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#!/usr/bin/env python
# A simple unix/linux daemon in Python
# by Sander Marechal
# http://www.jejik.com/articles/2007/02/a_simple_unix_linux_daemon_in_python/
# (Public domain)
import sys, os, time, atexit
from signal import SIGTERM
class Daemon(object):
"""
A generic daemon class.
Usage: subclass the Daemon class and override the run() method
"""
def __init__(self, pidfile, stdin='/dev/null', stdout='/dev/null', stderr='/dev/null'):
self.stdin = stdin
self.stdout = stdout
self.stderr = stderr
self.pidfile = pidfile
def daemonize(self):
"""
do the UNIX double-fork magic, see Stevens' "Advanced
Programming in the UNIX Environment" for details (ISBN 0201563177)
http://www.erlenstar.demon.co.uk/unix/faq_2.html#SEC16
"""
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit first parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #1 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# decouple from parent environment
os.chdir("/")
os.setsid()
os.umask(0)
# do second fork
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit from second parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #2 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# redirect standard file descriptors
sys.stdout.flush()
sys.stderr.flush()
si = file(self.stdin, 'r')
so = file(self.stdout, 'a+')
se = file(self.stderr, 'a+', 0)
os.dup2(si.fileno(), sys.stdin.fileno())
os.dup2(so.fileno(), sys.stdout.fileno())
os.dup2(se.fileno(), sys.stderr.fileno())
# write pidfile
atexit.register(self.delpid)
pid = str(os.getpid())
file(self.pidfile,'w+').write("%s\n" % pid)
def delpid(self):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
def start(self):
"""
Start the daemon
"""
# Check for a pidfile to see if the daemon already runs
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if pid:
message = "pidfile %s already exists. Daemon already running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
sys.exit(1)
# Start the daemon
self.daemonize()
self.run()
def stop(self):
"""
Stop the daemon
"""
# Get the pid from the pidfile
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if not pid:
message = "pidfile %s does not exist. Daemon not running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
return # not an error in a restart
# Try killing the daemon process
try:
while 1:
os.kill(pid, SIGTERM)
time.sleep(0.1)
except OSError, err:
err = str(err)
if err.find("No such process") > 0:
if os.path.exists(self.pidfile):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
else:
print str(err)
sys.exit(1)
def restart(self):
"""
Restart the daemon
"""
self.stop()
self.start()
def run(self):
"""
You should override this method when you subclass Daemon. It will be called after the process has been
daemonized by start() or restart().
"""
class ServerDaemon(Daemon):
def __init__(self, pidfile, run_function):
self.run_function = run_function
super(ServerDaemon, self).__init__(pidfile)
def run(self):
self.run_function()
def daemon_run(self, action):
if action == "start":
self.start()
elif action == "stop":
self.stop()
elif action == "restart":
self.restart()
elif action == "status":
status = "Running" if os.path.exists(self.pidfile) else "Stopped"
print >> sys.stderr, status
else:
print >> sys.stderr, "Daemon option must be one of start/stop/restart/status - ", action
sys.exit(1)
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