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/*
Package client is a Go client for the Docker Engine API.
For more information about the Engine API, see the documentation:
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/api/
Usage
You use the library by creating a client object and calling methods on it. The
client can be created either from environment variables with NewEnvClient, or
configured manually with NewClient.
For example, to list running containers (the equivalent of "docker ps"):
package main
import (
"context"
"fmt"
"github.com/docker/docker/api/types"
"github.com/docker/docker/client"
)
func main() {
cli, err := client.NewEnvClient()
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
containers, err := cli.ContainerList(context.Background(), types.ContainerListOptions{})
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
for _, container := range containers {
fmt.Printf("%s %s\n", container.ID[:10], container.Image)
}
}
*/
package client // import "github.com/docker/docker/client"
import (
"context"
"fmt"
"net"
"net/http"
"net/url"
"os"
"path"
"path/filepath"
"strings"
"github.com/docker/docker/api"
"github.com/docker/docker/api/types"
"github.com/docker/docker/api/types/versions"
"github.com/docker/go-connections/sockets"
"github.com/docker/go-connections/tlsconfig"
"github.com/pkg/errors"
)
// ErrRedirect is the error returned by checkRedirect when the request is non-GET.
var ErrRedirect = errors.New("unexpected redirect in response")
// Client is the API client that performs all operations
// against a docker server.
type Client struct {
// scheme sets the scheme for the client
scheme string
// host holds the server address to connect to
host string
// proto holds the client protocol i.e. unix.
proto string
// addr holds the client address.
addr string
// basePath holds the path to prepend to the requests.
basePath string
// client used to send and receive http requests.
client *http.Client
// version of the server to talk to.
version string
// custom http headers configured by users.
customHTTPHeaders map[string]string
// manualOverride is set to true when the version was set by users.
manualOverride bool
}
// CheckRedirect specifies the policy for dealing with redirect responses:
// If the request is non-GET return `ErrRedirect`. Otherwise use the last response.
//
// Go 1.8 changes behavior for HTTP redirects (specifically 301, 307, and 308) in the client .
// The Docker client (and by extension docker API client) can be made to to send a request
// like POST /containers//start where what would normally be in the name section of the URL is empty.
// This triggers an HTTP 301 from the daemon.
// In go 1.8 this 301 will be converted to a GET request, and ends up getting a 404 from the daemon.
// This behavior change manifests in the client in that before the 301 was not followed and
// the client did not generate an error, but now results in a message like Error response from daemon: page not found.
func CheckRedirect(req *http.Request, via []*http.Request) error {
if via[0].Method == http.MethodGet {
return http.ErrUseLastResponse
}
return ErrRedirect
}
// NewEnvClient initializes a new API client based on environment variables.
// See FromEnv for a list of support environment variables.
//
// Deprecated: use NewClientWithOpts(FromEnv)
func NewEnvClient() (*Client, error) {
return NewClientWithOpts(FromEnv)
}
// FromEnv configures the client with values from environment variables.
//
// Supported environment variables:
// DOCKER_HOST to set the url to the docker server.
// DOCKER_API_VERSION to set the version of the API to reach, leave empty for latest.
// DOCKER_CERT_PATH to load the TLS certificates from.
// DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY to enable or disable TLS verification, off by default.
func FromEnv(c *Client) error {
if dockerCertPath := os.Getenv("DOCKER_CERT_PATH"); dockerCertPath != "" {
options := tlsconfig.Options{
CAFile: filepath.Join(dockerCertPath, "ca.pem"),
CertFile: filepath.Join(dockerCertPath, "cert.pem"),
KeyFile: filepath.Join(dockerCertPath, "key.pem"),
InsecureSkipVerify: os.Getenv("DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY") == "",
}
tlsc, err := tlsconfig.Client(options)
if err != nil {
return err
}
c.client = &http.Client{
Transport: &http.Transport{TLSClientConfig: tlsc},
CheckRedirect: CheckRedirect,
}
}
if host := os.Getenv("DOCKER_HOST"); host != "" {
if err := WithHost(host)(c); err != nil {
return err
}
}
if version := os.Getenv("DOCKER_API_VERSION"); version != "" {
c.version = version
c.manualOverride = true
}
return nil
}
// WithTLSClientConfig applies a tls config to the client transport.
func WithTLSClientConfig(cacertPath, certPath, keyPath string) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
opts := tlsconfig.Options{
CAFile: cacertPath,
CertFile: certPath,
KeyFile: keyPath,
ExclusiveRootPools: true,
}
config, err := tlsconfig.Client(opts)
if err != nil {
return errors.Wrap(err, "failed to create tls config")
}
if transport, ok := c.client.Transport.(*http.Transport); ok {
transport.TLSClientConfig = config
return nil
}
return errors.Errorf("cannot apply tls config to transport: %T", c.client.Transport)
}
}
// WithDialer applies the dialer.DialContext to the client transport. This can be
// used to set the Timeout and KeepAlive settings of the client.
func WithDialer(dialer *net.Dialer) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
if transport, ok := c.client.Transport.(*http.Transport); ok {
transport.DialContext = dialer.DialContext
return nil
}
return errors.Errorf("cannot apply dialer to transport: %T", c.client.Transport)
}
}
// WithVersion overrides the client version with the specified one
func WithVersion(version string) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
c.version = version
return nil
}
}
// WithHost overrides the client host with the specified one.
func WithHost(host string) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
hostURL, err := ParseHostURL(host)
if err != nil {
return err
}
c.host = host
c.proto = hostURL.Scheme
c.addr = hostURL.Host
c.basePath = hostURL.Path
if transport, ok := c.client.Transport.(*http.Transport); ok {
return sockets.ConfigureTransport(transport, c.proto, c.addr)
}
return errors.Errorf("cannot apply host to transport: %T", c.client.Transport)
}
}
// WithHTTPClient overrides the client http client with the specified one
func WithHTTPClient(client *http.Client) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
if client != nil {
c.client = client
}
return nil
}
}
// WithHTTPHeaders overrides the client default http headers
func WithHTTPHeaders(headers map[string]string) func(*Client) error {
return func(c *Client) error {
c.customHTTPHeaders = headers
return nil
}
}
// NewClientWithOpts initializes a new API client with default values. It takes functors
// to modify values when creating it, like `NewClientWithOpts(WithVersion(…))`
// It also initializes the custom http headers to add to each request.
//
// It won't send any version information if the version number is empty. It is
// highly recommended that you set a version or your client may break if the
// server is upgraded.
func NewClientWithOpts(ops ...func(*Client) error) (*Client, error) {
client, err := defaultHTTPClient(DefaultDockerHost)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
c := &Client{
host: DefaultDockerHost,
version: api.DefaultVersion,
scheme: "http",
client: client,
proto: defaultProto,
addr: defaultAddr,
}
for _, op := range ops {
if err := op(c); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
}
if _, ok := c.client.Transport.(http.RoundTripper); !ok {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unable to verify TLS configuration, invalid transport %v", c.client.Transport)
}
tlsConfig := resolveTLSConfig(c.client.Transport)
if tlsConfig != nil {
// TODO(stevvooe): This isn't really the right way to write clients in Go.
// `NewClient` should probably only take an `*http.Client` and work from there.
// Unfortunately, the model of having a host-ish/url-thingy as the connection
// string has us confusing protocol and transport layers. We continue doing
// this to avoid breaking existing clients but this should be addressed.
c.scheme = "https"
}
return c, nil
}
func defaultHTTPClient(host string) (*http.Client, error) {
url, err := ParseHostURL(host)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
transport := new(http.Transport)
sockets.ConfigureTransport(transport, url.Scheme, url.Host)
return &http.Client{
Transport: transport,
CheckRedirect: CheckRedirect,
}, nil
}
// NewClient initializes a new API client for the given host and API version.
// It uses the given http client as transport.
// It also initializes the custom http headers to add to each request.
//
// It won't send any version information if the version number is empty. It is
// highly recommended that you set a version or your client may break if the
// server is upgraded.
// Deprecated: use NewClientWithOpts
func NewClient(host string, version string, client *http.Client, httpHeaders map[string]string) (*Client, error) {
return NewClientWithOpts(WithHost(host), WithVersion(version), WithHTTPClient(client), WithHTTPHeaders(httpHeaders))
}
// Close the transport used by the client
func (cli *Client) Close() error {
if t, ok := cli.client.Transport.(*http.Transport); ok {
t.CloseIdleConnections()
}
return nil
}
// getAPIPath returns the versioned request path to call the api.
// It appends the query parameters to the path if they are not empty.
func (cli *Client) getAPIPath(p string, query url.Values) string {
var apiPath string
if cli.version != "" {
v := strings.TrimPrefix(cli.version, "v")
apiPath = path.Join(cli.basePath, "/v"+v, p)
} else {
apiPath = path.Join(cli.basePath, p)
}
return (&url.URL{Path: apiPath, RawQuery: query.Encode()}).String()
}
// ClientVersion returns the API version used by this client.
func (cli *Client) ClientVersion() string {
return cli.version
}
// NegotiateAPIVersion queries the API and updates the version to match the
// API version. Any errors are silently ignored.
func (cli *Client) NegotiateAPIVersion(ctx context.Context) {
ping, _ := cli.Ping(ctx)
cli.NegotiateAPIVersionPing(ping)
}
// NegotiateAPIVersionPing updates the client version to match the Ping.APIVersion
// if the ping version is less than the default version.
func (cli *Client) NegotiateAPIVersionPing(p types.Ping) {
if cli.manualOverride {
return
}
// try the latest version before versioning headers existed
if p.APIVersion == "" {
p.APIVersion = "1.24"
}
// if the client is not initialized with a version, start with the latest supported version
if cli.version == "" {
cli.version = api.DefaultVersion
}
// if server version is lower than the client version, downgrade
if versions.LessThan(p.APIVersion, cli.version) {
cli.version = p.APIVersion
}
}
// DaemonHost returns the host address used by the client
func (cli *Client) DaemonHost() string {
return cli.host
}
// HTTPClient returns a copy of the HTTP client bound to the server
func (cli *Client) HTTPClient() *http.Client {
return &*cli.client
}
// ParseHostURL parses a url string, validates the string is a host url, and
// returns the parsed URL
func ParseHostURL(host string) (*url.URL, error) {
protoAddrParts := strings.SplitN(host, "://", 2)
if len(protoAddrParts) == 1 {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unable to parse docker host `%s`", host)
}
var basePath string
proto, addr := protoAddrParts[0], protoAddrParts[1]
if proto == "tcp" {
parsed, err := url.Parse("tcp://" + addr)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
addr = parsed.Host
basePath = parsed.Path
}
return &url.URL{
Scheme: proto,
Host: addr,
Path: basePath,
}, nil
}
// CustomHTTPHeaders returns the custom http headers stored by the client.
func (cli *Client) CustomHTTPHeaders() map[string]string {
m := make(map[string]string)
for k, v := range cli.customHTTPHeaders {
m[k] = v
}
return m
}
// SetCustomHTTPHeaders that will be set on every HTTP request made by the client.
// Deprecated: use WithHTTPHeaders when creating the client.
func (cli *Client) SetCustomHTTPHeaders(headers map[string]string) {
cli.customHTTPHeaders = headers
}