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Math extension for Python-Markdown

This extension adds math formulas support to Python-Markdown.


Install from PyPI

$ pip install python-markdown-math

Install locally

Use build and install to build and install this extension, respectively.

The extension name is mdx_math, so you need to add that name to your list of Python-Markdown extensions. Check Python-Markdown documentation for details on how to load extensions.


To use this extension, you need to include MathJax library in HTML files, like:

<script type="text/javascript" src="">

Also, you need to specify a configuration for MathJax. Please note that most of standard configurations include tex2jax extension, which is not needed with this code.

Example of configuration for MathJax 2.x:

<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
  config: ["MMLorHTML.js"],
  jax: ["input/TeX", "output/HTML-CSS", "output/NativeMML"],
  extensions: ["MathMenu.js", "MathZoom.js"]

If you want to use MathJax 3.x, you need to teach it to understand 2.x-style <script> tags. See the upgrading documentation on how to do it. Alternatively, you may use the Arithmatex extension which has a generic output mode, that does not require such special configuration.

To pass the extension to Python-Markdown, use mdx_math as extension name. For example:

>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=['mdx_math'])
>>> md.convert('$$e^x$$')
'<p>\n<script type="math/tex; mode=display">e^x</script>\n</p>'

Usage from the command line:

$ echo "\(e^x\)" | python3 -m markdown -x mdx_math
<script type="math/tex">e^x</script>

Math Delimiters

For inline math, use \(...\).

For standalone math, use $$...$$, \[...\] or \begin...\end.

The single-dollar delimiter ($...$) for inline math is disabled by default, but can be enabled by passing enable_dollar_delimiter=True in the extension configuration.

If you want to use GitLab-style delimiters ($`...`$ for inline math, and a code block-like ```math...``` syntax for standalone), use use_gitlab_delimiters=True configuration option.

If you want to this extension to generate a preview node (which will be shown when MathJax has not yet processed the node, or when JavaScript is unavailable), use add_preview=True configuration option.


If you use ReText, this extension is not needed as it is included by default.

This extension also works with Katex. Use the following in your page <head>:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="" crossorigin="anonymous">
<script src="" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script src="" defer></script>