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// A _line filter_ is a common type of program that reads
// input on stdin, processes it, and then prints some
// derived result to stdout. `grep` and `sed` are common
// line filters.
// Here's an example line filter in Go that writes a
// capitalized version of all input text. You can use this
// pattern to write your own Go line filters.
package main
import (
"bufio"
"fmt"
"os"
"strings"
)
func main() {
// Wrapping the unbuffered `os.Stdin` with a buffered
// scanner gives us a convenient `Scan` method that
// advances the scanner to the next token; which is
// the next line in the default scanner.
scanner := bufio.NewScanner(os.Stdin)
for scanner.Scan() {
// `Text` returns the current token, here the next line,
// from the input.
ucl := strings.ToUpper(scanner.Text())
// Write out the uppercased line.
fmt.Println(ucl)
}
// Check for errors during `Scan`. End of file is
// expected and not reported by `Scan` as an error.
if err := scanner.Err(); err != nil {
fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "error:", err)
os.Exit(1)
}
}