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\input texinfo @c -*- texinfo -*-
@settitle ffprobe Documentation
@titlepage
@center @titlefont{ffprobe Documentation}
@end titlepage
@top
@contents
@chapter Synopsis
The generic syntax is:
@example
@c man begin SYNOPSIS
ffprobe [options] [@file{input_file}]
@c man end
@end example
@chapter Description
@c man begin DESCRIPTION
ffprobe gathers information from multimedia streams and prints it in
human- and machine-readable fashion.
For example it can be used to check the format of the container used
by a multimedia stream and the format and type of each media stream
contained in it.
If a filename is specified in input, ffprobe will try to open and
probe the file content. If the file cannot be opened or recognized as
a multimedia file, a positive exit code is returned.
ffprobe may be employed both as a standalone application or in
combination with a textual filter, which may perform more
sophisticated processing, e.g. statistical processing or plotting.
Options are used to list some of the formats supported by ffprobe or
for specifying which information to display, and for setting how
ffprobe will show it.
ffprobe output is designed to be easily parsable by a textual filter,
and consists of one or more sections of a form defined by the selected
writer, which is specified by the @option{print_format} option.
Metadata tags stored in the container or in the streams are recognized
and printed in the corresponding "FORMAT" or "STREAM" section.
@c man end
@chapter Options
@c man begin OPTIONS
@include avtools-common-opts.texi
@section Main options
@table @option
@item -f @var{format}
Force format to use.
@item -unit
Show the unit of the displayed values.
@item -prefix
Use SI prefixes for the displayed values.
Unless the "-byte_binary_prefix" option is used all the prefixes
are decimal.
@item -byte_binary_prefix
Force the use of binary prefixes for byte values.
@item -sexagesimal
Use sexagesimal format HH:MM:SS.MICROSECONDS for time values.
@item -pretty
Prettify the format of the displayed values, it corresponds to the
options "-unit -prefix -byte_binary_prefix -sexagesimal".
@item -of, -print_format @var{writer_name}[=@var{writer_options}]
Set the output printing format.
@var{writer_name} specifies the name of the writer, and
@var{writer_options} specifies the options to be passed to the writer.
For example for printing the output in JSON format, specify:
@example
-print_format json
@end example
For more details on the available output printing formats, see the
Writers section below.
@item -show_data
Show payload data, as an hexadecimal and ASCII dump. Coupled with
@option{-show_packets}, it will dump the packets' data. Coupled with
@option{-show_streams}, it will dump the codec extradata.
The dump is printed as the "data" field. It may contain newlines.
@item -show_error
Show information about the error found when trying to probe the input.
The error information is printed within a section with name "ERROR".
@item -show_format
Show information about the container format of the input multimedia
stream.
All the container format information is printed within a section with
name "FORMAT".
@item -show_format_entry @var{name}
Like @option{-show_format}, but only prints the specified entry of the
container format information, rather than all. This option may be given more
than once, then all specified entries will be shown.
@item -show_packets
Show information about each packet contained in the input multimedia
stream.
The information for each single packet is printed within a dedicated
section with name "PACKET".
@item -show_frames
Show information about each frame contained in the input multimedia
stream.
The information for each single frame is printed within a dedicated
section with name "FRAME".
@item -show_streams
Show information about each media stream contained in the input
multimedia stream.
Each media stream information is printed within a dedicated section
with name "STREAM".
@item -count_frames
Count the number of frames per stream and report it in the
corresponding stream section.
@item -count_packets
Count the number of packets per stream and report it in the
corresponding stream section.
@item -show_private_data, -private
Show private data, that is data depending on the format of the
particular shown element.
This option is enabled by default, but you may need to disable it
for specific uses, for example when creating XSD-compliant XML output.
@item -show_program_version
Show information related to program version.
Version information is printed within a section with name
"PROGRAM_VERSION".
@item -show_library_versions
Show information related to library versions.
Version information for each library is printed within a section with
name "LIBRARY_VERSION".
@item -show_versions
Show information related to program and library versions. This is the
equivalent of setting both @option{-show_program_version} and
@option{-show_library_versions} options.
@item -i @var{input_file}
Read @var{input_file}.
@end table
@c man end
@chapter Writers
@c man begin WRITERS
A writer defines the output format adopted by @command{ffprobe}, and will be
used for printing all the parts of the output.
A writer may accept one or more arguments, which specify the options to
adopt.
A description of the currently available writers follows.
@section default
Default format.
Print each section in the form:
@example
[SECTION]
key1=val1
...
keyN=valN
[/SECTION]
@end example
Metadata tags are printed as a line in the corresponding FORMAT or
STREAM section, and are prefixed by the string "TAG:".
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
A description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item nokey, nk
If set to 1 specify not to print the key of each field. Default value
is 0.
@item noprint_wrappers, nw
If set to 1 specify not to print the section header and footer.
Default value is 0.
@end table
@section compact
Compact format.
Each section is printed on a single line.
If no option is specifid, the output has the form:
@example
section|key1=val1| ... |keyN=valN
@end example
Metadata tags are printed in the corresponding "format" or "stream"
section. A metadata tag key, if printed, is prefixed by the string
"tag:".
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
The description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item item_sep, s
Specify the character to use for separating fields in the output line.
It must be a single printable character, it is "|" by default.
@item nokey, nk
If set to 1 specify not to print the key of each field. Its default
value is 0.
@item escape, e
Set the escape mode to use, default to "c".
It can assume one of the following values:
@table @option
@item c
Perform C-like escaping. Strings containing a newline ('\n'), carriage
return ('\r'), a tab ('\t'), a form feed ('\f'), the escaping
character ('\') or the item separator character @var{SEP} are escaped using C-like fashioned
escaping, so that a newline is converted to the sequence "\n", a
carriage return to "\r", '\' to "\\" and the separator @var{SEP} is
converted to "\@var{SEP}".
@item csv
Perform CSV-like escaping, as described in RFC4180. Strings
containing a newline ('\n'), a carriage return ('\r'), a double quote
('"'), or @var{SEP} are enclosed in double-quotes.
@item none
Perform no escaping.
@end table
@end table
@section csv
CSV format.
This writer is equivalent to
@code{compact=item_sep=,:nokey=1:escape=csv}.
@section flat
Flat format.
A free-form output where each line contains an explicit key=value, such as
"streams.stream.3.tags.foo=bar". The output is shell escaped, so it can be
directly embedded in sh scripts as long as the separator character is an
alphanumeric character or an underscore (see @var{sep_char} option).
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
The description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item sep_char, s
Separator character used to separate the chapter, the section name, IDs and
potential tags in the printed field key.
Default value is '.'.
@item hierarchical, h
Specify if the section name specification should be hierarchical. If
set to 1, and if there is more than one section in the current
chapter, the section name will be prefixed by the name of the
chapter. A value of 0 will disable this behavior.
Default value is 1.
@end table
@section ini
INI format output.
Print output in an INI based format.
The following conventions are adopted:
@itemize
@item
all key and values are UTF-8
@item
'.' is the subgroup separator
@item
newline, '\t', '\f', '\b' and the following characters are escaped
@item
'\' is the escape character
@item
'#' is the comment indicator
@item
'=' is the key/value separator
@item
':' is not used but usually parsed as key/value separator
@end itemize
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
The description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item hierarchical, h
Specify if the section name specification should be hierarchical. If
set to 1, and if there is more than one section in the current
chapter, the section name will be prefixed by the name of the
chapter. A value of 0 will disable this behavior.
Default value is 1.
@end table
@section json
JSON based format.
Each section is printed using JSON notation.
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
The description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item compact, c
If set to 1 enable compact output, that is each section will be
printed on a single line. Default value is 0.
@end table
For more information about JSON, see @url{http://www.json.org/}.
@section xml
XML based format.
The XML output is described in the XML schema description file
@file{ffprobe.xsd} installed in the FFmpeg datadir.
An updated version of the schema can be retrieved at the url
@url{http://www.ffmpeg.org/schema/ffprobe.xsd}, which redirects to the
latest schema committed into the FFmpeg development source code tree.
Note that the output issued will be compliant to the
@file{ffprobe.xsd} schema only when no special global output options
(@option{unit}, @option{prefix}, @option{byte_binary_prefix},
@option{sexagesimal} etc.) are specified.
This writer accepts options as a list of @var{key}=@var{value} pairs,
separated by ":".
The description of the accepted options follows.
@table @option
@item fully_qualified, q
If set to 1 specify if the output should be fully qualified. Default
value is 0.
This is required for generating an XML file which can be validated
through an XSD file.
@item xsd_compliant, x
If set to 1 perform more checks for ensuring that the output is XSD
compliant. Default value is 0.
This option automatically sets @option{fully_qualified} to 1.
@end table
For more information about the XML format, see
@url{http://www.w3.org/XML/}.
@c man end WRITERS
@chapter Timecode
@c man begin TIMECODE
@command{ffprobe} supports Timecode extraction:
@itemize
@item
MPEG1/2 timecode is extracted from the GOP, and is available in the video
stream details (@option{-show_streams}, see @var{timecode}).
@item
MOV timecode is extracted from tmcd track, so is available in the tmcd
stream metadata (@option{-show_streams}, see @var{TAG:timecode}).
@item
DV, GXF and AVI timecodes are available in format metadata
(@option{-show_format}, see @var{TAG:timecode}).
@end itemize
@c man end TIMECODE
@include syntax.texi
@include decoders.texi
@include demuxers.texi
@include protocols.texi
@include indevs.texi
@ignore
@setfilename ffprobe
@settitle ffprobe media prober
@c man begin SEEALSO
ffmpeg(1), ffplay(1), ffserver(1) and the FFmpeg HTML documentation
@c man end
@c man begin AUTHORS
The FFmpeg developers
@c man end
@end ignore
@bye
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