A FUSE filesystem for WEBDAV shares.
Most filesystem drivers for Webdav shares act somewhat like a mirror; if a file is read it's first downloaded then cached in its entirety on a local drive, then read from there. Writing files is similar or even worse- a partial update to a file might involve downloading it first, modifying it, then uploading it again. In many cases that is not optimal.
This filesystem driver behaves like a network filesystem. It doesn't cache anything locally, it just sends out partial reads/writes over the network.
For that to work, you need partial write support- and unfortunately, there is no standard for that. See https://blog.sphere.chronosempire.org.uk/2012/11/21/webdav-and-the-http-patch-nightmare
However, there is support in Apache (the webserver, using mod_dav) and SabreDav (a php webserver server library, used by e.g. NextCloud) for partial writes. So we detect if it's Apache or SabreDav we're talking to and then use their specific methods to partially update files.
If no support for partial writes is detected, mount.webdavfs will
print a warning and mount the filesystem read-only. In that case you can
also use the
rwdirops mount option, this will make metadata writable
(i.e. you can use rm / mv / mkdir / rmdir) but you still won't be able
to write to files.
But if you only need to read files it's still way faster than davfs2 :)
What is working
Basic filesystem operations.
- files: create/delete/read/write/truncate/seek
- directories: mkdir rmdir readdir
- query filesystem size (df / vfsstat)
What is not yet working
What will not ever work
- change permissions (all files are 644, all dirs are 755)
- change user/group
- devices / fifos / chardev / blockdev etc
- truncate(2) / ftruncate(2) for lengths between 1 .. currentfilesize - 1
This is basically because these are mostly just missing properties from webdav.
How to install and use.
First you need to install golang, git, fuse, and set up your environment.
Note that you need at least Go 1.4 (probably 1.6). If you're on Debian, everything before Debian 8 (jessie) is too old. On jessie you need to add the jessie-backports source, then install go from backports.
# echo "deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian jessie-backports main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jessie-backports.list # apt-get update # apt-get install -t jessie-backports golang
Then if your Go version is up to date, continue:
$ su -m Password: # apt-get install golang # apt-get install git # apt-get install fuse # exit $ cd $ mkdir pkg bin src $ export GOPATH=$HOME
Now with go and git installed, get a copy of this github repository:
$ cd src $ mkdir -p github.com/miquels $ cd github.com/miquels $ git clone https://github.com/miquels/webdavfs $ cd webdavfs
You're now ready to build the binary:
$ go get $ go build
And install it:
$ su -m Password: # cp webdavfs /sbin/mount.webdavfs
Using it is simple as:
# mount -t webdavfs -ousername=you,password=pass https://webdav.where.ever/subdir /mnt
Command line options
|-f||don't actually mount|
|-T opts||trace options: fuse,webdav,httpreq,httphdr|
|-F file||trace file. file will be reopened when renamed, tracing will stop when file is removed|
|-o opts||mount options|
|allow_root||If mounted as normal user, allow access by root|
|allow_other||Allow access by others than the mount owner. This|
|also sets "default_permisions"|
|default_permissions||As per fuse documentation|
|no_default_permissions||Don't set "default_permissions" with "allow_other"|
|rwdirops||Read-write for directory operations, but no file-writing (no PUT)|
|uid||User ID for filesystem|
|gid||Group ID for filesystem.|
|mode||Mode for files/directories on the filesystem (600, 666, etc).|
|Files will never have the executable bit on, directories always.|
|cookie||Authorization Cookie (Useful for O365 Sharepoint/OneDrive for Business)|
|password||Password of webdav user|
|username||Username of webdav user|
|async_read||As per fuse documentation|
|nonempty||As per fuse documentation|
|maxconns||Maximum number of parallel connections to the webdav|
|server (default 8)|
|maxidleconns||Maximum number of idle connections (default 8)|
If the webdavfs program is called via
mount -t webdavfs or as
it will fork, re-exec and run in the background. In that case it will remove
the username and password options from the command line, and communicate them
via the environment instead.
The environment options for username and password are WEBDAV_USERNAME and WEBDAV_PASSWORD, respectively.
In the future it will also be possible to read the credentials from a configuration file.
- maxconns doesn't work yet. this is complicated with the Go HTTP client.
- add configuration file
- timeout handling and interrupt handling
- we use busy-loop locking, yuck. use semaphores built on channels.
- rewrite fuse.go code to use the bazil/fuse abstraction instead of bazil/fuse/fs.
perhaps switch to
Unix filesystem extensions for webdav.
Not ever going to happen, but if you wanted a more unix-like experience and better performance, here are a few ideas:
- Content-Type: for unix pipes / chardevs / etc
- contentsize property (read-write)
- inodenumber property
- unix properties like uid/gid/mode
- DELETE Depth 0 for collections (no delete if non-empty)
- return updated PROPSTAT information after operations like PUT / DELETE / MKCOL / MOVE