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/* hashtab.h

Simple, fixed size hash table. Darn simple.

Uses a contiguous block of memory, so you can put it in a memory mapped file very easily.
*/

/* Copyright 2009 10gen Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

#pragma once

#include "../pch.h"
#include <map>
#include "../db/dur.h"

namespace mongo {

#pragma pack(1)

    /* you should define:

int Key::hash() return > 0 always.
*/

    template <
    class Key,
          class Type
          >
    class HashTable : boost::noncopyable {
    public:
        const char *name;
        struct Node {
            int hash;
            Key k;
            Type value;
            bool inUse() {
                return hash != 0;
            }
            void setUnused() {
                hash = 0;
            }
        };
        void* _buf;
        int n;
        int maxChain;

        Node& nodes(int i) {
            Node *nodes = (Node *) _buf;
            return nodes[i];
        }

        int _find(const Key& k, bool& found) {
            found = false;
            int h = k.hash();
            int i = h % n;
            int start = i;
            int chain = 0;
            int firstNonUsed = -1;
            while ( 1 ) {
                if ( !nodes(i).inUse() ) {
                    if ( firstNonUsed < 0 )
                        firstNonUsed = i;
                }

                if ( nodes(i).hash == h && nodes(i).k == k ) {
                    if ( chain >= 200 )
                        out() << "warning: hashtable " << name << " long chain " << endl;
                    found = true;
                    return i;
                }
                chain++;
                i = (i+1) % n;
                if ( i == start ) {
                    // shouldn't get here / defensive for infinite loops
                    out() << "error: hashtable " << name << " is full n:" << n << endl;
                    return -1;
                }
                if( chain >= maxChain ) {
                    if ( firstNonUsed >= 0 )
                        return firstNonUsed;
                    out() << "error: hashtable " << name << " max chain reached:" << maxChain << endl;
                    return -1;
                }
            }
        }

    public:
        /* buf must be all zeroes on initialization. */
        HashTable(void* buf, int buflen, const char *_name) : name(_name) {
            int m = sizeof(Node);
            // out() << "hashtab init, buflen:" << buflen << " m:" << m << endl;
            n = buflen / m;
            if ( (n & 1) == 0 )
                n--;
            maxChain = (int) (n * 0.05);
            _buf = buf;
            //nodes = (Node *) buf;

            if ( sizeof(Node) != 628 ) {
                out() << "HashTable() " << _name << " sizeof(node):" << sizeof(Node) << " n:" << n << " sizeof(Key): " << sizeof(Key) << " sizeof(Type):" << sizeof(Type) << endl;
                assert( sizeof(Node) == 628 );
            }

        }

        Type* get(const Key& k) {
            bool found;
            int i = _find(k, found);
            if ( found )
                return &nodes(i).value;
            return 0;
        }

        void kill(const Key& k) {
            bool found;
            int i = _find(k, found);
            if ( i >= 0 && found ) {
                Node* n = &nodes(i);
                n = getDur().writing(n);
                n->k.kill();
                n->setUnused();
            }
        }

        /** returns false if too full */
        bool put(const Key& k, const Type& value) {
            bool found;
            int i = _find(k, found);
            if ( i < 0 )
                return false;
            Node* n = getDur().writing( &nodes(i) );
            if ( !found ) {
                n->k = k;
                n->hash = k.hash();
            }
            else {
                assert( n->hash == k.hash() );
            }
            n->value = value;
            return true;
        }

        typedef void (*IteratorCallback)( const Key& k , Type& v );
        void iterAll( IteratorCallback callback ) {
            for ( int i=0; i<n; i++ ) {
                if ( ! nodes(i).inUse() )
                    continue;
                callback( nodes(i).k , nodes(i).value );
            }
        }

        // TODO: should probably use boost::bind for this, but didn't want to look at it
        typedef void (*IteratorCallback2)( const Key& k , Type& v , void * extra );
        void iterAll( IteratorCallback2 callback , void * extra ) {
            for ( int i=0; i<n; i++ ) {
                if ( ! nodes(i).inUse() )
                    continue;
                callback( nodes(i).k , nodes(i).value , extra );
            }
        }

    };

#pragma pack()

} // namespace mongo
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