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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
Jinja loader classes.
:copyright: (c) 2010 by the Jinja Team.
:license: BSD, see LICENSE for more details.
import os
import sys
import weakref
from types import ModuleType
from os import path
from hashlib import sha1
except ImportError:
from sha import new as sha1
from jinja2.exceptions import TemplateNotFound
from jinja2.utils import LRUCache, open_if_exists, internalcode
def split_template_path(template):
"""Split a path into segments and perform a sanity check. If it detects
'..' in the path it will raise a `TemplateNotFound` error.
pieces = []
for piece in template.split('/'):
if path.sep in piece \
or (path.altsep and path.altsep in piece) or \
piece == path.pardir:
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
elif piece and piece != '.':
return pieces
class BaseLoader(object):
"""Baseclass for all loaders. Subclass this and override `get_source` to
implement a custom loading mechanism. The environment provides a
`get_template` method that calls the loader's `load` method to get the
:class:`Template` object.
A very basic example for a loader that looks up templates on the file
system could look like this::
from jinja2 import BaseLoader, TemplateNotFound
from os.path import join, exists, getmtime
class MyLoader(BaseLoader):
def __init__(self, path):
self.path = path
def get_source(self, environment, template):
path = join(self.path, template)
if not exists(path):
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
mtime = getmtime(path)
with file(path) as f:
source ='utf-8')
return source, path, lambda: mtime == getmtime(path)
#: if set to `False` it indicates that the loader cannot provide access
#: to the source of templates.
#: .. versionadded:: 2.4
has_source_access = True
def get_source(self, environment, template):
"""Get the template source, filename and reload helper for a template.
It's passed the environment and template name and has to return a
tuple in the form ``(source, filename, uptodate)`` or raise a
`TemplateNotFound` error if it can't locate the template.
The source part of the returned tuple must be the source of the
template as unicode string or a ASCII bytestring. The filename should
be the name of the file on the filesystem if it was loaded from there,
otherwise `None`. The filename is used by python for the tracebacks
if no loader extension is used.
The last item in the tuple is the `uptodate` function. If auto
reloading is enabled it's always called to check if the template
changed. No arguments are passed so the function must store the
old state somewhere (for example in a closure). If it returns `False`
the template will be reloaded.
if not self.has_source_access:
raise RuntimeError('%s cannot provide access to the source' %
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
def list_templates(self):
"""Iterates over all templates. If the loader does not support that
it should raise a :exc:`TypeError` which is the default behavior.
raise TypeError('this loader cannot iterate over all templates')
def load(self, environment, name, globals=None):
"""Loads a template. This method looks up the template in the cache
or loads one by calling :meth:`get_source`. Subclasses should not
override this method as loaders working on collections of other
loaders (such as :class:`PrefixLoader` or :class:`ChoiceLoader`)
will not call this method but `get_source` directly.
code = None
if globals is None:
globals = {}
# first we try to get the source for this template together
# with the filename and the uptodate function.
source, filename, uptodate = self.get_source(environment, name)
# try to load the code from the bytecode cache if there is a
# bytecode cache configured.
bcc = environment.bytecode_cache
if bcc is not None:
bucket = bcc.get_bucket(environment, name, filename, source)
code = bucket.code
# if we don't have code so far (not cached, no longer up to
# date) etc. we compile the template
if code is None:
code = environment.compile(source, name, filename)
# if the bytecode cache is available and the bucket doesn't
# have a code so far, we give the bucket the new code and put
# it back to the bytecode cache.
if bcc is not None and bucket.code is None:
bucket.code = code
return environment.template_class.from_code(environment, code,
globals, uptodate)
class FileSystemLoader(BaseLoader):
"""Loads templates from the file system. This loader can find templates
in folders on the file system and is the preferred way to load them.
The loader takes the path to the templates as string, or if multiple
locations are wanted a list of them which is then looked up in the
given order:
>>> loader = FileSystemLoader('/path/to/templates')
>>> loader = FileSystemLoader(['/path/to/templates', '/other/path'])
Per default the template encoding is ``'utf-8'`` which can be changed
by setting the `encoding` parameter to something else.
def __init__(self, searchpath, encoding='utf-8'):
if isinstance(searchpath, basestring):
searchpath = [searchpath]
self.searchpath = list(searchpath)
self.encoding = encoding
def get_source(self, environment, template):
pieces = split_template_path(template)
for searchpath in self.searchpath:
filename = path.join(searchpath, *pieces)
f = open_if_exists(filename)
if f is None:
contents =
mtime = path.getmtime(filename)
def uptodate():
return path.getmtime(filename) == mtime
except OSError:
return False
return contents, filename, uptodate
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
def list_templates(self):
found = set()
for searchpath in self.searchpath:
for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(searchpath):
for filename in filenames:
template = os.path.join(dirpath, filename) \
[len(searchpath):].strip(os.path.sep) \
.replace(os.path.sep, '/')
if template[:2] == './':
template = template[2:]
if template not in found:
return sorted(found)
class PackageLoader(BaseLoader):
"""Load templates from python eggs or packages. It is constructed with
the name of the python package and the path to the templates in that
loader = PackageLoader('mypackage', 'views')
If the package path is not given, ``'templates'`` is assumed.
Per default the template encoding is ``'utf-8'`` which can be changed
by setting the `encoding` parameter to something else. Due to the nature
of eggs it's only possible to reload templates if the package was loaded
from the file system and not a zip file.
def __init__(self, package_name, package_path='templates',
from pkg_resources import DefaultProvider, ResourceManager, \
provider = get_provider(package_name)
self.encoding = encoding
self.manager = ResourceManager()
self.filesystem_bound = isinstance(provider, DefaultProvider)
self.provider = provider
self.package_path = package_path
def get_source(self, environment, template):
pieces = split_template_path(template)
p = '/'.join((self.package_path,) + tuple(pieces))
if not self.provider.has_resource(p):
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
filename = uptodate = None
if self.filesystem_bound:
filename = self.provider.get_resource_filename(self.manager, p)
mtime = path.getmtime(filename)
def uptodate():
return path.getmtime(filename) == mtime
except OSError:
return False
source = self.provider.get_resource_string(self.manager, p)
return source.decode(self.encoding), filename, uptodate
def list_templates(self):
path = self.package_path
if path[:2] == './':
path = path[2:]
elif path == '.':
path = ''
offset = len(path)
results = []
def _walk(path):
for filename in self.provider.resource_listdir(path):
fullname = path + '/' + filename
if self.provider.resource_isdir(fullname):
for item in _walk(fullname):
return results
class DictLoader(BaseLoader):
"""Loads a template from a python dict. It's passed a dict of unicode
strings bound to template names. This loader is useful for unittesting:
>>> loader = DictLoader({'index.html': 'source here'})
Because auto reloading is rarely useful this is disabled per default.
def __init__(self, mapping):
self.mapping = mapping
def get_source(self, environment, template):
if template in self.mapping:
source = self.mapping[template]
return source, None, lambda: source != self.mapping.get(template)
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
def list_templates(self):
return sorted(self.mapping)
class FunctionLoader(BaseLoader):
"""A loader that is passed a function which does the loading. The
function becomes the name of the template passed and has to return either
an unicode string with the template source, a tuple in the form ``(source,
filename, uptodatefunc)`` or `None` if the template does not exist.
>>> def load_template(name):
... if name == 'index.html':
... return '...'
>>> loader = FunctionLoader(load_template)
The `uptodatefunc` is a function that is called if autoreload is enabled
and has to return `True` if the template is still up to date. For more
details have a look at :meth:`BaseLoader.get_source` which has the same
return value.
def __init__(self, load_func):
self.load_func = load_func
def get_source(self, environment, template):
rv = self.load_func(template)
if rv is None:
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
elif isinstance(rv, basestring):
return rv, None, None
return rv
class PrefixLoader(BaseLoader):
"""A loader that is passed a dict of loaders where each loader is bound
to a prefix. The prefix is delimited from the template by a slash per
default, which can be changed by setting the `delimiter` argument to
something else::
loader = PrefixLoader({
'app1': PackageLoader('mypackage.app1'),
'app2': PackageLoader('mypackage.app2')
By loading ``'app1/index.html'`` the file from the app1 package is loaded,
by loading ``'app2/index.html'`` the file from the second.
def __init__(self, mapping, delimiter='/'):
self.mapping = mapping
self.delimiter = delimiter
def get_source(self, environment, template):
prefix, name = template.split(self.delimiter, 1)
loader = self.mapping[prefix]
except (ValueError, KeyError):
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
return loader.get_source(environment, name)
except TemplateNotFound:
# re-raise the exception with the correct fileame here.
# (the one that includes the prefix)
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
def list_templates(self):
result = []
for prefix, loader in self.mapping.iteritems():
for template in loader.list_templates():
result.append(prefix + self.delimiter + template)
return result
class ChoiceLoader(BaseLoader):
"""This loader works like the `PrefixLoader` just that no prefix is
specified. If a template could not be found by one loader the next one
is tried.
>>> loader = ChoiceLoader([
... FileSystemLoader('/path/to/user/templates'),
... FileSystemLoader('/path/to/system/templates')
... ])
This is useful if you want to allow users to override builtin templates
from a different location.
def __init__(self, loaders):
self.loaders = loaders
def get_source(self, environment, template):
for loader in self.loaders:
return loader.get_source(environment, template)
except TemplateNotFound:
raise TemplateNotFound(template)
def list_templates(self):
found = set()
for loader in self.loaders:
return sorted(found)
class _TemplateModule(ModuleType):
"""Like a normal module but with support for weak references"""
class ModuleLoader(BaseLoader):
"""This loader loads templates from precompiled templates.
Example usage:
>>> loader = ChoiceLoader([
... ModuleLoader('/path/to/compiled/templates'),
... FileSystemLoader('/path/to/templates')
... ])
has_source_access = False
def __init__(self, path):
package_name = '_jinja2_module_templates_%x' % id(self)
# create a fake module that looks for the templates in the
# path given.
mod = _TemplateModule(package_name)
if isinstance(path, basestring):
path = [path]
path = list(path)
mod.__path__ = path
sys.modules[package_name] = weakref.proxy(mod,
lambda x: sys.modules.pop(package_name, None))
# the only strong reference, the sys.modules entry is weak
# so that the garbage collector can remove it once the
# loader that created it goes out of business.
self.module = mod
self.package_name = package_name
def get_template_key(name):
return 'tmpl_' + sha1(name.encode('utf-8')).hexdigest()
def get_module_filename(name):
return ModuleLoader.get_template_key(name) + '.py'
def load(self, environment, name, globals=None):
key = self.get_template_key(name)
module = '%s.%s' % (self.package_name, key)
mod = getattr(self.module, module, None)
if mod is None:
mod = __import__(module, None, None, ['root'])
except ImportError:
raise TemplateNotFound(name)
# remove the entry from sys.modules, we only want the attribute
# on the module object we have stored on the loader.
sys.modules.pop(module, None)
return environment.template_class.from_module_dict(
environment, mod.__dict__, globals)
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