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How to secure access to Minio on Kubernetes with TLS Slack

This document explains how to configure Minio server with TLS certificates on Kubernetes.

1. Prerequisites

For a distributed Minio setup, where there are multiple pods with different domain names expected to run, you will either need wildcard certificates valid for all the domains or have specific certificates for each domain. If you are going to use specific certificates, make sure to create Kubernetes secrets accordingly.

For testing purposes, here is how to create self-signed certificates.

2. Create Kubernetes secret

Kubernetes secrets are intended to hold sensitive information. We'll use secrets to hold the TLS certificate and key. To create a secret, update the paths to private.key and public.crt below.

Then type

kubectl create secret generic tls-ssl-minio --from-file=path/to/private.key --from-file=path/to/public.crt

Cross check if the secret is created successfully using

kubectl get secrets

You should see a secret named tls-ssl-minio.

3. Update deployment yaml file

Whether you are planning to use Kubernetes StatefulSet or Kubernetes Deployment, the steps remain the same.

If you're using certificates provided by a CA, add the below section in your yaml file under spec.volumes[]

      - name: secret-volume
          secretName: tls-ssl-minio
          - key: public.crt
            path: public.crt
          - key: private.key
            path: private.key
          - key: public.crt
            path: CAs/public.crt

Note that the secretName should be same as the secret name created in previous step. Then add the below section under spec.containers[].volumeMounts[]

        - name: secret-volume
          mountPath: /<user-running-minio>/.minio/certs

Here the name of volumeMount should match the name of volume created previously. Also mountPath must be set to the path of the Minio server's config sub-directory that is used to store certificates. By default, the location is /<user-running-minio>/.minio/certs.

Tip: In a standard Kubernetes configuration, this will be /root/.minio/certs. Kubernetes will mount the secrets volume read-only, so avoid setting mountPath to a path that Minio server expects to write to.