BSON Parser for node and browser
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README.md

BSON parser

BSON is short for Bin­ary JSON and is the bin­ary-en­coded seri­al­iz­a­tion of JSON-like doc­u­ments. You can learn more about it in the specification.

This browser version of the BSON parser is compiled using webpack and the current version is pre-compiled in the browser_build directory.

This is the default BSON parser, however, there is a C++ Node.js addon version as well that does not support the browser. It can be found at mongod-js/bson-ext.

Usage

To build a new version perform the following operations:

npm install
npm run build

A simple example of how to use BSON in the browser:

<script src="./browser_build/bson.js"></script>

<script>
  function start() {
    // Get the Long type
    var Long = BSON.Long;
    // Create a bson parser instance
    var bson = new BSON();

    // Serialize document
    var doc = { long: Long.fromNumber(100) }

    // Serialize a document
    var data = bson.serialize(doc)
    // De serialize it again
    var doc_2 = bson.deserialize(data)
  }
</script>

A simple example of how to use BSON in Node.js:

// Get BSON parser class
var BSON = require('bson')
// Get the Long type
var Long = BSON.Long;
// Create a bson parser instance
var bson = new BSON();

// Serialize document
var doc = { long: Long.fromNumber(100) }

// Serialize a document
var data = bson.serialize(doc)
console.log('data:', data)

// Deserialize the resulting Buffer
var doc_2 = bson.deserialize(data)
console.log('doc_2:', doc_2)

Installation

npm install bson

API

BSON types

For all BSON types documentation, please refer to the following sources:

BSON serialization and deserialiation

new BSON() - Creates a new BSON serializer/deserializer you can use to serialize and deserialize BSON.

BSON.serialize

The BSON serialize method takes a JavaScript object and an optional options object and returns a Node.js Buffer.

  • BSON.serialize(object, options)
    • @param {Object} object the JavaScript object to serialize.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.checkKeys=false] the serializer will check if keys are valid.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.serializeFunctions=false] serialize the JavaScript functions.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.ignoreUndefined=true]
    • @return {Buffer} returns a Buffer instance.

BSON.serializeWithBufferAndIndex

The BSON serializeWithBufferAndIndex method takes an object, a target buffer instance and an optional options object and returns the end serialization index in the final buffer.

  • BSON.serializeWithBufferAndIndex(object, buffer, options)
    • @param {Object} object the JavaScript object to serialize.
    • @param {Buffer} buffer the Buffer you pre-allocated to store the serialized BSON object.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.checkKeys=false] the serializer will check if keys are valid.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.serializeFunctions=false] serialize the JavaScript functions.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.ignoreUndefined=true] ignore undefined fields.
    • @param {Number} [options.index=0] the index in the buffer where we wish to start serializing into.
    • @return {Number} returns the index pointing to the last written byte in the buffer.

BSON.calculateObjectSize

The BSON calculateObjectSize method takes a JavaScript object and an optional options object and returns the size of the BSON object.

  • BSON.calculateObjectSize(object, options)
    • @param {Object} object the JavaScript object to serialize.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.serializeFunctions=false] serialize the JavaScript functions.
    • @param {Boolean} [options.ignoreUndefined=true]
    • @return {Buffer} returns a Buffer instance.

BSON.deserialize

The BSON deserialize method takes a Node.js Buffer and an optional options object and returns a deserialized JavaScript object.

  • BSON.deserialize(buffer, options)
    • @param {Object} [options.evalFunctions=false] evaluate functions in the BSON document scoped to the object deserialized.
    • @param {Object} [options.cacheFunctions=false] cache evaluated functions for reuse.
    • @param {Object} [options.cacheFunctionsCrc32=false] use a crc32 code for caching, otherwise use the string of the function.
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteLongs=true] when deserializing a Long will fit it into a Number if it's smaller than 53 bits
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteBuffers=false] when deserializing a Binary will return it as a Node.js Buffer instance.
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteValues=false] when deserializing will promote BSON values to their Node.js closest equivalent types.
    • @param {Object} [options.fieldsAsRaw=null] allow to specify if there what fields we wish to return as unserialized raw buffer.
    • @param {Object} [options.bsonRegExp=false] return BSON regular expressions as BSONRegExp instances.
    • @return {Number} returns the next index in the buffer after deserialization x numbers of documents.

BSON.deserializeStream

The BSON deserializeStream method takes a Node.js Buffer, startIndex and allow more control over deserialization of a Buffer containing concatenated BSON documents.

  • BSON.deserializeStream(buffer, startIndex, numberOfDocuments, documents, docStartIndex, options)
    • @param {Buffer} buffer the buffer containing the serialized set of BSON documents.
    • @param {Number} startIndex the start index in the data Buffer where the deserialization is to start.
    • @param {Number} numberOfDocuments number of documents to deserialize.
    • @param {Array} documents an array where to store the deserialized documents.
    • @param {Number} docStartIndex the index in the documents array from where to start inserting documents.
    • @param {Object} [options.evalFunctions=false] evaluate functions in the BSON document scoped to the object deserialized.
    • @param {Object} [options.cacheFunctions=false] cache evaluated functions for reuse.
    • @param {Object} [options.cacheFunctionsCrc32=false] use a crc32 code for caching, otherwise use the string of the function.
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteLongs=true] when deserializing a Long will fit it into a Number if it's smaller than 53 bits
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteBuffers=false] when deserializing a Binary will return it as a Node.js Buffer instance.
    • @param {Object} [options.promoteValues=false] when deserializing will promote BSON values to their Node.js closest equivalent types.
    • @param {Object} [options.fieldsAsRaw=null] allow to specify if there what fields we wish to return as unserialized raw buffer.
    • @param {Object} [options.bsonRegExp=false] return BSON regular expressions as BSONRegExp instances.
    • @return {Object} returns the deserialized JavaScript Object.

FAQ

Why does undefined get converted to null?

The undefined BSON type has been deprecated for many years, so this library has dropped support for it. Use the ignoreUndefined option (for example, from the driver ) to instead remove undefined keys.

How do I add custom serialization logic?

This library looks for toBSON() functions on every path, and calls the toBSON() function to get the value to serialize.

var bson = new BSON();

class CustomSerialize {
  toBSON() {
    return 42;
  }
}

const obj = { answer: new CustomSerialize() };
// "{ answer: 42 }"
console.log(bson.deserialize(bson.serialize(obj)));