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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
jinja2.lexer
~~~~~~~~~~~~
This module implements a Jinja / Python combination lexer. The
`Lexer` class provided by this module is used to do some preprocessing
for Jinja.
On the one hand it filters out invalid operators like the bitshift
operators we don't allow in templates. On the other hand it separates
template code and python code in expressions.
:copyright: (c) 2010 by the Jinja Team.
:license: BSD, see LICENSE for more details.
"""
import re
from operator import itemgetter
from collections import deque
from jinja2.exceptions import TemplateSyntaxError
from jinja2.utils import LRUCache, next
# cache for the lexers. Exists in order to be able to have multiple
# environments with the same lexer
_lexer_cache = LRUCache(50)
# static regular expressions
whitespace_re = re.compile(r'\s+', re.U)
string_re = re.compile(r"('([^'\\]*(?:\\.[^'\\]*)*)'"
r'|"([^"\\]*(?:\\.[^"\\]*)*)")', re.S)
integer_re = re.compile(r'\d+')
# we use the unicode identifier rule if this python version is able
# to handle unicode identifiers, otherwise the standard ASCII one.
try:
compile('föö', '<unknown>', 'eval')
except SyntaxError:
name_re = re.compile(r'\b[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\b')
else:
from jinja2 import _stringdefs
name_re = re.compile(r'[%s][%s]*' % (_stringdefs.xid_start,
_stringdefs.xid_continue))
float_re = re.compile(r'(?<!\.)\d+\.\d+')
newline_re = re.compile(r'(\r\n|\r|\n)')
# internal the tokens and keep references to them
TOKEN_ADD = intern('add')
TOKEN_ASSIGN = intern('assign')
TOKEN_COLON = intern('colon')
TOKEN_COMMA = intern('comma')
TOKEN_DIV = intern('div')
TOKEN_DOT = intern('dot')
TOKEN_EQ = intern('eq')
TOKEN_FLOORDIV = intern('floordiv')
TOKEN_GT = intern('gt')
TOKEN_GTEQ = intern('gteq')
TOKEN_LBRACE = intern('lbrace')
TOKEN_LBRACKET = intern('lbracket')
TOKEN_LPAREN = intern('lparen')
TOKEN_LT = intern('lt')
TOKEN_LTEQ = intern('lteq')
TOKEN_MOD = intern('mod')
TOKEN_MUL = intern('mul')
TOKEN_NE = intern('ne')
TOKEN_PIPE = intern('pipe')
TOKEN_POW = intern('pow')
TOKEN_RBRACE = intern('rbrace')
TOKEN_RBRACKET = intern('rbracket')
TOKEN_RPAREN = intern('rparen')
TOKEN_SEMICOLON = intern('semicolon')
TOKEN_SUB = intern('sub')
TOKEN_TILDE = intern('tilde')
TOKEN_WHITESPACE = intern('whitespace')
TOKEN_FLOAT = intern('float')
TOKEN_INTEGER = intern('integer')
TOKEN_NAME = intern('name')
TOKEN_STRING = intern('string')
TOKEN_OPERATOR = intern('operator')
TOKEN_BLOCK_BEGIN = intern('block_begin')
TOKEN_BLOCK_END = intern('block_end')
TOKEN_VARIABLE_BEGIN = intern('variable_begin')
TOKEN_VARIABLE_END = intern('variable_end')
TOKEN_RAW_BEGIN = intern('raw_begin')
TOKEN_RAW_END = intern('raw_end')
TOKEN_COMMENT_BEGIN = intern('comment_begin')
TOKEN_COMMENT_END = intern('comment_end')
TOKEN_COMMENT = intern('comment')
TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_BEGIN = intern('linestatement_begin')
TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_END = intern('linestatement_end')
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_BEGIN = intern('linecomment_begin')
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_END = intern('linecomment_end')
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT = intern('linecomment')
TOKEN_DATA = intern('data')
TOKEN_INITIAL = intern('initial')
TOKEN_EOF = intern('eof')
# bind operators to token types
operators = {
'+': TOKEN_ADD,
'-': TOKEN_SUB,
'/': TOKEN_DIV,
'//': TOKEN_FLOORDIV,
'*': TOKEN_MUL,
'%': TOKEN_MOD,
'**': TOKEN_POW,
'~': TOKEN_TILDE,
'[': TOKEN_LBRACKET,
']': TOKEN_RBRACKET,
'(': TOKEN_LPAREN,
')': TOKEN_RPAREN,
'{': TOKEN_LBRACE,
'}': TOKEN_RBRACE,
'==': TOKEN_EQ,
'!=': TOKEN_NE,
'>': TOKEN_GT,
'>=': TOKEN_GTEQ,
'<': TOKEN_LT,
'<=': TOKEN_LTEQ,
'=': TOKEN_ASSIGN,
'.': TOKEN_DOT,
':': TOKEN_COLON,
'|': TOKEN_PIPE,
',': TOKEN_COMMA,
';': TOKEN_SEMICOLON
}
reverse_operators = dict([(v, k) for k, v in operators.iteritems()])
assert len(operators) == len(reverse_operators), 'operators dropped'
operator_re = re.compile('(%s)' % '|'.join(re.escape(x) for x in
sorted(operators, key=lambda x: -len(x))))
ignored_tokens = frozenset([TOKEN_COMMENT_BEGIN, TOKEN_COMMENT,
TOKEN_COMMENT_END, TOKEN_WHITESPACE,
TOKEN_WHITESPACE, TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_BEGIN,
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_END, TOKEN_LINECOMMENT])
ignore_if_empty = frozenset([TOKEN_WHITESPACE, TOKEN_DATA,
TOKEN_COMMENT, TOKEN_LINECOMMENT])
def _describe_token_type(token_type):
if token_type in reverse_operators:
return reverse_operators[token_type]
return {
TOKEN_COMMENT_BEGIN: 'begin of comment',
TOKEN_COMMENT_END: 'end of comment',
TOKEN_COMMENT: 'comment',
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT: 'comment',
TOKEN_BLOCK_BEGIN: 'begin of statement block',
TOKEN_BLOCK_END: 'end of statement block',
TOKEN_VARIABLE_BEGIN: 'begin of print statement',
TOKEN_VARIABLE_END: 'end of print statement',
TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_BEGIN: 'begin of line statement',
TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_END: 'end of line statement',
TOKEN_DATA: 'template data / text',
TOKEN_EOF: 'end of template'
}.get(token_type, token_type)
def describe_token(token):
"""Returns a description of the token."""
if token.type == 'name':
return token.value
return _describe_token_type(token.type)
def describe_token_expr(expr):
"""Like `describe_token` but for token expressions."""
if ':' in expr:
type, value = expr.split(':', 1)
if type == 'name':
return value
else:
type = expr
return _describe_token_type(type)
def count_newlines(value):
"""Count the number of newline characters in the string. This is
useful for extensions that filter a stream.
"""
return len(newline_re.findall(value))
def compile_rules(environment):
"""Compiles all the rules from the environment into a list of rules."""
e = re.escape
rules = [
(len(environment.comment_start_string), 'comment',
e(environment.comment_start_string)),
(len(environment.block_start_string), 'block',
e(environment.block_start_string)),
(len(environment.variable_start_string), 'variable',
e(environment.variable_start_string))
]
if environment.line_statement_prefix is not None:
rules.append((len(environment.line_statement_prefix), 'linestatement',
r'^\s*' + e(environment.line_statement_prefix)))
if environment.line_comment_prefix is not None:
rules.append((len(environment.line_comment_prefix), 'linecomment',
r'(?:^|(?<=\S))[^\S\r\n]*' +
e(environment.line_comment_prefix)))
return [x[1:] for x in sorted(rules, reverse=True)]
class Failure(object):
"""Class that raises a `TemplateSyntaxError` if called.
Used by the `Lexer` to specify known errors.
"""
def __init__(self, message, cls=TemplateSyntaxError):
self.message = message
self.error_class = cls
def __call__(self, lineno, filename):
raise self.error_class(self.message, lineno, filename)
class Token(tuple):
"""Token class."""
__slots__ = ()
lineno, type, value = (property(itemgetter(x)) for x in range(3))
def __new__(cls, lineno, type, value):
return tuple.__new__(cls, (lineno, intern(str(type)), value))
def __str__(self):
if self.type in reverse_operators:
return reverse_operators[self.type]
elif self.type == 'name':
return self.value
return self.type
def test(self, expr):
"""Test a token against a token expression. This can either be a
token type or ``'token_type:token_value'``. This can only test
against string values and types.
"""
# here we do a regular string equality check as test_any is usually
# passed an iterable of not interned strings.
if self.type == expr:
return True
elif ':' in expr:
return expr.split(':', 1) == [self.type, self.value]
return False
def test_any(self, *iterable):
"""Test against multiple token expressions."""
for expr in iterable:
if self.test(expr):
return True
return False
def __repr__(self):
return 'Token(%r, %r, %r)' % (
self.lineno,
self.type,
self.value
)
class TokenStreamIterator(object):
"""The iterator for tokenstreams. Iterate over the stream
until the eof token is reached.
"""
def __init__(self, stream):
self.stream = stream
def __iter__(self):
return self
def next(self):
token = self.stream.current
if token.type is TOKEN_EOF:
self.stream.close()
raise StopIteration()
next(self.stream)
return token
class TokenStream(object):
"""A token stream is an iterable that yields :class:`Token`\s. The
parser however does not iterate over it but calls :meth:`next` to go
one token ahead. The current active token is stored as :attr:`current`.
"""
def __init__(self, generator, name, filename):
self._next = iter(generator).next
self._pushed = deque()
self.name = name
self.filename = filename
self.closed = False
self.current = Token(1, TOKEN_INITIAL, '')
next(self)
def __iter__(self):
return TokenStreamIterator(self)
def __nonzero__(self):
return bool(self._pushed) or self.current.type is not TOKEN_EOF
eos = property(lambda x: not x, doc="Are we at the end of the stream?")
def push(self, token):
"""Push a token back to the stream."""
self._pushed.append(token)
def look(self):
"""Look at the next token."""
old_token = next(self)
result = self.current
self.push(result)
self.current = old_token
return result
def skip(self, n=1):
"""Got n tokens ahead."""
for x in xrange(n):
next(self)
def next_if(self, expr):
"""Perform the token test and return the token if it matched.
Otherwise the return value is `None`.
"""
if self.current.test(expr):
return next(self)
def skip_if(self, expr):
"""Like :meth:`next_if` but only returns `True` or `False`."""
return self.next_if(expr) is not None
def next(self):
"""Go one token ahead and return the old one"""
rv = self.current
if self._pushed:
self.current = self._pushed.popleft()
elif self.current.type is not TOKEN_EOF:
try:
self.current = self._next()
except StopIteration:
self.close()
return rv
def close(self):
"""Close the stream."""
self.current = Token(self.current.lineno, TOKEN_EOF, '')
self._next = None
self.closed = True
def expect(self, expr):
"""Expect a given token type and return it. This accepts the same
argument as :meth:`jinja2.lexer.Token.test`.
"""
if not self.current.test(expr):
expr = describe_token_expr(expr)
if self.current.type is TOKEN_EOF:
raise TemplateSyntaxError('unexpected end of template, '
'expected %r.' % expr,
self.current.lineno,
self.name, self.filename)
raise TemplateSyntaxError("expected token %r, got %r" %
(expr, describe_token(self.current)),
self.current.lineno,
self.name, self.filename)
try:
return self.current
finally:
next(self)
def get_lexer(environment):
"""Return a lexer which is probably cached."""
key = (environment.block_start_string,
environment.block_end_string,
environment.variable_start_string,
environment.variable_end_string,
environment.comment_start_string,
environment.comment_end_string,
environment.line_statement_prefix,
environment.line_comment_prefix,
environment.trim_blocks,
environment.newline_sequence)
lexer = _lexer_cache.get(key)
if lexer is None:
lexer = Lexer(environment)
_lexer_cache[key] = lexer
return lexer
class Lexer(object):
"""Class that implements a lexer for a given environment. Automatically
created by the environment class, usually you don't have to do that.
Note that the lexer is not automatically bound to an environment.
Multiple environments can share the same lexer.
"""
def __init__(self, environment):
# shortcuts
c = lambda x: re.compile(x, re.M | re.S)
e = re.escape
# lexing rules for tags
tag_rules = [
(whitespace_re, TOKEN_WHITESPACE, None),
(float_re, TOKEN_FLOAT, None),
(integer_re, TOKEN_INTEGER, None),
(name_re, TOKEN_NAME, None),
(string_re, TOKEN_STRING, None),
(operator_re, TOKEN_OPERATOR, None)
]
# assamble the root lexing rule. because "|" is ungreedy
# we have to sort by length so that the lexer continues working
# as expected when we have parsing rules like <% for block and
# <%= for variables. (if someone wants asp like syntax)
# variables are just part of the rules if variable processing
# is required.
root_tag_rules = compile_rules(environment)
# block suffix if trimming is enabled
block_suffix_re = environment.trim_blocks and '\\n?' or ''
self.newline_sequence = environment.newline_sequence
# global lexing rules
self.rules = {
'root': [
# directives
(c('(.*?)(?:%s)' % '|'.join(
[r'(?P<raw_begin>(?:\s*%s\-|%s)\s*raw\s*(?:\-%s\s*|%s))' % (
e(environment.block_start_string),
e(environment.block_start_string),
e(environment.block_end_string),
e(environment.block_end_string)
)] + [
r'(?P<%s_begin>\s*%s\-|%s)' % (n, r, r)
for n, r in root_tag_rules
])), (TOKEN_DATA, '#bygroup'), '#bygroup'),
# data
(c('.+'), TOKEN_DATA, None)
],
# comments
TOKEN_COMMENT_BEGIN: [
(c(r'(.*?)((?:\-%s\s*|%s)%s)' % (
e(environment.comment_end_string),
e(environment.comment_end_string),
block_suffix_re
)), (TOKEN_COMMENT, TOKEN_COMMENT_END), '#pop'),
(c('(.)'), (Failure('Missing end of comment tag'),), None)
],
# blocks
TOKEN_BLOCK_BEGIN: [
(c('(?:\-%s\s*|%s)%s' % (
e(environment.block_end_string),
e(environment.block_end_string),
block_suffix_re
)), TOKEN_BLOCK_END, '#pop'),
] + tag_rules,
# variables
TOKEN_VARIABLE_BEGIN: [
(c('\-%s\s*|%s' % (
e(environment.variable_end_string),
e(environment.variable_end_string)
)), TOKEN_VARIABLE_END, '#pop')
] + tag_rules,
# raw block
TOKEN_RAW_BEGIN: [
(c('(.*?)((?:\s*%s\-|%s)\s*endraw\s*(?:\-%s\s*|%s%s))' % (
e(environment.block_start_string),
e(environment.block_start_string),
e(environment.block_end_string),
e(environment.block_end_string),
block_suffix_re
)), (TOKEN_DATA, TOKEN_RAW_END), '#pop'),
(c('(.)'), (Failure('Missing end of raw directive'),), None)
],
# line statements
TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_BEGIN: [
(c(r'\s*(\n|$)'), TOKEN_LINESTATEMENT_END, '#pop')
] + tag_rules,
# line comments
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_BEGIN: [
(c(r'(.*?)()(?=\n|$)'), (TOKEN_LINECOMMENT,
TOKEN_LINECOMMENT_END), '#pop')
]
}
def _normalize_newlines(self, value):
"""Called for strings and template data to normlize it to unicode."""
return newline_re.sub(self.newline_sequence, value)
def tokenize(self, source, name=None, filename=None, state=None):
"""Calls tokeniter + tokenize and wraps it in a token stream.
"""
stream = self.tokeniter(source, name, filename, state)
return TokenStream(self.wrap(stream, name, filename), name, filename)
def wrap(self, stream, name=None, filename=None):
"""This is called with the stream as returned by `tokenize` and wraps
every token in a :class:`Token` and converts the value.
"""
for lineno, token, value in stream:
if token in ignored_tokens:
continue
elif token == 'linestatement_begin':
token = 'block_begin'
elif token == 'linestatement_end':
token = 'block_end'
# we are not interested in those tokens in the parser
elif token in ('raw_begin', 'raw_end'):
continue
elif token == 'data':
value = self._normalize_newlines(value)
elif token == 'keyword':
token = value
elif token == 'name':
value = str(value)
elif token == 'string':
# try to unescape string
try:
value = self._normalize_newlines(value[1:-1]) \
.encode('ascii', 'backslashreplace') \
.decode('unicode-escape')
except Exception, e:
msg = str(e).split(':')[-1].strip()
raise TemplateSyntaxError(msg, lineno, name, filename)
# if we can express it as bytestring (ascii only)
# we do that for support of semi broken APIs
# as datetime.datetime.strftime. On python 3 this
# call becomes a noop thanks to 2to3
try:
value = str(value)
except UnicodeError:
pass
elif token == 'integer':
value = int(value)
elif token == 'float':
value = float(value)
elif token == 'operator':
token = operators[value]
yield Token(lineno, token, value)
def tokeniter(self, source, name, filename=None, state=None):
"""This method tokenizes the text and returns the tokens in a
generator. Use this method if you just want to tokenize a template.
"""
source = '\n'.join(unicode(source).splitlines())
pos = 0
lineno = 1
stack = ['root']
if state is not None and state != 'root':
assert state in ('variable', 'block'), 'invalid state'
stack.append(state + '_begin')
else:
state = 'root'
statetokens = self.rules[stack[-1]]
source_length = len(source)
balancing_stack = []
while 1:
# tokenizer loop
for regex, tokens, new_state in statetokens:
m = regex.match(source, pos)
# if no match we try again with the next rule
if m is None:
continue
# we only match blocks and variables if brances / parentheses
# are balanced. continue parsing with the lower rule which
# is the operator rule. do this only if the end tags look
# like operators
if balancing_stack and \
tokens in ('variable_end', 'block_end',
'linestatement_end'):
continue
# tuples support more options
if isinstance(tokens, tuple):
for idx, token in enumerate(tokens):
# failure group
if token.__class__ is Failure:
raise token(lineno, filename)
# bygroup is a bit more complex, in that case we
# yield for the current token the first named
# group that matched
elif token == '#bygroup':
for key, value in m.groupdict().iteritems():
if value is not None:
yield lineno, key, value
lineno += value.count('\n')
break
else:
raise RuntimeError('%r wanted to resolve '
'the token dynamically'
' but no group matched'
% regex)
# normal group
else:
data = m.group(idx + 1)
if data or token not in ignore_if_empty:
yield lineno, token, data
lineno += data.count('\n')
# strings as token just are yielded as it.
else:
data = m.group()
# update brace/parentheses balance
if tokens == 'operator':
if data == '{':
balancing_stack.append('}')
elif data == '(':
balancing_stack.append(')')
elif data == '[':
balancing_stack.append(']')
elif data in ('}', ')', ']'):
if not balancing_stack:
raise TemplateSyntaxError('unexpected \'%s\'' %
data, lineno, name,
filename)
expected_op = balancing_stack.pop()
if expected_op != data:
raise TemplateSyntaxError('unexpected \'%s\', '
'expected \'%s\'' %
(data, expected_op),
lineno, name,
filename)
# yield items
if data or tokens not in ignore_if_empty:
yield lineno, tokens, data
lineno += data.count('\n')
# fetch new position into new variable so that we can check
# if there is a internal parsing error which would result
# in an infinite loop
pos2 = m.end()
# handle state changes
if new_state is not None:
# remove the uppermost state
if new_state == '#pop':
stack.pop()
# resolve the new state by group checking
elif new_state == '#bygroup':
for key, value in m.groupdict().iteritems():
if value is not None:
stack.append(key)
break
else:
raise RuntimeError('%r wanted to resolve the '
'new state dynamically but'
' no group matched' %
regex)
# direct state name given
else:
stack.append(new_state)
statetokens = self.rules[stack[-1]]
# we are still at the same position and no stack change.
# this means a loop without break condition, avoid that and
# raise error
elif pos2 == pos:
raise RuntimeError('%r yielded empty string without '
'stack change' % regex)
# publish new function and start again
pos = pos2
break
# if loop terminated without break we havn't found a single match
# either we are at the end of the file or we have a problem
else:
# end of text
if pos >= source_length:
return
# something went wrong
raise TemplateSyntaxError('unexpected char %r at %d' %
(source[pos], pos), lineno,
name, filename)
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