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README.md

s3fs

s3fs allows Linux and macOS to mount an S3 bucket via FUSE. s3fs preserves the native object format for files, allowing use of other tools like AWS CLI. Build Status Twitter Follow

Features

  • large subset of POSIX including reading/writing files, directories, symlinks, mode, uid/gid, and extended attributes
  • compatible with Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage, and other S3-based object stores
  • allows random writes and appends
  • large files via multi-part upload
  • renames via server-side copy
  • optional server-side encryption
  • data integrity via MD5 hashes
  • in-memory metadata caching
  • local disk data caching
  • user-specified regions, including Amazon GovCloud
  • authenticate via v2 or v4 signatures

Installation

Many systems provide pre-built packages:

  • Amazon Linux via EPEL:

    sudo amazon-linux-extras install epel
    sudo yum install s3fs-fuse
    
  • Arch Linux:

    sudo pacman -S s3fs-fuse
    
  • Debian 9 and Ubuntu 16.04 or newer:

    sudo apt install s3fs
    
  • Fedora 27 or newer:

    sudo dnf install s3fs-fuse
    
  • Gentoo:

    sudo emerge net-fs/s3fs
    
  • RHEL and CentOS 7 or newer through via EPEL:

    sudo yum install epel-release
    sudo yum install s3fs-fuse
    
  • SUSE 12 and openSUSE 42.1 or newer:

    sudo zypper install s3fs
    
  • macOS via Homebrew:

    brew cask install osxfuse
    brew install s3fs
    

Otherwise consult the compilation instructions.

Examples

s3fs supports the standard AWS credentials file stored in ${HOME}/.aws/credentials. Alternatively, s3fs supports a custom passwd file.

The default location for the s3fs password file can be created:

  • using a .passwd-s3fs file in the users home directory (i.e. ${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs)
  • using the system-wide /etc/passwd-s3fs file

Enter your credentials in a file ${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs and set owner-only permissions:

echo ACCESS_KEY_ID:SECRET_ACCESS_KEY > ${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs
chmod 600 ${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs

Run s3fs with an existing bucket mybucket and directory /path/to/mountpoint:

s3fs mybucket /path/to/mountpoint -o passwd_file=${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs

If you encounter any errors, enable debug output:

s3fs mybucket /path/to/mountpoint -o passwd_file=${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs -o dbglevel=info -f -o curldbg

You can also mount on boot by entering the following line to /etc/fstab:

mybucket /path/to/mountpoint fuse.s3fs _netdev,allow_other 0 0

or

mybucket /path/to/mountpoint fuse.s3fs _netdev,allow_other 0 0

If you use s3fs with a non-Amazon S3 implementation, specify the URL and path-style requests:

s3fs mybucket /path/to/mountpoint -o passwd_file=${HOME}/.passwd-s3fs -o url=https://url.to.s3/ -o use_path_request_style

or(fstab)

mybucket /path/to/mountpoint fuse.s3fs _netdev,allow_other,use_path_request_style,url=https://url.to.s3/ 0 0

Note: You may also want to create the global credential file first

echo ACCESS_KEY_ID:SECRET_ACCESS_KEY > /etc/passwd-s3fs
chmod 600 /etc/passwd-s3fs

Note2: You may also need to make sure netfs service is start on boot

Limitations

Generally S3 cannot offer the same performance or semantics as a local file system. More specifically:

  • random writes or appends to files require rewriting the entire object, optimized with multi-part upload copy
  • metadata operations such as listing directories have poor performance due to network latency
  • eventual consistency can temporarily yield stale data(Amazon S3 Data Consistency Model)
  • no atomic renames of files or directories
  • no coordination between multiple clients mounting the same bucket
  • no hard links
  • inotify detects only local modifications, not external ones by other clients or tools

References

  • goofys - similar to s3fs but has better performance and less POSIX compatibility
  • s3backer - mount an S3 bucket as a single file
  • S3Proxy - combine with s3fs to mount Backblaze B2, EMC Atmos, Microsoft Azure, and OpenStack Swift buckets
  • s3ql - similar to s3fs but uses its own object format
  • YAS3FS - similar to s3fs but uses SNS to allow multiple clients to mount a bucket

Frequently Asked Questions

License

Copyright (C) 2010 Randy Rizun rrizun@gmail.com

Licensed under the GNU GPL version 2

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FUSE-based file system backed by Amazon S3

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