Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
tree: cfee6c07d8
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

549 lines (471 sloc) 21.054 kB
""" A minimal application using the Qt console-style IPython frontend.
This is not a complete console app, as subprocess will not be able to receive
input, there is no real readline support, among other limitations.
Authors:
* Evan Patterson
* Min RK
* Erik Tollerud
* Fernando Perez
* Bussonnier Matthias
* Thomas Kluyver
"""
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Imports
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# stdlib imports
import json
import os
import signal
import sys
import uuid
# System library imports
from IPython.external.qt import QtGui
# Local imports
from IPython.config.application import boolean_flag, catch_config_error
from IPython.core.application import BaseIPythonApplication
from IPython.core.profiledir import ProfileDir
from IPython.lib.kernel import tunnel_to_kernel, find_connection_file
from IPython.frontend.qt.console.frontend_widget import FrontendWidget
from IPython.frontend.qt.console.ipython_widget import IPythonWidget
from IPython.frontend.qt.console.rich_ipython_widget import RichIPythonWidget
from IPython.frontend.qt.console import styles
from IPython.frontend.qt.console.mainwindow import MainWindow
from IPython.frontend.qt.kernelmanager import QtKernelManager
from IPython.utils.path import filefind
from IPython.utils.py3compat import str_to_bytes
from IPython.utils.traitlets import (
Dict, List, Unicode, Integer, CaselessStrEnum, CBool, Any
)
from IPython.zmq.ipkernel import (
flags as ipkernel_flags,
aliases as ipkernel_aliases,
IPKernelApp
)
from IPython.zmq.session import Session, default_secure
from IPython.zmq.zmqshell import ZMQInteractiveShell
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Network Constants
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
from IPython.utils.localinterfaces import LOCALHOST, LOCAL_IPS
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Globals
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
_examples = """
ipython qtconsole # start the qtconsole
ipython qtconsole --pylab=inline # start with pylab in inline plotting mode
"""
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Aliases and Flags
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
flags = dict(ipkernel_flags)
qt_flags = {
'existing' : ({'IPythonQtConsoleApp' : {'existing' : 'kernel*.json'}},
"Connect to an existing kernel. If no argument specified, guess most recent"),
'pure' : ({'IPythonQtConsoleApp' : {'pure' : True}},
"Use a pure Python kernel instead of an IPython kernel."),
'plain' : ({'ConsoleWidget' : {'kind' : 'plain'}},
"Disable rich text support."),
}
qt_flags.update(boolean_flag(
'gui-completion', 'ConsoleWidget.gui_completion',
"use a GUI widget for tab completion",
"use plaintext output for completion"
))
qt_flags.update(boolean_flag(
'confirm-exit', 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.confirm_exit',
"""Set to display confirmation dialog on exit. You can always use 'exit' or 'quit',
to force a direct exit without any confirmation.
""",
"""Don't prompt the user when exiting. This will terminate the kernel
if it is owned by the frontend, and leave it alive if it is external.
"""
))
flags.update(qt_flags)
aliases = dict(ipkernel_aliases)
qt_aliases = dict(
hb = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.hb_port',
shell = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.shell_port',
iopub = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.iopub_port',
stdin = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.stdin_port',
ip = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.ip',
existing = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.existing',
f = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.connection_file',
style = 'IPythonWidget.syntax_style',
stylesheet = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.stylesheet',
colors = 'ZMQInteractiveShell.colors',
editor = 'IPythonWidget.editor',
paging = 'ConsoleWidget.paging',
ssh = 'IPythonQtConsoleApp.sshserver',
)
aliases.update(qt_aliases)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Classes
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# IPythonQtConsole
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
class IPythonQtConsoleApp(BaseIPythonApplication):
name = 'ipython-qtconsole'
default_config_file_name='ipython_config.py'
description = """
The IPython QtConsole.
This launches a Console-style application using Qt. It is not a full
console, in that launched terminal subprocesses will not be able to accept
input.
The QtConsole supports various extra features beyond the Terminal IPython
shell, such as inline plotting with matplotlib, via:
ipython qtconsole --pylab=inline
as well as saving your session as HTML, and printing the output.
"""
examples = _examples
classes = [IPKernelApp, IPythonWidget, ZMQInteractiveShell, ProfileDir, Session]
flags = Dict(flags)
aliases = Dict(aliases)
kernel_argv = List(Unicode)
# create requested profiles by default, if they don't exist:
auto_create = CBool(True)
# connection info:
ip = Unicode(LOCALHOST, config=True,
help="""Set the kernel\'s IP address [default localhost].
If the IP address is something other than localhost, then
Consoles on other machines will be able to connect
to the Kernel, so be careful!"""
)
sshserver = Unicode('', config=True,
help="""The SSH server to use to connect to the kernel.""")
sshkey = Unicode('', config=True,
help="""Path to the ssh key to use for logging in to the ssh server.""")
hb_port = Integer(0, config=True,
help="set the heartbeat port [default: random]")
shell_port = Integer(0, config=True,
help="set the shell (XREP) port [default: random]")
iopub_port = Integer(0, config=True,
help="set the iopub (PUB) port [default: random]")
stdin_port = Integer(0, config=True,
help="set the stdin (XREQ) port [default: random]")
connection_file = Unicode('', config=True,
help="""JSON file in which to store connection info [default: kernel-<pid>.json]
This file will contain the IP, ports, and authentication key needed to connect
clients to this kernel. By default, this file will be created in the security-dir
of the current profile, but can be specified by absolute path.
""")
def _connection_file_default(self):
return 'kernel-%i.json' % os.getpid()
existing = Unicode('', config=True,
help="""Connect to an already running kernel""")
stylesheet = Unicode('', config=True,
help="path to a custom CSS stylesheet")
pure = CBool(False, config=True,
help="Use a pure Python kernel instead of an IPython kernel.")
plain = CBool(False, config=True,
help="Use a plaintext widget instead of rich text (plain can't print/save).")
def _pure_changed(self, name, old, new):
kind = 'plain' if self.plain else 'rich'
self.config.ConsoleWidget.kind = kind
if self.pure:
self.widget_factory = FrontendWidget
elif self.plain:
self.widget_factory = IPythonWidget
else:
self.widget_factory = RichIPythonWidget
_plain_changed = _pure_changed
confirm_exit = CBool(True, config=True,
help="""
Set to display confirmation dialog on exit. You can always use 'exit' or 'quit',
to force a direct exit without any confirmation.""",
)
# the factory for creating a widget
widget_factory = Any(RichIPythonWidget)
def parse_command_line(self, argv=None):
super(IPythonQtConsoleApp, self).parse_command_line(argv)
if argv is None:
argv = sys.argv[1:]
self.kernel_argv = list(argv) # copy
# kernel should inherit default config file from frontend
self.kernel_argv.append("--KernelApp.parent_appname='%s'"%self.name)
# Scrub frontend-specific flags
swallow_next = False
was_flag = False
# copy again, in case some aliases have the same name as a flag
# argv = list(self.kernel_argv)
for a in argv:
if swallow_next:
swallow_next = False
# last arg was an alias, remove the next one
# *unless* the last alias has a no-arg flag version, in which
# case, don't swallow the next arg if it's also a flag:
if not (was_flag and a.startswith('-')):
self.kernel_argv.remove(a)
continue
if a.startswith('-'):
split = a.lstrip('-').split('=')
alias = split[0]
if alias in qt_aliases:
self.kernel_argv.remove(a)
if len(split) == 1:
# alias passed with arg via space
swallow_next = True
# could have been a flag that matches an alias, e.g. `existing`
# in which case, we might not swallow the next arg
was_flag = alias in qt_flags
elif alias in qt_flags:
# strip flag, but don't swallow next, as flags don't take args
self.kernel_argv.remove(a)
def init_connection_file(self):
"""find the connection file, and load the info if found.
The current working directory and the current profile's security
directory will be searched for the file if it is not given by
absolute path.
When attempting to connect to an existing kernel and the `--existing`
argument does not match an existing file, it will be interpreted as a
fileglob, and the matching file in the current profile's security dir
with the latest access time will be used.
"""
if self.existing:
try:
cf = find_connection_file(self.existing)
except Exception:
self.log.critical("Could not find existing kernel connection file %s", self.existing)
self.exit(1)
self.log.info("Connecting to existing kernel: %s" % cf)
self.connection_file = cf
# should load_connection_file only be used for existing?
# as it is now, this allows reusing ports if an existing
# file is requested
try:
self.load_connection_file()
except Exception:
self.log.error("Failed to load connection file: %r", self.connection_file, exc_info=True)
self.exit(1)
def load_connection_file(self):
"""load ip/port/hmac config from JSON connection file"""
# this is identical to KernelApp.load_connection_file
# perhaps it can be centralized somewhere?
try:
fname = filefind(self.connection_file, ['.', self.profile_dir.security_dir])
except IOError:
self.log.debug("Connection File not found: %s", self.connection_file)
return
self.log.debug(u"Loading connection file %s", fname)
with open(fname) as f:
s = f.read()
cfg = json.loads(s)
if self.ip == LOCALHOST and 'ip' in cfg:
# not overridden by config or cl_args
self.ip = cfg['ip']
for channel in ('hb', 'shell', 'iopub', 'stdin'):
name = channel + '_port'
if getattr(self, name) == 0 and name in cfg:
# not overridden by config or cl_args
setattr(self, name, cfg[name])
if 'key' in cfg:
self.config.Session.key = str_to_bytes(cfg['key'])
def init_ssh(self):
"""set up ssh tunnels, if needed."""
if not self.sshserver and not self.sshkey:
return
if self.sshkey and not self.sshserver:
# specifying just the key implies that we are connecting directly
self.sshserver = self.ip
self.ip = LOCALHOST
# build connection dict for tunnels:
info = dict(ip=self.ip,
shell_port=self.shell_port,
iopub_port=self.iopub_port,
stdin_port=self.stdin_port,
hb_port=self.hb_port
)
self.log.info("Forwarding connections to %s via %s"%(self.ip, self.sshserver))
# tunnels return a new set of ports, which will be on localhost:
self.ip = LOCALHOST
try:
newports = tunnel_to_kernel(info, self.sshserver, self.sshkey)
except:
# even catch KeyboardInterrupt
self.log.error("Could not setup tunnels", exc_info=True)
self.exit(1)
self.shell_port, self.iopub_port, self.stdin_port, self.hb_port = newports
cf = self.connection_file
base,ext = os.path.splitext(cf)
base = os.path.basename(base)
self.connection_file = os.path.basename(base)+'-ssh'+ext
self.log.critical("To connect another client via this tunnel, use:")
self.log.critical("--existing %s" % self.connection_file)
def _new_connection_file(self):
return os.path.join(self.profile_dir.security_dir, 'kernel-%s.json' % uuid.uuid4())
def init_kernel_manager(self):
# Don't let Qt or ZMQ swallow KeyboardInterupts.
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal.SIG_DFL)
sec = self.profile_dir.security_dir
try:
cf = filefind(self.connection_file, ['.', sec])
except IOError:
# file might not exist
if self.connection_file == os.path.basename(self.connection_file):
# just shortname, put it in security dir
cf = os.path.join(sec, self.connection_file)
else:
cf = self.connection_file
# Create a KernelManager and start a kernel.
self.kernel_manager = QtKernelManager(
ip=self.ip,
shell_port=self.shell_port,
iopub_port=self.iopub_port,
stdin_port=self.stdin_port,
hb_port=self.hb_port,
connection_file=cf,
config=self.config,
)
# start the kernel
if not self.existing:
kwargs = dict(ipython=not self.pure)
kwargs['extra_arguments'] = self.kernel_argv
self.kernel_manager.start_kernel(**kwargs)
elif self.sshserver:
# ssh, write new connection file
self.kernel_manager.write_connection_file()
self.kernel_manager.start_channels()
def new_frontend_master(self):
""" Create and return new frontend attached to new kernel, launched on localhost.
"""
ip = self.ip if self.ip in LOCAL_IPS else LOCALHOST
kernel_manager = QtKernelManager(
ip=ip,
connection_file=self._new_connection_file(),
config=self.config,
)
# start the kernel
kwargs = dict(ipython=not self.pure)
kwargs['extra_arguments'] = self.kernel_argv
kernel_manager.start_kernel(**kwargs)
kernel_manager.start_channels()
widget = self.widget_factory(config=self.config,
local_kernel=True)
widget.kernel_manager = kernel_manager
widget._existing = False
widget._may_close = True
widget._confirm_exit = self.confirm_exit
return widget
def new_frontend_slave(self, current_widget):
"""Create and return a new frontend attached to an existing kernel.
Parameters
----------
current_widget : IPythonWidget
The IPythonWidget whose kernel this frontend is to share
"""
kernel_manager = QtKernelManager(
connection_file=current_widget.kernel_manager.connection_file,
config = self.config,
)
kernel_manager.load_connection_file()
kernel_manager.start_channels()
widget = self.widget_factory(config=self.config,
local_kernel=False)
widget._existing = True
widget._may_close = False
widget._confirm_exit = False
widget.kernel_manager = kernel_manager
return widget
def init_qt_elements(self):
# Create the widget.
self.app = QtGui.QApplication([])
base_path = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))
icon_path = os.path.join(base_path, 'resources', 'icon', 'IPythonConsole.svg')
self.app.icon = QtGui.QIcon(icon_path)
QtGui.QApplication.setWindowIcon(self.app.icon)
local_kernel = (not self.existing) or self.ip in LOCAL_IPS
self.widget = self.widget_factory(config=self.config,
local_kernel=local_kernel)
self.widget._existing = self.existing
self.widget._may_close = not self.existing
self.widget._confirm_exit = self.confirm_exit
self.widget.kernel_manager = self.kernel_manager
self.window = MainWindow(self.app,
confirm_exit=self.confirm_exit,
new_frontend_factory=self.new_frontend_master,
slave_frontend_factory=self.new_frontend_slave,
)
self.window.log = self.log
self.window.add_tab_with_frontend(self.widget)
self.window.init_menu_bar()
self.window.setWindowTitle('Python' if self.pure else 'IPython')
def init_colors(self):
"""Configure the coloring of the widget"""
# Note: This will be dramatically simplified when colors
# are removed from the backend.
if self.pure:
# only IPythonWidget supports styling
return
# parse the colors arg down to current known labels
try:
colors = self.config.ZMQInteractiveShell.colors
except AttributeError:
colors = None
try:
style = self.config.IPythonWidget.syntax_style
except AttributeError:
style = None
# find the value for colors:
if colors:
colors=colors.lower()
if colors in ('lightbg', 'light'):
colors='lightbg'
elif colors in ('dark', 'linux'):
colors='linux'
else:
colors='nocolor'
elif style:
if style=='bw':
colors='nocolor'
elif styles.dark_style(style):
colors='linux'
else:
colors='lightbg'
else:
colors=None
# Configure the style.
widget = self.widget
if style:
widget.style_sheet = styles.sheet_from_template(style, colors)
widget.syntax_style = style
widget._syntax_style_changed()
widget._style_sheet_changed()
elif colors:
# use a default style
widget.set_default_style(colors=colors)
else:
# this is redundant for now, but allows the widget's
# defaults to change
widget.set_default_style()
if self.stylesheet:
# we got an expicit stylesheet
if os.path.isfile(self.stylesheet):
with open(self.stylesheet) as f:
sheet = f.read()
widget.style_sheet = sheet
widget._style_sheet_changed()
else:
raise IOError("Stylesheet %r not found."%self.stylesheet)
@catch_config_error
def initialize(self, argv=None):
super(IPythonQtConsoleApp, self).initialize(argv)
self.init_connection_file()
default_secure(self.config)
self.init_ssh()
self.init_kernel_manager()
self.init_qt_elements()
self.init_colors()
def start(self):
# draw the window
self.window.show()
# Start the application main loop.
self.app.exec_()
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Main entry point
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
def main():
app = IPythonQtConsoleApp()
app.initialize()
app.start()
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.