A better way to think about your Ruby applications.
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README.rdoc

less_interactions

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A new way to think about your Ruby applications.

What is it?

Less::Interactions are a place to put all of your business logic. They're intended to be used primarily inside a rails app but they don't need rails to work.

What problem is it solving?

Rails is great, but if you build a rails app of any size you start running into problems:

  • ActiveRecord's before & after filters are the devil.

  • The code paths in my rails app are a fucking mess.

  • Where do I put this bit of code?

  • Having a model call another model just to call the previous model is stupid and error prone.

  • Where is the entry point to my app? Sometimes you access the app from places other than the controller (cron, console, background jobs), how do you know a safe entry point.

  • What are all the side effects of calling this method?

What do I do?!

Less::Interactions are a place to put all of your business logic and still get all the rails goodness you love.

Example

Before:

class ExpensesController < ApplicationController

  def create
    @expense = current_business.expenses.create params[:expense]
    respond_with @expense
  end

end

class Expense < ActiveRecord::Base

  # all sorts of before and after filters
  # doing things like updating bank account balances, budgets
  # creating other models like ExpenseItem or Transaction

end

After:

# You don't need a context class, but we really like using one.
class Context

  def initialize *args
    args[0].each do |name, value|
      instance_variable_set "@#{name}", value
      eval "def #{name}; instance_variable_get :@#{name}; end"
    end
  end

end

#Controller is basically the same
class ExpensesController < ApplicationController

  def create
    @expense = Expenses::Save.run Context.new( business:current_business, user: current_user, params: params), some_other_thing_the_interaction_needs: "boo"
    respond_with @expense
  end

end

# found in /app/interactions/expenses.save.rb
class Expenses::Save < Less::Interaction

  # A simple way of both enforcing params get passed in and creates and i_var and a getter for each expects
  # set an expectation for all the objects the context provides
  expects :some_other_thing_the_interaction_needs, allow_nil: true
  expects :business
  expects :user
  #only one of these is required
  expects_any :need_this, :or, :this

  # A way to document what you are expecting to be returned 
  # Also creates setter and getter methods for each
  returns :user
  returns :was_this_successful

  # Method chain in use case is easy to see.
  # To have access to the getter and setter methods created with returns 
  # you need the run method to return self
  def run
    do_somthing_with some_other_thing_the_interaction_needs
    build_or_find_an_expense
    setup_expense_items
    setup_transaction
    return @expense unless valid?
    save
    update_budgets
    update_bank_accounts
    @expense
    self
  end

  private

  # implementation of other methods
  # some of which call other interactions

end

Contributing to less_interactions

  • Check out the latest master to make sure the feature hasn't been implemented or the bug hasn't been fixed yet.

  • Check out the issue tracker to make sure someone already hasn't requested it and/or contributed it.

  • Fork the project.

  • Start a feature/bugfix branch.

  • Commit and push until you are happy with your contribution.

  • Make sure to add tests for it. This is important so I don't break it in a future version unintentionally.

  • Please try not to mess with the Rakefile, version, or history. If you want to have your own version, or is otherwise necessary, that is fine, but please isolate to its own commit so I can cherry-pick around it.

Copyright

Copyright © 2015 LessEverything See LICENSE.txt for further details.