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// oid.h

/* Copyright 2009 10gen Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

#pragma once

#include "../util/hex.h"

namespace mongo {

#pragma pack(1)
    /** Object ID type.
BSON objects typically have an _id field for the object id. This field should be the first
member of the object when present. class OID is a special type that is a 12 byte id which
is likely to be unique to the system. You may also use other types for _id's.
When _id field is missing from a BSON object, on an insert the database may insert one
automatically in certain circumstances.

Warning: You must call OID::newState() after a fork().

Typical contents of the BSON ObjectID is a 12-byte value consisting of a 4-byte timestamp (seconds since epoch),
a 3-byte machine id, a 2-byte process id, and a 3-byte counter. Note that the timestamp and counter fields must
be stored big endian unlike the rest of BSON. This is because they are compared byte-by-byte and we want to ensure
a mostly increasing order.
*/
    class OID {
    public:
        OID() : a(0), b(0) { }

        /** init from a 24 char hex string */
        explicit OID(const string &s) { init(s); }

        /** initialize to 'null' */
        void clear() { a = 0; b = 0; }

        const unsigned char *getData() const { return data; }

        bool operator==(const OID& r) const { return a==r.a && b==r.b; }
        bool operator!=(const OID& r) const { return a!=r.a || b!=r.b; }
        int compare( const OID& other ) const { return memcmp( data , other.data , 12 ); }
        bool operator<( const OID& other ) const { return compare( other ) < 0; }
        bool operator<=( const OID& other ) const { return compare( other ) <= 0; }

        /** @return the object ID output as 24 hex digits */
        string str() const { return toHexLower(data, 12); }
        string toString() const { return str(); }

        static OID gen() { OID o; o.init(); return o; }

        /** sets the contents to a new oid / randomized value */
        void init();

        /** init from a 24 char hex string */
        void init( string s );

        /** Set to the min/max OID that could be generated at given timestamp. */
        void init( Date_t date, bool max=false );

        time_t asTimeT();
        Date_t asDateT() { return asTimeT() * (long long)1000; }

        bool isSet() const { return a || b; }

        /** call this after a fork to update the process id */
        static void justForked();

        static unsigned getMachineId(); // features command uses
        static void regenMachineId(); // used by unit tests

    private:
        struct MachineAndPid {
            unsigned char _machineNumber[3];
            unsigned short _pid;
            bool operator!=(const OID::MachineAndPid& rhs) const;
        };
        static MachineAndPid ourMachine, ourMachineAndPid;
        union {
            struct {
                // 12 bytes total
                unsigned char _time[4];
                MachineAndPid _machineAndPid;
                unsigned char _inc[3];
            };
            struct {
                long long a;
                unsigned b;
            };
            unsigned char data[12];
        };

        static unsigned ourPid();
        static void foldInPid(MachineAndPid& x);
        static MachineAndPid genMachineAndPid();
    };
#pragma pack()

    ostream& operator<<( ostream &s, const OID &o );
    inline StringBuilder& operator<< (StringBuilder& s, const OID& o) { return (s << o.str()); }

    /** Formatting mode for generating JSON from BSON.
See <http://mongodb.onconfluence.com/display/DOCS/Mongo+Extended+JSON>
for details.
*/
    enum JsonStringFormat {
        /** strict RFC format */
        Strict,
        /** 10gen format, which is close to JS format. This form is understandable by
javascript running inside the Mongo server via eval() */
        TenGen,
        /** Javascript JSON compatible */
        JS
    };

    inline ostream& operator<<( ostream &s, const OID &o ) {
        s << o.str();
        return s;
    }

}
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