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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
flask.sessions
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Implements cookie based sessions based on Werkzeug's secure cookie
system.
:copyright: (c) 2011 by Armin Ronacher.
:license: BSD, see LICENSE for more details.
"""
from datetime import datetime
from werkzeug.contrib.securecookie import SecureCookie
class SessionMixin(object):
"""Expands a basic dictionary with an accessors that are expected
by Flask extensions and users for the session.
"""
def _get_permanent(self):
return self.get('_permanent', False)
def _set_permanent(self, value):
self['_permanent'] = bool(value)
#: this reflects the ``'_permanent'`` key in the dict.
permanent = property(_get_permanent, _set_permanent)
del _get_permanent, _set_permanent
#: some session backends can tell you if a session is new, but that is
#: not necessarily guaranteed. Use with caution. The default mixin
#: implementation just hardcodes `False` in.
new = False
#: for some backends this will always be `True`, but some backends will
#: default this to false and detect changes in the dictionary for as
#: long as changes do not happen on mutable structures in the session.
#: The default mixin implementation just hardcodes `True` in.
modified = True
class SecureCookieSession(SecureCookie, SessionMixin):
"""Expands the session with support for switching between permanent
and non-permanent sessions.
"""
class NullSession(SecureCookieSession):
"""Class used to generate nicer error messages if sessions are not
available. Will still allow read-only access to the empty session
but fail on setting.
"""
def _fail(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise RuntimeError('the session is unavailable because no secret '
'key was set. Set the secret_key on the '
'application to something unique and secret.')
__setitem__ = __delitem__ = clear = pop = popitem = \
update = setdefault = _fail
del _fail
class SessionInterface(object):
"""The basic interface you have to implement in order to replace the
default session interface which uses werkzeug's securecookie
implementation. The only methods you have to implement are
:meth:`open_session` and :meth:`save_session`, the others have
useful defaults which you don't need to change.
The session object returned by the :meth:`open_session` method has to
provide a dictionary like interface plus the properties and methods
from the :class:`SessionMixin`. We recommend just subclassing a dict
and adding that mixin::
class Session(dict, SessionMixin):
pass
If :meth:`open_session` returns `None` Flask will call into
:meth:`make_null_session` to create a session that acts as replacement
if the session support cannot work because some requirement is not
fulfilled. The default :class:`NullSession` class that is created
will complain that the secret key was not set.
To replace the session interface on an application all you have to do
is to assign :attr:`flask.Flask.session_interface`::
app = Flask(__name__)
app.session_interface = MySessionInterface()
.. versionadded:: 0.8
"""
#: :meth:`make_null_session` will look here for the class that should
#: be created when a null session is requested. Likewise the
#: :meth:`is_null_session` method will perform a typecheck against
#: this type.
null_session_class = NullSession
def make_null_session(self, app):
"""Creates a null session which acts as a replacement object if the
real session support could not be loaded due to a configuration
error. This mainly aids the user experience because the job of the
null session is to still support lookup without complaining but
modifications are answered with a helpful error message of what
failed.
This creates an instance of :attr:`null_session_class` by default.
"""
return self.null_session_class()
def is_null_session(self, obj):
"""Checks if a given object is a null session. Null sessions are
not asked to be saved.
This checks if the object is an instance of :attr:`null_session_class`
by default.
"""
return isinstance(obj, self.null_session_class)
def get_cookie_domain(self, app):
"""Helpful helper method that returns the cookie domain that should
be used for the session cookie if session cookies are used.
"""
if app.config['SESSION_COOKIE_DOMAIN'] is not None:
return app.config['SESSION_COOKIE_DOMAIN']
if app.config['SERVER_NAME'] is not None:
# chop of the port which is usually not supported by browsers
return '.' + app.config['SERVER_NAME'].rsplit(':', 1)[0]
def get_cookie_path(self, app):
"""Returns the path for which the cookie should be valid. The
default implementation uses the value from the SESSION_COOKIE_PATH``
config var if it's set, and falls back to ``APPLICATION_ROOT`` or
uses ``/`` if it's `None`.
"""
return app.config['SESSION_COOKIE_PATH'] or \
app.config['APPLICATION_ROOT'] or '/'
def get_cookie_httponly(self, app):
"""Returns True if the session cookie should be httponly. This
currently just returns the value of the ``SESSION_COOKIE_HTTPONLY``
config var.
"""
return app.config['SESSION_COOKIE_HTTPONLY']
def get_cookie_secure(self, app):
"""Returns True if the cookie should be secure. This currently
just returns the value of the ``SESSION_COOKIE_SECURE`` setting.
"""
return app.config['SESSION_COOKIE_SECURE']
def get_expiration_time(self, app, session):
"""A helper method that returns an expiration date for the session
or `None` if the session is linked to the browser session. The
default implementation returns now + the permanent session
lifetime configured on the application.
"""
if session.permanent:
return datetime.utcnow() + app.permanent_session_lifetime
def open_session(self, app, request):
"""This method has to be implemented and must either return `None`
in case the loading failed because of a configuration error or an
instance of a session object which implements a dictionary like
interface + the methods and attributes on :class:`SessionMixin`.
"""
raise NotImplementedError()
def save_session(self, app, session, response):
"""This is called for actual sessions returned by :meth:`open_session`
at the end of the request. This is still called during a request
context so if you absolutely need access to the request you can do
that.
"""
raise NotImplementedError()
class SecureCookieSessionInterface(SessionInterface):
"""The cookie session interface that uses the Werkzeug securecookie
as client side session backend.
"""
session_class = SecureCookieSession
def open_session(self, app, request):
key = app.secret_key
if key is not None:
return self.session_class.load_cookie(request,
app.session_cookie_name,
secret_key=key)
def save_session(self, app, session, response):
expires = self.get_expiration_time(app, session)
domain = self.get_cookie_domain(app)
path = self.get_cookie_path(app)
httponly = self.get_cookie_httponly(app)
secure = self.get_cookie_secure(app)
if session.modified and not session:
response.delete_cookie(app.session_cookie_name, path=path,
domain=domain)
else:
session.save_cookie(response, app.session_cookie_name, path=path,
expires=expires, httponly=httponly,
secure=secure, domain=domain)
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