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Minima is a one-size-fits-all Jekyll theme for writers. It's Jekyll's default (and first) theme. It's what you get when you run jekyll new.

Disclaimer: The information here may vary depending on the version you're using. Please refer to the bundled within the theme-gem for information specific to your version or by pointing your browser to the Git tag corresponding to your version. e.g.
Running bundle show minima will provide you with the local path to your current theme version.

Theme preview

minima theme preview


Add this line to your Jekyll site's Gemfile:

gem "minima"

And then execute:

$ bundle

Contents At-A-Glance

Minima has been scaffolded by the jekyll new-theme command and therefore has all the necessary files and directories to have a new Jekyll site up and running with zero-configuration.


Refers to files within the _layouts directory, that define the markup for your theme.

  • default.html — The base layout that lays the foundation for subsequent layouts. The derived layouts inject their contents into this file at the line that says {{ content }} and are linked to this file via FrontMatter declaration layout: default.
  • home.html — The layout for your landing-page / home-page / index-page. [More Info.]
  • page.html — The layout for your documents that contain FrontMatter, but are not posts.
  • post.html — The layout for your posts.

Home Layout

home.html is a flexible HTML layout for the site's landing-page / home-page / index-page.

Main Heading and Content-injection

From Minima v2.2 onwards, the home layout will inject all content from your / index.html before the Posts heading. This will allow you to include non-posts related content to be published on the landing page under a dedicated heading. We recommended that you title this section with a Heading2 (##).

Usually the site.title itself would suffice as the implicit 'main-title' for a landing-page. But, if your landing-page would like a heading to be explicitly displayed, then simply define a title variable in the document's front matter and it will be rendered with an <h1> tag.

Post Listing

This section is optional from Minima v2.2 onwards.
It will be automatically included only when your site contains one or more valid posts or drafts (if the site is configured to show_drafts).

The title for this section is Posts by default and rendered with an <h2> tag. You can customize this heading by defining a list_title variable in the document's front matter.


Refers to snippets of code within the _includes directory that can be inserted in multiple layouts (and another include-file as well) within the same theme-gem.

  • disqus_comments.html — Code to markup disqus comment box.
  • footer.html — Defines the site's footer section.
  • google-analytics.html — Inserts Google Analytics module (active only in production environment).
  • head.html — Code-block that defines the <head></head> in default layout.
  • header.html — Defines the site's main header section. By default, pages with a defined title attribute will have links displayed here.
  • social.html — Renders social-media icons based on the minima:social_links data in the config file.


Refers to .scss files within the _sass directory that define the theme's styles.

  • minima.scss — The core file imported by preprocessed css/style.scss, it defines the variable defaults for the theme and also further imports sass partials to supplement itself.
  • minima/_base.scss — Resets and defines base styles for various HTML elements.
  • minima/_layout.scss — Defines the visual style for various layouts.
  • minima/_syntax-highlighting.scss — Defines the styles for syntax-highlighting.


Refers to various asset files within the assets directory. Contains the css/style.scss that imports sass files from within the _sass directory. This css/style.scss is what gets processed into the theme's main stylesheet main.css called by _layouts/default.html via _includes/head.html.

This directory can include sub-directories to manage assets of similar type (img, fonts, svg), and will be copied over as is, to the final transformed site directory.


Minima comes with jekyll-seo-tag plugin preinstalled to make sure your website gets the most useful meta tags. See usage to know how to set it up.


Have the following line in your config file:

theme: minima

Customizing templates

To override the default structure and style of minima, simply create the concerned directory at the root of your site, copy the file you wish to customize to that directory, and then edit the file. e.g., to override the _includes/head.html file to specify a custom style path, create an _includes directory, copy _includes/head.html from minima gem folder to <yoursite>/_includes and start editing that file.

The site's default CSS has now moved to a new place within the gem itself, assets/css/style.scss. To override the default CSS, the file has to exist at your site source. Do either of the following:

  • Create a new instance at site source.
    • Create a new file at <your-site>/assets/css/style.scss
    • Add the frontmatter dashes, and
    • Add @import "minima";
    • Add your custom CSS.
  • Download the file from this repo
    • Create a new file at <your-site>/assets/css/style.scss
    • Copy the contents at assets/css/style.scss onto the css/style.scss you just created, and edit away!
  • Copy directly from minima gem
    • Go to your local minima gem installation directory ( run bundle show minima to get the path to it ).
    • Copy the assets/ folder from there into the root of <your-site>
    • Change whatever values you want, inside <your-site>/assets/css/style.scss

When you override only a minima-sass-partial, it is not automatically imported because we're still importing the minima.scss within the theme-gem and that subsequently imports the partials with respect to itself, i.e. partials within the gem. Hence you should either include a copy of minima.scss from the gem inside the _sass directory at source or the overriding /assets/css/style.scss file should explicitly import the edited partial. : e.g. To have an edited _syntax-highlighting.scss be rendered, you should either have

/* <your-site>/assets/css/style.scss */

@import "minima";
@import "minima/syntax-highlighting";

or your <your-site>/_sass/ should look like:

├── minima.scss
└── minima
    └── _syntax-highlighting.scss

To have your CSS overrides in sync with upstream changes released in future versions, collect all your overrides into a single partial sass-file and then import that partial after importing minima, like so:

/* <your-site>/assets/css/style.scss */

@import "minima";
@import "my_overrides";

Customize navigation links

This allows you to set which pages you want to appear in the navigation area and configure order of the links.

For instance, to only link to the about and the portfolio page, add the following to your _config.yml:


Change default date format

You can change the default date format by specifying site.minima.date_format in _config.yml.

# Minima date format
# refer to if you want to customize this
  date_format: "%b %-d, %Y"

Add your favicons

  1. Head over to to add your own favicons.
  2. Customize default _includes/head.html in your source directory and insert the given code snippet.

Enabling comments (via Disqus)

Optionally, if you have a Disqus account, you can tell Jekyll to use it to show a comments section below each post.

To enable it, add the following lines to your Jekyll site:

    shortname: my_disqus_shortname

You can find out more about Disqus' shortnames here.

Comments are enabled by default and will only appear in production, i.e., JEKYLL_ENV=production

If you don't want to display comments for a particular post you can disable them by adding comments: false to that post's YAML Front Matter.

⚠️ url, e.g., must be set in you config file for Disqus to work.

Social networks

You can add links to the accounts you have on other sites, with respective icon, by adding one or more of the following options in your config. From Minima-3.0 onwards, the usernames are to be nested under minima.social_links, with the keys being simply the social-network's name:

    twitter: jekyllrb
    github: jekyll
    dribbble: jekyll
    facebook: jekyll
    flickr: jekyll
    instagram: jekyll
    linkedin: jekyll
    pinterest: jekyll
    telegram: jekyll
    googleplus: +jekyll
    microdotblog: jekyll
    keybase: jekyll
    rss: rss

     - username: jekyll
     - username: jekyll2

    youtube: jekyll
    youtube_channel: UC8CXR0-3I70i1tfPg1PAE1g
    youtube_channel_name: CloudCannon

Enabling Google Analytics

To enable Google Analytics, add the following lines to your Jekyll site:

  google_analytics: UA-NNNNNNNN-N

Google Analytics will only appear in production, i.e., JEKYLL_ENV=production

Enabling Excerpts on the Home Page

To display post-excerpts on the Home Page, simply add the following to your _config.yml:

show_excerpts: true


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.


To set up your environment to develop this theme, run script/bootstrap.

To test your theme, run script/server (or bundle exec jekyll serve) and open your browser at http://localhost:4000. This starts a Jekyll server using your theme and the contents. As you make modifications, your site will regenerate and you should see the changes in the browser after a refresh.


The theme is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.


Jekyll theme for my personal website, based on Minima.



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