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xmerge.c: "diff3 -m" style clips merge reduction level to EAGER or less
When showing a conflicting merge result, and "--diff3 -m" style is asked for, this patch makes sure that the merge reduction level does not exceed XDL_MERGE_EAGER. This is because "diff3 -m" style output would not make sense for anything more aggressive than XDL_MERGE_EAGER, because of the way how the merge reduction works. "git merge-file" no longer has to force MERGE_EAGER when "--diff3" is asked for because of this change. Suppose a common ancestor (shared preimage) is modified to postimage #1 and #2 (each letter represents one line): ##### postimage#1: 1234ABCDE789 | / | / preimage: 123456789 | \ postimage#2: 1234AXYE789 #### XDL_MERGE_MINIMAL and XDL_MERGE_EAGER would: (1) find the s/56/ABCDE/ done on one side and s/56/AXYE/ done on the other side, (2) notice that they touch an overlapping area, and (3) mark it as a conflict, "ABCDE vs AXYE". The difference between the two algorithms is that EAGER drops the hunk altogether if the postimages match (i.e. both sides modified the same way), while MINIMAL keeps it. There is no other operation performed to the hunk. As the result, lines marked with "#" in the above picure will be in the RCS merge style output like this (letters <, = and > represent conflict marker lines): output: 1234<ABCDE=AXYE>789 ; with MINIMAL/EAGER The part from the preimage that corresponds to these conflicting changes is "56", which is what "diff3 -m" style output adds to it: output: 1234<ABCDE|56=AXYE>789 ; in "diff3 -m" style Now, XDL_MERGE_ZEALOUS looks at the differences between the changes two postimages made in order to reduce the number of lines in the conflicting regions. It notices that both sides start their new contents with "A", and excludes it from the output (it also excludes "E" for the same reason). The conflict that used to be "ABCDE vs AXYE" is now "BCD vs XY": output: 1234A<BCD=XY>E789 ; with ZEALOUS There could even be matching parts between two postimages in the middle. Instead of one side rewriting the shared "56" to "ABCDE" and the other side to "AXYE", imagine the case where the postimages are "ABCDE" and "AXCYE", in which case instead of having one conflicted hunk "BCD vs XY", you would have two conflicting hunks "B vs X" and "D vs Y". In either case, once you reduce "ABCDE vs AXYE" to "BCD vs XY" (or "ABCDE vs AXCYE" to "B vs X" and "D vs Y"), there is no part from the preimage that corresponds to the conflicting change made in both postimages anymore. In other words, conflict reduced by ZEALOUS algorithm cannot be expressed in "diff3 -m" style. Representing the last illustration like this is misleading to say the least: output: 1234A<BCD|56=XY>E789 ; broken "diff3 -m" style because the preimage was not ...4A56E... to begin with. "A" and "E" are common only between the postimages. Even worse, once a single conflicting hunk is split into multiple ones (recall the example of breaking "ABCDE vs AXCYE" to "B vs X" and "D vs Y"), there is no sane way to distribute the preimage text across split conflicting hunks. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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