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Library for creating animated overlays on focused elements
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Focus Overlay

Library for creating overlays on focused elements. It was built with accessibility in mind with trigger keys and ARIA roles.

Focus Overlay


Install with npm:

npm install focus-overlay

Install in browser:

<!-- In the <head> -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//" />

<!-- End of <body> -->
<script src="//"></script>

The CSS is small enough to copy directly into your project's main stylesheet if you desire.


FocusOverlay(element, options)

import FocusOverlay from 'focus-overlay';

// Option 1: Zero config - Scopes to <body> element and uses default settings
const fo = new FocusOverlay();

// Option 2: Define an element
const fo = new FocusOverlay(document.body, options);

The element is what FocusOverlay will be scoped to. It takes either a string CSS selector or an HTML element. If no element is supplied it will scope to the <body> element by default.

The options is an optional parameter. Takes an object. See options for more info.

By default Focus Overlay will show and animate when hitting keyboard keys such as the Tab key. It's also preconfigured to animate via CSS transitions.


The default options are:

// Class added to the focus box
class: 'focus-overlay',
// Class added while the focus box is active
activeClass: 'focus-overlay-active',
// Class added while the focus box is animating
animatingClass: 'focus-overlay-animating',
// Class added to the target element
targetClass: 'focus-overlay-target',
// z-index of focus box
zIndex: 9001,
// Duration of the animatingClass (milliseconds)
duration: 500,
// Removes activeClass after duration
inactiveAfterDuration: false,
// Tab, Arrow Keys, Enter, Space, Shift, Ctrl, Alt, ESC
triggerKeys: [9, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 13, 32, 16, 17, 18, 27],
// Make focus box inactive when a non specified key is pressed
inactiveOnNonTriggerKey: true,
// Make focus box inactive when a user clicks
inactiveOnClick: true,
// Force the box to always stay active. Overrides everything
alwaysActive: false,
// Reposition focus box on transitionEnd for focused elements
watchTransitionEnd: true,
// Initialization event
onInit: function(focusoverlay) {},
// Before focus box move
onBeforeMove: function(focusoverlay) {},
// After focus box move
onAfterMove: function(focusoverlay) {},
// After FocusOverlay is destroyed
onDestroy: function(focusoverlay) {}


// Example use of the "moveFocusBox" method


Arguments: Element

Moves the focusBox to a target element


Arguments: None

Deconstructs the FocusOverlay instance

Data Attribute Settings

In some cases you might want FocusOverlay to ignore certain elements, or focus other elements instead. There are a few options available:

Example usage for data-focus:

<div id="input-wrapper">
  <input type="text" data-focus="#input-wrapper" />

In this example when the user focuses the input, FocusOverlay will instead target the wrapper. The data-focus attribute accepts a querySelector string.

Example usage for data-focus-label:

<label for="stylized-checkbox" class="rounded-checkbox">Click me</label>

In this example when the user focuses the input, FocusOverlay will instead target its associated label.

Example usage for data-focus-ignore:

<a href="/info.html" data-focus-ignore>Really important information here!</a>

In this example FocusOverlay will not target this element at all.

Browser support

Focus Overlay works on all modern browsers including IE11.


  • Special thanks to NV as it was inspired by his Flying Focus UI concept.
  • The jQuery version is still available at in the jQuery branch. It is no longer mantained.


  • Make zIndex be CSS only
  • Add refreshPosition method
  • Add currentTarget var
  • Fix iframe focus when alwaysActive is true
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