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// Copyright (C) MongoDB, Inc. 2017-present.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
// not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
// a copy of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
// NOTE: This documentation should be kept in line with the Example* test functions.
// Package mongo provides a MongoDB Driver API for Go.
//
// Basic usage of the driver starts with creating a Client from a connection
// string. To do so, call the NewClient and Connect functions:
//
// client, err := NewClient(options.Client().ApplyURI("mongodb://foo:bar@localhost:27017"))
// if err != nil { return err }
// ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), 20*time.Second)
// defer cancel()
// err = client.Connect(ctx)
// if err != nil { return err }
//
// This will create a new client and start monitoring the MongoDB server on localhost.
// The Database and Collection types can be used to access the database:
//
// collection := client.Database("baz").Collection("qux")
//
// A Collection can be used to query the database or insert documents:
//
// res, err := collection.InsertOne(context.Background(), bson.M{"hello": "world"})
// if err != nil { return err }
// id := res.InsertedID
//
// Several methods return a cursor, which can be used like this:
//
// cur, err := collection.Find(context.Background(), bson.D{})
// if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) }
// defer cur.Close(context.Background())
// for cur.Next(context.Background()) {
// // To decode into a struct, use cursor.Decode()
// result := struct{
// Foo string
// Bar int32
// }{}
// err := cur.Decode(&result)
// if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) }
// // do something with result...
//
// // To get the raw bson bytes use cursor.Current
// raw := cur.Current
// // do something with raw...
// }
// if err := cur.Err(); err != nil {
// return err
// }
//
// Methods that only return a single document will return a *SingleResult, which works
// like a *sql.Row:
//
// result := struct{
// Foo string
// Bar int32
// }{}
// filter := bson.D{{"hello", "world"}}
// err := collection.FindOne(context.Background(), filter).Decode(&result)
// if err != nil { return err }
// // do something with result...
//
// All Client, Collection, and Database methods that take parameters of type interface{}
// will return ErrNilDocument if nil is passed in for an interface{}.
//
// Additional examples can be found under the examples directory in the driver's repository and
// on the MongoDB website.
//
// Potential DNS Issues
//
// Building with Go 1.11+ and using connection strings with the "mongodb+srv"[1] scheme is
// incompatible with some DNS servers in the wild due to the change introduced in
// https://github.com/golang/go/issues/10622. If you receive an error with the message "cannot
// unmarshal DNS message" while running an operation, we suggest you use a different DNS server.
//
// [1] See https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/connection-string/#dns-seedlist-connection-format
package mongo
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