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ActiveRecord connection proxy for master/slave connections

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README.markdown

masochism

The masochism plugin provides an easy solution for Ruby on Rails applications to work in a replicated database environment. It works by replacing the connection object accessed by ActiveRecord models by ConnectionProxy that chooses between master and slave when executing queries. Generally all writes go to master.

Quick setup

First, setup your database.yml:

# default configuration (slave)
production: &defaults
  adapter: mysql
  database: app_production
  username: webapp
  password: ********
  host: localhost

# setup for masochism (master)
master_database:
  <<: *defaults
  host: master.example.com

To enable masochism, this is required:

# enable masochism
ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy.setup!

Example usage:

# in environment.rb
config.after_initialize do
  if Rails.env.production?
    ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy::setup!
  end
end

Considerations

Litespeed web server

If you are using the Litespeed web server, child processes are initialized on creation, which means any setup done in an environment file will be effectively ignored. A brief discussion of the problem is posted here.

One solution for Litespeed users is to check the connection at your first request and do the setup! call if your connection hasn't been initialized, like:

# in ApplicationController
prepend_before_filter do |controller|
  unless ActiveRecord::Base.connection.is_a? ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy
    ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy.setup!
  end
end

Advanced

The ActiveReload::MasterDatabase model uses a 'master_database' setting that can either be defined for all of your environments, or for each environment as a nested declaration.

The ActiveReload::SlaveDatabase model uses a 'slave_database' setting that can only be defined per environment.

Example:

login: &login
  adapter: postgresql
  host: localhost
  port: 5432

production:
  database: production_slave_database_name
  <<: *login

master_database:
  database: production_master_database_name
  <<: *login

staging:
  database: staging_database_name
  host: slave-db-pool.local
  <<: *login
  master_database: 
    database: staging_database_name
    host: master-db-server.local
    <<: *login

qa:
  database: qa_master_database_name
  host: qa-master
  <<: *login
  slave_database:
    database: qa_slave_database_name
    host: qa-slave
    <<: *login

development: # Does not use masochism
  database: development_database_name
  <<: *login

If you want a model to always use the Master database, you can inherit ActiveReload::MasterDatabase. Any models with their own database connection will not be affected.

More control at setup

By default, masochism setup! is a shorthand for this:

ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy.setup_for ActiveReload::MasterDatabase, ActiveRecord::Base

The first argument is the model that has the master database connection established; the second argument is the model whose connection gets hijacked by ConnectionProxy. But we don't have to touch ActiveRecord::Base at all:

# set up MyMaster's connection as the master database connection for User:
ActiveReload::ConnectionProxy.setup_for MyMaster, User

The controller filter

If you have any actions you know require the master database for both reads and writes, simply do the following:

# in a controller:
around_filter ActiveReload::MasterFilter, :only => [:show, :edit, :update]
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