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Add advanced filtering abilities to Django admin
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Django Advanced Filters

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A django ModelAdmin mixin which adds advanced filtering abilities to the admin.

Mimics the advanced search feature in VTiger, see here for more info

Creating via a modal

For release notes, see Changelog

Requirements

  • Django >= 1.7 (Django 1.7 - 2.1 on Python 2/3/PyPy2)
  • django-braces == 1.4.0
  • simplejson == 3.6.5

Installation & Set up

  1. Install from pypi: pip install django-advanced-filters
  2. Add both 'advanced_filters' to INSTALLED_APPS.
  3. Add url(r'^advanced_filters/', include('advanced_filters.urls')) to your project's urlconf.
  4. Run python manage.py syncdb or python manage.py migrate (for django >= 1.7)

Integration Example

Extending a ModelAdmin is pretty straightforward:

from advanced_filters.admin import AdminAdvancedFiltersMixin

class ProfileAdmin(AdminAdvancedFiltersMixin, models.ModelAdmin):
    list_filter = ('name', 'language', 'ts')   # simple list filters

    # specify which fields can be selected in the advanced filter
    # creation form
    advanced_filter_fields = (
        'name',
        'language',
        'ts',

        # even use related fields as lookup fields
        'country__name',
        'posts__title',
        'comments__content',
    )

Adding a new advanced filter (see below) will display a new list filter named "Advanced filters" which will list all the filter the currently logged in user is allowed to use (by default only those he/she created).

Custom naming of fields

Initially, each field in advanced_filter_fields is resolved into an actual model field. That field's verbose_name attribute is then used as the text of the displayed option. While uncommon, it occasionally makes sense to use a custom name, especially when following a relationship, as the context then changes.

For example, when a profile admin allows filtering by a user name as well as a sales representative name, it'll get confusing:

class ProfileAdmin(AdminAdvancedFiltersMixin, models.ModelAdmin):
    advanced_filter_fields = ('name', 'sales_rep__name')

In this case the field options will both be named "name" (by default).

To fix this, use custom naming:

class ProfileAdmin(AdminAdvancedFiltersMixin, models.ModelAdmin):
    advanced_filter_fields = ('name', ('sales_rep__name', 'assigned rep'))

Now, you will get two options, "name" and "assigned rep".

Adding new advanced filters

By default the mixin uses a template which extends django's built-in change_list template. This template is based off of grapelli's fork of this template (hence the 'grp' classes and funny looking javascript).

The default template also uses the superb magnificPopup which is currently bundled with the application.

Regardless of the above, you can easily write your own template which uses context variables {{ advanced_filters }} and {{ advanced_filters.formset }}, to render the advanced filter creation form.

Structure

Each advanced filter has only a couple of required fields when constructed with the form; namely the title and a formset (consisting of a form for each sub-query or rule of the filter query).

Each form in the formset requires the following fields: field, operator, value

And allows the optional negate and remove fields.

Let us go over each of the fields in a rule fieldset.

Field

The list of all available fields for this specific instance of the ModelAdmin as specific by the `advanced_filter_fields property. <#integration-example>`__

The OR field

OR is an additional field that is added to every rule's available fields.

It allows constructing queries with OR statements. You can use it by creating an "empty" rule with this field "between" a set of 1 or more rules.

Operator

Query field suffixes which specify how the WHERE query will be constructed.

The currently supported are as follows: iexact, icontains, iregex, range, isnull, istrue and isfalse

For more detail on what they mean and how they function, see django's documentation on field lookups.

Value

The value which the specific sub-query will be looking for, i.e the value of the field specified above, or in django query syntax: .filter(field=value)

Negate

A boolean (check-box) field to specify whether this rule is to be negated, effectively making it a "exclude" sub-query.

Remove

Similarly to other django formsets, used to remove the selected line on submit.

Editing previously created advanced filters

The AdvancedFilterAdmin class (a subclass of ModelAdmin) is provided and registered with AdvancedFilter in admin.py module.

The model's change_form template is overridden from grapelli's/django's standard template, to mirror the add form modal as closely as possible.

Note: currently, adding new filters from the ModelAdmin change page is not supported.

Query Serialization

TODO: write a few words on how serialization of queries is done.

Model correlation

Since version 1.0, AdvancedFilter are tightly coupled with a specific model using the model field and the app_label.Name template. On creation, model is populated based on the admin changelist it's created in.

This change has a few benefits:

  1. The mixin can be used with multiple ModelAdmin classes while performing specific query serialization and field validation that are at the base of the filter functionality.
  2. Users can edit previously created filters outside of the context of a changelist, as we do in the `AdvancedFilterAdmin <#editing-previously-created-advanced-filters>`__.
  3. Limit the AdvancedListFilters to limit queryset (and thus, the underlying options) to a specified model.

Views

The GetFieldChoices view is required to dynamically (using javascript) fetch a list of valid field choices when creating/changing an AdvancedFilter.

TODO

  • Add permission user/group selection functionality to the filter form
  • Allow toggling of predefined templates (grappelli / vanilla django admin), and front-end features.
  • Support more (newer) python/django versions
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