DataModule for Bitcoin Checker android app
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README.md

Bitcoin Checker

Bitcoin Checker is a FREE app to track the most recent prices of your favourite currency pairs (on over 80 supported exchanges) in many customizable ways (such as rich notifications, TTS voice announcements, Home and Lockscreen widget or multiple alarms).

As you know, the number of virtual currencies is increasing very fast. Currency pairs set on existing exchanges change almost every day and there is also a need to add newer and newer exchanges over time. We proudly announce that DataModule (containing exchanges and currency pairs) for Bitcoin Checker app is now OPEN for our users to make this application even better! This means that anyone can now:

  • Add support for a new exchange
  • Update currency pairs on their favourite exchange

Issues

Please submit all requests for new exchanges/currency pairs or bugs in Bitcoin Checker apps in the Issues section.

Bitcoin Checker on Google Play Store:

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mobnetic.coinguardian

Donate to Bitcoin Checker project:

BTC: 1KyLY5sT1Ffa6ctFPFpdL2bxhSAxNqfvMA

DOGE: D81kyZ49E132enb7ct7RcPGpjgsrN7bsd7

LTC: LZ3EiK42o5nbDW3cwiaKUptFQ9eBA3x1vw

Table of Contents

Introduction

To start working, you should fork this repo. It basically contains two projects:

  • DataModule: Library project that stores information about exchanges and currencies used in Bitcoin Checker. This is the project that you will work with.
  • DataModuleTester: Simple project that provides minimal interface in order to launch and test your changes - to see if they will work :)

The whole tutorial described below refers to the DataModule project because only this project is meant to be edited by users. After making your changes, please create a pull request to the original repo.

Updating currency pairs on existing exchange:

*Note if particular exchange supports dynamic currency pairs syncing mechanism there is NO need to add pairs manually here. *

To update currency pairs on your favourite exchange, you have to find the corresponding exchange class file in the com.mobnetic.coinguardian.model.market package. In every exchange file there is a CURRENCY_PAIRS HashMap that contains a base currency (as a key) and a list of counter currencies. Every combination of base and counter currency represents one currency pair.

CURRENCY_PAIRS.put(VirtualCurrency.LTC,  // Base currency
  new String[]{
    VirtualCurrency.BTC,             // Counter currency
    Currency.USD,                    // Counter currency
    Currency.RUR,                    // Counter currency
    Currency.EUR                     // Counter currency
  }
);

This example from BTC-e represents 4 pairs: LTC/BTC, LTC/USD, LTC/RUR and LTC/EUR.

Adding new pair on Cryptsy?

This is generally enough, but while adding a new currency pair on Cryptsy you also need to provide a special pair ID. Please include it in a map called CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS, as shown here:

[...]
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DOGE_BTC", 132);
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DOGE_LTC", 135);
[...]

The simplest way to find the pair ID is to click or hover on that particular pair in the trading section on the Cryptsy website. The number at the end of the page url represents the ID of that particular pair: https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/132

Good practise:

Try to keep alphabetical order of base currencies (or even with counter currencies) but sometimes it's also good to mirror the order from the exchange site.

While adding new pairs, you should use currency names from these two classes:

  • Currency - where you can find fiat currencies
  • VirtualCurrency - where all of the crypto/virtual currencies are stored

Some currencies are missing?

You want to add some currency pairs but one currency (or both) is missing in Currency or VirtualCurrency class? Just add them to the Currency or VirtualCurrency class. Please put all fiat/normal currencies in the Currency.java file and all crypto/virtual currencies in VirtualCurrency.java.

Adding new exchange:

Example:

Please see the example of a class that represents a single exchange here - MarketExample

1. New exchange configuration:

To add support for a new exchange, you have to provide some constants describing that particular exchange:

  • NAME - name of the exchange that will be displayed in the app.
  • TTS_NAME - name of the exchange that will be used in spoken announements. Sometimes it's just fine to put NAME here (see Kraken), but sometimes it's better to provide a more spoken friendly version (like on McxNOW - "MCX now").
  • URL - this field stores the Url for the Ticker API. Most often it contains two parameters, but sometimes it has one (%1$s and %2$s). These parameters are replaced with currency names or the selected currency pair. Providing a URL is described in the next section.
  • CURRENCY_PAIRS - map of all currencies supported by this exchange - described later.

These constants (without URL) should be provided in the default constructor:

public MarketExample() {
  super(NAME, TTS_NAME, CURRENCY_PAIRS);
}

2. Providing currency pairs:

If given exchanges provides a mechanism to fetch currency pairs dynamically, there is no need to specify them manually then. Please see [this section](# 6-fetching-currency-pairs-directly-from-exchange).

Otherwise you have to specify which currency pairs are supported by your new exchange. Description for this is done above, in the [Updating currency pairs on existing exchange](https://github.com/mobnetic/BitcoinCheckerDataModule# updating-currency-pairs-on-existing-exchange) section.

3. Providing API Url:

The API Url is provided by the getUrl method. The simplest implementation is to just return the URL field. Sometimes, the Url requires some additional parameters (like currency names) - then you have to provide them using String.format() method. See examples below:

Example without parameters:
@Override
public String getUrl(int requestId, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) {
  return URL;
}
Example with arguments - for given currency pair:
@Override
public String getUrl(int requestId, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) {
  return String.format(URL, checkerInfo.getCurrencyBase(), checkerInfo.getCurrencyCounter());
}

Note that currency names are always in uppercase; however, some APIs requires them to be in lowercase.

Example with lowercase currency parameters:
@Override
public String getUrl(int requestId, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) {
  return String.format(URL, checkerInfo.getCurrencyBaseLowerCase(), checkerInfo.getCurrencyCounterLowerCase());
}

3a. Providing other parameters in URL (advanced):

Sometimes there is a need to include some kind of pair ID instead of just currency names. Please see Cryptsy as an example. There is a separate CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS map that holds pair ids:

[...]
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DMD_BTC", 72);
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DOGE_BTC", 132);
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DOGE_LTC", 135);
CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.put("DVC_BTC", 40);
[...]

While providing the URL, we need to obtain the proper ID that is associated with this pair:

Example for DOGE/BTC (id=132) on Cryptsy:
@Override
public String getUrl(int requestId, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) {
  final String pairString = String.format("%1$s_%2$s", checkerInfo.getCurrencyBase(), checkerInfo.getCurrencyCounter());
  if(CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.containsKey(pairString))
    return String.format(URL, String.valueOf(CURRENCY_PAIRS_IDS.get(pairString)));
  return URL;
}

4. Parsing API response:

While parsing the response from the exchange you have to fill the fieds of Ticker object. If the API response is just in plain JSON object, you can parse it in the parseTickerFromJsonObject method:

@Override
protected void parseTickerFromJsonObject(int requestId, JSONObject jsonObject, Ticker ticker, CheckerInfo checkerRecord) throws Exception {
  ticker.bid = jsonObject.getDouble("bid");
  ticker.ask = jsonObject.getDouble("ask");
  ticker.vol = jsonObject.getDouble("volume");
  ticker.high = jsonObject.getDouble("high");
  ticker.low = jsonObject.getDouble("low");
  ticker.last = jsonObject.getDouble("last");
  ticker.timestamp = jsonObject.getLong("timestamp");
}

IMPORTANT: The ticker.last field is mandatory; the rest of the fields are optional. NOTE: Parsing the timestamp field (in millis) is not required. If omitted, Bitcoin Checker will fill it with now date. If you want to parse this information, please note that some exchanges provide time in different formats (like seconds or nanos) so you have to multiply or divide it to get the time in millis format. You can use TimeUtils.NANOS_IN_MILLIS or TimeUtils.MILLIS_IN_SECOND constants from TimeUtils for that.

4a. Parsing non JSONObject responses (advanced):

Sometimes responses are more complicated than plain JSON, then you should use the parseTicker method. The default implementation try to parse received response as a JSONObject, but you can parse also other formats by overriding this method:

protected void parseTicker(int requestId, String responseString, Ticker ticker, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) throws Exception {
  parseTickerFromJsonObject(requestId, new JSONObject(responseString), ticker, checkerInfo);
}

Here you can find examples of usage:

  • Huobi: "almost" JSON object response, there is a need to trim some characters at the begining and at the end of the response
  • MintPal: JSON array response (instead of JSON object)
  • McxNOW: XML based response

5. Parsing error (not required):

Sometimes an exchange is down but with some error message in their API (See Crypto-Trade as an example). You can also handle this situation and display an error message directly from the exchange to the user. There are two methods related with it and they are designed in a similar way to parsing a normal response:

protected String parseErrorFromJsonObject(int requestId, JSONObject jsonObject, CheckerInfo checkerInfo);

or if JSONObject is not suitable, you can override following method:

protected String parseError(int requestId, String responseString, CheckerInfo checkerInfo);

6. Fetching currency pairs directly from exchange:

If there is any API (or other way) to obtain currency pairs directly from exchange (without need to update them manually) you should implement currency pairs fetching functionality instead of providing a static set of currency pairs. See example on Basebit. Because there are no static currency pairs defined - you should pass a null as a last argument in the constructor and do NOT initialize CURRENCY_PAIRS at all. You need to provide the url to fetch currency pairs instead:

private final static String URL_CURRENCY_PAIRS = "http://pubapi.cryptsy.com/api.php?method=marketdatav2";

public SampleExchange() {
  super(NAME, TTS_NAME, null);  // <- null intead of CURRENCY_PAIRS map
}

[...]

@Override
public String getCurrencyPairsUrl(int requestId) {
  return URL_CURRENCY_PAIRS;
}

Then you need to do parsing in:

protected void parseCurrencyPairsFromJsonObject(int requestId, JSONObject jsonObject, List<CurrencyPairInfo> pairs)
or
protected void parseCurrencyPairs(int requestId, String responseString, List<CurrencyPairInfo> pairs)

While parsing currency pairs you need to create CurrencyPairInfo and add it to List<CurrencyPairInfo> pairs. The last argument pairId is a unique pair id used on some exchanges. You can just pass null if there is no such thing on given exchange.

You can also use multiple requests to fetch currency pairs from exchange - it is described in section [Multiple requests while fetching currency pairs](# multiple-requests-while-fetching-currency-pairs).

7. Enabling exchange:

To enable a newly created exchange, you should add the corresponding line at the bottom of MarketsConfig file:

static {
  [...]
  addMarket(new MyNewExchangeClass());
}

Advanced things

Multiple requests per exchange:

Some exchanges do not provide a nice ticker api with the all important information (bid, ask, vol, high, low, last), so there is a need to perform a few requests (for example 2) to acquire as much information as possible. These requests will be performed in a sequense and a new price notification will appear when all of these requests are finished. See the Poloniex exchange as a good example. In order to perform 2 requests you have to override getNumOfRequests method:

@Override
public int getNumOfRequests(CheckerInfo checkerRecord) {
  return 2;
}

Then make use of requestId variable passed to getUrl and parseTickerFromJsonObject methods. requestId variable is incremented from 0 to numOfRequests-1 for every new request made. From the first request, we are able to obtain only the last price. We want to obtain also the bid and ask values, so we do another request for the orders list:

@Override
public String getUrl(int requestId, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) {
  if(requestId==0)
    return URL;
  else
    return String.format(URL_ORDERS, checkerInfo.getCurrencyCounter(), checkerInfo.getCurrencyBase()); // Reversed currencies
}

@Override
protected void parseTickerFromJsonObject(int requestId, JSONObject jsonObject, Ticker ticker, CheckerInfo checkerInfo) throws Exception {
  if(requestId==0) {
    ticker.last = jsonObject.getDouble(checkerInfo.getCurrencyCounter()+"_"+checkerInfo.getCurrencyBase());  // Reversed currencies
  } else {
    ticker.bid = getFirstPriceFromOrder(jsonObject, "bids");
    ticker.ask = getFirstPriceFromOrder(jsonObject, "asks");
  }
}

Multiple requests while fetching currency pairs

You can also use multiple requests support for fetching currency pairs from exchange. The implementation is almost identical - just override following method:

@Override
public int getCurrencyPairsNumOfRequests() {
  return 2;
}

Then use the requestId argument in the same way as in previous section.