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/* BFD back-end for Intel 386 COFF files.
Copyright 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
2000, 2001, 2002
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Written by Cygnus Support.
This file is part of BFD, the Binary File Descriptor library.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */
#include "bfd.h"
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "libbfd.h"
#include "coff/i386.h"
#include "coff/internal.h"
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
#include "coff/pe.h"
#endif
#ifdef COFF_GO32_EXE
#include "coff/go32exe.h"
#endif
#include "libcoff.h"
static bfd_reloc_status_type coff_i386_reloc
PARAMS ((bfd *, arelent *, asymbol *, PTR, asection *, bfd *, char **));
static reloc_howto_type *coff_i386_rtype_to_howto
PARAMS ((bfd *, asection *, struct internal_reloc *,
struct coff_link_hash_entry *, struct internal_syment *,
bfd_vma *));
static reloc_howto_type *coff_i386_reloc_type_lookup
PARAMS ((bfd *, bfd_reloc_code_real_type));
#define COFF_DEFAULT_SECTION_ALIGNMENT_POWER (2)
/* The page size is a guess based on ELF. */
#define COFF_PAGE_SIZE 0x1000
/* For some reason when using i386 COFF the value stored in the .text
section for a reference to a common symbol is the value itself plus
any desired offset. Ian Taylor, Cygnus Support. */
/* If we are producing relocateable output, we need to do some
adjustments to the object file that are not done by the
bfd_perform_relocation function. This function is called by every
reloc type to make any required adjustments. */
static bfd_reloc_status_type
coff_i386_reloc (abfd, reloc_entry, symbol, data, input_section, output_bfd,
error_message)
bfd *abfd;
arelent *reloc_entry;
asymbol *symbol;
PTR data;
asection *input_section ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
bfd *output_bfd;
char **error_message ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
{
symvalue diff;
#ifndef COFF_WITH_PE
if (output_bfd == (bfd *) NULL)
return bfd_reloc_continue;
#endif
if (bfd_is_com_section (symbol->section))
{
#ifndef COFF_WITH_PE
/* We are relocating a common symbol. The current value in the
object file is ORIG + OFFSET, where ORIG is the value of the
common symbol as seen by the object file when it was compiled
(this may be zero if the symbol was undefined) and OFFSET is
the offset into the common symbol (normally zero, but may be
non-zero when referring to a field in a common structure).
ORIG is the negative of reloc_entry->addend, which is set by
the CALC_ADDEND macro below. We want to replace the value in
the object file with NEW + OFFSET, where NEW is the value of
the common symbol which we are going to put in the final
object file. NEW is symbol->value. */
diff = symbol->value + reloc_entry->addend;
#else
/* In PE mode, we do not offset the common symbol. */
diff = reloc_entry->addend;
#endif
}
else
{
/* For some reason bfd_perform_relocation always effectively
ignores the addend for a COFF target when producing
relocateable output. This seems to be always wrong for 386
COFF, so we handle the addend here instead. */
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
if (output_bfd == (bfd *) NULL)
{
reloc_howto_type *howto = reloc_entry->howto;
/* Although PC relative relocations are very similar between
PE and non-PE formats, but they are off by 1 << howto->size
bytes. For the external relocation, PE is very different
from others. See md_apply_fix3 () in gas/config/tc-i386.c.
When we link PE and non-PE object files together to
generate a non-PE executable, we have to compensate it
here. */
if (howto->pc_relative && howto->pcrel_offset)
diff = -(1 << howto->size);
else
diff = -reloc_entry->addend;
}
else
#endif
diff = reloc_entry->addend;
}
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
/* FIXME: How should this case be handled? */
if (reloc_entry->howto->type == R_IMAGEBASE
&& output_bfd != NULL
&& bfd_get_flavour(output_bfd) == bfd_target_coff_flavour)
diff -= pe_data (output_bfd)->pe_opthdr.ImageBase;
#endif
#define DOIT(x) \
x = ((x & ~howto->dst_mask) | (((x & howto->src_mask) + diff) & howto->dst_mask))
if (diff != 0)
{
reloc_howto_type *howto = reloc_entry->howto;
unsigned char *addr = (unsigned char *) data + reloc_entry->address;
switch (howto->size)
{
case 0:
{
char x = bfd_get_8 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_8 (abfd, x, addr);
}
break;
case 1:
{
short x = bfd_get_16 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_16 (abfd, (bfd_vma) x, addr);
}
break;
case 2:
{
long x = bfd_get_32 (abfd, addr);
DOIT (x);
bfd_put_32 (abfd, (bfd_vma) x, addr);
}
break;
default:
abort ();
}
}
/* Now let bfd_perform_relocation finish everything up. */
return bfd_reloc_continue;
}
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
/* Return TRUE if this relocation should appear in the output .reloc
section. */
static bfd_boolean in_reloc_p PARAMS ((bfd *, reloc_howto_type *));
static bfd_boolean in_reloc_p (abfd, howto)
bfd * abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
reloc_howto_type *howto;
{
return ! howto->pc_relative && howto->type != R_IMAGEBASE;
}
#endif /* COFF_WITH_PE */
#ifndef PCRELOFFSET
#define PCRELOFFSET FALSE
#endif
static reloc_howto_type howto_table[] =
{
EMPTY_HOWTO (0),
EMPTY_HOWTO (1),
EMPTY_HOWTO (2),
EMPTY_HOWTO (3),
EMPTY_HOWTO (4),
EMPTY_HOWTO (5),
HOWTO (R_DIR32, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
2, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
32, /* bitsize */
FALSE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_bitfield, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"dir32", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0xffffffff, /* src_mask */
0xffffffff, /* dst_mask */
TRUE), /* pcrel_offset */
/* PE IMAGE_REL_I386_DIR32NB relocation (7). */
HOWTO (R_IMAGEBASE, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
2, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
32, /* bitsize */
FALSE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_bitfield, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"rva32", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0xffffffff, /* src_mask */
0xffffffff, /* dst_mask */
FALSE), /* pcrel_offset */
EMPTY_HOWTO (010),
EMPTY_HOWTO (011),
EMPTY_HOWTO (012),
EMPTY_HOWTO (013),
EMPTY_HOWTO (014),
EMPTY_HOWTO (015),
EMPTY_HOWTO (016),
/* Byte relocation (017). */
HOWTO (R_RELBYTE, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
0, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
8, /* bitsize */
FALSE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_bitfield, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"8", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0x000000ff, /* src_mask */
0x000000ff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET), /* pcrel_offset */
/* 16-bit word relocation (020). */
HOWTO (R_RELWORD, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
1, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
16, /* bitsize */
FALSE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_bitfield, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"16", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0x0000ffff, /* src_mask */
0x0000ffff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET), /* pcrel_offset */
/* 32-bit longword relocation (021). */
HOWTO (R_RELLONG, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
2, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
32, /* bitsize */
FALSE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_bitfield, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"32", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0xffffffff, /* src_mask */
0xffffffff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET), /* pcrel_offset */
/* Byte PC relative relocation (022). */
HOWTO (R_PCRBYTE, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
0, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
8, /* bitsize */
TRUE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_signed, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"DISP8", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0x000000ff, /* src_mask */
0x000000ff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET), /* pcrel_offset */
/* 16-bit word PC relative relocation (023). */
HOWTO (R_PCRWORD, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
1, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
16, /* bitsize */
TRUE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_signed, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"DISP16", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0x0000ffff, /* src_mask */
0x0000ffff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET), /* pcrel_offset */
/* 32-bit longword PC relative relocation (024). */
HOWTO (R_PCRLONG, /* type */
0, /* rightshift */
2, /* size (0 = byte, 1 = short, 2 = long) */
32, /* bitsize */
TRUE, /* pc_relative */
0, /* bitpos */
complain_overflow_signed, /* complain_on_overflow */
coff_i386_reloc, /* special_function */
"DISP32", /* name */
TRUE, /* partial_inplace */
0xffffffff, /* src_mask */
0xffffffff, /* dst_mask */
PCRELOFFSET) /* pcrel_offset */
};
/* Turn a howto into a reloc nunmber */
#define SELECT_RELOC(x,howto) { x.r_type = howto->type; }
#define BADMAG(x) I386BADMAG(x)
#define I386 1 /* Customize coffcode.h */
#define RTYPE2HOWTO(cache_ptr, dst) \
((cache_ptr)->howto = \
((dst)->r_type < sizeof (howto_table) / sizeof (howto_table[0]) \
? howto_table + (dst)->r_type \
: NULL))
/* For 386 COFF a STYP_NOLOAD | STYP_BSS section is part of a shared
library. On some other COFF targets STYP_BSS is normally
STYP_NOLOAD. */
#define BSS_NOLOAD_IS_SHARED_LIBRARY
/* Compute the addend of a reloc. If the reloc is to a common symbol,
the object file contains the value of the common symbol. By the
time this is called, the linker may be using a different symbol
from a different object file with a different value. Therefore, we
hack wildly to locate the original symbol from this file so that we
can make the correct adjustment. This macro sets coffsym to the
symbol from the original file, and uses it to set the addend value
correctly. If this is not a common symbol, the usual addend
calculation is done, except that an additional tweak is needed for
PC relative relocs.
FIXME: This macro refers to symbols and asect; these are from the
calling function, not the macro arguments. */
#define CALC_ADDEND(abfd, ptr, reloc, cache_ptr) \
{ \
coff_symbol_type *coffsym = (coff_symbol_type *) NULL; \
if (ptr && bfd_asymbol_bfd (ptr) != abfd) \
coffsym = (obj_symbols (abfd) \
+ (cache_ptr->sym_ptr_ptr - symbols)); \
else if (ptr) \
coffsym = coff_symbol_from (abfd, ptr); \
if (coffsym != (coff_symbol_type *) NULL \
&& coffsym->native->u.syment.n_scnum == 0) \
cache_ptr->addend = - coffsym->native->u.syment.n_value; \
else if (ptr && bfd_asymbol_bfd (ptr) == abfd \
&& ptr->section != (asection *) NULL) \
cache_ptr->addend = - (ptr->section->vma + ptr->value); \
else \
cache_ptr->addend = 0; \
if (ptr && howto_table[reloc.r_type].pc_relative) \
cache_ptr->addend += asect->vma; \
}
/* We use the special COFF backend linker. For normal i386 COFF, we
can use the generic relocate_section routine. For PE, we need our
own routine. */
#ifndef COFF_WITH_PE
#define coff_relocate_section _bfd_coff_generic_relocate_section
#else /* COFF_WITH_PE */
/* The PE relocate section routine. The only difference between this
and the regular routine is that we don't want to do anything for a
relocateable link. */
static bfd_boolean coff_pe_i386_relocate_section
PARAMS ((bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, bfd *, asection *, bfd_byte *,
struct internal_reloc *, struct internal_syment *, asection **));
static bfd_boolean
coff_pe_i386_relocate_section (output_bfd, info, input_bfd,
input_section, contents, relocs, syms,
sections)
bfd *output_bfd;
struct bfd_link_info *info;
bfd *input_bfd;
asection *input_section;
bfd_byte *contents;
struct internal_reloc *relocs;
struct internal_syment *syms;
asection **sections;
{
if (info->relocateable)
return TRUE;
return _bfd_coff_generic_relocate_section (output_bfd, info, input_bfd,
input_section, contents,
relocs, syms, sections);
}
#define coff_relocate_section coff_pe_i386_relocate_section
#endif /* COFF_WITH_PE */
/* Convert an rtype to howto for the COFF backend linker. */
static reloc_howto_type *
coff_i386_rtype_to_howto (abfd, sec, rel, h, sym, addendp)
bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
asection *sec;
struct internal_reloc *rel;
struct coff_link_hash_entry *h;
struct internal_syment *sym;
bfd_vma *addendp;
{
reloc_howto_type *howto;
if (rel->r_type > sizeof (howto_table) / sizeof (howto_table[0]))
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_bad_value);
return NULL;
}
howto = howto_table + rel->r_type;
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
/* Cancel out code in _bfd_coff_generic_relocate_section. */
*addendp = 0;
#endif
if (howto->pc_relative)
*addendp += sec->vma;
if (sym != NULL && sym->n_scnum == 0 && sym->n_value != 0)
{
/* This is a common symbol. The section contents include the
size (sym->n_value) as an addend. The relocate_section
function will be adding in the final value of the symbol. We
need to subtract out the current size in order to get the
correct result. */
BFD_ASSERT (h != NULL);
#ifndef COFF_WITH_PE
/* I think we *do* want to bypass this. If we don't, I have
seen some data parameters get the wrong relocation address.
If I link two versions with and without this section bypassed
and then do a binary comparison, the addresses which are
different can be looked up in the map. The case in which
this section has been bypassed has addresses which correspond
to values I can find in the map. */
*addendp -= sym->n_value;
#endif
}
#ifndef COFF_WITH_PE
/* If the output symbol is common (in which case this must be a
relocateable link), we need to add in the final size of the
common symbol. */
if (h != NULL && h->root.type == bfd_link_hash_common)
*addendp += h->root.u.c.size;
#endif
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
if (howto->pc_relative)
{
*addendp -= 4;
/* If the symbol is defined, then the generic code is going to
add back the symbol value in order to cancel out an
adjustment it made to the addend. However, we set the addend
to 0 at the start of this function. We need to adjust here,
to avoid the adjustment the generic code will make. FIXME:
This is getting a bit hackish. */
if (sym != NULL && sym->n_scnum != 0)
*addendp -= sym->n_value;
}
if (rel->r_type == R_IMAGEBASE
&& (bfd_get_flavour(sec->output_section->owner)
== bfd_target_coff_flavour))
{
*addendp -= pe_data(sec->output_section->owner)->pe_opthdr.ImageBase;
}
#endif
return howto;
}
#define coff_bfd_reloc_type_lookup coff_i386_reloc_type_lookup
static reloc_howto_type *
coff_i386_reloc_type_lookup (abfd, code)
bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
bfd_reloc_code_real_type code;
{
switch (code)
{
case BFD_RELOC_RVA:
return howto_table + R_IMAGEBASE;
case BFD_RELOC_32:
return howto_table + R_DIR32;
case BFD_RELOC_32_PCREL:
return howto_table + R_PCRLONG;
case BFD_RELOC_16:
return howto_table + R_RELWORD;
case BFD_RELOC_16_PCREL:
return howto_table + R_PCRWORD;
case BFD_RELOC_8:
return howto_table + R_RELBYTE;
case BFD_RELOC_8_PCREL:
return howto_table + R_PCRBYTE;
default:
BFD_FAIL ();
return 0;
}
}
#define coff_rtype_to_howto coff_i386_rtype_to_howto
#ifdef TARGET_UNDERSCORE
/* If i386 gcc uses underscores for symbol names, then it does not use
a leading dot for local labels, so if TARGET_UNDERSCORE is defined
we treat all symbols starting with L as local. */
static bfd_boolean coff_i386_is_local_label_name
PARAMS ((bfd *, const char *));
static bfd_boolean
coff_i386_is_local_label_name (abfd, name)
bfd *abfd;
const char *name;
{
if (name[0] == 'L')
return TRUE;
return _bfd_coff_is_local_label_name (abfd, name);
}
#define coff_bfd_is_local_label_name coff_i386_is_local_label_name
#endif /* TARGET_UNDERSCORE */
#include "coffcode.h"
const bfd_target
#ifdef TARGET_SYM
TARGET_SYM =
#else
i386coff_vec =
#endif
{
#ifdef TARGET_NAME
TARGET_NAME,
#else
"coff-i386", /* name */
#endif
bfd_target_coff_flavour,
BFD_ENDIAN_LITTLE, /* data byte order is little */
BFD_ENDIAN_LITTLE, /* header byte order is little */
(HAS_RELOC | EXEC_P | /* object flags */
HAS_LINENO | HAS_DEBUG |
HAS_SYMS | HAS_LOCALS | WP_TEXT | D_PAGED),
(SEC_HAS_CONTENTS | SEC_ALLOC | SEC_LOAD | SEC_RELOC /* section flags */
#ifdef COFF_WITH_PE
| SEC_LINK_ONCE | SEC_LINK_DUPLICATES | SEC_READONLY
#endif
| SEC_CODE | SEC_DATA),
#ifdef TARGET_UNDERSCORE
TARGET_UNDERSCORE, /* leading underscore */
#else
0, /* leading underscore */
#endif
'/', /* ar_pad_char */
15, /* ar_max_namelen */
bfd_getl64, bfd_getl_signed_64, bfd_putl64,
bfd_getl32, bfd_getl_signed_32, bfd_putl32,
bfd_getl16, bfd_getl_signed_16, bfd_putl16, /* data */
bfd_getl64, bfd_getl_signed_64, bfd_putl64,
bfd_getl32, bfd_getl_signed_32, bfd_putl32,
bfd_getl16, bfd_getl_signed_16, bfd_putl16, /* hdrs */
/* Note that we allow an object file to be treated as a core file as well. */
{_bfd_dummy_target, coff_object_p, /* bfd_check_format */
bfd_generic_archive_p, coff_object_p},
{bfd_false, coff_mkobject, _bfd_generic_mkarchive, /* bfd_set_format */
bfd_false},
{bfd_false, coff_write_object_contents, /* bfd_write_contents */
_bfd_write_archive_contents, bfd_false},
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_GENERIC (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_COPY (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_CORE (_bfd_nocore),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_ARCHIVE (_bfd_archive_coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_SYMBOLS (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_RELOCS (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_WRITE (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_LINK (coff),
BFD_JUMP_TABLE_DYNAMIC (_bfd_nodynamic),
NULL,
COFF_SWAP_TABLE
};
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