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Lumen Route Binding

Build Status Lumen Version Latest Stable Version Total Downloads Latest Unstable Version License

This package Adds support for Route Model Binding in Lumen (5.0 to 5.7).

As known, Lumen doesn't support Route Model Binding out of the box due to the fact that Lumen doesn't use the Illuminate router that Laravel uses, Instead, It uses the FastRoute which is much faster. With this package, We add support for the powerful Route Model Binding while still benefit the speed of the FastRoute in Lumen.

Table of Contents

Installation

Using composer

composer require mmghv/lumen-route-binding "^1.0"

It requires

php >= 5.4.0
Lumen 5.*

Register the service provider

In the coming section ..

Usage

Route model binding provides a convenient way to automatically inject the model instances directly into your routes. For example, instead of injecting a user's ID, you can inject the entire User model instance that matches the given ID.

Where to Define our Bindings

Create a service provider that extends the package's one and place it in app/Providers :

// app/Providers/RouteBindingServiceProvider.php

namespace App\Providers;

use mmghv\LumenRouteBinding\RouteBindingServiceProvider as BaseServiceProvider;

class RouteBindingServiceProvider extends BaseServiceProvider
{
    /**
     * Boot the service provider
     */
    public function boot()
    {
        // The binder instance
        $binder = $this->binder;

        // Here we define our bindings
    }
}

Then register it in bootstrap/app.php :

$app->register('App\Providers\RouteBindingServiceProvider');

Now we can define our bindings in the boot method.

Defining the Bindings

We have Three types of bindings:

1) Explicit Binding

We can explicitly bind a route wildcard name to a specific model using the bind method :

$binder->bind('user', 'App\User');

This way, Anywhere in our routes if the wildcard {user} is found, It will be resolved to the User model instance that corresponds to the wildcard value, So we can define our route like this :

$app->get('profile/{user}', function(App\User $user) {
    //
});

Behind the scenes, The binder will resolve the model instance like this :

$instance = new App\User;
return $instance->where($instance->getRouteKeyName(), $value)->firstOrFail();
Customizing The Key Name

By default, It will use the model's ID column. Similar to Laravel, If you would like it to use another column when retrieving a given model class, you may override the getRouteKeyName method on the Eloquent model :

/**
 * Get the route key for the model.
 *
 * @return string
 */
public function getRouteKeyName()
{
    return 'slug';
}
Using a Custom Resolver Callback :

If you wish to use your own resolution logic, you may pass a Class@method callable style or a Closure instead of the class name to the bind method, The callable will receive the value of the URI segment and should return the instance of the class that should be injected into the route :

// Using a 'Class@method' callable style
$binder->bind('article', 'App\Article@findForRoute');

// Using a closure
$binder->bind('article', function($value) {
    return \App\Article::where('slug', $value)->firstOrFail();
});
Handling the NotFound Exception :

If no model found with the given key, The Eloquent firstOrFail will throw a ModelNotFoundException, To handle this exception, We can pass a closure as the third parameter to the bind method :

$binder->bind('article', 'App\Article', function($e) {
    // We can return a default value if the model not found :
    return new \App\Article();

    // Or we can throw another exception for example :
    throw new \NotFoundHttpException;
});

2) Implicit Binding

Using the implicitBind method, We can tell the binder to automatically bind all the models in a given namespace :

$binder->implicitBind('App');

So in this example :

$app->get('articles/{article}', function($myArticle) {
    //
});

The binder will first check for any explicit binding that matches the article key. If no match found, It then (and according to our previous implicit binding) will check if the following class exists App\Article (The namespace + ucFirst(the key)), If it finds it, Then it will call firstOrFail on the class like the explicit binding and inject the returned instance into the route, However, If no classes found with this name, It will continue to the next binding (if any) and return the route parameters unchanged if no bindings matches.

Customizing The Key Name

Similar to explicit binding, we could specify another column to be used to retrieve the model instance by overriding the getRouteKeyName method on the Eloquent model :

/**
 * Get the route key for the model.
 *
 * @return string
 */
public function getRouteKeyName()
{
    return 'slug';
}
Implicit Binding with Repositories

We can use implicit binding with classes other than the Eloquent models, For example if we use something like Repository Pattern and would like our bindings to use the repository classes instead of the Eloquent models, We can do that.

The problem is that the repository classes names usually use a Prefix and\or Suffix beside the Eloquent model name, For example, The Article Eloquent model, May have a corresponding repository class with the name EloquentArticleRepository, We can set our implicit binding to use this prefix and\or suffix like this :

$binder->implicitBind('App\Repositories', 'Eloquent', 'Repository');

(Of course we can leave out the prefix and\or the suffix if we don't use it)

So in this example :

$app->get('articles/{article}', function($myArticle) {
    //
});

The binder will check if the following class exists App\Repositories\EloquentArticleRepository (The namespace + prefix + ucFirst(the key) + suffix), If it finds it, Then it will call firstOrFail() using the column from getRouteKeyName() (so you should have these methods on your repository).

Using Custom Method

If you want to use a custom method on your class to retrieve the model instance, You can pass the method name as the fourth parameter :

$binder->implicitBind('App\Repositories', 'Eloquent', 'Repository', 'findForRoute');

This way, The binder will call the custom method findForRoute on our repository passing the route wildcard value and expecting it to return the resolved instance.

Example of using a custom method with Implicit Binding while using the Repository Pattern :

1- defining our binding in the service provider :

$binder->implicitBind('App\Repositories', '', 'Repository', 'findForRoute');

2- defining our route in routes.php :

$app->get('articles/{article}', function(App\Article $article) {
    return view('articles.view', compact('article'));
});

3- Adding our custom method in our repository in apps/Repositories/ArticleRepository.php :

/**
 * Find the Article for route-model-binding
 *
 * @param  string $val  wildcard value
 *
 * @return \App\Article
 */
public function findForRoute($val)
{
    return $this->model->where('slug', $val)->firstOrFail();
}
Handling the NotFound Exception :

Similar to explicit binding, We can handle the exception thrown in the resolver method (the model firstOrFail or in our repository) by passing a closure as the fifth parameter to the method implicitBind.

3) Composite Binding

Sometimes, you will have a route of two or more levels that contains wildcards of related models, Something like :

$app->get('posts/{post}/comments/{comment}', function(App\Post $post, App\Comment $comment) {
    //
});

In this example, If we use explicit or implicit binding, Each model will be resolved individually with no relation to each other, Sometimes that's OK, But what if we want to resolve these models in one binding to handle the relationship between them and maybe do a proper eager loading without repeating the process for each model individually, That's where Composite Binding comes into play.

In Composite Binding we tell the binder to register a binding for multiple wildcards in a specific order.

We use the method compositeBind passing an array of wildcards names as the first parameter, and a resolver callback (either a closure or a Class@method callable style) as the second parameter.

// Using a 'Class@method' callable style
$binder->compositeBind(['post', 'comment'], 'App\Repositories\PostRepository@findPostCommentForRoute');

// Using a closure
$binder->compositeBind(['post', 'comment'], function($postKey, $commentKey) {
    $post = \App\Post::findOrFail($postKey);
    $comment = $post->comments()->findOrFail($commentKey);

    return [$post, $comment];
});

Note: This binding will match the route that has only and exactly the given wildcards (in this case {post} and {comment}) and they appear in the same exact order. The resolver callback will be handled the wildcards values and MUST return the resolved models in an array of the same count and order of the wildcards.

Note: This type of binding takes a priority over any other type of binding, Meaning that in the previous example if we have an explicit or implicit binding for post and\or comment, None of them will take place as long as the route as whole matches a composite binding.

Handling the NotFound Exception :

Similar to explicit and implicit binding, We can handle the exception thrown in the resolver callback by passing a closure as the third parameter to the method compositeBind.

DingoAPI Integration

NOTE This documentation is for dingo/api v2.*, for earlier versions of dingo, follow this link.

To integrate dingo/api with LumenRouteBinding, all you need to do is to replace the registration of the default dingo service provider with the custom one shipped with LumenRouteBinding:

So remove this line in bootstrap/app.php :

$app->register(Dingo\Api\Provider\LumenServiceProvider::class);

And add this line instead :

$app->register(mmghv\LumenRouteBinding\DingoServiceProvider::class);

(don't forget to also register the LumenRouteBinding service provider itself)

That's it, Now you should be able to use LumenRoutebinding with DingoAPI.

Contributing

If you found an issue, Please report it here.

Pull Requests are welcome, just make sure to follow the PSR-2 standards and don't forget to add tests.

License & Copyright

Copyright © 2016-2017, Mohamed Gharib. Released under the MIT license.