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README.md

mobx-react-lite

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This is a lighter version of mobx-react which supports React functional components only and as such makes the library slightly faster and smaller (only 1.5kB gzipped). Note however that it is possible to use <Observer> inside the render of class components. Unlike mobx-react, it doesn't Provider/inject, as useContext can be used instead. It also doesn't offer

Compatibility table (major versions)

mobx mobx-react-lite Browser
6 3 Modern browsers (IE 11+ in compatibility mode)
5 2 Modern browsers
4 2 IE 11+, RN w/o Proxy support

mobx-react-lite requires React 16.8 or higher.

User Guide 👉 https://mobx.js.org/react-integration.html


API reference

observer<P>(baseComponent: FunctionComponent<P>): FunctionComponent<P>

The observer converts a component into a reactive component, which tracks which observables are used automatically and re-renders the component when one of these values changes. Can only be used for function components. For class component support see the mobx-react package.

<Observer>{renderFn}</Observer>

Is a React component, which applies observer to an anonymous region in your component. <Observer> can be used both inside class and function components.

useLocalObservable<T>(initializer: () => T, annotations?: AnnotationsMap<T>): T

Creates an observable object with the given properties, methods and computed values.

Note that computed values cannot directly depend on non-observable values, but only on observable values, so it might be needed to sync properties into the observable using useEffect (see the example below at useAsObservableSource).

useLocalObservable is a short-hand for:

const [state] = useState(() => observable(initializer(), annotations, { autoBind: true }))

enableStaticRendering(enable: true)

Call enableStaticRendering(true) when running in an SSR environment, in which observer wrapped components should never re-render, but cleanup after the first rendering automatically. Use isUsingStaticRendering() to inspect the current setting.


Deprecated APIs

useObserver<T>(fn: () => T, baseComponentName = "observed", options?: IUseObserverOptions): T (deprecated)

This API is deprecated in 3.*. It is often used wrong (e.g. to select data rather than for rendering, and <Observer> better decouples the rendering from the component updates

interface IUseObserverOptions {
    // optional custom hook that should make a component re-render (or not) upon changes
    // Supported in 2.x only
    useForceUpdate: () => () => void
}

It allows you to use an observer like behaviour, but still allowing you to optimize the component in any way you want (e.g. using memo with a custom areEqual, using forwardRef, etc.) and to declare exactly the part that is observed (the render phase).

useLocalStore<T, S>(initializer: () => T, source?: S): T (deprecated)

This API is deprecated in 3.*. Use useLocalObservable instead. They do roughly the same, but useLocalObservable accepts an set of annotations as second argument, rather than a source object. Using source is not recommended, see the deprecation message at useAsObservableSource for details

Local observable state can be introduced by using the useLocalStore hook, that runs its initializer function once to create an observable store and keeps it around for a lifetime of a component.

The annotations are similar to the annotations that are passed in to MobX's observable API, and can be used to override the automatic member inference of specific fields.

useAsObservableSource<T>(source: T): T (deprecated)

The useAsObservableSource hook can be used to turn any set of values into an observable object that has a stable reference (the same object is returned every time from the hook).

This API is deprecated in 3.* as it relies on observables to be updated during rendering which is an anti-pattern. Instead, use useEffect to synchronize non-observable values with values. Example:

// Before:
function Measurement({ unit }) {
    const observableProps = useAsObservableSource({ unit })
    const state = useLocalStore(() => ({
        length: 0,
        get lengthWithUnit() {
            // lengthWithUnit can only depend on observables, hence the above conversion with `useAsObservableSource`
            return observableProps.unit === "inch"
                ? `${this.length * 2.54} inch`
                : `${this.length} cm`
        }
    }))

    return <h1>{state.lengthWithUnit}</h1>
}

// After:
function Measurement({ unit }) {
    const state = useLocalObservable(() => ({
        unit, // the initial unit
        length: 0,
        get lengthWithUnit() {
            // lengthWithUnit can only depend on observables, hence the above conversion with `useAsObservableSource`
            return this.unit === "inch" ? `${this.length * 2.54} inch` : `${this.length} cm`
        }
    }))

    useEffect(() => {
        // sync the unit from 'props' into the observable 'state'
        state.unit = unit
    }, [unit])

    return <h1>{state.lengthWithUnit}</h1>
}

Note that, at your own risk, it is also possible to not use useEffect, but do state.unit = unit instead in the rendering. This is closer to the old behavior, but React will warn correctly about this if this would affect the rendering of other components.

Observer batching (deprecated)

Note: configuring observer batching is only needed when using mobx-react-lite 2.0.* or 2.1.*. From 2.2 onward it will be configured automatically based on the availability of react-dom / react-native packages

Check out the elaborate explanation.

In short without observer batching the React doesn't guarantee the order component rendering in some cases. We highly recommend that you configure batching to avoid these random surprises.

Import one of these before any React rendering is happening, typically index.js/ts. For Jest tests you can utilize setupFilesAfterEnv.

React DOM:

import 'mobx-react-lite/batchingForReactDom'

React Native:

import 'mobx-react-lite/batchingForReactNative'

Opt-out

To opt-out from batching in some specific cases, simply import the following to silence the warning.

import 'mobx-react-lite/batchingOptOut'

Custom batched updates

Above imports are for a convenience to utilize standard versions of batching. If you for some reason have customized version of batched updates, you can do the following instead.

import { observerBatching } from "mobx-react-lite"
observerBatching(customBatchedUpdates)

Testing

In order to avoid memory leaks due to aborted renders from React fiber handling or React StrictMode, this library needs to run timers to tidy up the remains of the aborted renders.

This can cause issues with test frameworks such as Jest which require that timers be cleaned up before the tests can exit.

`clearTimers()

Call clearTimers() in the afterEach of your tests to ensure that mobx-react-lite cleans up immediately and allows tests to exit.

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