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#!/usr/bin/python
usage="""\
usage: %prog [options] filename
Unit tests for Microsoft Access
These run using the version from the 'build' directory, not the version
installed into the Python directories. You must run python setup.py build
before running the tests.
To run, pass the filename of an Access database on the command line:
accesstests test.accdb
An empty Access 2000 database (empty.mdb) and an empty Access 2007 database
(empty.accdb), are provided.
To run a single test, use the -t option:
accesstests test.accdb -t unicode_null
If you want to report an error, it would be helpful to include the driver information
by using the verbose flag and redirecting the output to a file:
accesstests test.accdb -v >& results.txt
You can pass the verbose flag twice for more verbose output:
accesstests test.accdb -vv
"""
# Access SQL data types: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb208866.aspx
import sys, os, re
import unittest
from decimal import Decimal
from datetime import datetime, date, time
from os.path import abspath
from testutils import *
CNXNSTRING = None
_TESTSTR = '0123456789-abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz-'
def _generate_test_string(length):
"""
Returns a string of composed of `seed` to make a string `length` characters long.
To enhance performance, there are 3 ways data is read, based on the length of the value, so most data types are
tested with 3 lengths. This function helps us generate the test data.
We use a recognizable data set instead of a single character to make it less likely that "overlap" errors will
be hidden and to help us manually identify where a break occurs.
"""
if length <= len(_TESTSTR):
return _TESTSTR[:length]
c = (length + len(_TESTSTR)-1) / len(_TESTSTR)
v = _TESTSTR * c
return v[:length]
class AccessTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
SMALL_FENCEPOST_SIZES = [ 0, 1, 254, 255 ] # text fields <= 255
LARGE_FENCEPOST_SIZES = [ 256, 270, 304, 508, 510, 511, 512, 1023, 1024, 2047, 2048, 4000, 4095, 4096, 4097, 10 * 1024, 20 * 1024 ]
ANSI_FENCEPOSTS = [ _generate_test_string(size) for size in SMALL_FENCEPOST_SIZES ]
UNICODE_FENCEPOSTS = [ unicode(s) for s in ANSI_FENCEPOSTS ]
IMAGE_FENCEPOSTS = ANSI_FENCEPOSTS + [ _generate_test_string(size) for size in LARGE_FENCEPOST_SIZES ]
def __init__(self, method_name):
unittest.TestCase.__init__(self, method_name)
def setUp(self):
self.cnxn = pyodbc.connect(CNXNSTRING)
self.cursor = self.cnxn.cursor()
for i in range(3):
try:
self.cursor.execute("drop table t%d" % i)
self.cnxn.commit()
except:
pass
self.cnxn.rollback()
def tearDown(self):
try:
self.cursor.close()
self.cnxn.close()
except:
# If we've already closed the cursor or connection, exceptions are thrown.
pass
def test_multiple_bindings(self):
"More than one bind and select on a cursor"
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n int)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", 1)
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", 2)
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", 3)
for i in range(3):
self.cursor.execute("select n from t1 where n < ?", 10)
self.cursor.execute("select n from t1 where n < 3")
def test_different_bindings(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n int)")
self.cursor.execute("create table t2(d datetime)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", 1)
self.cursor.execute("insert into t2 values (?)", datetime.now())
def test_datasources(self):
p = pyodbc.dataSources()
self.assert_(isinstance(p, dict))
def test_getinfo_string(self):
value = self.cnxn.getinfo(pyodbc.SQL_CATALOG_NAME_SEPARATOR)
self.assert_(isinstance(value, str))
def test_getinfo_bool(self):
value = self.cnxn.getinfo(pyodbc.SQL_ACCESSIBLE_TABLES)
self.assert_(isinstance(value, bool))
def test_getinfo_int(self):
value = self.cnxn.getinfo(pyodbc.SQL_DEFAULT_TXN_ISOLATION)
self.assert_(isinstance(value, (int, long)))
def test_getinfo_smallint(self):
value = self.cnxn.getinfo(pyodbc.SQL_CONCAT_NULL_BEHAVIOR)
self.assert_(isinstance(value, int))
def _test_strtype(self, sqltype, value, colsize=None):
"""
The implementation for string, Unicode, and binary tests.
"""
assert colsize is None or (value is None or colsize >= len(value)), 'colsize=%s value=%s' % (colsize, (value is None) and 'none' or len(value))
if colsize:
sql = "create table t1(n1 int not null, s1 %s(%s), s2 %s(%s))" % (sqltype, colsize, sqltype, colsize)
else:
sql = "create table t1(n1 int not null, s1 %s, s2 %s)" % (sqltype, sqltype)
self.cursor.execute(sql)
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(1, ?, ?)", (value, value))
row = self.cursor.execute("select s1, s2 from t1").fetchone()
# Access only uses Unicode, but strings might have been passed in to see if they can be written. When we read
# them back, they'll be unicode, so compare our results to a Unicode version of `value`.
if type(value) is str:
value = unicode(value)
for i in range(2):
v = row[i]
self.assertEqual(type(v), type(value))
if value is not None:
self.assertEqual(len(v), len(value))
self.assertEqual(v, value)
#
# unicode
#
def test_unicode_null(self):
self._test_strtype('varchar', None, 255)
# Generate a test for each fencepost size: test_varchar_0, etc.
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('varchar', value, len(value))
t.__doc__ = 'unicode %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in UNICODE_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_unicode_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
#
# ansi -> varchar
#
# Access only stores Unicode text but it should accept ASCII text.
# Generate a test for each fencepost size: test_varchar_0, etc.
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('varchar', value, len(value))
t.__doc__ = 'ansi %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in ANSI_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_ansivarchar_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
#
# binary
#
# Generate a test for each fencepost size: test_varchar_0, etc.
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('varbinary', buffer(value), len(value))
t.__doc__ = 'binary %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in ANSI_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_binary_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
#
# image
#
def test_null_image(self):
self._test_strtype('image', None)
# Generate a test for each fencepost size: test_varchar_0, etc.
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('image', buffer(value))
t.__doc__ = 'image %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in IMAGE_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_image_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
#
# memo
#
def test_null_memo(self):
self._test_strtype('memo', None)
# Generate a test for each fencepost size: test_varchar_0, etc.
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('memo', unicode(value))
t.__doc__ = 'Unicode to memo %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in IMAGE_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_memo_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
# ansi -> memo
def _maketest(value):
def t(self):
self._test_strtype('memo', value)
t.__doc__ = 'ANSI to memo %s' % len(value)
return t
for value in IMAGE_FENCEPOSTS:
locals()['test_ansimemo_%s' % len(value)] = _maketest(value)
def test_subquery_params(self):
"""Ensure parameter markers work in a subquery"""
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(id integer, s varchar(20))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?,?)", 1, 'test')
row = self.cursor.execute("""
select x.id
from (
select id
from t1
where s = ?
and id between ? and ?
) x
""", 'test', 1, 10).fetchone()
self.assertNotEqual(row, None)
self.assertEqual(row[0], 1)
def _exec(self):
self.cursor.execute(self.sql)
def test_close_cnxn(self):
"""Make sure using a Cursor after closing its connection doesn't crash."""
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(id integer, s varchar(20))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?,?)", 1, 'test')
self.cursor.execute("select * from t1")
self.cnxn.close()
# Now that the connection is closed, we expect an exception. (If the code attempts to use
# the HSTMT, we'll get an access violation instead.)
self.sql = "select * from t1"
self.assertRaises(pyodbc.ProgrammingError, self._exec)
def test_unicode_query(self):
self.cursor.execute(u"select 1")
def test_negative_row_index(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(s varchar(20))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(?)", "1")
row = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()
self.assertEquals(row[0], "1")
self.assertEquals(row[-1], "1")
def test_version(self):
self.assertEquals(3, len(pyodbc.version.split('.'))) # 1.3.1 etc.
#
# date, time, datetime
#
def test_datetime(self):
value = datetime(2007, 1, 15, 3, 4, 5)
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(dt datetime)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select dt from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(value, result)
#
# ints and floats
#
def test_int(self):
value = 1234
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n int)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(result, value)
def test_negative_int(self):
value = -1
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n int)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(result, value)
def test_smallint(self):
value = 32767
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n smallint)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(result, value)
def test_real(self):
value = 1234.5
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n real)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(result, value)
def test_negative_real(self):
value = -200.5
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n real)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(value, result)
def test_float(self):
value = 1234.567
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n float)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEquals(result, value)
def test_negative_float(self):
value = -200.5
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n float)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(value, result)
def test_tinyint(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n tinyint)")
value = 10
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(result), type(value))
self.assertEqual(value, result)
#
# decimal & money
#
def test_decimal(self):
value = Decimal('12345.6789')
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n numeric(10,4))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(?)", value)
v = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(v), Decimal)
self.assertEqual(v, value)
def test_money(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(n money)")
value = Decimal('1234.45')
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select n from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(result), type(value))
self.assertEqual(value, result)
def test_negative_decimal_scale(self):
value = Decimal('-10.0010')
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(d numeric(19,4))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(?)", value)
v = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(v), Decimal)
self.assertEqual(v, value)
#
# bit
#
def test_bit(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(b bit)")
value = True
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select b from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(result), bool)
self.assertEqual(value, result)
def test_bit_null(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(b bit)")
value = None
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
result = self.cursor.execute("select b from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(result), bool)
self.assertEqual(False, result)
def test_guid(self):
# REVIEW: Python doesn't (yet) have a UUID type so the value is returned as a string. Access, however, only
# really supports Unicode. For now, we'll have to live with this difference. All strings in Python 3.x will
# be Unicode -- pyodbc 3.x will have different defaults.
value = "de2ac9c6-8676-4b0b-b8a6-217a8580cbee"
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(g1 uniqueidentifier)")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", value)
v = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(type(v), type(value))
self.assertEqual(len(v), len(value))
#
# rowcount
#
def test_rowcount_delete(self):
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, -1)
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(i int)")
count = 4
for i in range(count):
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", i)
self.cursor.execute("delete from t1")
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, count)
def test_rowcount_nodata(self):
"""
This represents a different code path than a delete that deleted something.
The return value is SQL_NO_DATA and code after it was causing an error. We could use SQL_NO_DATA to step over
the code that errors out and drop down to the same SQLRowCount code. On the other hand, we could hardcode a
zero return value.
"""
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(i int)")
# This is a different code path internally.
self.cursor.execute("delete from t1")
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, 0)
def test_rowcount_select(self):
"""
Ensure Cursor.rowcount is set properly after a select statement.
pyodbc calls SQLRowCount after each execute and sets Cursor.rowcount, but SQL Server 2005 returns -1 after a
select statement, so we'll test for that behavior. This is valid behavior according to the DB API
specification, but people don't seem to like it.
"""
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(i int)")
count = 4
for i in range(count):
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", i)
self.cursor.execute("select * from t1")
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, -1)
rows = self.cursor.fetchall()
self.assertEquals(len(rows), count)
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, -1)
def test_rowcount_reset(self):
"Ensure rowcount is reset to -1"
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(i int)")
count = 4
for i in range(count):
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values (?)", i)
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, 1)
self.cursor.execute("create table t2(i int)")
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.rowcount, -1)
#
# Misc
#
def test_lower_case(self):
"Ensure pyodbc.lowercase forces returned column names to lowercase."
# Has to be set before creating the cursor, so we must recreate self.cursor.
pyodbc.lowercase = True
self.cursor = self.cnxn.cursor()
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(Abc int, dEf int)")
self.cursor.execute("select * from t1")
names = [ t[0] for t in self.cursor.description ]
names.sort()
self.assertEquals(names, [ "abc", "def" ])
# Put it back so other tests don't fail.
pyodbc.lowercase = False
def test_row_description(self):
"""
Ensure Cursor.description is accessible as Row.cursor_description.
"""
self.cursor = self.cnxn.cursor()
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(a int, b char(3))")
self.cnxn.commit()
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(1, 'abc')")
row = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()
self.assertEquals(self.cursor.description, row.cursor_description)
def test_executemany(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(a int, b varchar(10))")
params = [ (i, str(i)) for i in range(1, 6) ]
self.cursor.executemany("insert into t1(a, b) values (?,?)", params)
count = self.cursor.execute("select count(*) from t1").fetchone()[0]
self.assertEqual(count, len(params))
self.cursor.execute("select a, b from t1 order by a")
rows = self.cursor.fetchall()
self.assertEqual(count, len(rows))
for param, row in zip(params, rows):
self.assertEqual(param[0], row[0])
self.assertEqual(param[1], row[1])
def test_executemany_failure(self):
"""
Ensure that an exception is raised if one query in an executemany fails.
"""
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(a int, b varchar(10))")
params = [ (1, 'good'),
('error', 'not an int'),
(3, 'good') ]
self.failUnlessRaises(pyodbc.Error, self.cursor.executemany, "insert into t1(a, b) value (?, ?)", params)
def test_row_slicing(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(a int, b int, c int, d int)");
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(1,2,3,4)")
row = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()
result = row[:]
self.failUnless(result is row)
result = row[:-1]
self.assertEqual(result, (1,2,3))
result = row[0:4]
self.failUnless(result is row)
def test_row_repr(self):
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(a int, b int, c int, d int)");
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1 values(1,2,3,4)")
row = self.cursor.execute("select * from t1").fetchone()
result = str(row)
self.assertEqual(result, "(1, 2, 3, 4)")
result = str(row[:-1])
self.assertEqual(result, "(1, 2, 3)")
result = str(row[:1])
self.assertEqual(result, "(1,)")
def test_concatenation(self):
v2 = u'0123456789' * 25
v3 = u'9876543210' * 25
value = v2 + 'x' + v3
self.cursor.execute("create table t1(c2 varchar(250), c3 varchar(250))")
self.cursor.execute("insert into t1(c2, c3) values (?,?)", v2, v3)
row = self.cursor.execute("select c2 + 'x' + c3 from t1").fetchone()
self.assertEqual(row[0], value)
def test_autocommit(self):
self.assertEqual(self.cnxn.autocommit, False)
othercnxn = pyodbc.connect(CNXNSTRING, autocommit=True)
self.assertEqual(othercnxn.autocommit, True)
othercnxn.autocommit = False
self.assertEqual(othercnxn.autocommit, False)
def main():
from optparse import OptionParser
parser = OptionParser(usage=usage)
parser.add_option("-v", "--verbose", action="count", help="Increment test verbosity (can be used multiple times)")
parser.add_option("-d", "--debug", action="store_true", default=False, help="Print debugging items")
parser.add_option("-t", "--test", help="Run only the named test")
(options, args) = parser.parse_args()
if len(args) != 1:
parser.error('dbfile argument required')
if args[0].endswith('.accdb'):
driver = 'Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb, *.accdb)'
else:
driver = 'Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)'
global CNXNSTRING
CNXNSTRING = 'DRIVER={%s};DBQ=%s;ExtendedAnsiSQL=1' % (driver, abspath(args[0]))
cnxn = pyodbc.connect(CNXNSTRING)
print_library_info(cnxn)
cnxn.close()
suite = load_tests(AccessTestCase, options.test)
testRunner = unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=options.verbose)
result = testRunner.run(suite)
if __name__ == '__main__':
# Add the build directory to the path so we're testing the latest build, not the installed version.
add_to_path()
import pyodbc
main()
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