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The libwww-perl collection is a set of Perl modules which provides a simple and consistent application programming interface to the World-Wide Web. The main focus of the library is to provide classes and functions that allow you to write WWW clients. The library also contain modules that are of more general use and even classes that help you imp…
Perl
tag: HTML-Form/6.00

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MANIFEST
Makefile.PL
README

README

NAME
    HTML::Form - Class that represents an HTML form element

SYNOPSIS
     use HTML::Form;
     $form = HTML::Form->parse($html, $base_uri);
     $form->value(query => "Perl");

     use LWP::UserAgent;
     $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
     $response = $ua->request($form->click);

DESCRIPTION
    Objects of the `HTML::Form' class represents a single HTML `<form> ...
    </form>' instance. A form consists of a sequence of inputs that usually
    have names, and which can take on various values. The state of a form
    can be tweaked and it can then be asked to provide `HTTP::Request'
    objects that can be passed to the request() method of `LWP::UserAgent'.

    The following methods are available:

    @forms = HTML::Form->parse( $html_document, $base_uri )
    @forms = HTML::Form->parse( $html_document, base => $base_uri, %opt )
    @forms = HTML::Form->parse( $response, %opt )
        The parse() class method will parse an HTML document and build up
        `HTML::Form' objects for each <form> element found. If called in
        scalar context only returns the first <form>. Returns an empty list
        if there are no forms to be found.

        The required arguments is the HTML document to parse
        ($html_document) and the URI used to retrieve the document
        ($base_uri). The base URI is needed to resolve relative action URIs.
        The provided HTML document should be a Unicode string (or US-ASCII).

        By default HTML::Form assumes that the original document was UTF-8
        encoded and thus encode forms that don't specify an explict
        *accept-charset* as UTF-8. The charset assumed can be overridden by
        providing the `charset' option to parse(). It's a good idea to be
        explict about this parameter as well, thus the recommended simplest
        invocation becomes:

            my @forms = HTML::Form->parse(
                Encode::decode($encoding, $html_document_bytes),
                base => $base_uri,
                charset => $encoding,
            );

        If the document was retrieved with LWP then the response object
        provide methods to obtain a proper value for `base' and `charset':

            my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
            my $response = $ua->get("http://www.example.com/form.html");
            my @forms = HTML::Form->parse($response->decoded_content,
                base => $response->base,
                charset => $response->content_charset,
            );

        In fact, the parse() method can parse from an `HTTP::Response'
        object directly, so the example above can be more conveniently
        written as:

            my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
            my $response = $ua->get("http://www.example.com/form.html");
            my @forms = HTML::Form->parse($response);

        Note that any object that implements a decoded_content(), base() and
        content_charset() method with similar behaviour as `HTTP::Response'
        will do.

        Additional options might be passed in to control how the parse
        method behaves. The following are all the options currently
        recognized:

        `base => $uri'
            This is the URI used to retrive the original document. This
            option is not optional ;-)

        `charset => $str'
            Specify what charset the original document was encoded in. This
            is used as the default for accept_charset. If not provided this
            defaults to "UTF-8".

        `verbose => $bool'
            Warn (print messages to STDERR) about any bad HTML form
            constructs found. You can trap these with $SIG{__WARN__}.

        `strict => $bool'
            Initialize any form objects with the given strict attribute.

    $method = $form->method
    $form->method( $new_method )
        This method is gets/sets the *method* name used for the
        `HTTP::Request' generated. It is a string like "GET" or "POST".

    $action = $form->action
    $form->action( $new_action )
        This method gets/sets the URI which we want to apply the request
        *method* to.

    $enctype = $form->enctype
    $form->enctype( $new_enctype )
        This method gets/sets the encoding type for the form data. It is a
        string like "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" or
        "multipart/form-data".

    $accept = $form->accept_charset
    $form->accept_charset( $new_accept )
        This method gets/sets the list of charset encodings that the server
        processing the form accepts. Current implementation supports only
        one-element lists. Default value is "UNKNOWN" which we interpret as
        a request to use document charset as specified by the 'charset'
        parameter of the parse() method.

    $value = $form->attr( $name )
    $form->attr( $name, $new_value )
        This method give access to the original HTML attributes of the
        <form> tag. The $name should always be passed in lower case.

        Example:

           @f = HTML::Form->parse( $html, $foo );
           @f = grep $_->attr("id") eq "foo", @f;
           die "No form named 'foo' found" unless @f;
           $foo = shift @f;

    $bool = $form->strict
    $form->strict( $bool )
        Gets/sets the strict attribute of a form. If the strict is turned on
        the methods that change values of the form will croak if you try to
        set illegal values or modify readonly fields. The default is not to
        be strict.

    @inputs = $form->inputs
        This method returns the list of inputs in the form. If called in
        scalar context it returns the number of inputs contained in the
        form. See INPUTS for what methods are available for the input
        objects returned.

    $input = $form->find_input( $selector )
    $input = $form->find_input( $selector, $type )
    $input = $form->find_input( $selector, $type, $index )
        This method is used to locate specific inputs within the form. All
        inputs that match the arguments given are returned. In scalar
        context only the first is returned, or `undef' if none match.

        If $selector is specified, then the input's name, id, class
        attribute must match. A selector prefixed with '#' must match the id
        attribute of the input. A selector prefixed with '.' matches the
        class attribute. A selector prefixed with '^' or with no prefix
        matches the name attribute.

        If $type is specified, then the input must have the specified type.
        The following type names are used: "text", "password", "hidden",
        "textarea", "file", "image", "submit", "radio", "checkbox" and
        "option".

        The $index is the sequence number of the input matched where 1 is
        the first. If combined with $name and/or $type then it select the
        *n*th input with the given name and/or type.

    $value = $form->value( $selector )
    $form->value( $selector, $new_value )
        The value() method can be used to get/set the value of some input.
        If strict is enabled and no input has the indicated name, then this
        method will croak.

        If multiple inputs have the same name, only the first one will be
        affected.

        The call:

            $form->value('foo')

        is basically a short-hand for:

            $form->find_input('foo')->value;

    @names = $form->param
    @values = $form->param( $name )
    $form->param( $name, $value, ... )
    $form->param( $name, \@values )
        Alternative interface to examining and setting the values of the
        form.

        If called without arguments then it returns the names of all the
        inputs in the form. The names will not repeat even if multiple
        inputs have the same name. In scalar context the number of different
        names is returned.

        If called with a single argument then it returns the value or values
        of inputs with the given name. If called in scalar context only the
        first value is returned. If no input exists with the given name,
        then `undef' is returned.

        If called with 2 or more arguments then it will set values of the
        named inputs. This form will croak if no inputs have the given name
        or if any of the values provided does not fit. Values can also be
        provided as a reference to an array. This form will allow unsetting
        all values with the given name as well.

        This interface resembles that of the param() function of the CGI
        module.

    $form->try_others( \&callback )
        This method will iterate over all permutations of unvisited
        enumerated values (<select>, <radio>, <checkbox>) and invoke the
        callback for each. The callback is passed the $form as argument. The
        return value from the callback is ignored and the try_others()
        method itself does not return anything.

    $request = $form->make_request
        Will return an `HTTP::Request' object that reflects the current
        setting of the form. You might want to use the click() method
        instead.

    $request = $form->click
    $request = $form->click( $selector )
    $request = $form->click( $x, $y )
    $request = $form->click( $selector, $x, $y )
        Will "click" on the first clickable input (which will be of type
        `submit' or `image'). The result of clicking is an `HTTP::Request'
        object that can then be passed to `LWP::UserAgent' if you want to
        obtain the server response.

        If a $selector is specified, we will click on the first clickable
        input matching the selector, and the method will croak if no
        matching clickable input is found. If $selector is *not* specified,
        then it is ok if the form contains no clickable inputs. In this case
        the click() method returns the same request as the make_request()
        method would do. See description of the find_input() method above
        for how the $selector is specified.

        If there are multiple clickable inputs with the same name, then
        there is no way to get the click() method of the `HTML::Form' to
        click on any but the first. If you need this you would have to
        locate the input with find_input() and invoke the click() method on
        the given input yourself.

        A click coordinate pair can also be provided, but this only makes a
        difference if you clicked on an image. The default coordinate is
        (1,1). The upper-left corner of the image is (0,0), but some badly
        coded CGI scripts are known to not recognize this. Therefore (1,1)
        was selected as a safer default.

    @kw = $form->form
        Returns the current setting as a sequence of key/value pairs. Note
        that keys might be repeated, which means that some values might be
        lost if the return values are assigned to a hash.

        In scalar context this method returns the number of key/value pairs
        generated.

    $form->dump
        Returns a textual representation of current state of the form.
        Mainly useful for debugging. If called in void context, then the
        dump is printed on STDERR.

INPUTS
    An `HTML::Form' objects contains a sequence of *inputs*. References to
    the inputs can be obtained with the $form->inputs or $form->find_input
    methods.

    Note that there is *not* a one-to-one correspondence between input
    *objects* and <input> *elements* in the HTML document. An input object
    basically represents a name/value pair, so when multiple HTML elements
    contribute to the same name/value pair in the submitted form they are
    combined.

    The input elements that are mapped one-to-one are "text", "textarea",
    "password", "hidden", "file", "image", "submit" and "checkbox". For the
    "radio" and "option" inputs the story is not as simple: All <input
    type="radio"> elements with the same name will contribute to the same
    input radio object. The number of radio input objects will be the same
    as the number of distinct names used for the <input type="radio">
    elements. For a <select> element without the `multiple' attribute there
    will be one input object of type of "option". For a <select multiple>
    element there will be one input object for each contained <option>
    element. Each one of these option objects will have the same name.

    The following methods are available for the *input* objects:

    $input->type
        Returns the type of this input. The type is one of the following
        strings: "text", "password", "hidden", "textarea", "file", "image",
        "submit", "radio", "checkbox" or "option".

    $name = $input->name
    $input->name( $new_name )
        This method can be used to get/set the current name of the input.

    $input->id
    $input->class
        These methods can be used to get/set the current id or class
        attribute for the input.

    $input->selected( $selector )
        Returns TRUE if the given selector matched the input. See the
        description of the find_input() method above for a description of
        the selector syntax.

    $value = $input->value
    $input->value( $new_value )
        This method can be used to get/set the current value of an input.

        If strict is enabled and the input only can take an enumerated list
        of values, then it is an error to try to set it to something else
        and the method will croak if you try.

        You will also be able to set the value of read-only inputs, but a
        warning will be generated if running under `perl -w'.

    $input->possible_values
        Returns a list of all values that an input can take. For inputs that
        do not have discrete values, this returns an empty list.

    $input->other_possible_values
        Returns a list of all values not tried yet.

    $input->value_names
        For some inputs the values can have names that are different from
        the values themselves. The number of names returned by this method
        will match the number of values reported by $input->possible_values.

        When setting values using the value() method it is also possible to
        use the value names in place of the value itself.

    $bool = $input->readonly
    $input->readonly( $bool )
        This method is used to get/set the value of the readonly attribute.
        You are allowed to modify the value of readonly inputs, but setting
        the value will generate some noise when warnings are enabled. Hidden
        fields always start out readonly.

    $bool = $input->disabled
    $input->disabled( $bool )
        This method is used to get/set the value of the disabled attribute.
        Disabled inputs do not contribute any key/value pairs for the form
        value.

    $input->form_name_value
        Returns a (possible empty) list of key/value pairs that should be
        incorporated in the form value from this input.

    $input->check
        Some input types represent toggles that can be turned on/off. This
        includes "checkbox" and "option" inputs. Calling this method turns
        this input on without having to know the value name. If the input is
        already on, then nothing happens.

        This has the same effect as:

            $input->value($input->possible_values[1]);

        The input can be turned off with:

            $input->value(undef);

    $input->click($form, $x, $y)
        Some input types (currently "submit" buttons and "images") can be
        clicked to submit the form. The click() method returns the
        corresponding `HTTP::Request' object.

    If the input is of type `file', then it has these additional methods:

    $input->file
        This is just an alias for the value() method. It sets the filename
        to read data from.

        For security reasons this field will never be initialized from the
        parsing of a form. This prevents the server from triggering stealth
        uploads of arbitrary files from the client machine.

    $filename = $input->filename
    $input->filename( $new_filename )
        This get/sets the filename reported to the server during file
        upload. This attribute defaults to the value reported by the file()
        method.

    $content = $input->content
    $input->content( $new_content )
        This get/sets the file content provided to the server during file
        upload. This method can be used if you do not want the content to be
        read from an actual file.

    @headers = $input->headers
    input->headers($key => $value, .... )
        This get/set additional header fields describing the file uploaded.
        This can for instance be used to set the `Content-Type' reported for
        the file.

SEE ALSO
    LWP, LWP::UserAgent, HTML::Parser

COPYRIGHT
    Copyright 1998-2008 Gisle Aas.

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself.

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