile sorted by module.
+
+ * The message ``countSends`` will collect lookup statistics during a block execution.
+
+Any object that inherits from the lobby can be passed to a method that expects a block; behavior in``defaultBehavior`` makes the object behave like a block that evaluates to that object.
+
+Module: block
View
55 handbook/buildworld.rst
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+How to build the world
+======================
+
+Should you need to reconstruct a world from the source files, here’s how to do it. This section describes
+how to create a default object world by reading in the Self source code provided with your
+distribution (in ``Optional.SelfSource.tar.Z``). You can also do this after writing the world out
+using the transporter (``transporter fileOut fileOutAll``).
+
+To create the default object world:
+
+ 1. Start the Self VM:
+
+ ::
+
+ % Self
+ Self Virtual Machine Version 4.0.2, Thu 09 Feb 95 19:41:30
+ Copyright 1989-95: The Self Group (type _Credits for credits)
+
+ VM#
+
+ 2. (Optional, but recommended.) Start the spy so you can watch the world fill up with objects:
+
+ ::
+
+ VM# _Spy: true
+
+ .. note::
+
+ that because the world is empty, you must use the primitive to do this.
+
+ 3. Read in the default world. To do this, ask Self to read expressions from a file:
+
+ ::
+
+ VM# 'all2.self' _RunScript
+
+ Various configurations are possible: ``all2`` is the released system; ``smallUI2`` is the same but
+ without the various example applications; and all contains the old (release 3.0) experimental
+ user interface.
+
+ Unless you have asked Self not to print script names, you should see something like:
+
+ ::
+
+ reading all2.self
+ reading init.self
+ . . .
+
+ 4. After all the files have been read in, Self will start the process scheduler, initialize its module cache, and print:
+
+ ::
+
+ “Self 0”
+
+ That last line is the Self prompt indicating that the system is ready to read and evaluate expressions.
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195 handbook/collections.rst
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+Collections
+===========
+
+ ::
+
+ clonable
+ collection
+ ... collection hierarchy ...
+
+Collections are containers that hold zero or more other objects. In Self, collections behave as if
+they have a key associated with each value in the collection. Collections without an obvious key,
+such as lists, use each element as both key and value. Iterations over collections always pass both
+the value and the key of each element (in that order) to the iteration block. Since Self blocks ignore
+extra arguments, this allows applications that don’t care about keys to simply provide a block
+that takes only one argument.
+
+Collections have a rich protocol. Additions are made with ``at:Put:``, or with ``add:`` or ``addAll:`` for
+implicitly keyed collections. Iteration can be done with do: or with variations that allow the programmer
+to specify special handling of the first and/or last element. ``with:Do:`` allows pairwise iteration
+through two collections. The ``includes:``, ``occurrencesOf:``, and ``findFirst:``
+``IfPresent:IfAbsent:`` messages test for the presence of particular values in the collection.
+``filterBy:Into:`` creates a new collection including only those elements that satisfy a predicate
+block, while ``mapBy:Into:`` creates a new collection whose elements are the result of applying the
+argument block to each element of the original collection.
+
+Abstract collection behavior is defined in traits collection. Only a small handful of operations need
+be implemented to create a new type of collection; the rest can be inherited from ``traits collection``.
+(See the ``descendantResponsibility`` slot of ``traits collection``.) The following
+sections discuss various kinds of collection in more detail.
+
+Modules: collection (abstract collection behavior)
+
+Indexable Collections
+---------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ collection
+ indexable
+ mutableIndexable
+ byteVector
+ ...the string hierarchy
+ sequence
+ sortedSequence
+ vector
+
+Indexable collections allow random access to their elements via keys that are integers. All sequences
+and vectors are indexable. The message ``at:`` is used to retrieve an element of an indexable collection
+while ``at:Put:`` is used to update an element of a ``mutableIndexable`` collection (other
+than a ``sortedSequence``).
+
+Modules: indexable, abstractString, vector, sequence, sortedSequence
+
+Strings, Characters, and Paragraphs
+-----------------------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ collection
+ ...
+ byteVector
+ string
+ mutableString
+ immutableString
+ canonicalString
+
+A string is a vector whose elements are character objects. There are three kinds of concrete string:
+immutable strings, mutable strings and canonical strings. ``traits string`` defines the behavior
+shared by all strings. A character is a string of length one that references itself in its sole indexable
+slot.
+
+Mutable strings can be changed using the message ``at:Put:``, which takes a character argument, or
+``at:PutByte:``, which takes an integer argument. An immutable string cannot be modified, but
+sending it the ``copyMutable`` message returns a mutable string containing the same characters.
+
+Canonical strings are registered in an table inside the virtual machine, like Symbol objects in
+Smalltalk or atoms in LISP. The VM guarantees that there is at most one canonical string for any
+given sequence of bytes, so two canonical strings are equal (have the same contents) if and only if
+they are identical (are the same object). This allows efficient equality checks between canonical
+strings. All message selectors and string literals are canonical strings, and some primitives require
+canonical strings as arguments. Sending ``canonicalize`` to any string returns the corresponding
+canonical string.
+
+Character objects behave like immutable strings of length one. There are 256 well-known character
+objects in the Self universe. They are stored in a 256-element vector named ``ascii``, with each
+character stored at the location corresponding to its ASCII value. Characters respond to the message
+``asByte`` by returning their ASCII value (that is, their index in ``ascii``). The inverse of ``asByte``,
+``asCharacter``, can be sent to an integer between 0 and 255 to obtain the corresponding
+character object.
+
+Module: string
+
+Unordered Sets and Dictionaries
+-------------------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ collection
+ setOrDictionary
+ set
+ sharedSet
+ dictionary
+ sharedDictionary
+
+There are two implementations of sets and dictionaries in the system. The one described in this
+section is based on hash tables. The one discussed in the following section is based on sorted binary
+trees. The hash table implementation has better performance over a wide range of conditions.
+(An unfortunate ordering of element addtions can cause the unbalanced trees used in the tree version
+to degenerate into an ordered lists, resulting in linear access times.)
+
+A set behaves like a mathematical set. It contains elements without duplication in no particular order.
+A dictionary implements a mapping from keys to values, where both keys and values are arbitrary
+objects. Dictionaries implement the usual collection behavior plus keyed access using ``at:``
+and ``at:Put:`` and the dictionary-specific operations ``includesKey:`` and ``removeKey:``. In order
+to store an object in a set or use it as a dictionary key, the object must understand the messages
+``hash`` and ``=``, the latter applying to any pair of items in the collection. This is because sets and dictionaries
+are implemented as hash tables.
+
+Derived from set and dictionary are ``sharedSet`` and ``sharedDictionary``. These provide locking
+to maintain internal consistency in the presence of concurrency.
+
+Modules: setAndDictionary, sharedSetAndDictionary
+
+Tree-Based Sets and Dictionaries
+--------------------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ collection
+ tree
+ treeNodes abstract
+ treeNodes bag
+ treeNodes set
+ emptyTrees abstract
+ emptyTrees bag
+ emptyTrees set
+
+``treeSet`` and ``treeBag`` implement sorted collections using binary trees. The set variant ignores
+duplicates, while the bag variant does not. Tree sets and bags allow both explicit and implicit keys
+(that is, adding elements can be done with either ``at:Put:`` or ``add:``), where a tree set that uses
+explicit keys behaves like a dictionary. Sorting is done on explicit keys if present, values otherwise,
+and the objects sorted must be mutually comparable. Comparisons between keys are made using
+``compare:IfLess:Equal:Greater:``.
+
+The implementation of trees uses dynamic inheritance to distinguish the differing behavior of empty
+and non-empty subtrees. The prototype ``treeSet`` represents an empty (sub)tree; when an element
+is added to it, its parent is switched from ``traits emptyTrees set``, which holds behavior
+for empty (sub)trees, to a new copy of ``treeSetNode``, which represents a tree node holding an element.
+Thus, the ``treeSet`` object now behaves as a ``treeSetNode`` object, with right and left subtrees
+(initially copies of the empty subtree ``treeSet``). Dynamic inheritance allows one object to
+behave modally without using clumsy if-tests throughout every method.
+
+One caveat: since these trees are not balanced, they can degenerate into lists if their elements are
+added in sorted order. However, a more complex tree data structure might obscure the main point
+of this implementation: to provide a canonical example of the use of dynamic inheritance.
+
+Modules: tree
+
+Lists and PriorityQueues
+------------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ collection
+ list
+ priorityQueue
+
+A list is an unkeyed, circular, doubly-linked list of objects. Additions and removals at either end
+are efficient, but removing an object in the middle is less so, as a linear search is involved.
+
+A priorityQueue is an unkeyed, unordered collection with the property that the element with the
+highest priority is always at the front of the queue. Priority queues are useful for sorting (heapsort)
+and scheduling. The default comparison uses <, but this can be changed.
+
+Modules: list. priorityQueue
+
+Constructing and Concatenating Collections
+------------------------------------------
+
+ ::
+
+ clonable
+ collector
+
+Two kinds of objects play supporting roles for collections. A ``collector`` object is created using
+the & operator (inherited from ``defaultBehavior``), and represents a collection under construction.
+The & operator provides a concise syntax for constructing small collections. For example::
+
+ (1 & ’abc’ & x) asList
+
+constructs a list containing an integer, a string, and the object x. A ``collector`` object is not itself
+a collection; it is converted into one using a conversion message such as ``asList``, ``asVector``, or
+``asString``.
+
+Modules: collector
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196 handbook/conf.py
@@ -0,0 +1,196 @@
+# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
+#
+# Morphic documentation build configuration file, created by
+# sphinx-quickstart on Mon Aug 31 23:06:35 2009.
+#
+# This file is execfile()d with the current directory set to its containing dir.
+#
+# Note that not all possible configuration values are present in this
+# autogenerated file.
+#
+# All configuration valu