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// restore.cpp

/**
* Copyright (C) 2008 10gen Inc.
*
* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License, version 3,
* as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#include "../pch.h"
#include "../client/dbclient.h"
#include "../util/mmap.h"
#include "../util/version.h"
#include "tool.h"

#include <boost/program_options.hpp>

#include <fcntl.h>

using namespace mongo;

namespace po = boost::program_options;

namespace {
    const char* OPLOG_SENTINEL = "$oplog"; // compare by ptr not strcmp
}

class Restore : public BSONTool {
public:

    bool _drop;
    string _curns;
    string _curdb;

    Restore() : BSONTool( "restore" ) , _drop(false) {
        add_options()
        ("drop" , "drop each collection before import" )
        ("oplogReplay" , "replay oplog for point-in-time restore")
        ;
        add_hidden_options()
        ("dir", po::value<string>()->default_value("dump"), "directory to restore from")
        ("indexesLast" , "wait to add indexes (now default)") // left in for backwards compatibility
        ;
        addPositionArg("dir", 1);
    }

    virtual void printExtraHelp(ostream& out) {
        out << "usage: " << _name << " [options] [directory or filename to restore from]" << endl;
    }

    virtual int doRun() {
        auth();
        path root = getParam("dir");

        // check if we're actually talking to a machine that can write
        if (!isMaster()) {
            return -1;
        }

        _drop = hasParam( "drop" );

        bool doOplog = hasParam( "oplogReplay" );
        if (doOplog) {
            // fail early if errors

            if (_db != "") {
                cout << "Can only replay oplog on full restore" << endl;
                return -1;
            }

            if ( ! exists(root / "oplog.bson") ) {
                cout << "No oplog file to replay. Make sure you run mongodump with --oplog." << endl;
                return -1;
            }


            BSONObj out;
            if (! conn().simpleCommand("admin", &out, "buildinfo")) {
                cout << "buildinfo command failed: " << out["errmsg"].String() << endl;
                return -1;
            }

            StringData version = out["version"].valuestr();
            if (versionCmp(version, "1.7.4-pre-") < 0) {
                cout << "Can only replay oplog to server version >= 1.7.4" << endl;
                return -1;
            }
        }

        /* If _db is not "" then the user specified a db name to restore as.
*
* In that case we better be given either a root directory that
* contains only .bson files or a single .bson file (a db).
*
* In the case where a collection name is specified we better be
* given either a root directory that contains only a single
* .bson file, or a single .bson file itself (a collection).
*/
        drillDown(root, _db != "", _coll != "", true);
        conn().getLastError();

        if (doOplog) {
            out() << "\t Replaying oplog" << endl;
            _curns = OPLOG_SENTINEL;
            processFile( root / "oplog.bson" );
        }

        return EXIT_CLEAN;
    }

    void drillDown( path root, bool use_db, bool use_coll, bool top_level=false ) {
        log(2) << "drillDown: " << root.string() << endl;

        // skip hidden files and directories
        if (root.leaf()[0] == '.' && root.leaf() != ".")
            return;

        if ( is_directory( root ) ) {
            directory_iterator end;
            directory_iterator i(root);
            path indexes;
            while ( i != end ) {
                path p = *i;
                i++;

                if (use_db) {
                    if (is_directory(p)) {
                        cerr << "ERROR: root directory must be a dump of a single database" << endl;
                        cerr << " when specifying a db name with --db" << endl;
                        printHelp(cout);
                        return;
                    }
                }

                if (use_coll) {
                    if (is_directory(p) || i != end) {
                        cerr << "ERROR: root directory must be a dump of a single collection" << endl;
                        cerr << " when specifying a collection name with --collection" << endl;
                        printHelp(cout);
                        return;
                    }
                }

                // don't insert oplog
                if (top_level && !use_db && p.leaf() == "oplog.bson")
                    continue;

                if ( p.leaf() == "system.indexes.bson" )
                    indexes = p;
                else
                    drillDown(p, use_db, use_coll);
            }

            if (!indexes.empty())
                drillDown(indexes, use_db, use_coll);

            return;
        }

        if ( ! ( endsWith( root.string().c_str() , ".bson" ) ||
                 endsWith( root.string().c_str() , ".bin" ) ) ) {
            cerr << "don't know what to do with [" << root.string() << "]" << endl;
            return;
        }

        log() << root.string() << endl;

        if ( root.leaf() == "system.profile.bson" ) {
            log() << "\t skipping" << endl;
            return;
        }

        string ns;
        if (use_db) {
            ns += _db;
        }
        else {
            string dir = root.branch_path().string();
            if ( dir.find( "/" ) == string::npos )
                ns += dir;
            else
                ns += dir.substr( dir.find_last_of( "/" ) + 1 );

            if ( ns.size() == 0 )
                ns = "test";
        }

        assert( ns.size() );

        if (use_coll) {
            ns += "." + _coll;
        }
        else {
            string l = root.leaf();
            l = l.substr( 0 , l.find_last_of( "." ) );
            ns += "." + l;
        }

        out() << "\t going into namespace [" << ns << "]" << endl;

        if ( _drop ) {
            out() << "\t dropping" << endl;
            conn().dropCollection( ns );
        }

        _curns = ns.c_str();
        _curdb = NamespaceString(_curns).db;
        processFile( root );
    }

    virtual void gotObject( const BSONObj& obj ) {
        if (_curns == OPLOG_SENTINEL) { // intentional ptr compare
            if (obj["op"].valuestr()[0] == 'n') // skip no-ops
                return;

            string db = obj["ns"].valuestr();
            db = db.substr(0, db.find('.'));

            BSONObj cmd = BSON( "applyOps" << BSON_ARRAY( obj ) );
            BSONObj out;
            conn().runCommand(db, cmd, out);
        }
        else if ( endsWith( _curns.c_str() , ".system.indexes" )) {
            /* Index construction is slightly special: when restoring
indexes, we must ensure that the ns attribute is
<dbname>.<indexname>, where <dbname> might be different
at restore time than what was dumped. Also, we're
stricter about errors for indexes than for regular
data. */
            BSONObjBuilder bo;
            BSONObjIterator i(obj);
            while ( i.more() ) {
                BSONElement e = i.next();
                if (strcmp(e.fieldName(), "ns") == 0) {
                    NamespaceString n(e.String());
                    string s = _curdb + "." + n.coll;
                    bo.append("ns", s);
                }
                else {
                    bo.append(e);
                }
            }
            BSONObj o = bo.obj();
            log(0) << o << endl;
            conn().insert( _curns , o );
            BSONObj err = conn().getLastErrorDetailed();
            if ( ! ( err["err"].isNull() ) ) {
                cerr << "Error creating index " << o["ns"].String();
                cerr << ": " << err["code"].Int() << " " << err["err"].String() << endl;
                cerr << "To resume index restoration, run " << _name << " on file" << _fileName << " manually." << endl;
                abort();
            }
        }
        else {
            conn().insert( _curns , obj );
        }
    }


};

int main( int argc , char ** argv ) {
    Restore restore;
    return restore.main( argc , argv );
}
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