tab completion helpers, for node cli programs & others. Inspired by npm completion
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tabtab

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A node package to do some custom command line <tab><tab> completion for any system command, for Bash, Zsh, and Fish shells.

Made possible using the same technique as npm (whose completion is quite awesome) relying on a shell script bridge to do the actual completion from node's land.

tabtab

Warning / Breaking changes

  • Windows is not supported
  • Cache has been removed
  • Now only support node > 7.10.1, for previous version with support for node 6 be sure to use tabtab 2.2.x

Table of Contents

Goal of this 3.0.0 version

Simplify everything, major overhaul, rewrite from scratch.

Functional, less abstraction, clearer documentation, good test coverage, support for node 10 without babel.

Up to date dependencies, easier to debug, easier to test.

Should still support bash, zsh and fish but bash is the primary focus of this alpha version.

No binary file anymore, just a library (still debating with myself)

The goal of this rewrite is two-folded:

  • Integrate nicely with yo (Yeoman)
  • Have a robust and fast enough library for yarn-completions

Installation

npm install tabtab

Usage

Writing completion is a two-step process: Installation and Logging. Tabtab provides just that.

Here is a basic example using minimist to parse arguments.

#! /usr/bin/env node

const tabtab = require('tabtab');
const opts = require('minimist')(process.argv.slice(2), {
  string: ['foo', 'bar'],
  boolean: ['help', 'version', 'loglevel']
});

const args = opts._;
const completion = env => {
  if (!env.complete) return;

  // Write your completions there

  if (env.prev === 'foo') {
    return tabtab.log(['is', 'this', 'the', 'real', 'life']);
  }

  if (env.prev === 'bar') {
    return tabtab.log(['is', 'this', 'just', 'fantasy']);
  }

  if (env.prev === '--loglevel') {
    return tabtab.log(['error', 'warn', 'info', 'notice', 'verbose']);
  }

  return tabtab.log([
    '--help',
    '--version',
    '--loglevel',
    'foo',
    'bar',
    'install-completion',
    'completion',
    'someCommand:someCommand is some kind of command with a description',
    {
      name: 'someOtherCommand:hey',
      description: 'You must add a description for items with ":" in them'
    },
    'anotherOne'
  ]);
};

const run = async () => {
  const cmd = args[0];

  // Write your CLI there

  // Here we install for the program `tabtab-test` (this file), with
  // completer being the same program. Sometimes, you want to complete
  // another program that's where the `completer` option might come handy.
  if (cmd === 'install-completion') {
    await tabtab
      .install({
        name: 'tabtab-test',
        completer: 'tabtab-test'
      })
      .catch(err => console.error('INSTALL ERROR', err));

    return;
  }

  if (cmd === 'uninstall-completion') {
    // Here we uninstall for the program `tabtab-test` (this file).
    await tabtab
      .uninstall({
        name: 'tabtab-test'
      })
      .catch(err => console.error('UNINSTALL ERROR', err));

    return;
  }

  // The completion command is added automatically by tabtab when the program
  // is completed.
  if (cmd === 'completion') {
    const env = tabtab.parseEnv(process.env);
    return completion(env);
  }
};

run();

Please refer to the examples/tabtab-test-complete package for a working example. The following usage documentation is based on it.

1. Install completion

To enable completion for a given program or package, you must enable the completion on your or user's system. This is done by calling tabtab.install() usually behind a program install-completion command or something similar.

// Here we install for the program `tabtab-test`, with completer being the same
// program. Sometimes, you want to complete another program that's where the
// `completer` option might come handy.
tabtab.install({
  name: 'tabtab-test',
  completer: 'tabtab-test'
})
  .then(() => console.log('Completion installed'))
  .catch(err => console.error(err))

The method returns a promise, so await / async usage is possible. It takes an options parameter, with:

  • name: The program to complete
  • completer: The program that does the completion (can be the same program).

tabtab.install() will ask the user which SHELL to use, and optionally a path to write to. This will add a new line to either ~/.bashrc, ~/.zshrc or ~/.config/fish/config.fish file to source tabtab completion script.

Only one line will be added, even if it is called multiple times.

2. Log completion

Once the completion is enabled and active, you can write completions for the program (here, in this example tabtab-test). Briefly, adding completions is as simple as logging output to stdout, with a few particularities (namely on Bash, and for descriptions), but this is taken care of by tabtab.log().

tabtab.log([
  '--help',
  '--version',
  'command'
  'command-two'
]);

This is the simplest way of adding completions. You can also use an object, instead of a simple string, with { name, description } property if you want to add descriptions for each completion item, for the shells that support them (like Zsh or Fish). Or use the simpler name:description form.

tabtab.log([
  { name: 'command', description: 'Description for command' },
  'command-two:Description for command-two'
]);

The { name, description } approach is preferable in case you have completion items with : in them.

Note that you can call tabtab.log() multiple times if you prefer to do so, it simply logs to the console in sequence.

3. Parsing env

If you ever want to add more intelligent completion, you'll need to check and see what is the last or previous word in the completed line, so that you can add options for a specific command or flag (such as loglevels for --loglevel for instance).

Tabtab adds a few environment variables for you to inspect and use, this is done by calling tabtab.parseEnv() method.

const env = tabtab.parseEnv(process.env);
// env:
//
// - complete    A Boolean indicating whether we act in "plumbing mode" or not
// - words       The Number of words in the completed line
// - point       A Number indicating cursor position
// - line        The String input line
// - partial     The String part of line preceding cursor position
// - last        The last String word of the line
// - lastPartial The last word String of partial
// - prev        The String word preceding last

Usually, you'll want to check against env.last or env.prev.

if (env.prev === '--loglevel') {
  tabtab.log(['error', 'warn', 'info', 'notice', 'verbose']);
}

Completion mechanism

Feel free to browse the scripts directory to inspect the various template files used when creating a completion with tabtab.install().

Here is a Bash completion snippet created by tabtab.

###-begin-tabtab-test-completion-###
if type complete &>/dev/null; then
  _tabtab-test_completion () {
    local words cword
    if type _get_comp_words_by_ref &>/dev/null; then
      _get_comp_words_by_ref -n = -n @ -n : -w words -i cword
    else
      cword="$COMP_CWORD"
      words=("${COMP_WORDS[@]}")
    fi

    local si="$IFS"
    IFS=$'\n' COMPREPLY=($(COMP_CWORD="$cword" \
                           COMP_LINE="$COMP_LINE" \
                           COMP_POINT="$COMP_POINT" \
                           tabtab-test completion -- "${words[@]}" \
                           2>/dev/null)) || return $?
    IFS="$si"
    if type __ltrim_colon_completions &>/dev/null; then
      __ltrim_colon_completions "${words[cword]}"
    fi
  }
  complete -o default -F _tabtab-test_completion tabtab-test
fi
###-end-tabtab-test-completion-###

The system is quite simple (though hard to nail it down, thank you npm). A new Bash function is created, which is invoked whenever tabtab-test is tab completed. This function then invokes the completer tabtab-test completion with COMP_CWORD, COMP_LINE and COMP_POINT environment variables (which is parsed by tabtab.parseEnv()).

The same mechanism can be applied to Zsh and Fish.

Completion install

As described in the Usage > Install Completion section, installing a completion involves adding a new line to source in either ~/.bashrc, ~/.zshrc or ~/.config/fish/config.fish file.

In the 3.0.0 version, it has been improved to only add a single line instead of multiple ones, one for each completion package installed on the system.

This way, a single line is added to enable the completion of for various programs without cluttering the Shell configuration file.

Example for ~/.bashrc

# tabtab source for packages
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/__tabtab.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/__tabtab.bash || true

It'll load a file __tabtab.bash, created in the ~/.config/tabtab directory, which will hold all the source lines for each tabtab packages defining a completion.

# tabtab source for foo package
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/foo.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/foo.bash || true

# tabtab source for tabtab-test package
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/tabtab-test.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/tabtab-test.bash || true

Completion uninstall

You can follow the file added in your SHELL configuration file and disable a completion by removing the above lines.

Or simply disable tabtab by removing the line in your SHELL configuration file.

Or, you can use tabtab.uninstall() to do this for you.

if (cmd === 'uninstall-completion') {
  // Here we uninstall for the program `tabtab-test`
  await tabtab
    .uninstall({
      name: 'tabtab-test'
    })
    .catch(err => console.error('UNINSTALL ERROR', err));

  return;
}

Debugging

tabtab internally logs a lot of things, using the debug package.

When testing a completion, it can be useful to see those logs, but writing to stdout or stderr while completing something can be troublesome.

You can use the TABTAB_DEBUG environment variable to specify a file to log to instead.

export TABTAB_DEBUG="/tmp/tabtab.log"
tail -f /tmp/tabtab.log

# in another shell
tabtab-test <tab>

See tabtabDebug.js file for details.

API Documentation

Please refer to api directory to see generated documentation (using jsdoc2md)

Changelog

Please refer to CHANGELOG file to see all possible changes to this project.

Credits

npm does pretty amazing stuff with its completion feature. bash and zsh provides command tab-completion, which allow you to complete the names of commands in your $path. usually these functions means bash scripting, and in the case of npm, it is partially true.

there is a special npm completion command you may want to look around, if not already.

npm completion

running this should dump this script to the console. this script works with both bash/zsh and map the correct completion functions to the npm executable. these functions takes care of parsing the comp_* variables available when hitting tab to complete a command, set them up as environment variables and run the npm completion command followed by -- words where words match value of the command being completed.

this means that using this technique npm manage to perform bash/zsh completion using node and javascript. actually, the comprehensiveness of npm completion is quite amazing.

this whole package/module is based entirely on npm's code and @isaacs work.


mit  ·  > mklabs.github.io  ·  > @mklabs