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BSON parser

If you don't yet know what BSON actually is, read the spec.

This package can be used to serialize JSON documents into the BSON format or the other way around. If you want to use it within the browser, give browserify a try (it will help you add this package to your bundle). The current build is located in the browser_build/bson.js file.

A simple example of how to use BSON in the browser:

<script src="./browser_build/bson.js"></script>

<script>
  function start() {
    var BSON = bson().BSON
    var Long = bson().Long

    var doc = { long: Long.fromNumber(100) }

    // Serialize a document
    var data = BSON.serialize(doc, false, true, false)
    // De serialize it again
    var doc_2 = BSON.deserialize(data)
  }
</script>

A simple example of how to use BSON in node.js:

var bson = require('bson')
var BSON = new bson.BSONPure.BSON()
var Long = bson.BSONPure.Long

var doc = { long: Long.fromNumber(100) }

// Serialize a document
var data = BSON.serialize(doc, false, true, false)
console.log('data:', data)

// Deserialize the resulting Buffer
var doc_2 = BSON.deserialize(data)
console.log('doc_2:', doc_2)

API

The API consists of two simple methods to serialize/deserialize objects to/from BSON format:

Installation

npm install bson

API

BSON serialization and deserialiation

new bson.BSONPure.BSON() - Creates a new BSON seralizer/deserializer you can use to serialize and deserialize BSON.

  • BSON.serialize(object, checkKeys, asBuffer, serializeFunctions)

    • @param {Object} object the Javascript object to serialize.
    • @param {Boolean} checkKeys the serializer will check if keys are valid.
    • @param {Boolean} asBuffer return the serialized object as a Buffer object (ignore).
    • @param {Boolean} serializeFunctions serialize the javascript functions (default:false)
    • @return {TypedArray/Array} returns a TypedArray or Array depending on what your browser supports
  • BSON.deserialize(buffer, options, isArray)

    • Options
      • evalFunctions {Boolean, default:false}, evaluate functions in the BSON document scoped to the object deserialized.
      • cacheFunctions {Boolean, default:false}, cache evaluated functions for reuse.
      • cacheFunctionsCrc32 {Boolean, default:false}, use a crc32 code for caching, otherwise use the string of the function.
      • promoteBuffers {Boolean, default:false}, deserialize Binary data directly into node.js Buffer object.
    • @param {TypedArray/Array} a TypedArray/Array containing the BSON data
    • @param {Object} [options] additional options used for the deserialization.
    • @param {Boolean} [isArray] ignore used for recursive parsing.
    • @return {Object} returns the deserialized Javascript Object.

ObjectId

bson.ObjectId.isValid(id) - Returns true if id is a valid number or hexadecimal string representing an ObjectId. bson.ObjectId.createFromHexString(hexString) - Returns the ObjectId the hexString represents. bson.ObjectId.createFromTime(time) - Returns an ObjectId containing the passed time.

  • time - A Unix timestamp (number of seconds since the epoch).

var objectId = new bson.ObjectId(id) - Creates a new ObjectId.

  • id - Must either be a 24-character hex string or a 12 byte binary string.

objectId.toJSON() objectId.toString() objectId.toHexString() - Returns a hexadecimal string representation of the ObjectId.

objectId.equals(otherObjectId) - Returns true if the ObjectIds are the same, false otherwise.

objectId.getTimestamp() - Returns a Date object containing the time the objectId was created for.

objectId.getTimestamp() - Returns a Date object containing the time the objectId contains.