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#!/usr/bin/env python
# encoding: utf-8
"""
The ipcluster application.
Authors:
* Brian Granger
* MinRK
"""
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (C) 2008-2011 The IPython Development Team
#
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD License. The full license is in
# the file COPYING, distributed as part of this software.
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Imports
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
import errno
import logging
import os
import re
import signal
from subprocess import check_call, CalledProcessError, PIPE
import zmq
from zmq.eventloop import ioloop
from IPython.config.application import Application, boolean_flag
from IPython.config.loader import Config
from IPython.core.application import BaseIPythonApplication
from IPython.core.profiledir import ProfileDir
from IPython.utils.daemonize import daemonize
from IPython.utils.importstring import import_item
from IPython.utils.sysinfo import num_cpus
from IPython.utils.traitlets import (Int, Unicode, Bool, CFloat, Dict, List,
DottedObjectName)
from IPython.parallel.apps.baseapp import (
BaseParallelApplication,
PIDFileError,
base_flags, base_aliases
)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Module level variables
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
default_config_file_name = u'ipcluster_config.py'
_description = """Start an IPython cluster for parallel computing.
An IPython cluster consists of 1 controller and 1 or more engines.
This command automates the startup of these processes using a wide
range of startup methods (SSH, local processes, PBS, mpiexec,
Windows HPC Server 2008). To start a cluster with 4 engines on your
local host simply do 'ipcluster start --n=4'. For more complex usage
you will typically do 'ipython profile create mycluster --parallel', then edit
configuration files, followed by 'ipcluster start --profile=mycluster --n=4'.
"""
_main_examples = """
ipcluster start --n=4 # start a 4 node cluster on localhost
ipcluster start -h # show the help string for the start subcmd
ipcluster stop -h # show the help string for the stop subcmd
ipcluster engines -h # show the help string for the engines subcmd
"""
_start_examples = """
ipython profile create mycluster --parallel # create mycluster profile
ipcluster start --profile=mycluster --n=4 # start mycluster with 4 nodes
"""
_stop_examples = """
ipcluster stop --profile=mycluster # stop a running cluster by profile name
"""
_engines_examples = """
ipcluster engines --profile=mycluster --n=4 # start 4 engines only
"""
# Exit codes for ipcluster
# This will be the exit code if the ipcluster appears to be running because
# a .pid file exists
ALREADY_STARTED = 10
# This will be the exit code if ipcluster stop is run, but there is not .pid
# file to be found.
ALREADY_STOPPED = 11
# This will be the exit code if ipcluster engines is run, but there is not .pid
# file to be found.
NO_CLUSTER = 12
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Main application
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
start_help = """Start an IPython cluster for parallel computing
Start an ipython cluster by its profile name or cluster
directory. Cluster directories contain configuration, log and
security related files and are named using the convention
'profile_<name>' and should be creating using the 'start'
subcommand of 'ipcluster'. If your cluster directory is in
the cwd or the ipython directory, you can simply refer to it
using its profile name, 'ipcluster start --n=4 --profile=<profile>`,
otherwise use the 'profile-dir' option.
"""
stop_help = """Stop a running IPython cluster
Stop a running ipython cluster by its profile name or cluster
directory. Cluster directories are named using the convention
'profile_<name>'. If your cluster directory is in
the cwd or the ipython directory, you can simply refer to it
using its profile name, 'ipcluster stop --profile=<profile>`, otherwise
use the '--profile-dir' option.
"""
engines_help = """Start engines connected to an existing IPython cluster
Start one or more engines to connect to an existing Cluster
by profile name or cluster directory.
Cluster directories contain configuration, log and
security related files and are named using the convention
'profile_<name>' and should be creating using the 'start'
subcommand of 'ipcluster'. If your cluster directory is in
the cwd or the ipython directory, you can simply refer to it
using its profile name, 'ipcluster engines --n=4 --profile=<profile>`,
otherwise use the 'profile-dir' option.
"""
stop_aliases = dict(
signal='IPClusterStop.signal',
)
stop_aliases.update(base_aliases)
class IPClusterStop(BaseParallelApplication):
name = u'ipcluster'
description = stop_help
examples = _stop_examples
config_file_name = Unicode(default_config_file_name)
signal = Int(signal.SIGINT, config=True,
help="signal to use for stopping processes.")
aliases = Dict(stop_aliases)
def start(self):
"""Start the app for the stop subcommand."""
try:
pid = self.get_pid_from_file()
except PIDFileError:
self.log.critical(
'Could not read pid file, cluster is probably not running.'
)
# Here I exit with a unusual exit status that other processes
# can watch for to learn how I existed.
self.remove_pid_file()
self.exit(ALREADY_STOPPED)
if not self.check_pid(pid):
self.log.critical(
'Cluster [pid=%r] is not running.' % pid
)
self.remove_pid_file()
# Here I exit with a unusual exit status that other processes
# can watch for to learn how I existed.
self.exit(ALREADY_STOPPED)
elif os.name=='posix':
sig = self.signal
self.log.info(
"Stopping cluster [pid=%r] with [signal=%r]" % (pid, sig)
)
try:
os.kill(pid, sig)
except OSError:
self.log.error("Stopping cluster failed, assuming already dead.",
exc_info=True)
self.remove_pid_file()
elif os.name=='nt':
try:
# kill the whole tree
p = check_call(['taskkill', '-pid', str(pid), '-t', '-f'], stdout=PIPE,stderr=PIPE)
except (CalledProcessError, OSError):
self.log.error("Stopping cluster failed, assuming already dead.",
exc_info=True)
self.remove_pid_file()
engine_aliases = {}
engine_aliases.update(base_aliases)
engine_aliases.update(dict(
n='IPClusterEngines.n',
engines = 'IPClusterEngines.engine_launcher_class',
daemonize = 'IPClusterEngines.daemonize',
))
engine_flags = {}
engine_flags.update(base_flags)
engine_flags.update(dict(
daemonize=(
{'IPClusterEngines' : {'daemonize' : True}},
"""run the cluster into the background (not available on Windows)""",
)
))
class IPClusterEngines(BaseParallelApplication):
name = u'ipcluster'
description = engines_help
examples = _engines_examples
usage = None
config_file_name = Unicode(default_config_file_name)
default_log_level = logging.INFO
classes = List()
def _classes_default(self):
from IPython.parallel.apps import launcher
launchers = launcher.all_launchers
eslaunchers = [ l for l in launchers if 'EngineSet' in l.__name__]
return [ProfileDir]+eslaunchers
n = Int(num_cpus(), config=True,
help="""The number of engines to start. The default is to use one for each
CPU on your machine""")
engine_launcher_class = DottedObjectName('LocalEngineSetLauncher',
config=True,
help="""The class for launching a set of Engines. Change this value
to use various batch systems to launch your engines, such as PBS,SGE,MPIExec,etc.
Each launcher class has its own set of configuration options, for making sure
it will work in your environment.
You can also write your own launcher, and specify it's absolute import path,
as in 'mymodule.launcher.FTLEnginesLauncher`.
Examples include:
LocalEngineSetLauncher : start engines locally as subprocesses [default]
MPIExecEngineSetLauncher : use mpiexec to launch in an MPI environment
PBSEngineSetLauncher : use PBS (qsub) to submit engines to a batch queue
SGEEngineSetLauncher : use SGE (qsub) to submit engines to a batch queue
SSHEngineSetLauncher : use SSH to start the controller
Note that SSH does *not* move the connection files
around, so you will likely have to do this manually
unless the machines are on a shared file system.
WindowsHPCEngineSetLauncher : use Windows HPC
"""
)
daemonize = Bool(False, config=True,
help="""Daemonize the ipcluster program. This implies --log-to-file.
Not available on Windows.
""")
def _daemonize_changed(self, name, old, new):
if new:
self.log_to_file = True
aliases = Dict(engine_aliases)
flags = Dict(engine_flags)
_stopping = False
def initialize(self, argv=None):
super(IPClusterEngines, self).initialize(argv)
self.init_signal()
self.init_launchers()
def init_launchers(self):
self.engine_launcher = self.build_launcher(self.engine_launcher_class, 'EngineSet')
self.engine_launcher.on_stop(lambda r: self.loop.stop())
def init_signal(self):
# Setup signals
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, self.sigint_handler)
def build_launcher(self, clsname, kind=None):
"""import and instantiate a Launcher based on importstring"""
if '.' not in clsname:
# not a module, presume it's the raw name in apps.launcher
if kind and kind not in clsname:
# doesn't match necessary full class name, assume it's
# just 'PBS' or 'MPIExec' prefix:
clsname = clsname + kind + 'Launcher'
clsname = 'IPython.parallel.apps.launcher.'+clsname
try:
klass = import_item(clsname)
except (ImportError, KeyError):
self.log.fatal("Could not import launcher class: %r"%clsname)
self.exit(1)
launcher = klass(
work_dir=u'.', config=self.config, log=self.log,
profile_dir=self.profile_dir.location, cluster_id=self.cluster_id,
)
return launcher
def start_engines(self):
self.log.info("Starting %i engines"%self.n)
self.engine_launcher.start(self.n)
def stop_engines(self):
self.log.info("Stopping Engines...")
if self.engine_launcher.running:
d = self.engine_launcher.stop()
return d
else:
return None
def stop_launchers(self, r=None):
if not self._stopping:
self._stopping = True
self.log.error("IPython cluster: stopping")
self.stop_engines()
# Wait a few seconds to let things shut down.
dc = ioloop.DelayedCallback(self.loop.stop, 4000, self.loop)
dc.start()
def sigint_handler(self, signum, frame):
self.log.debug("SIGINT received, stopping launchers...")
self.stop_launchers()
def start_logging(self):
# Remove old log files of the controller and engine
if self.clean_logs:
log_dir = self.profile_dir.log_dir
for f in os.listdir(log_dir):
if re.match(r'ip(engine|controller)z-\d+\.(log|err|out)',f):
os.remove(os.path.join(log_dir, f))
# This will remove old log files for ipcluster itself
# super(IPBaseParallelApplication, self).start_logging()
def start(self):
"""Start the app for the engines subcommand."""
self.log.info("IPython cluster: started")
# First see if the cluster is already running
# Now log and daemonize
self.log.info(
'Starting engines with [daemon=%r]' % self.daemonize
)
# TODO: Get daemonize working on Windows or as a Windows Server.
if self.daemonize:
if os.name=='posix':
daemonize()
dc = ioloop.DelayedCallback(self.start_engines, 0, self.loop)
dc.start()
# Now write the new pid file AFTER our new forked pid is active.
# self.write_pid_file()
try:
self.loop.start()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
pass
except zmq.ZMQError as e:
if e.errno == errno.EINTR:
pass
else:
raise
start_aliases = {}
start_aliases.update(engine_aliases)
start_aliases.update(dict(
delay='IPClusterStart.delay',
controller = 'IPClusterStart.controller_launcher_class',
))
start_aliases['clean-logs'] = 'IPClusterStart.clean_logs'
class IPClusterStart(IPClusterEngines):
name = u'ipcluster'
description = start_help
examples = _start_examples
default_log_level = logging.INFO
auto_create = Bool(True, config=True,
help="whether to create the profile_dir if it doesn't exist")
classes = List()
def _classes_default(self,):
from IPython.parallel.apps import launcher
return [ProfileDir] + [IPClusterEngines] + launcher.all_launchers
clean_logs = Bool(True, config=True,
help="whether to cleanup old logs before starting")
delay = CFloat(1., config=True,
help="delay (in s) between starting the controller and the engines")
controller_launcher_class = DottedObjectName('LocalControllerLauncher',
config=True,
helep="""The class for launching a Controller. Change this value if you want
your controller to also be launched by a batch system, such as PBS,SGE,MPIExec,etc.
Each launcher class has its own set of configuration options, for making sure
it will work in your environment.
Examples include:
LocalControllerLauncher : start engines locally as subprocesses
MPIExecControllerLauncher : use mpiexec to launch engines in an MPI universe
PBSControllerLauncher : use PBS (qsub) to submit engines to a batch queue
SGEControllerLauncher : use SGE (qsub) to submit engines to a batch queue
SSHControllerLauncher : use SSH to start the controller
WindowsHPCControllerLauncher : use Windows HPC
"""
)
reset = Bool(False, config=True,
help="Whether to reset config files as part of '--create'."
)
# flags = Dict(flags)
aliases = Dict(start_aliases)
def init_launchers(self):
self.controller_launcher = self.build_launcher(self.controller_launcher_class, 'Controller')
self.engine_launcher = self.build_launcher(self.engine_launcher_class, 'EngineSet')
self.controller_launcher.on_stop(self.stop_launchers)
def start_controller(self):
self.controller_launcher.start()
def stop_controller(self):
# self.log.info("In stop_controller")
if self.controller_launcher and self.controller_launcher.running:
return self.controller_launcher.stop()
def stop_launchers(self, r=None):
if not self._stopping:
self.stop_controller()
super(IPClusterStart, self).stop_launchers()
def start(self):
"""Start the app for the start subcommand."""
# First see if the cluster is already running
try:
pid = self.get_pid_from_file()
except PIDFileError:
pass
else:
if self.check_pid(pid):
self.log.critical(
'Cluster is already running with [pid=%s]. '
'use "ipcluster stop" to stop the cluster.' % pid
)
# Here I exit with a unusual exit status that other processes
# can watch for to learn how I existed.
self.exit(ALREADY_STARTED)
else:
self.remove_pid_file()
# Now log and daemonize
self.log.info(
'Starting ipcluster with [daemon=%r]' % self.daemonize
)
# TODO: Get daemonize working on Windows or as a Windows Server.
if self.daemonize:
if os.name=='posix':
daemonize()
dc = ioloop.DelayedCallback(self.start_controller, 0, self.loop)
dc.start()
dc = ioloop.DelayedCallback(self.start_engines, 1000*self.delay, self.loop)
dc.start()
# Now write the new pid file AFTER our new forked pid is active.
self.write_pid_file()
try:
self.loop.start()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
pass
except zmq.ZMQError as e:
if e.errno == errno.EINTR:
pass
else:
raise
finally:
self.remove_pid_file()
base='IPython.parallel.apps.ipclusterapp.IPCluster'
class IPClusterApp(Application):
name = u'ipcluster'
description = _description
examples = _main_examples
subcommands = {
'start' : (base+'Start', start_help),
'stop' : (base+'Stop', stop_help),
'engines' : (base+'Engines', engines_help),
}
# no aliases or flags for parent App
aliases = Dict()
flags = Dict()
def start(self):
if self.subapp is None:
print "No subcommand specified. Must specify one of: %s"%(self.subcommands.keys())
print
self.print_description()
self.print_subcommands()
self.exit(1)
else:
return self.subapp.start()
def launch_new_instance():
"""Create and run the IPython cluster."""
app = IPClusterApp.instance()
app.initialize()
app.start()
if __name__ == '__main__':
launch_new_instance()
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