You can view a live stream of the A.I. in action here: http://32768.eu.
Main article: Building Solver2048
git clone https://github.com/mmiermans/solver2048.git && cd solver2048/Solver2048 && make && ./Debug/Solver2048
- Max-tile histogram and score box-plot are included below the live stream.
- Up to 17 million nodes/second.
- Evaluates every possible position, up to 12 moves ahead.
- Reaches the 16384 tile 55% of the time.
- Reached the 32768 tile after 42 games in 48 hours.
The solver has the following features:
- The game state is stored compactly in a 64-bit integer bitboard.
- A depth-first search is performed on an expectimax tree with alternating max and chance nodes.
- Max and chance nodes are generated simultaneously to remove some duplicate nodes early on.
- More duplicate nodes are prevented with a custom hashmap, which sacrifices theoretical correctness for raw performance and memory efficiency.
- A simple and efficient cost function is used: sum all tiles, except those lying in a decreasing zig-zag pattern starting from the upper-left corner.
- The solver cleverly determines the look-ahead (depth of the decision tree):
- The look-ahead is based on the cost of the previous move, such that more computational time is spent on bad board positions.
- The look-ahead is restricted to a range that depends on the sum of all tiles.
- If there is a sharp increase in cost after the board is evaluated, then the evaluation is performed again with maximum look-ahead.